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Malang

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FINAL REPORT PELATIHAN TEKNIS EFISIENSI ENERGI DI PDAM KOTA MALANG

KERJASAMA : ETC ESP MLD PDAM KOTA MALANG AKADEMI TEKNIK TIRTA WIYATA October, 2009 1 DAFTAR ISI DAFTAR ISI ....................................................................................................................................1 DAFTAR GAMBAR........................................................................................................................3 DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................................................4 DAFTAR ISTILAH .........................................................................................................................5 RINGKASAN ..................................................................................................................................7 1.PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................................................. 11 I.ILATAR BELAKANG ....................................................................................................................... 11 I.2TUJUAN .......................................................................................................................................... 11 I.3RUANG LINGKUP KEGIATAN .................................................................................................... 12 I.4METODOLOGI .............................................................................................................................. 12 I.5GAMBARAN UMUM PDAM KOTA MALANG ............................................................................ 13 2.PENGUMPULAN DAN ANALISIS DATA SEKUNDER .................................................. 14 2.1SPESIFIKASI POMPA DAN MOTOR ............................................................................................. 14 2.2KONSUMSI DAN BIAYA ENERGI ................................................................................................ 16 2.3PRODUKSI AIR .............................................................................................................................. 18 3.PENGUKURAN LAPANGAN (DATA PRIMER)............................................................... 19 3.1PERPOMPAAN WENDIT I ............................................................................................................ 20 3.2PERPOMPAAN WENDIT II ........................................................................................................... 22 3.3PERPOMPAAN WENDIT III .......................................................................................................... 24 4.ANALISIS DAN PEMBAHASAN DATA ........................................................................... 25 4.1UMUM ............................................................................................................................................. 25 4.2ANALISIS DAN PEMBAHASAN DATA ........................................................................................ 28 5.KENDALA KENDALA YANG DIHADAPI ..................................................................... 39 6.KESIMPULAN ....................................................................................................................... 40 October, 2009 2 7.REKOMENDASI DAN PELUANG PENGHEMATAN ENERGI ...................................... 41 October, 2009 3 DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 1. Grafik Konsumsi Energy Bulanan Wendit I dan III ................................................................... 17 Gambar 2. Grafik Konsumsi Energy Bulanan Wendit II ............................................................................. 18 Gambar 3. Skematik perpompaan Wendit I ............................................................................................... 21 Gambar 4. Pengukuran pada panel motor menggunakan power meter ..................................................... 21 Gambar 5. Skematik perpompaan Wendit II .............................................................................................. 23 Gambar 6. pengukuran Panel di Wendit III ................................................................................................ 24

October, 2009 4 DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 1. Hasil Ringkasan Kegiatan Efisiensi PDAM Kota Malang ................................................................ 8 Tabel 2. Potensi penghematan diWendit I ............................................................................................... 9 Tabel 3. Potensi Penghematan di Wendit II ............................................................................................... 9 Tabel 4. Potensi Penghematan di Wendit III ............................................................................................ 10 Tabel 5. Data nameplate motor dan pompa Wendit I ............................................................................. 15 Tabel 6. Data nameplate motor dan pompa Wendit II ............................................................................ 15 Tabel 7. Data nameplate motor dan pompa submersible Wendit III ....................................................... 16 Tabel 8. Konsumsi dan biaya listrik Wendit I dan III ................................................................................ 16 Tabel 9. Konsumsi dan biaya listrik Wendit II .......................................................................................... 17 Tabel 10. Produksi air di Wendit I dan III ................................................................................................... 18 Tabel 11. Data hasil pengukuran lapangan di Wendit I ............................................................................... 22 Tabel 12. Data hasil pengukuran motor listrik tiap phasa, Wendit I .......................................................... 22 Tabel 13. Data hasil pengukuran lapangan di unit Wendit II ...................................................................... 23 Tabel 14. Data hasil pengukuran motor listrik tiap phasa, Wendit II ......................................................... 24 Tabel 15. Data hasil pengukuran lapangan di unit Wendit III ..................................................................... 25 Tabel 16. Data hasil pengukuran motor listrik tiap phasa, Wendit III ........................................................ 25 Tabel 17. Konsumsi Energi spesifik (SEC) perpompaan Wendit I dan III ................................................... 28 Tabel 18. Konsumsi Energi Specifik (SEC) untuk Pompa Wendit I ............................................................ 29 Tabel 19. Konsumsi Energi Specifik (SEC) untuk Pompa Wendit III .......................................................... 29 Tabel 20. Analisis Efisiensi dan Konsumsi Energy Spesifik Wendit I .......................................................... 30 Tabel 21. Analisis Efisiensi dan Konsumsi Energy Spesifik Wendit III ........................................................ 31 Tabel 22. Analisis/ penilaian energy motor Wendit I ................................................................................. 32 Tabel 23. Analisis/ penilaian energy motor Wendit III ............................................................................... 32 Tabel 24. Hasil Perhitungan Potensial Saving/ Penghematan di Wendit I & III ........................................... 34 Tabel 25. Potensi Saving Pemasangan Kapasitor Bank ................................................................................ 35 Tabel 26. Kelayakan Investasi ...................................................................................................................... 36 Tabel 27. Konsumsi Energi spesifik (SEC) perpompaan Wendit II ............................................................. 36 Tabel 28. Konsumsi Energi Specifik (SEC) untuk Pompa Wendit II ........................................................... 37 Tabel 29. Analisis Efisiensi dan Konsumsi Energy Spesifik Wendit II ......................................................... 38 Tabel 30. Analisis/ penilaian energy motor Wendit II : .............................................................................. 39 Tabel 31. Ringkasan Evaluasi Pompa Wendit I............................................................................................ 41 Tabel 32. Ringkasan Evaluasi Wendit II ....................................................................................................... 42 Tabel 33. Ringkasan Evaluasi Wendit III ...................................................................................................... 43 October, 2009 5 DAFTAR ISTILAH Nama KeteranganAmpere (A) Satuan Arus ListrikCos phifactor dayaFaktor daya atau CosperbandinganantarapemakaiandayadalamWatt dengan pemakaian daya dalam Volt- AmpereFaktor Ketidak Seimbangan Tegangan perbandingankomponenteganganurutannegative terhadap komponen tegangan urutan positifHertz (HZ) Satuan frekuensi listrikJam nyala pemakaian kWH dalam satu bulan dibagi dengan kVA tersambung Kilo VoIt Ampere (KVA)Seribu VoItAmpere adalah satuan dayaKilo Volt (KV) Seribu Volt, adalah satuan tegangan listrik Kilo Watt (KW) Satuan daya listrik nyata (aktif)Kilo Watt Hour (KWh) Satuan energi listrik nyata (aktif)LWBP Luar Waktu Beban puncak (Jam 22.00-18.00) SEC SpesifikEnergiConsumptionadalahperbandingan jumlahmasukanEnergikWhdanjumlahairyang diproduksi dalam satu juta liter Tagihan Listrik perhitunganbiayaataspemakaiandayadanenergi listrik oleh Pelanggan setiap bulanTarif Dasar Listrik (TDL) ketentuanPemerintahyangberlakumengenai GolonganTarifdanhargajualTenagaListrikyang disediakan oleh PLNVARDaya Reaksi VoIt Ampere (VA) satuan daya (daya buta)October, 2009 6 Volt (V) Satuan Tegangan ListrikWaktu Beban puncak (WBP) waktujam18.00sampaidenganjam22.00waktu setempat Watt Satuan Daya Listrik Nyata