Pamukkale 1

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  • 7/24/2019 Pamukkale 1


    PamukkalePamukkalePamukkale is located in the Inner Aegean regionat a distance of 20 km from the town of Denizli in Turkey.

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    Pamukkale (Hieraolis! translates to "otton "astle.

    The great attraction is the white immensity of the cliff with

    scultured #asins full of water and congealed waterfalls$ they

    seem done of snow% cloud% cotton.

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    On approachingPamukkale, the first thing

    you will see is a rockplatform over 100 min height rising up

    from the plain.

    The slopes of this hill,which look from a

    distancelike a great white speck,

    are covered withlarge numbers of pools

    and terraces.

    As you come nearer,you will begin to see

    this natural phenomenon,which resembles a froen

    waterfall,in greater detail.

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    The scientific e&lanation is the hot thermal

    laces that lie under the mount ro'oke

    the calcium car#onate sill% that makesthe forms as solid as Tra'ertino mar#le.

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    The temerature of the water forming the tra'ertines%

    which issues from the hot srings on the hills a#o'e%falls to around )" lower down.

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    Although the water flowing from the hot srings on the

    southern sloes of *alda+ raidly loses heat during its flow

    through the oen channels% it is still hot enough to make it

    ossi#le for one to #athe (throughout si& months of the year!in the oen,air swimming ools and on the terraces.

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    -n emerging to the surface% the solution of calcium,car#onate in the sring water decomoses into

    car#on dio&ide% calcium car#onate and water.

    The car#on dio&ide is released into the air while the

    calcium car#onate searates off from the waterto form a grayish,white limestone sediment.

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    The #eds of the water,courses are filled u with these

    limestone deosits and the water% confronted with theseo#stacles% slits u into se'eral #ranches.

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    The water flows o'er the sloes into ools% the small #asins

    surrounding them and finally into the fields #elow.

    It is in this way that these terraces o'er 00 m in height

    comosed of layers of the accumulated limestone sedimentha'e #een gradually formed in the course of the ages.

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    As the limestone sediment reaches a certain le'el the water

    accumulates in ools and% as these ools fill u%

    o'erflows into smaller ools in the 'icinity and from theseflows into the small hollows and deressions around them.

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    The limestone layers in the ools rise u in stes%

    one a#o'e the other% and the continual flow of water

    kees this rocess in oeration.

    The stalactites form one of the most imortant

    features in the landscae.

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    /ith the formation of the layers and the emergence of stes

    and terraces one a#o'e the other% the water lea'es

    the limestone deosit #ehind it and dris downin the form of stalactites% as in the Damlata ca'erns.

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    The calcium o&ide in the water adds to the thickness ofthe white layers and widens the terraces%

    roducing ools in fantastic shaes reminiscent of

    oyster shells or flower etals% while the small amount of

    sulhur and iron o&ide roduces stries of yellow%red and green o'er the white of the limestone.

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    As much the cascades of calcium car#onate

    as the water change color in accordance

    with changes of the solar light thatilluminates them% and the effect is surrising.

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    At times white% others #lue%

    or green or other colors.

    The sectacle is flaring.

    Th ti d i f th i d

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    The continuous dynamics of the erosion and

    the transformation of the natural landscae

    result in an unusual en'ironment.

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    PA133A45 is one of the most

    uni6ue henomena in nature.

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    /e can call PA133A45 the 7th

    /onderof the world