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Memory Training. Memory: sensory memory vs. short-term memory vs. long-term memory substantive memory vs. verbatim memory

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Memory Training Slide 2 Memory: sensory memory vs. short-term memory vs. long-term memory substantive memory vs. verbatim memory Slide 3 Tips for memory training Organization Mental repetition Visualization Chunking Association Slide 4 Organization Sequential: chronological, cause/effect, building to climax Directional: north/south & east/west, front/back, left/right, bottom/up, top/down Transitional (Connective): relational words or phrases, e.g. on the other hand, however, also, conversely Component (part/whole): classification by category or concept Relevance: central unifying idea or principle Slide 5 Mental repetition Mentally repeat what the speaker has said previously while still listening to the on-going speech or interpreting consecutively into the TL. Slide 6 Visualization Try to create a mental picture or to visualize what is heard whenever possible. This technique works well with narrative or descriptive speeches. Slide 7 Chunking Chunking means to group pieces of information into units. Its a major technique for keeping information in short-term memory. Slide 8 Association Association in interpreting refers to interpreters deliberate mental connection of what they hear as new information to something they already know or are familiar with. Slide 9 Specific training steps Listen to a text; Retell the main idea in the SL form; Retell the whole thing in the SL form; Analyze the nature and reasons for information loss; Keep trying and be time-conscious; Listen to a text and do the retelling in the TL form; Slide 10

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