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JAEA-Research JAEA-Research 2011 -048 March 2012 Japan Atomic Energy Agency 日本原子力研究開発機構 南條 功 天野 由記 岩月 輝希 國丸 貴紀 村上 裕晃 細谷 真一 森川 佳太 Isao NANJO, Yuki AMANO, Teruki IWATSUKI, Takanori KUNIMARU Hiroaki MURAKAMI, Shinichi HOSOYA and Keita MORIKAWA 幌延深地層研究センター東立坑140m調査坑道における 地下水の地球化学モニタリングに関する研究開発 Development of a Groundwater Monitoring System at Horonobe Underground Research Center Horonobe Underground Research Unit Geological Isolation Research and Development Directorate 地層処分研究開発部門 幌延深地層研究ユニット

JAEA-Research 2011 -048 - JOPSSjolissrch-inter.tokai-sc.jaea.go.jp/pdfdata/JAEA...JAEA-Research JAEA-Research 2011 -048 March 2012 Japan Atomic Energy Agency 日本原子力研究開発機構

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  • JAEA

    -Research

    JAEA-Research

    2011 -048

    March 2012

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency

    Isao NANJO, Yuki AMANO, Teruki IWATSUKI, Takanori KUNIMARUHiroaki MURAKAMI, Shinichi HOSOYA and Keita MORIKAWA

    140m

    Development of a Groundwater Monitoring System

    at Horonobe Underground Research Center

    Horonobe Underground Research UnitGeological Isolation Research and Development Directorate

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    140m

    (2011 12 13 )

    JAEA

    pH

    /pH

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    Development of a Groundwater Monitoring System at Horonobe Underground Research Center

    Isao NANJO 1,Yuki AMANO,Teruki IWATSUKI,Takanori KUNIMARU+1, Hiroaki MURAKAMI,Shinichi HOSOYA and Keita MORIKAWA 2

    Horonobe Underground Research Unit

    Geological Isolation Research and Development Directorate Japan Atomic Energy Agency

    Horonobe-cho, Teshio-gun, Hokkaido

    (Received December 13, 2011) Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) develops basic investigation techniques for deep

    geological environment around Underground Research Laboratory (URL) at Horonobe area, Japan. The observation technique of hydrochemical condition in low permeable sedimentary rock around the facility is one of R & D subjects. We report, 1) development of hydrochemical monitoring system to observe water pressure, pH, electric conductivity, dissolved oxygen, redox potential and temperature, 2) hydrochemical observation results around URL under construction. The applicability of the hydrochemical monitoring system is evaluated for low permeable sedimentary rock bearing abundant dissolved gases. The hydrochemical observation during facility construction demonstrates that pH and redox potential of groundwater almost did not changed even at hydraulic disturbed zone (water pressure decreased zone).

    Keywords: Hydrochemical Monitoring System, Disturbance, Underground Facility

    1 Tono Geoscientific Research Unit 1 Collaborating Engineer 2 Collaborating Engineer(Tono Geoscientific Research Unit) 1 DIA Consultants Co.,Ltd.

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

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    Contents 1 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 1 2 Development of hydrochemical monitoring system ........................................... 2 2.1 Concept ................................................................................................................ 2 2.1.1 Water sampling prove ......................................................................................... 2 2.1.2 Packer system ..................................................................................................... 2 2.1.3 Monitoring system .............................................................................................. 3

    2.2 Design of borehole insert system ........................................................................ 4 2.2.1 Packer system ..................................................................................................... 4 2.2.2 Casing .................................................................................................................. 5 2.2.3 Packer .................................................................................................................. 6 2.2.4 Pressure measurement/water sampling unit .................................................... 8 2.2.5 Sampling valve .................................................................................................... 9 2.2.6 Tube ................................................................................................................... 10

    2.3 Design of monitoring system ............................................................................ 13 2.3.1 Water pressure monitoring system .................................................................. 13 2.3.2 Water chemistry monitoring system ................................................................ 19 2.3.3 Chemical sensor ................................................................................................ 23 2.3.4 Valve operation system ..................................................................................... 26

    3 System installation ........................................................................................... 28 3.1 Working procedures .......................................................................................... 28 3.1.1 Location ............................................................................................................. 28 3.1.2 Schedule ............................................................................................................ 29 3.1.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................... 29

    3.2 Borehole ............................................................................................................. 30 3.2.1 Borehole drilling ............................................................................................... 30 3.2.2 Core observation ............................................................................................... 41

    3.3 Physical logging ................................................................................................ 55 3.3.1 Logging .............................................................................................................. 55 3.3.2 Direction ............................................................................................................ 56 3.3.3 Borehole wall image .......................................................................................... 59 3.3.4 Borehole diameter ............................................................................................. 65 3.3.5 Water inflow point ............................................................................................. 68

    3.4 Installation ........................................................................................................ 73 3.4.1 Check of working status ................................................................................... 73 3.4.2 Installation procedure ....................................................................................... 79

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    3.4.3 Layout of monitoring interval .......................................................................... 79 3.4.4 Confirmation of material .................................................................................. 85 3.4.5 Insertion ............................................................................................................ 88 3.4.6 Washing the borehole inner .............................................................................. 91 3.4.7 Packer inflation ................................................................................................. 92 3.4.8 Set up the manifold ........................................................................................... 93 3.4.9 Set up the monitoring system .......................................................................... 93

    3.5 Performance test ............................................................................................... 97 3.5.1 Basic function .................................................................................................... 97 3.5.2 Water sampling ............................................................................................... 104

    4 Monitoring results .......................................................................................... 114 4.1 Water pressure ................................................................................................ 114 4.1.1 Results ............................................................................................................. 114 4.1.2 Increase of water pressure at interval 2 ........................................................ 115 4.1.3 Fluctuation of water pressure without water circulation ............................. 116

    4.2 Observation of water chemistry ..................................................................... 119 4.2.1 Results ............................................................................................................. 119

    4.3 Trouble of monitoring system ......................................................................... 126 4.3.1 Degassing in interval 2 ................................................................................... 126 4.3.2 Breakdown of pumping system ...................................................................... 126 4.3.3 Trouble of chemical sensor by drastically pressure change .......................... 126

    5 Improvement of the system ............................................................................ 127 5.1 Schedule .......................................................................................................... 127 5.2 Monitoring system .......................................................................................... 127 5.3 Pressure measurement system ...................................................................... 137 5.4 Performance test ............................................................................................. 150

    6 Results of improvement .................................................................................. 154 6.1 Water pressure ................................................................................................ 154 6.1.1 Results ............................................................................................................. 154

    6.2 Monitoring system .......................................................................................... 155 6.2.1 Results ............................................................................................................. 155

    7 Summary ......................................................................................................... 161 Appendix CD 1Core photograph 2Core sketch

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    3Borehole wall image 4Working log 5Leak test report 6Water pressure data

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    List of Figures Figure 2.1-1 Illustration of hydrochemical monitoring system .................................... 2 Figure 2.1-2 Concept of packer system .......................................................................... 3 Figure 2.2-1 Casing (length:0.35m, 0.50m, 1.00m, 2.00m) ........................................... 5 Figure 2.2-2 Illustration of casing .................................................................................. 5 Figure 2.2-3 Illustration of casing connection ............................................................... 6 Figure 2.2-4 End cap ....................................................................................................... 6 Figure 2.2-5 Casing band ............................................................................................... 6 Figure 2.2-6 Packer (short type, normal type) ............................................................... 7 Figure 2.2-7 Illustration of normal type packer ............................................................ 7 Figure 2.2-8 Illustration of short type packer ............................................................... 7 Figure 2.2-9 Water sampling unit .................................................................................. 8 Figure 2.2-10 Pressure measurement unit .................................................................... 8 Figure 2.2-11 Water sampling valve (open/close) .......................................................... 9 Figure 2.2-12 Water sampling valve ............................................................................ 10 Figure 2.2-13 Illustration of water sampling valve (open/close) ................................. 10 Figure 2.3-1 Monitor for water pressure data ............................................................. 13 Figure 2.3-2 Design of water pressure monitoring system ......................................... 14 Figure 2.3-3 Outbox ...................................................................................................... 16 Figure 2.3-4 Water tube layout .................................................................................... 16 Figure 2.3-5 Design of chemical monitoring system ................................................... 19 Figure 2.3-6 Use of chemical monitoring system ........................................................ 20 Figure 2.3-7 Chemical monitoring system ................................................................... 24 Figure 2.3-8 Valve regulation system .......................................................................... 26 Figure 3.1-1 Location .................................................................................................... 28 Figure 3.2-1 Working layout ......................................................................................... 31 Figure 3.2-2 Status of borehole inner .......................................................................... 34 Figure 3.2-3 Analysis of standard solution .................................................................. 37 Figure 3.2-4 Set up for uranin analysis ....................................................................... 37 Figure 3.2-5 Result of uranin analysis ......................................................................... 39 Figure 3.2-6 Example of core sketch ............................................................................ 42 Figure 3.2-7 Disking of core material .......................................................................... 45 Figure 3.2-8 Shape type of fracture surface ................................................................ 46 Figure 3.2-9 Category and occurrence of fracture ....................................................... 47 Figure 3.2-10 Concept of bretiated core ....................................................................... 48 Figure 3.2-11 Geological column .................................................................................. 52

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    Figure 3.2-12 Example of core photograph .................................................................. 53 Figure 3.2-13 Example of core photograph (trimming) ............................................... 53 Figure 3.2-14 Core photograph .................................................................................... 53 Figure 3.3-1 Principle of direction logging ................................................................... 56 Figure 3.3-2 Result of direction logging (vertical) ....................................................... 57 Figure 3.3-3 Result of direction logging (horizontal) ................................................... 58 Figure 3.3-4 Borehole TV .............................................................................................. 59 Figure 3.3-5 Point diagram of fracture ........................................................................ 63 Figure 3.3-6 Depth profile of fracture .......................................................................... 64 Figure 3.3-7 Width of open fracture and frequency ..................................................... 64 Figure 3.3-8 BIP-V data ................................................................................................ 65 Figure 3.3-9 Caliper logging ......................................................................................... 67 Figure 3.3-10 Water inflow logging .............................................................................. 68 Figure 3.3-11 Water inflow during drilling .................................................................. 69 Figure 3.3-12 Image of logging interval ....................................................................... 69 Figure 3.3-13 Result of water inflow logging ............................................................... 72 Figure 3.4-1 Packer leak test ....................................................................................... 75 Figure 3.4-2 Pressure data during packer leak test .................................................... 75 Figure 3.4-3 Performance test of pressure monitoring system ................................... 76 Figure 3.4-4 Pressure monitoring system .................................................................... 76 Figure 3.4-5 Chemical monitoring system ................................................................... 77 Figure 3.4-6 Circulation system ................................................................................... 78 Figure 3.4-7 Procedure of installation ......................................................................... 79 Figure 3.4-8 Packer layout ........................................................................................... 81 Figure 3.4-9 Procedure of monitoring system set up ................................................... 89 Figure 3.4-10 Leak test of casing connection ............................................................... 90 Figure 3.4-11 Washing of borehole inner ..................................................................... 91 Figure 3.4-12 Packer pressure during inflation .......................................................... 92 Figure 3.4-13 Borehole status at drift .......................................................................... 93 Figure 3.4-14 Borehole inlet ......................................................................................... 94 Figure 3.4-15 Outbox of monitoring system ................................................................ 94 Figure 3.4-16 Water line of system(1) .......................................................................... 95 Figure 3.4-17 Water line of system(2) .......................................................................... 95 Figure 3.4-18 Layout of pressure monitoring system ................................................. 96 Figure 3.4-19 Layout of pressure monitoring system (improved) ............................... 96 Figure 3.5-1 Monitoring result of pressure (Mar. 16[Mar. 24) .................................. 98

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    Figure 3.5-2 Monitoring result of pressure (Mar. 23.) ................................................. 99 Figure 3.5-3 Water circulation at each interval ......................................................... 100 Figure 3.5-4 Water pressure at each interval ............................................................ 100 Figure 3.5-5 Water pressure in interval 1 ................................................................. 101 Figure 3.5-6 Physico-chemical parameter (TROLL 9500) ......................................... 102 Figure 3.5-7 Physico-chemical parameter (interval 1) .............................................. 103 Figure 3.5-8 Water sampling (interval 1) .................................................................. 104 Figure 3.5-9 Water pressure during water sampling ................................................ 105 Figure 3.5-10 Concept of in-situ sampling ................................................................. 107 Figure 3.5-11 Line layout of in-situ sampling ........................................................... 108 Figure 3.5-12 Layout of in-situ sampling .................................................................. 108 Figure 3.5-13 Status of in-situ sampling ................................................................... 110 Figure 3.5-14 Pressure monitoring during pumping ..................................................111 Figure 3.5-15 Physico-chemical parameter during pumping .................................... 112 Figure 4.1-1 Water pressure monitoring .................................................................... 114 Figure 4.1-2 Water pressure monitoring (interval 2) ................................................ 116 Figure 4.1-3 Water pressure monitoring (interval 3) ................................................ 116 Figure 4.1-4 Water pressure monitoring (interval 4) ................................................ 117 Figure 4.1-5 Water pressure monitoring (interval 1) ................................................ 117 Figure 4.1-6 Water pressure monitoring (interval 5) ................................................ 118 Figure 4.2-1 Chemical monitoring (interval 4 2009/8/7[8/17) ................................ 120 Figure 4.2-2 Chemical monitoring (interval 5 2009/11/9[11/18) ............................. 121 Figure 4.2-3 Chemical monitoring (interval 4 2009/11/19[11/24) ........................... 122 Figure 4.2-4 Chemical monitoring (interval 3 2009/11/27s11/30) ........................... 123 Figure 4.2-5 Chemical monitoring (interval 1 2009/11/30s12/11) ........................... 124 Figure 4.2-6 Chemical monitoring (interval 4 2009/12/14[12/22) ........................... 125 Figure 5.2-1 Water pressure monitoring (interval 4) ................................................ 128 Figure 5.2-2 Breakdown of pump system (1) ............................................................. 128 Figure 5.2-3 Breakdown of pump system (2) ............................................................. 128 Figure 5.2-4 Hydrochemical monitoring system (before improved) ......................... 129 Figure 5.2-5 Hydrochemical monitoring system (improved) ..................................... 129 Figure 5.2-6 Image of changing valve ........................................................................ 131 Figure 5.2-7 Hydrochemical monitoring system and line (before improved) ........... 133 Figure 5.2-8 Hydrochemical monitoring system and line (improved) ...................... 133 Figure 5.2-9 Hydrochemical monitoring system and line (before improved) ........... 133 Figure 5.2-10 Plug and line ........................................................................................ 134

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    Figure 5.2-11 Circulation line (before improved) ...................................................... 136 Figure 5.2-12 Circulation line (improved) ................................................................. 136 Figure 5.3-1 NL120 ..................................................................................................... 138 Figure 5.3-2 NL120 and CR1000 ................................................................................ 138 Figure 5.3-3 Device Configuration Utility ................................................................. 139 Figure 5.3-4 Logger Net .............................................................................................. 140 Figure 5.3-5 Adjustment of censor ............................................................................. 141 Figure 5.3-6 BetaGauge321 ........................................................................................ 142 Figure 5.3-7 Hand pump ............................................................................................ 143 Figure 5.3-8 RS-232C connection (before improved) ................................................. 148 Figure 5.3-9 RS-232C ( AD-HD15MF) ....................................................................... 148 Figure 5.3-10 RS-232C connection (improved) .......................................................... 148 Figure 5.3-11 Outbox without battery ....................................................................... 149 Figure 5.4-1 Working test (pressure sensor) .............................................................. 151 Figure 5.4-2 Working test (packer pressure sensor) ................................................. 152 Figure 6.1-1 Water pressure (2009/3/15[2011/3/31) ................................................ 154 Figure 6.2-1 Chemical monitoring (interval 1 2011/1/21[1/31) ............................... 156 Figure 6.2-2 Chemical monitoring (interval 5 2011/1/31[2/4) ................................. 157 Figure 6.2-3 Chemical monitoring (interval 3 2011/2/4[2/7) ................................... 158 Figure 6.2-4 Chemical monitoring (interval 3 2011/2/7[3/7) ................................... 160

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    List of Tables Table 2.2-1 Materials for packer system ........................................................................ 4 Table 2.2-2 PEEK tube ................................................................................................. 11 Table 2.2-3 PEEK material ........................................................................................... 12 Table 2.3-1 Materials for packer system (before improved) ........................................ 15 Table 2.3-2 Materials for monitoring system (before improved) ................................. 21 Table 2.3-3 TROLL9500 ................................................................................................ 25 Table 3.1-1 Numbers of materials ................................................................................ 29 Table 3.2-1 Location of borehole ................................................................................... 30 Table 3.2-2 Borehole design .......................................................................................... 33 Table 3.2-3 Drilling tools .............................................................................................. 33 Table 3.2-4 Analysis of uranin ...................................................................................... 38 Table 3.2-5 Inflow point during drilling ....................................................................... 40 Table 3.2-6 Sample list for storage ............................................................................... 41 Table 3.2-7 Rock classification ..................................................................................... 44 Table 3.3-1 Logging tools .............................................................................................. 55 Table 3.3-2 Result of direction logging ......................................................................... 57 Table 3.3-3 Working log of borehole TV ....................................................................... 60 Table 3.3-4 Fractures detected by BTV ........................................................................ 62 Table 3.3-5 Result of direction logging ......................................................................... 66 Table 3.3-6 Flow meter logging .................................................................................... 70 Table 3.3-7 Result of flow meter logging ...................................................................... 71 Table 3.4-1 Working test ............................................................................................... 73 Table 3.4-2 Materials of whole system ......................................................................... 74 Table 3.4-3 Monitoring interval ................................................................................... 83 Table 3.4-4 Water volume of each interval ................................................................... 84 Table 3.4-5 Casing log ................................................................................................... 86 Table 3.4-6 Tube materials ........................................................................................... 87 Table 3.4-7 Working test of dummy prove ................................................................... 90 Table 3.4-8 Water inflow at each interval .................................................................... 92 Table 3.4-9 Changing valve and port No. ..................................................................... 96 Table 3.5-1 Event log .................................................................................................... 97 Table 3.5-2 Data memory in Mar.23 ............................................................................. 99 Table 3.5-3 Water sampling list .................................................................................. 105 Table 3.5-4 In-situ sampling test ............................................................................... 109 Table 3.5-5 Event log .................................................................................................. 110

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

    Table 3.5-6 Water sampling list .................................................................................. 113 Table 4.1-1 Pressure change by shaft sinking ........................................................... 115 Table 4.2-1 Water chemistry (~2010.11) .................................................................... 119 Table 5.2-1 Materials of changing valve .................................................................... 130 Table 5.2-2 Additional materials of changing valve .................................................. 132 Table 5.3-1 NL120 ....................................................................................................... 137 Table 5.3-2 Calibration of sensor ................................................................................ 141 Table 5.3-3 Calibration data (pressure) ..................................................................... 144 Table 5.3-4 Calibration data (packer pressure) ......................................................... 145 Table 5.3-5 Relationship between electrical current and pressure ........................... 146 Table 5.3-6 Calibration for packer 2 ........................................................................... 147 Table 6.2-1 Water chemistry (~2011.2) ...................................................................... 155

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  • 2.2.1

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    60mm 60mm

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2.2.3

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 89.1mm 75.9mm 95.0mm83.0mm

    1000mm

    1350mm

    2350mm115mm

    89.1mm 75.9mm 95.0mm83.0mm

    1000mm

    1350mm

    2350mm115mm

    89.1mm 75.9mm 95.0mm83.0mm

    1000mm

    1350mm

    2350mm115mm

    89.1mm 75.9mm 95.0mm83.0mm

    1000mm

    1350mm

    2350mm115mm

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2.2.4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2.2.5

    PVC

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2.2.6

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • PEEK

    100

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2.3.1

    RS232CRS232C

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  • AC/DC

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • /

    5

    PT7011A22A10 0 2MPaA

    0.1%

    5

    PT7011A23A10 0 5MPaA

    0.1%

    1 VAISALA PTB210

    9001100hPa

    0.30hPa

    1

    CAMPBELL SCIENTIFIC, INC. CR1000

    16ch 2MB

    9.6 16VDC

    10msec 24

    1 AC/DC 1 AC100V DC15V

    1 DC12V DC24V 1 7.2Ah

    1

    SS-6L

    6A 14.1V/14.4V

    12 25VDC

    10

    AS-243

    1

    AL-213

    1

    PD-02 12.1W 1.5ml/h

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • PEEK

    P -2 P -3

    P -1

    P -5 P -4

    P -2 P -3

    P -1

    P -5 P -4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 2.3.2

    AC/DCAC/DC

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • A

    B

    C

    DA

    B

    C

    D

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 2.3.3

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • TROLL9500 PROFESSIONAL

    10M

    HIGH

    pH+ORP

    RUGGED READER SYSTEM

    TROLL9500 PROFESSIONAL

    10M

    HIGH

    pH+ORP

    RUGGED READER SYSTEM

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • S/N

    TROLL9500 PROFESSIONAL S/N 45818

    47mm 4MB

    -5 50 0.1

    0 16.5 psia 0.3%FS.

    10M S/N 208175

    pH+ORP No.23020 S/N 5324

    246 m pH 0 12 pH 0.1 ORP 1400 mV ORP 4.0 mV

    HIGH No.33220 S/N 3347

    70 200,000 S/cm 0.5% 2 S/cm

    High

    No.32870

    246 m 0 20 mg/L

    0.2 mg/L

    No.33200

    Membrane modules(5) O-rings(10) and o-ring lubricant DO electrode filling solution Ammonia cleaning solution and brush Polishing strips

    RUGGED READER SYSTEM S/N42297Pocket-Situ 4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2.3.4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3

    3.1.1

    140m

    140m 1

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.1.2

    3.1.3

    100m 100mm 45

    100m 4 25m

    100m BIPS 100m BIPS

    100m 2m( 1m)

    100m

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.2.1

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  • 1

    4x8m

    1

    45

    1m

    1 4x8m

    3x4m

    10.6m

    N

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  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • THS-88 1.98m 1.02m 1.63m 1050kg

    11kW 70cm 40cm 40cm 150kg MG-15H 2.71m 0.73m 1.12m 500kg

    7.5kW 60cm 30cm 35cm 120kg HQ 88.9mm 1140kg/100m

    100mm 2.5m

    200kg

    WL 647kg WLH-4 100kg

    250L/m KTV-2 25kg 50L/m HS2.4S-50 10kg

    2000L 40kg 2000L ( 2m 1m 1m) 300kg

    100kg

    500kg

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 115mm

    160mm

    101m

    102mm

    5( 3m)

    160mm

    101m

    102mm

    5( 3m)

    101m

    419m

    114mm

    101m

    419m

    114mm

    ( 45 )

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • b)

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • (ppm)

    Q(cm3/min)

    (m)

    2009/2/20 2009/3/1

    500L1.5g

    500L1.5g

    500L1.5g

    100L 0.3g100L 0.3g

    0 3.0m 86mm0 3.0m 160mm

    5 SUS3.0 18.90m

    WL-HQ18.90 101.00m

    WL-HQ

    (ppm)

    Q(cm3/min)

    (m)

    2009/2/20 2009/3/1

    (ppm)

    Q(cm3/min)

    (m)

    2009/2/20 2009/3/1

    500L1.5g

    500L1.5g

    500L1.5g

    100L 0.3g100L 0.3g

    0 3.0m 86mm0 3.0m 160mm

    5 SUS3.0 18.90m

    WL-HQ18.90 101.00m

    WL-HQ

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 3.2.2

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 1)

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 10m 10% L

    M 10cm H 10cm

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • mabh

    70

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 2)

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  • 3.3.1

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.3.2

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.3.3

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 3.3.4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • (m)

    (mm) (mm) 2 125 - 4 94 - 6 95 - 8 93 -

    10 92 - 15 92 - 20 98 105 25 102 105 30 101 105 35 96 105 40 102 105 45 102 105 50 97 105 55 100 105 60 101 105 65 100 105 70 101 102 75 101 102 80 102 102 85 101 102 90 102 102 95 102 102 98 - 102 100 102 -

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  • 3.3.5

    1

    2

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  • 1 23 25 36 26 1012 25 27 37 28 1013 27 29 38 30 1014 29 31 39 32 1015 31 33 40 34 1016 33 35 41 36 1017 36 38 42 39 1018 39 41 43 42 1019 42 44 44 45 10110 45 47 45 48 10111 48 50 46 51 10112 51 53 47 54 10113 54 56 48 57 10114 57 59 49 60 10115 60 62 50 63 10116 63 65 51 66 10117 66 68 52 69 10118 69 71 53 72 10119 70 72 54 73 10120 72 74 55 75 10121 74 76 56 77 10122 76 78 57 79 10123 78 80 58 81 10124 80 82 59 83 10125 82 84 60 85 10126 84 86 61 87 10127 86 88 62 89 10128 88 90 63 91 10129 89 91 64 92 10130 90 92 65 93 10131 91 93 66 94 10132 92 94 67 95 10133 93 95 68 96 10134 94 96 69 97 10135 95 97 70 98 101

    m) m)

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  • 0

    10

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    1000 500 1000 1500 2000

    cm3/min

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    100 101m

    [m]0

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    90

    1000 50 100 150 200 250

    cm3/min

    8-10

    28-30

    18-20

    38-40

    48-50

    68-70

    58-60

    78-80

    88-90

    98-100

    8-10

    28-30

    18-20

    38-40

    48-50

    68-70

    58-60

    78-80

    88-90

    98-100

    [m]

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.1

    108mm

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 95mm 1.35m SUS 7.1kg/5

    89mm 2m 1m 0.5m 0.35m SUS

    651.3kg/61

    89mm 0.15m SUS 18.6kg/10

    48.3mm 3.05m PVC 72.6kg/33

    4mm PEEK 600m 4mm 1000m

    16

    60cm 80cm 25cm 50kg

    60cm 83cm 22cm

    50kg

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • ( )

    ( )

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.2

    3.4.3

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • (m) (mm) (mm) (cm3)

    0.0023.0023.0024.0024.0037.5037.5038.5038.5046.0046.0047.0047.0071.0071.0072.0072.0089.0089.0090.0090.00

    101.00

    250,056 cm3

    (m)

    95

    95

    1,571

    1,571

    1,571

    1,083

    1,083102

    102

    105

    105

    32,915

    45,926

    102 89.1

    105(47m 70m)102(70m 71m)

    89.1 57,686

    95

    23.00 105 89.1

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    17.00

    24.00

    11.00 102 89.1

    55,749

    7.50 105 89.1

    105 95

    95

    13.50 105 89.1 32,722

    18,179

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.5

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • (1)

    (2)

    (3)

    (4)

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2009/3/10 5:00 63 12.50 12.55 2009/3/10 20:00 47 34.50 34.60 2009/3/11 15:30 29 58.00 58.02 2009/3/12 6:20 12 76.00 76.00 2009/3/13 9:00 1 97.86 97.91

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.6

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.7

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.4.8

    3.4.9

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • B CA D

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • .( ) 1 2 3 4 5

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 3.5.1

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • (hPa)

    (MPa)

    1003 0.998 1.168 1.303 1.181 1.360 (MPa) 1.97 1.95 2.04 1.95 2.07

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 3.5.2

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • (cm3/min)

    (3/17 9:009:15

    )

    (cm3 ( )

    (cm3)

    pH at lab

    2009/3/9 20:00 20:10

    1,000 4 4,000 8.4

    2009/3/13 9:00 9:15

    1,000 4 4,000 7.8

    2009/3/17 13:18 13:46

    135 1,000 4 4,000 7.8

    2009/3/17 13:48 14:20

    128 1,000 4 4,000 8.0

    2009/3/17 14:24 14:52

    145 1,000 4 4,000 8.1

    2009/3/17 15:20 15:30

    60 250 4 1,000

    2009/3/17 15:40 15:49

    100 250 4 1,000

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • BCD

    A

    ABCD

    BCD

    E

    E

    BOX

    AB

    ORP

    V/I

    T

    V/I

    pH

    V/I

    A

    A

    BCD

    E

    1670

    260

    2090

    310

    680

    260260

    mm

    BCD

    A

    ABCD

    BCD

    E

    E

    BOX

    AB

    ORP

    V/I

    T

    V/I

    pH

    V/I

    A

    A

    BCD

    E

    1670

    260

    2090

    310

    680

    260260

    mm

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • ( )

    ( )

    PC

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 2009/3/18 14:00 2009/3/19 8:45 1.5MPa 2009/3/19 8:48

    ( ) 2009/3/19 8:50

    2MPa

    2009/3/19 8:54

    2009/3/19 8:58 200 cm3/min

    2009/3/19 8:58 220 cm3/min

    2009/3/19 10:02

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 4

    4.1.1

    -300.00

    -250.00

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    0.00

    0.0

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    1600.0

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    2200.0

    kPa

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    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 0.0

    200.0

    400.0

    600.0

    800.0

    1000.0

    1200.0

    1400.0

    1600.0

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    2200.0

    4.1.3

    0.0

    200.0

    400.0

    600.0

    800.0

    1000.0

    1200.0

    1400.0

    1600.0

    1800.0

    kPa

    2009/9/18

    2009/8/4 2009/12/22

    2009/4/21

    2009/12/14

    2010/3/8

    2009/11/30

    2009/4/16 7/6 2009/10/18 11/10

    2009/12/222009/12/11 12

    2009/9/12

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 0.0

    200.0

    400.0

    600.0

    800.0

    1000.0

    1200.0

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    1600.0

    1800.0

    kPa

    0.0

    200.0

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    1000.0

    1200.0

    1400.0

    1600.0

    1800.0

    kPa

    2009/11/30 2010/3/8

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 0.0

    200.0

    400.0

    600.0

    800.0

    1000.0

    1200.0

    1400.0

    1600.0

    1800.0

    kPa

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 4.2.1

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 4.3.1

    4.3.2

    4.3.3

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 5

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • 600.0

    800.0

    1000.0

    1200.0

    1400.0

    kPa

    :2009/8/7 8/17

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • AC/DCAC/DC

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • BMRFRNA5-R2-G2-K2

    2 20.6MPa 1/4

    CMC 4M-4R

    12

    4mm 1/4

    10 1 5 2

    CLMA 4M-4R

    2 1/4 A

    D

    1 1/4

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • B CA D

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    B CA D

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • PF-1/4-1/4-SUS 10

    1/4

    UTKW-8A

    10

    4.12MPa 401/4

    CMC 4M-4R

    20 4mm

    1/4

    10 1/4

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  • 1

    2

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • LAN

    LAN 10BASE-T(RJ45)

    Peripheral Port CR1000, CR3000

    12V peripheral 20mA

    -25 50

    LoggetNet 3.2

    PC400 1.3 DevConfig 1.5

    10.2 6.4 2.8 cm 66g

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    5 PT7011A22A10

    0 2MPaA 0.1%

    5 PT7011A23A10

    0 5MPaA 0.1%

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  • x P5000.01250.0 xP

    2500.13125.0 xP

    BAxP

    x P

    A B 1 0.1251 -0.4986 2 0.1256 -0.5018 3 0.1251 -0.4991 4 0.1252 -0.4989 5 0.1255 -0.5002 1 0.3121 -1.2413 2 0.3121 -1.2476 3 0.2124 -1.2382 4 0.3126 -1.2519 5 0.3127 -1.2470

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

  • (MPa)

    (MPa)

    (MPa)

    0.1046 0.13 0.10 1.0028 1.10 1.00 2.0028 2.19 2.01 3.0028 3.27 3.01 4.0028 4.35 4.01 5.0028 5.43 5.02

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 6

    6.1.1

    -300.00

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    1400.0

    1600.0

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    2000.0

    2200.0

    kPa

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • 7

    JAEA-Research 2011-048

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  • SI

    1024 10-1 d1021 10-2 c1018 10-3 m1015 10-6 1012 10-9 n109 10-12 p106 10-15 f103 10-18 a102 10-21 z101 da 10-24 y

    SI

    SI min 1 min=60s h 1h =60 min=3600 s d 1 d=24 h=86 400 s 1=(/180) rad 1=(1/60)=(/10800) rad 1=(1/60)=(/648000) rad

    ha 1ha=1hm2=104m2

    Ll 1L=11=1dm3=103cm3=10-3m3

    t 1t=103 kg

    SISI

    SI eV 1eV=1.602 176 53(14)10-19J Da 1Da=1.660 538 86(28)10-27kg u 1u=1 Da ua 1ua=1.495 978 706 91(6)1011m

    SISISI

    SI Ci 1 Ci=3.71010Bq R 1 R = 2.5810-4C/kg rad 1 rad=1cGy=10-2Gy rem 1 rem=1 cSv=10-2Sv 1=1 nT=10-9T 1=1 fm=10-15m 1 = 200 mg = 210-4kg Torr 1 Torr = (101 325/760) Pa atm 1 atm = 101 325 Pa

    1cal=4.1858J154.1868JIT4.184J

    1 =1m=10-6m

    10SI

    cal

    (a)SI(b)radsr(c)sr(d)(e)

    (f)activity referred to a radionuclideradioactivity(g)PV,2002,70,205CIPM2CI-2002

    aamount concentrationsubstance concentrationb

    SI

    Pa s m-1 kg s-1

    N m m2 kg s-2

    N/m kg s-2 rad/s m m-1 s-1=s-1 rad/s2 m m-1 s-2=s-2 , W/m2 kg s-3

    , J/K m2 kg s-2 K-1 J/(kg K) m2 s-2 K-1 J/kg m2 s-2 W/(m K) m kg s-3 K-1

    J/m3 m-1 kg s-2

    V/m m kg s-3 A-1 C/m3 m-3 sA C/m2 m-2 sA C/m2 m-2 sA F/m m-3 kg-1 s4 A2

    H/m m kg s-2 A-2

    J/mol m2 kg s-2 mol-1

    , J/(mol K) m2 kg s-2 K-1 mol-1

    C/kg kg-1 sA Gy/s m2 s-3 W/sr m4 m-2 kg s-3=m2 kg s-3

    W/(m2 sr) m2 m-2 kg s-3=kg s-3 kat/m3 m-3 s-1 mol

    SI

    SI

    m2 m3 m/s m/s2 m-1 kg/m3

    kg/m2

    m3/kg A/m2 A/m (a) mol/m3 kg/m3 cd/m2 (b) 1 (b) 1

    SI

    SI

    SI

    SI

    () rad 1 m/m () sr(c) 1 m2/m2 Hz s-1

    N m kg s-2 , Pa N/m2 m-1 kg s-2 , , J N m m2 kg s-2 W J/s m2 kg s-3 , A sC , V W/A m2 kg s-3 A-1 F C/V m-2 kg-1 s4 A2 V/A m2 kg s-3 A-2 S A/V m-2 kg-1 s3 A2

    Wb Vs m2 kg s-2 A-1 T Wb/m2 kg s-2 A-1 H Wb/A m2 kg s-2 A-2 () K

    lm cd sr(c) cd lx lm/m2 m-2 cd

    Bq s-1, ,

    Gy J/kg m2 s-2

    , , ,

    Sv J/kg m2 s-2

    kat s-1 mol

    SISI

    SI bar bar=0.1MPa=100kPa=105Pa mmHg 1mmHg=133.322Pa =0.1nm=100pm=10-10m M=1852m b b=100fm2=(10-12cm)2=10-28m2

    kn kn=(1852/3600)m/s Np

    dB

    SISI

    SI

    m kg s A K mol cd

    SI

    SI

    SI erg 1 erg=10-7 J dyn 1 dyn=10-5N P 1 P=1 dyn s cm-2=0.1Pa s St 1 St =1cm2 s-1=10-4m2 s-1

    sb 1 sb =1cd cm-2=104cd m-2

    ph 1 ph=1cd sr cm-2 104lx Gal 1 Gal =1cm s-2=10-2ms-2

    Mx 1 Mx = 1G cm2=10-8Wb G 1 G =1Mx cm-2 =10-4T Oe 1 Oe (103/4)A m-1

    CGS

    cCGSSI

    82006