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NAME/NAAM: ______________________________________________________________ GRADE/ GRAAD 10 GEOGRAPHY/ GEOGRAFIE GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE 1 Name the FOUR layers of the earth and give the following information/ Benoem die VIER lae van die aarde en gee die volgende inligting ( figure/ figuur 3.25): 1______________________________ Density/ Digtheid________________________ Thickness/ dikte ______________________ Description/ beskrywing__________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ 2_____________________________ Density/ Digtheid________________________ Thickness/ Dikte ________________________ Description/ Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________ ________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________ 3_____________________________ Density/ Digtheid________________________ Thickness/ Dikte_________________________ Description/ Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

NAME/NAAM: GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE ......GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE 1 Name the FOUR layers of the earth and give the following information/ Benoem die VIER lae van die aarde

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Text of NAME/NAAM: GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE ......GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE 1 Name the FOUR layers of...

  • NAME/NAAM: ______________________________________________________________

    GRADE/ GRAAD 10 GEOGRAPHY/ GEOGRAFIE

    GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE

    1 Name the FOUR layers of the earth and give the following information/ Benoem die VIER

    lae van die aarde en gee die volgende

    inligting ( figure/ figuur 3.25):

    1______________________________

    Density/ Digtheid________________________

    Thickness/ dikte ______________________

    Description/

    beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________

    2_____________________________

    Density/ Digtheid________________________

    Thickness/ Dikte ________________________

    Description/

    Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________

    3_____________________________

    Density/ Digtheid________________________

    Thickness/ Dikte_________________________

    Description/

    Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________

  • 4____________________________

    Density/ Digtheid_______________________

    Thickness/ Dikte _______________________

    Description/

    Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________

    2. Name the THREE main rock types and define each one/ Benoem die DRIE hoof gesteente tipes

    en definieer elkeen:

    -______________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    -______________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________

    -______________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________

    3. Which rock type are “crystalline”?/ Watter rots soort is “kristallyn”?

    ______________________________

    What is the meaning of “crystalline”?/ Wat beteken “kristallyn”?

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________

    4. Complete/ Voltooi:

    If the magma cools slowly the crystals are ________________. If the magma cools quickly

    the crystals are ___________________. As die magma stadig afkoel, is die kristalle

    __________________. As die magma vining

    afkoel, is die kristalle _______________________.

    5. “All igneous rocks are massive.” What does it mean?/ “Alle stollingsgesteentes is massief”.

    Wat beteken dit?

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________

    6. What is the difference between/ Wat is die verskil tussen:

    - intrusive rock/intrusiewe gesteentes

    _______________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    and/ en

    -extrusive rock/ ekstrusiewe

    gesteentes_________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    7. Give THREE excamples of igneous rock/ Gee DRIE voorbeelde van stollingsgesteentes:

    _________________________

    _________________________

  • _________________________

    8. Give two uses of igneous rocks/ Gee twee gebruike van stollingsgesteentes

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________

    9. Explain how sedimentary rocks is formed/ Verduidelik hoe sedimentere gesteentes

    gevorm word.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    10. Give THREE most commen types mechanically formed sedimentary rocks/ Gee DRIE van

    die algemeenste soorte meganies gevormde

    sedimentere gesteentes:

    __________________________________________

    __________________________________________

    __________________________________________

    11. Give TWO types of organically formed sedimentary rocks/ Gee TWEE tipes organies

    gevormde sedimentere gesteentes:

    _________________________________________

    _________________________________________

  • 12. Metamorphic rock formed from different sedimentary rocks and igneous rocks – for

    example/ Metamorfiese gesteentes vorm uit verskillende sedimetere- en stollingsgesteentes:

    -sandstone/ sandsteen > quartzite/ kwartsiet

    -limestone/ kalksteen > _______________

    -shale/ skalie > _______________

    -granite/ granite > _______________

    13. Give FOUR uses of metamorphic rocks/ Gee VIER gebruike van metamorfiese

    gesteentes:

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    14. Complete/ Voltooi:

    Fossils are find in/ Fossiele word gevind in _____________________

    15. Define/ Definieer:

    -bedding plane/ laagvlakke

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    -rock cycle/

    rotssiklus__________________________________________________________________________

    ______________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    16. The rock cycle happens over hundreds of millions of years/. Complete the cycle

    numbered( figure 3.19): 1 to 10:

  • Die rotssiklus geskied oor honderde miljoene jare./ Voltooi die siklus, genommer 1 tot

    10:

    1 ____________________________________________________________

    2 ____________________________________________________________

    3 ____________________________________________________________

    4 ____________________________________________________________

    5 ____________________________________________________________

    6 ____________________________________________________________

    7 ____________________________________________________________

    8 ____________________________________________________________

    9 ____________________________________________________________

    10 ____________________________________________________________

    Do activities 4 and 5 in your exercise book/ Doen aktiwiteite 4 en 5 in jou werkboek:

    17. Define the following igneous intrusions/ Definieer die volgende stollingsintrusies (

    figure/ fIguur 3.25 ):

    -batholith/

    batoliet____________________________________________________________________________

    _______

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -laccolith/

    lakkoliet___________________________________________________________________________

    ________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -lopolith/

    lapliet_____________________________________________________________________________

    _________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -sill/

    plaat______________________________________________________________________________

    _____________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -dyke/

    gang______________________________________________________________________________

    ___________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -volcanic pipe/ vulkaniese

    pyp__________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -monolith/

    monoliet___________________________________________________________________________

    _______

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________

    18. Give an example of a monolith/ Gee ‘n voorbeeld van ‘n monoliet:

    _______________________________________________

    19. Define the following landforms associated with igneous rocks/ Definieer die volgende

    landvorme geassosieer met

    Stollingsgesteentes ( figure/ figuur 3.27 ):

    -mesas( flat-topped hill )/

    tafelkop___________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    -butte ( smaller flat-topped hill )/

    spitskop_________________________________________________________________________

    -conical hill/ koniese

    heuwels___________________________________________________________________________

    ________

    20. Where are the above mentioned landforms are find? Waar word bogenoemde

    landvorme aangetref?

    _____________________________

    21. Define/ Definieer:

  • -plateau/

    plato______________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -plain/

    vlakte_____________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    -escarpment/

    escarp_____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 6

    Moving continets/ Bewegende kontinente ( figures/ figure: 3.30 – 3.32 )

    22. Define/ Definieer:

    -continental drift/ kontinentale

    drywing_________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    -Who named this theory/ Wie het die teorie benoem?

    ___________________________________________________

    23. He suggested -about 200 million years ago all continets were one/ Hy het beweer dat

    ongeveer 200 miljoen jaar gelede- daar net

    een continent was:

    What was this continent named/ Hoe is die continent genoem?

    _______________________

    24. This “continent” split into two separate masses called/Die “continent” het opgebreek in

    twee afsonderlike landmassas, bekend as:

    North/ Noord = ____________________

    South/ Suid = ____________________

    25. Write a paragraph about evidence proved that Wegener had been right after all/ Skryf

    ‘n paragraaf oor die bewyse dat Wegener

    wel korrek was.

    ____________________._____________________________________________________________

    _________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 8

    Plate tectonics/ Plaattektonika ( figure/ figuur 3.34 and/ en 3.35 ):

    26. Define/ Definieer:

    -tectonic plate/ tektoniese

    plate____________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    -plate boundary/

    plaatgrense________________________________________________________________________

    _______

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________

    27. Write a paragraph to explain the mechanics which causes the plates to move/ Skryf ‘n

    paragraaf om die dryfkrag wat kontinente

    laat beweeg.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    28. Complete/ Voltooi:

    Below the crust, the mantle has a _______________________________, it is not

    ___________________, and

    so it can _______________or flow/ Onder die kors, het die mantel ‘n

    _____________________________, en daarom kan dit

    ___________________ of ______________.

    29. How geologists describe the upper layer of the mantle, immediately below the plates/

    Hoe beskryf die geoloe die boonste laag

    van die mantel, reg bo die plate?

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    30. Name EIGHT tectonic plates/ Benoem AGT tektoniese plate:

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    ______________________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 9

    Plate bounderies/ Plaatgrense (figure/ figuur 3.36):

    31. Name the THREE types of plate bounderies and define each one/ Benoem die DRIE tipe

    plaatgrense en definieer elkeen ( figure/

    figuur 3.36):

    - ____________________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    -_____________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    -_____________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    32. Describe/ Beskryf:

    - where folded mountain ranges form/ waar word plooiberge gevorm?

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    - how folded mountain ranges form/ hoe plooiingsgebergtes gevorm word:

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 10

    33. Defer between/ Onderskei tussen:

  • -constructive plate bounderies/ konstruktiewe

    plaatgrense____________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________

    -destructive plate bounderies/ destruktiewe

    plaatgrense______________________________________________________________

    34. Describe/ Beskryf:

    -where mid-oceanic ridges form/ waar mid-oseaanriwwe vorm.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    -the process mid-oceanic ridges form/ die proses hoe mid-oseaanriwwe vorm.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    -how and where oceanic trenches form/ hoe en waar oseaantroee vorm.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    35. Name the deepest oceanic trench in the world/ Benoem die diepste oseaantrog in die

    wereld.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteite: 11 - 14

    Activity/ Aktiwiteit 14 – do only/ doen slegs nr 1 and/ en 3!

    Folding and faulting/ Plooiing en verskuiwing:

    36. What is the difference between/ Wat is die verskil tussen:

    -Folding and warping/verbuiging en

    plooiing___________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    -anticlinal and and synclinal/ antiklien en

    sinklien_______________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    37. Name the FOUR types of fold/ Benoem VIER soorte plooie: Draw a simple diagram of

    each one next to the type/ Teken ‘n

    eenvoudige skets naas elke soort:

  • _________________________________

    _________________________________

    _________________________________

    _________________________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 16

    38. Define/ Definieer:

    -shield/

    skild______________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    -basin/

    kom______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    -fault/

    verskuiwing________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    -fault line/

    verskuiwingslyn_____________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________

    39. Name types of fault and draw a simple figure of each one/ Benoem die tipes verskuiwings

    en teken ‘n eenvoudige skets van elkeen:

    _____________________________________

    _____________________________________

    _____________________________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 17

  • 40. Define/ Definieer:

    -block mountain/

    blokberg___________________________________________________________________________

    _____________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    -rift valley/

    slenkdal___________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    41. Where is the Great Afican Rift Valley situated/ Waar is die Groot Skeurvallei in Aftika

    gelee?

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    -Name other types of landforms found in this Rift Valley/ Benoem ander tipe landvorme in

    hierdie skeurvallei.

    _________________________________

    _________________________________

    _________________________________

    _________________________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 18

    Earthquakes/ Aardbewings:

    42. Define/ Definieer:

    -earthquake/

    aardbewings_______________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    -focus/

    focus______________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________

  • -epicentre/

    episentrum________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    -seismic wave/ seismiese

    golf_______________________________________________________________________________

    ______

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    -P and S wave/ P-en S-

    golwe_____________________________________________________________________________

    _________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    -L-wave/ L-

    golwe_____________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    -tsunami/

    tsoenami__________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    43. What is the speed and height of a tsunami/ Wat is die spoed en hoogte van ‘n tsoenami?

    -_______________________

    -_______________________

    44. What is/ Wat is:

    -seismograph/

    seismograaf________________________________________________________________________

    __________________

  • -Richter scale/ Richter-

    skaal______________________________________________________________________________

    ___________

    45. Effective tsunami warning system uses a series of sensors to detect that a tsunami is

    coming/ Effektiewe tsoenami-

    waarskuwingstelsel gebruik van ‘n reeks sensors om te bepaal of ‘n tsoenami op pad is:

    Name them/ Benoem dit.

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    46. “The number of deaths not necessarily rise with the magnitude of a earthquake.”/ “Die

    aantal steftes neem nie noodwendig volgens

    die grootte van ‘n aardbewing nie”:

    Give FIVE reasons why/ Gee VYF redes waarom.

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________

  • 47. Write a paragraph: The effects of earthquakes on settlements and the envirionment/ Skryf

    ‘n paragraaf: Die gevolge van aardbewings

    op nedersettings en die omgewing.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    48. Name FOUR economic and FOUR social effects of earthquakes/ Benoem VIER ekonomiese

    en VIER sosiale gevolge van aardbewings:

    ECONOMIC/ EKONOMIES: SOCIAL/ SOSIAAL:

    _______________________________

    ________________________________

    _______________________________

    ________________________________

    _______________________________

    ________________________________

    _______________________________

    ________________________________

  • 49. Name FIVE strategies goverments can do to reduce the impact of earthquakes/ Benoem

    VYF strategiee wat regerings kan doen om

    die impak van aardbewings te verminder.

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    -

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____

    50. List any FIVE objects that should be moved at home/ Benoem enige VYF voorwerpe wat

    verwyder behoort te word by die huis:

    -______________________________________________

    -______________________________________________

    -______________________________________________

    -______________________________________________

    -______________________________________________

    51. Where would you be safe during a earthquake/ Waar behoort jy veilig te wees tydens ‘n

    aardbewing?

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    52. Name TEN disaster supplies to be in place during a disaster/ Benoem TIEN noodvoorrade

    wat in plek moet wees tydens ‘n ramp:

    _________________________________________

    _______________________________________________

  • _________________________________________

    _______________________________________________

    _________________________________________

    _______________________________________________

    _________________________________________

    _______________________________________________

    _________________________________________

    _______________________________________________

    Volcanoes/ Vulkane:

    53. Name THREE different kinds of volcanoes and “define” them/ Benoem DRIE verskillende

    vulkane en definieer elkeen.

    -_________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    -_________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    -_________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    54. Define/ Definieer:

    magma chamber/

    magmakamer_______________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    conelet/

    keel_______________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________________

    55. Discuss a composite volcano/ Bespreek ‘n saamgestelde vulkaan.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________

    Do activity/ Doen aktiwiteit: 23

    56. Write a paragraph: How a caldera is formed/ Skryf ‘n paragraaf: Hoe ‘n kaldeira gevorm

    word.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________

    57. Name FOUR negative and FOUR positive effects of volcanos/ Noem VIER negatiewe en VIER

    positiewe gevolge van vulkane:

    NEGATIVE/ NEGATIEF: POSITIVE/ POSITIEF:

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________

    Do activities/ Doen aktiwiteite: 24, 25 and/ en 26.

    EXCAM PRACTISE/ EKSAMENOEFENING pp 187 – 188

  • 1. Write the letter of the correct answer in the open space/ Skryf die letter van die korrekte

    antwoord in die oop spasie:

    1 ___

    2 ___

    3 ___

    4 ___

    5 ___

    6 ___

    7 ___

    8 ___

    9 ___

    10 ___

    2.

    2.1. Write the correct answer in the open space/ Skryf die korrekte antwoord in die oop

    spasie:

    A ___________________

    B ___________________

    C ___________________

    D ___________________

    E ___________________

    F ___________________

    G ___________________

    2.2.

    ____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________

    2.3.

    2.4.

  • 3.

    3.1. _____________________________

    3.2. _____________________________

    _____________________________

    3.3. _____________________________

    3.4.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________

    3.5. ______________________________

    3.6.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________

    4.

    4.1. _______________________________

    4.2.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    4.3.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    4.4.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    4.5.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    4.6.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

  • 4.7.

    __________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------