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Lesson Plan 1 Subject(s): Public Health (Communicable Diseases

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Text of Lesson Plan 1 Subject(s): Public Health (Communicable Diseases

  • LessonPlan 1Subject(s):PublicHealth(CommunicableDiseases)

    Unit(s):SocialSciencesGrade(s):912

    LessonElements1)LearningStandardsAddressedAnalyzecontentconcerningthenatureandspreadofvariouscommunicablediseasesacrosstheglobeinordertounderstandsomekeycomponentsofpublic/globalhealthanddevelopmentPracticecriticalthinkinganddiscussionskillsbycomparingandcontrastingdiseaseprofiles2)LearningTargetsStudentswillbeexposedtoanarrayofcurrentissuesinthefieldofpublichealthanddiseasepreventionStudentswillexercisecriticalthinkingskillsinordertoidentifyfactorsrelatedtothespreadandcontainmentofdiseases(Ebola,HIV/AIDS,Malaria,Dengue)Studentswillengageinconstructivediscussioninordertobetterunderstandsocial,cultural,andenvironmentalfactorsthatimpactpublichealthissues3)Relevance/RationaleEncourageinformedcitizenryandbuildyouthknowledgebaseofhealthrelatedglobalissues4)FormativeAssessmentCriteriaforSuccessInstructorassessmentofstudentparticipationandpresentationsthatbreakdownthecontentoftheirrespectivecases(Dependingonthesizeoftheclass,studentsmayworkinpairsorsmallgroups.)5)Activities/TasksReadthecasewriteuporarticleassignedtoyourpairorgroupUsingtheworksheetsupplied,analyzethecontentofthecasematerialprovided(*Thiscanbeacollaborativeprocessforstudentsprovidesupplementalmaterialslikebutcherpaperandmarkersfornotesordiagramstobeusedduringpresentation/talkback,ifappropriate)Eachsmallgrouporpairgivesasummaryoftheircaseandthefactorstheyidentifiedasimportant.Havestudentsdiscussthevariousthemes,similarities/differencesthattheyheardduringgrouppresentations(Thiscouldbedoneinsmallgroupsorasafullclass)6)Resources/MaterialsWACDCWebinar:UnderstandingtheEbolaCrisishttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jKq_PiD870DiseaseOverviewsandCaseArticles(Seebelow)NationalInstitutesofHealth(NIH)CurriculumSupplementSeriesonInfectiousDiseasehttp://science.education.nih.gov/customers.nsf/HSDiseases.htm7)Equityand/inAccess

    1 Lesson plan created/compiled by WAC-DC Spring 2015 Global Education Graduate Associate, Tony Harris. Neither the author nor WAC-DC claim ownership over materials cited from non WAC-DC external sources. This resource has been made publicly available explicitly for noncommercial educational purposes only.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jKq_PiD870https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jKq_PiD870http://science.education.nih.gov/customers.nsf/HSDiseases.htm

  • Designgroups/pairsinawaythatenablesbilingualexplorationofmaterials,ifappropriate/necessaryIfthegroupsreadingcomprehensionskillsarecollectivelyweak,aninstructor(ortwo)couldworkdirectlywithstudentgroup(s)toreviewtheinformationandconductajointanalysis.8)Modifications/AccommodationsWrittendiseaseoverviewscouldbereplacedwithinstructionalYouTubevideoclipstomaketheactivity/workflowmoresuitableforauditorylearners.Ifstudentsarentabletoeffectivelyengageingroupdiscussion(orifthereisnotenoughtimetofacilitatealargerdialogue),thegroupdiscussionquestionscouldbeslightlymodifiedandserveaspromptsforstudentstowritepersonalreflections.

    SupportingMaterials

    Cases/Diseasestobecovered1)Ebola

    OverviewEbolaisonetypeofviralhemorrhagicfever.TheEbolavirusmaybetransmittedfromanimalsorbatstopeopleorfrompeopletopeople.Symptomsusuallybegintoshowbetweensevenandninedaysafteroriginalcontactwiththevirushowever,symptomshavebeenknowntobeginasearlyastwodaysoraslateastwentyonedaysaftercontact.Symptomsincludefatigue,fever,headache,muscle/jointpain,vomiting,diarrhea,rash,andoftenabdominalpain.Casesthatresultinexcessiveinternalbleedingand/ororganfailurearelikelytobefatal.Currently,thereisnovaccineforEbola.ThosethatareinfectedmaybegivensupportivetreatmentintheformofIVfluids,bloodtransfusions,additionaloxygen,andantibiotics(ifthereisabacterialinfectionantibioticswillNOTtreatthevirus).ThemassiveoutbreakofEbolainWestAfrica(namelyLiberia,SierraLeone,andGuinea)hasledtoincreasedresearchonexperimental,curativetreatments.Effectivepreventionreliesuponwidespreaddiagnosesprocedures,quarantining/isolatingtheinfected,andrigoroussanitationpractices(amongstprofessionalsandthegeneralpublic).(Adaptedfrom:https://www.internationalsos.com/ebola/index.cfm?content_id=400&language_id=ENG)

    LiberiaCase/Article(May2014onward)https://www.internationalsos.com/ebola/index.cfm?content_id=397&language_id=ENG(FocusonBackgroundsectionstudentsmaybrowsemaps/updatesiftimepermits)2)HIV/AIDSOverview

    https://www.internationalsos.com/ebola/index.cfm?content_id=400&language_id=ENGhttps://www.internationalsos.com/ebola/index.cfm?content_id=397&language_id=ENG

  • HIVstandsforHumanImmunodeficiencyVirus.AIDSstandsforAcquiredImmunodeficiencySyndrome.ThehumanimmunesystemisnotabletogetridoftheHIVvirus.HIVattackskeycells(CD4andTcells)inonesimmunesystem.Thevirususesthesecellstoreproduceitselfandprogressivelydestroysonesimmunesystemovertime.Leftuntreated,HIVmaydevelopintoAIDS.AIDSisunderstoodasasyndromebecauseitisacomplexconditionthatmayinclude/exhibitmultiplesymptomsandcomplications.ThoughnocureforHIVcurrentlyexists,antiretroviraltherapies(ARTs)havebeendevelopedinordertocombatHIVandpreventitsprogression.HIV/AIDSisamajorglobalhealthissuethataffectscountlesspeoplearoundtheworld.IntheUnitedStates,HIV/AIDSaffectsapproximatelythreetimesmoreHispanicsandseventimesmoreAfricanAmericansthanwhites.(Adaptedfrom:http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/hivaids/understanding/Pages/Default.aspx)CambodiaCase/Article(December2014)http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2014/december/20141208_cambodia3)MalariaOverviewMalariaisadiseasecausedbyaparasite(plasmodium)thatlivespartofitslifeinmosquitoesandpartofitslifeinhumans.Malariaisacommunicablediseaseresponsibleformorethanonemillionhumandeathseachyear.Therearebetween350and500millioncasesofmalariaacrosstheglobeeveryyear.ThisdiseasethrivesintropicalareasofLatinAmerica,Asia,andAfrica.ThoughmalariahasessentiallybeeneradicatedintheUnitedStatesandotherregionswithtemperateclimates,itaffectshundredsofthosethattraveltomalariaendemicareasoftheworldeachyear.Malariaismostcommonlytransmittedtohumansbymosquitoes,thoughtheparasitemayalsobetransmittedthroughbloodtransfusionsandorgantransplants.Thethreeprimarysymptomsofmalaria(chills,fever,andsweating)takeplaceonacyclicalorrecurrentbasis.Thosethatsurvivemalariaoftengraduallybuildimmunitytothediseasesincetheycarrytheinfection,however,theymayalsoactasreservoirsforfurthertransmission.Medicinesthatpreventmalariaarelargelypopularamongstthosethattraveltomalariaendemicareas.Therearealsoawiderangeofmeasuresthatmaybetakentopreventmalarialtransmission.(Adaptedfrom:http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/malaria/documents/malaria.pdf)LaoPDR(Laos)Case/Article(June2014)http://www.who.int/malaria/areas/greater_mekong/laopdroutbreaksremainworrisome/en/4)Dengue

    http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/hivaids/understanding/Pages/Default.aspxhttp://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/malaria/documents/malaria.pdf

  • OverviewDengueisamosquitoborneinfectionthatisprevalentintropicalandsubtropicalregionsacrosstheglobe.Severedengue,orDengueHemorrhagicFever,firstemergedinSouthAsiamorethansixtyyearsago.Dengueremainsasignificantthreattothehealthandwellbeingofpeople(bothresidentsandvisitors)inAsianandLatinAmericancountries.Fourvariationsofthedenguevirusexistsomevariationsaremorepopularinparticularregionsoftheworldthanothers.Properhydrationandmedicalmonitoringarecrucialtosuccessfullytreatingdenguefever.Thoughthereiscurrentlynovaccinefordengue,therearemultiplestepsthatcanbetakentoprevent/minimizeitsspread.Suchmethodsinclude:properwastedisposal,applicationofinsecticides,maintenanceofwaterstoragecontainers,anduseofpersonal/householdprotectiondevices(windowscreens,mosquitonetting,etc.).(Adaptedfrom:http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/)TokyoCase/Article(September2014)http://www.cnn.com/2014/09/04/world/asia/denguefevertokyo/GuidingAnalysisQuestions(StudentAnalysisWorksheet)1)Inwhatcontextisyourcaselocated?(Beasspecificaspossible.Doesthearticlementionlocalareas,orjustcountrynames?Doesitreferenceaparticulartimeframe?)2)Whoaresomeoftheactorsinvolvedincombattingthediseaseprofiledinyourarticle?3)Doesthearticlementionchallengesencounteredbytheseactorsintheireffortstopreventthespreadofdisease?Ifso,whataresomeofthesechallenges?4)Areanyparticulargroupsofpeopleidentifiedasvulnerableorsusceptibleinyourarticle?Ifso,whatgroups?Whydoyouthinkthesegroupsmaybemorevulnerablethanothers?5)Whatotherquestionsdoyouhaveaboutyourarticle?Aboutthediseasementionedinyourarticle?Wheremightyougotofindmoreinformation?GuidingQuestionsforGroupDiscussion1)Whataresomesimilaritiesanddifferencesamongstthecasesthatwereviewed?2)Whichdiseasewereyoumostfamiliarwithbeforethisactivity?Whymightyoubemorefamiliarwithonediseaseoveranother?

    http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/

  • 3)Areanyofthesediseasesimpactingourowncommunities?Ifso,whichones?Howmightwegetmoreinformedand/ormoreinvolved?

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