Korespondencija Stjepana Radića.by Bogdan Krizman

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  • Korespondencija Stjepana Radia. by Bogdan KrizmanReview by: Elinor Murray DespalatovicSlavic Review, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. 638-639Published by:Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2495619 .Accessed: 12/06/2014 21:24

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  • 638 Slavic Review

    to illustrate the problem of the interwar years. The volume includes much important and interesting material, and the statistics presented are generally relevant and valuable but not complete. Moreover, the conclusions drawn from the data are sometimes trivial.

    The constraints of socialist historiography are apparent in some sections of Do6sa's work. For example she does not explain, for obvious reasons, the "change of mood" within the middle class between October 1918 and March 1919. She treats the miserable collapse of the Bela Kun regime as "the proven superiority of the working class, which even retreated in an impressively organized manner" (p. 23), and there is not the slightest criticism levelled at the failings of the left, which greatly facilitated the rise of fascism in Hungary. She offers no reasons for the transformation of E. Bajcsy-Zsilinszky from a leader of fascism into the hero of anti-fascist resistance. She substantiates the attempted coup of the MOVE forces in 1937 with references from the monumental work of C. A. MVacartney, thus adding nothing to our limited knowledge of this event. Finally, Dosa recognizes that it was the Arrow Cross, and not MOVE which attracted the workers. She nevertheless fails again to explain why and how this occurred while the legal Social Democratic Party and its trade unions were still in existence. The rationali- zations and conclusions in this volume are depressingly predictable.

    Nagy's work is shorter. It deals with the liberal response in Budapest to these fascist currents. Budapest. played an extraordinary but exaggerated role in Trianon Hungary. And in Budapest, it was the Jews who played a correspondingly exag- gerated role. The history of the liberal opposition in Budapest is mainly the history of Budapest Jewry. Nagy recognizes the pathos characteristic of the liberals, their hopeless position and struggle. She also describes the fate of the remnants of the "liberal opposition" after the new, triumphant ideology followed Soviet tanks into the city.

    Despite flaws, these volumes should be read by scholars interested in the in- terwar period in Hungary.

    NICHfOLAS M. NAGY-TALAVERA California State University, Chico

    KORESPONDENCIJA STJEPANA RADICA. 2 vols. Vol. 1: 1885-1918. Vol. 2: 1919-1928. By Bogdan Krizman. Izvori za hrvatsku povijest. Sveuciliste u Zagrebu, Institut za hrvatsku povijest. Zagreb: Liber, 1972-73.

    This two volume collection of the correspondence of Stjepan Radic inaugurates a new series, Izvori za hrvatsku povijest (Sources of Croatian History), which is sponsored by the Institute of Croatian History of the University of Zagreb. Judg- ing by the quality of the first collection, this series will be of major scholarly im- portance.

    Although the Croatian Peasant Party (Hrvatska pucka seljacka stranka, later Hrvatska republikanska seljacka stranka) was the most important political party in Croatia in the interwar years, there is as yet no definitive study of the history of the party or of its dynamic and controversial leader Stjepan Radic (1871-1928), who led the party from its founding in 1904 to his death by assassination in 1928. There are some useful articles and brief monographs on specific topics and periods by B. Krizman, J. Sidak, L. Vukovic-Todorovic, and Z. Kulundzic, as well as an unpublished doctoral dissertation by Robert G. Livingstone on Radic and the party

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  • Reviews 639

    (Harvard University, 1959), and a multitude of books, articles and pamphlets by contemporaries of Radic, but a major critical work is still to be written.

    The Radic correspondence has never been published. In this first effort, Bogdan Krizman has included all of the known extant letters, drawing upon both archival and private collections. Stjepan Radic carefully saved his letters and papers during his lifetime, but many were later lost in police raids and the war, and there is no way of knowing how, much of the correspondence has been de- stroyed. What remains, however, is of major importance, for the 977 letters in the Krizman collection add a much needed dimension to the other available pub- lished sources: the writings of Stjepan and Ante Radic, party newspapers and journals and other party literature. The letters help to illuminate Stjepan Radic's personal life, his motivations, the development of his ideas, his close partnership with his older brother Ante, his link to other Croatian politicians, the growth of support for the party, and the day-to-day work of a peasant party leader.

    Krizman has transcribed the letters carefully and accurately, explaining the many abbreviations. He has arranged the letters chronologically and identified the author or recipient wherever possible. The collection is divided into two parts. Volume 1 (1885-1918) covers Radic's early career within the political framework of the Habsburg Empire. These were the years in which Stjepan Radic worked closely with his brother Ante (the party ideologist) to establish the organizational basis and ideology of the party. Volume 2 (1919-28) represents a new phase. The peasants were now voters, Ante was dead, and Stjepan had become both leader and ideologist. The Peasant Party was suddenly a major force in Croatia, and Croatia was part of the Yugoslav state.

    Krizman, a noted Croatian historian who has worked extensively in the his- tory of the twentieth century, has written a detailed introduction to each volume in which he discusses the life, the ideas, and the work of Stjepan Radic during the relevant periods. The tripartite division is sometimes awkward, for it is impossible to separate a person's life, thought and work. Although Krizman's introductions to the two volumes are meant to serve primarily as necessary background for un- derstanding the letters, they go far beyond this. They represent the best brief nar- rative and analysis of Stjepan Radi6's life and work available at the present time. It is most regrettable that Krizman did not document the sources used in the in- troductions and that there is no bibliography.

    Each volume contains an index of important names, with brief biographical notes, as well as indexes for places and topics. Volume 2 also includes a brief biography of Bogdan Krizman and a list of his major works.


    Connecticut College

    SERBIA, NIKOLA PAWI(, AND YUGOSLAVIA. By Alex N. Dragnich. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1974. xiii, 266 pp. $15.00.

    "You're a historian," Milovan Djilas once said to this reviewer. "Tell me, who do you think was the more important in Serbian history-Svetozar Markovic or Nikola Pasic'?"

    "Pasic," I replied without hesitation. "Then why," Djilas asked wryly, "has so much been written about Markovi6

    in Yugoslavia and so little about Pasic'?" The ex-communist leader did not need an answer.

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    Article Contentsp. 638p. 639

    Issue Table of ContentsSlavic Review, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. i-viii+463-682Front Matter [pp. i-viii]Litvinov and Kamenev-Ambassadors Extraordinary: The Problem of Soviet Representation Abroad [pp. 463-482]Col. Philip R. Faymonville and the Red Army, 1934-43 [pp. 483-505]S. M. Kravchinskii and the National Front Against Autocracy [pp. 506-522]Soviet Theory of Literature and the Struggle around Dostoevsky in Recent Soviet Scholarship [pp. 523-538]The Traditional and the Modern in the Writings of Ivan Pnin [pp. 539-559]Political Ideals and Loyalties of Some Russian Writers of the Early 1760s [pp. 560-575]Reference Books of 1973-74: A Selection [pp. 576-583]ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 584-585]Review: untitled [pp. 585-588]Review: untitled [p. 588]Review: untitled [pp. 588-589]Review: untitled [pp. 589-590]Review: untitled [pp. 590-591]Review: untitled [pp. 591-592]Review: untitled [pp. 592-593]Review: untitled [pp. 593-594]Review: untitled [pp. 594-596]Review: untitled [pp. 596-597]Review: untitled [pp. 597-598]Review: untitled [pp. 598-599]Review: untitled [pp. 599-601]Review: untitled [pp. 601-603]Review: untitled [pp. 603-604]Review: untitled [pp. 604-605]Review: untitled [pp. 605-606]Review: untitled [pp. 606-607]Review: untitled [p. 607]Review: untitled [p. 608]Review: untitled [pp. 608-609]Review: un