Jata Reserve

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  • Jata reserve,,Lukow County

    ,,Our local pearls of nature

    Geographic and natural conditions of Jata Reserve.Adam Szewczak and Joanna Szewczak

    ZS w Tuchowiczu w ramach projektu gimnazjalnego ,,Jest takie miejsce na Ziemi i projektu


    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 1

  • Contents




    Protected fauna-------------------------------------------------------6


    History during wars--------------------------------------------------9

    Some words from author------------------------------------------10


    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 2


    RESERVE JATA in terms of length of existence is second after Biaowieski National park. It was created at the initiative of 21.03.1933 by prof. W. Szafer - outstanding Polish naturalist. He was the surface of 335 ha and a partial reserve status. The reason for establishment of the reserve was to protect the northernmost extreme of the natural, insular position of fir (Abies alba), who found here excellent conditions for development and the extremely favorable microclimate for themselves.

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 3

  • Chapter 1


    The forest cover of Lukow county is uneven. The biggest forest complexes occur at the west border of the unit. Besides some smaller or bigger wooded grounds are scattered all of the county area. The most interesting objects of that type include the forest complex called Kryszczak with natural reserves Jata and Topr established in 1933 and reinstated in 1952. The reserves protect habitats of the fir tree at the north-east border of its occurrence. Local topographic features and the situation of that reserve at the water divide between the Krzna and Kostrzynia river basins results in a diversification of global and habitat conditions

    Jata reserve is one of the most interesting reserves in Poland established in 1933, protected natural geographic of fir at her north-east border of its occurrence. Reserve is located in south part complex Kryszczak and its expanse is 1116,94 ha. At 337 ha reserve is very conservationist.

    Stowarzyszenie Ochrony Rezerwatu Jata, 2007

    The biggest and the most interesting of four reserves of fits protected fits ( Abies alba). Jata reserve is the oldest reserve at the area of ukw or Siedlce, too. In 1933 emerged deed about constitute Jata reserve.

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 4

  • Chapter 2


    Numerous and diversified fossils occurring in Jurassic drifts were first discovered by Krzysztofowicz in 1895. We owe the most complete monograph ob fossilised fauna occurring in the Jurassic drift in Jata reserve to professor Makowski. Thanks to professor Makowskis research name ukw is known to geologist all over the world. The numerous specimens of fauna preserved in Jurassic drifts in ukw include: ammonites, belemnites, shellfish and snails. They have been very well preserved and therefore is a precious material; for scientific research on animal forms of distant (165 million years ago) geological ages.

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 5

  • Chapter 3

    Protected fauna

    During primarily researches conducted from 1999 to 2000, 62 species of butterflies Rhopalocera have been recorded from Jata reserve. It is 38% of Polish butterflies. The most interesting species and also characteristic for reserves habitats are Heteropterus Morpheus (PALL.), Carterocephalus palaemon (PALL.), Coenonympha tullia (MLLER) and Erebia medusa (DEN. ET. SCHIFF.). Other quite rare in the region are: Pyrgus malvae (L.), Erynnis tages (L.), Leptidea reali REISGR., Cupido argiades (PALL.), Lycaena dispar (HAW.), Lycaena alciphron (ROTT.), Satyrium w-album (KNOCH), Aricia agestis (DEN. ET. SCHIFF.), Polyommatus amandus (SCHN.), Polyommatus coridon (PODA), Boloria euphrosyne (L.), Melitaea cinxia (L.).

    Observation of the eagle owl (Bubo bubo) in the Jata reserve.

    The population of eagle owls (Bubo Bubo, Linnaeus 1758) in the country is assessed sextremely small, and the number of pairs is estimated at 230-270. In the province of Lublin its size is estimated at 55 pairs. Although the total number of pairs is known only in roughly, that for many years been a trend to increase its numbers.(Stawarczyk 2003).

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 6

  • Previous observations of owl from Forest Lukow as Important Bird Areasbreeding sites of national importance took place in 1974. Then he was seen evenin May 1984 or 1985 (Rzpaa, Mitrus 1995). Last observation owl inLukow area covers the year 2004 (Paciorek, 2004). On 21 February 2005 was found by forest workers a individual owl in the Jata Reserve (EC 85) in the vicinity of the village Grzwka. The bird, with a broken wing was transferred to the care of a local enthusiast of nature Mariusz Dybciak, who contacted to the vet Ilona Misiak to heal and release into the wild. Animal probably chilling effect and large did not survive the exhaustion of the body conducted the surgery. This further observation of this species in the area of ukw Forest gives grounds for believing that this species is resident in the forest complex, although its abundance in the area is low and may be limited to 1-3 couples.

    Chapter 4


    The greatest attractions of Jata nature reserve is the impressive fir forest with some addition of spruce and pine growing on gentle slopes in the valley of South Krzna river witch here spring to the surface. The values of that reserve as a protected site follows, besides its scientific, didactic and aesthetic qualities, also from historical factors. The most favorable conditions for complex protection of a fir are in the Jata reserve.Fir in the reserve is a common component of forest communities. The greatest peculiarity of Jata are magnificent fir forests. Except fir forest there are lots of forest like this. Stand of this forest has got natural character. It build except fir sycamore, too.

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 7

  • Chapter 5

    History during wars

    As the area used to be a base and shelter of insurgents led by priest Stanisaw Brzska in 1893. The fact is commemorated by a monument put up in 1928 in the forest complex Dbrwka. During World War II strong guerilla troops also operated in the area.

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 8

  • Some words from author

    In trip to Jata we were with our teacher Artur Baranowski. It was fantastic. We saw lots of protected flora, but we didnt see any animals. Some of our photos.

    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 9

  • And me


    1. Cioek M. 1991. Zabytki Lene, Siedleckie Wydawnictwo Kartograficzne, Siedlce2. Grzyska J. 2004.3. Stowarzystwo ochrony Jaty, 20054. BARANOWSKI Artur , 2005 . Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) of the Jata


    By Adam and Joanna Szewczak Strona 10