Money Laundering

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OVERVIEWOFMONEYLAUNDERINGSCHEMES

OverviewofMoneyLaunderingSchemes : Email .. : : :gdhmakogian@aueb.gr :M3100010

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() , . . , , , . . : 1. (placement) 2. (layering) 3. (integration) . , ( ), , .

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1. ... (Presidents Commission on Organized Crime-1986) : , , .

2. . . , . , : ,, , , , . : 1. Placement , . , . . 2. Layering layering, . layering , . (,, ...) . . 3. Integration integrate, . layering . 4

. integration .

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2. . Black Market Colombian Peso Exchange , 90 . , (peso brokers) , . 5

. : peso broker . peso broker . peso broker. peso broker ( ) , . Structuring Deposits smurfing, . ( $10,000). (smurf) , .

Overseas banks offshore accounts 6

. offshore . Underground/alternative banking , . , . hawala system fie chen system . Shell Companies . . Investing in legitimate businesses . , . , .. .

3. FATF (Financial Action Task Force) 1989 7 G-7.

FATF 33 - . FATF 40 40 Recommendations, anti-money-laundering standard. : . . ( , $2,000 2 , 10 $9,000 .) .

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recommendations FATF , . FATF . (United Nations), (International Monetary Fund), (World Bank) FATF / . , .

1. . . , , . (,, )., , ,.

() . ,, ," ", ,.,

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,, .

2. (cyberbanking) nternet, , , , , (deposit taking), .

, , , , , .

3. , .

1. , / (placement/ layering). (illicit activity) (intergration). Znd . , . 9

2. Dr. Jrg-Beat Ackermann Dr. James Preston . . , , . : a) : (/ ) , b) , , , , , , c) , , (layering)

3. , . . . Paolo Bernasconi, . . ( ) ( , ). 1 , ( ) 10

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2 - , .

4. ... . . : 1. (placement) 2. (layering) 3. (integration)

4. . . : 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. , / . 5. , , . 6. , . 7. , . 8. . 11

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1. (anti-money-laundering) . (anti-money-laundering procedures) . : a) . . 373 1999, 139 , 153 57 . b) , . c) , . , . d) . , . e) . , . f) , .

2./ , , . 12

, . : 1. L (anti-money-laundering) . L : , . AML , . , .. . AML . , . 2. . , . . . . 3. . , . , . . Black List 13

, . . 4. . . . , . , . 5. . . . . , . 6. . . .

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Site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_laundering http://money.howstuffworks.com/money-laundering.htm http://www.eett.gr/opencms/export/sites/default/admin/downloads/telec/apofaseis_eet t/kanonistikes_apofaseis_eett/AP515-077.pdf http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/nis/strategy/activities/ciip/areci_study/ index_en.htm http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/nis/strategy/activities/ciip/index_en.ht m http://www.cftc.gov/industryoversight/antimoneylaundering/index.htm

Books/Papers: : MONEY LAUNDERING IN GREECE: A PROBLEM FOR ALL EUROPE Maria Alvanou Attorney a Law t LLM History, Philosophy& Sociology of Law Phd Research Candidate-External Collaborator at Transcrime Research Centre on Transnational Crime-Universita di Trento, Italy

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