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Phinn & Lowe 2013 TERN Symposium plenary

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'TERN Delivers for ecosystem science and management' - plenary presentation delivered by TERN Associate Science Directors Prof Stuart Phinn and Prof Andy Lowe at the 2013 TERN Symposium, 19 February 2013.

Text of Phinn & Lowe 2013 TERN Symposium plenary

  • 1. TERN Delivers for Ecosystem Science and Management By: Professors Stuart Phinn and Andrew Lowe TERN - Associate Science Directors + Prof Tim Clancy, Dr Suzanne Long, Dr Bek Christensen, Dr Siddeswara Guru + TERN Facility Directors

2. Presenta=on Aims To demonstrate how the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network: has enabled a more collabora=ve, coordinated and ecient approach to ecosystem science in Australia, and will con=nue to be built as essen=al infrastructure. 3. TERNs Vision TERNs Vision is for an Australian ecosystem science community that has undergone transformaEonal change - from one in which eort is frequently fragmented, duplicaEve and short-term, to one that is naEonal, networked, and delivering for Australias future. 4. TERNs Scope TERN provides infrastructure to enable development of a sustainable network of people and ecosystem data collec*on, discovery and sharing systems for advancing ecosystem science and management in Australia. Collec=on Data Data Policy + Methods Modelling Storage Sharing Management Instruments Processing Data Cura=on Data Analysis + Sensors + Analysis + Publishing Searching + Synthesis 5. TERNs Scope: Australian Ecosystem Science Communi=es An esEmate of the number of ecosystem scienEsts from various sources, 2010-2012 : UniversiEes = 1619 FTE CSIRO = 1127 FTE Government agencies = ???? NGOs = ???? Private Companies = ???? Sources: ERA 2010, CSIRO Internal Records 6. TERNs Scope: Ecosystem Science Communi=es 7. Contents 1. Ecosystem science ques=ons being addressed using TERN 2. TERNs impact on the ecosystem science research cycle 3. TERNs impact on research data publishing and data-sharing 4. How to interact with and use TERN 5. TERNs future roles in suppor=ng ecosystem science 8. Contents 1. Ecosystem science ques=ons being addressed using TERN 2. TERNs impact on the ecosystem science research cycle 3. TERNs impact on research, data publishing and data-sharing 4. How to interact with and use TERN 5. TERNs future roles in suppor=ng ecosystem science 9. 1. Ecosystem science ques=ons being addressed using TERN infrastructure Australian ecosystems Australian and global ecosystem science ques=ons TERNs infrastructure for ecosystem science 10. Australian ecosystems and ecosystem data collec=on Eleva=on Soils Land Cover Run-o Mean Annual Sources: NASA, Geosciences Australia, Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO 11. Australian and global ecosystem science ques=ons TERNs Vision is underpinned by ac=vi=es addressing cri=cal ecosystem science knowledge gaps facing Australia: 1.How are the spa=al distribu=on and abundance of key Australian environmental assets (plant and animal species, Carbon stocks, and in some cases water) changing? 2.How are ecosystems and ecosystem processes changing, and what are the key processes driving change? 3.How are introduced plant and animal species aec=ng na=ve ecosystems? 4.How can we beXer monitor and manage ecosystems? 5.What is the impact of management interven=ons on Australian ecosystems and ecosystem processes? 12. Ecosystem science and management ques=ons 13. Ecosystem science and management ques=ons 14. Ecosystem science ques=ons, local to global scales Muller, F. (1992). Hierarchical approaches to ecosystem theory. Ecological Modelling 63: 215-242. 15. Integrated long term monitoring spa=al and temporal sampling Longitudinal trends vegeta=on cover on Main Camp plots in the Simpson Desert Study - cover of spinifex (alive and dead) assessed by eye at six xed quadrats on 3 12 1-ha study plots, expressed as means SE. Longitudinal trends in fauna popula=ons at the Main Camp site in the Simpson Desert Study: capture rates of Spinifex Hopping-mouse Notomys alexis Dickman, C.R., Wardle, G.M., Foulkes, J. N. and de Preu, N. (2013) Desert complex environments. Chapter 10 . In: Lindenmayer, D.B., Burns, E., Thurgate, N., and Lowe, A. (Editors)(2013). Monitoring environmental change. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. 16. Integrated long term monitoring spa=al and temporal sampling Longitudinal trends vegeta=on cover on Main Camp plots in the Simpson Desert Study - cover of spinifex (alive and dead) assessed by eye at six xed quadrats on 3 12 1-ha study plots, expressed as means SE. Landsat Thema=c Mapper - October 2005 17. Ecosystem science ques=ons, local to global scales Muller, F. (1992). Hierarchical approaches to ecosystem theory. Ecological Modelling 63: 215-242. 18. TERNs infrastructure for ecosystem science 19. TERNs infrastructure for ecosystem science 20. secondsYears106 GCM Satellite Remote Sensing 105Plot Level Observa=ons Days 104Aircrad Remote Sensing 103ScaleTime Leaf Level Physiology Land Surface 102assumed to apply Model Aircrad Fluxes MinutesLeaf Level 101 Observa=ons Flux Tower Direct measurement Seconds 100 Indirect measurement (remote sensing) Modelling 10-1metres 10-3 10-210-1 100101 102103104 LeafLengthCanopyPatchRegionScale 21. TERNs infrastructure for ecosystem science Collec=on Data Data Policy + Methods Storage Sharing Modelling Management Instruments Processing Data Cura=on Data Analysis + Sensors + Analysis + Publishing Searching + Synthesis 22. Contents 1. Ecosystem science ques=ons being addressed using TERN 2. TERNs impact on the ecosystem science research cycle 3. TERNs impact on research, data publishing and data-sharing 4. How to interact with and use TERN 5. TERNs future roles in suppor=ng ecosystem science 23. 2. TERNs impact on the ecosystem science research cycle: increasing eciency and eec=veness Ecosystem science research cycle(s) TERNs infrastructure and its impact Examples of increasing eciency and eec=veness 24. Ecosystem science research cycle(s) Ecosystem Science Enhanced ability toResearch output:!revise, question andKnowledge gap: new data and ! expand knowledge! researchpublications!questions! eased e ectiv E ciency ga r Data analysis,! Proposal andintegration and ! planning! synthesisStorage,! Data collection,preservation and!verication, Enables large scale and discoverability ! quality assurancecoordinated data of data and control! collection, sharing and multiple re-uses!Data + meta-data,!licensing 25. Ecosystem science research data cycle(s) DataOne - www.dataone.org/best-prac=ces 26. TERNs infrastructure and its impact: Number of symposium abstracts per topic area 27. TERNs infrastructure and its impact: Size of word = frequency of use in 2013 TERN Symposium abstracts 28. TERNs infrastructure and its impact TERN infrastructure and processes provide: - Surety of data storage and archiving; - Na=onally and interna=onally accepted data licensing standards; - Data publishing as a viable research output; - Data cita=on as a measure of research impact; - Data to be veried and checked independently; - Mul=ple returns on an ini=al investment when data are re-used; - Data collec=on methods to be shared, reviewed and replicated; - Na=onally accepted data storage, meta-data and licensing resource; 29. Examples of increasing eciency and eec=veness - Carbon dynamics - Sustainable land use - Biodiversity - Monitoring - Data 30. Carbon Dynamics Big quesEons need big soluEons: Australias carbon cycle DetecEng forest structure from space How will eucalypt forest ecosystems respond to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide? EucFACE Experiment How elevated CO2 aects OzFlux measured GPP and simula=ons ecosystem processes of a mature H. Cleugh & E Van Gorsel, CSIRO evergreen sclerophyllous ecosystem D. Ellsworth, UWS 31. Carbon Dynamics EvoluEon of Australias soil-carbon map Improving long-term predicEons of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in Australias agro-ecosystems Estuarine and coastal carbon dynamics , CSIRO Blue Carbon Cluster Soil Carbon Research Program (SCaRP) 32. Sustainable land-use Working together to improve land-management outcomes naEonally Monitoring the success of rangelands management Persistence pays o for AusCover and partners NCRIS partners work together to build Soils-to-Satellites tool max min Non-per mask 33. Biodiversity Wave of exEncEons in the north shows history repeaEng itself Improved federal capacity for biodiversity assessments NaEonally consistent taxonomic searching Analysis shows sharp decline of koalas in Queensland NSW Mean koala popula=on per bioregion, a synthesis product 34. Biodiversity Integra=ng long term ecological studies BOOK Monitoring Environmental Change (to be modied)- Lindenmayer, D.B., Burns, E., Thurgate, N., and Lowe, A. (Editors; 2013). 83 contribuEng environmental professionals (primarily ecological scienEsts) Describe changes in a range of Australian ecosystems that have long-term research. POLICY HANDBOOK - Learning from long-term research to [email protected] manage biodiversity in Australia Emma Burns and David Lindenmayer and book contributors 35. Monitoring - MulE-scale Plot Network Book Core ecosystem study contents: Chapter summary Key discoveries feature box IntroducEon DeniEon of the system including conceptual model Overview of studies show cased. Trends in environmental change and biodiversity based on plot data General conclusions and recommendaEons 36. Data Greater eciency and eecEveness through TERNs naEonal ecosystem data infrastructure Discovering Australias ecosystem data: the TERN Data Discovery Portal TERNs licensing policy opens door on data Data partnerships bode well for sharing government ecological datasets 37. Contents 1. Ecosystem science ques=ons being addressed using TERN 2. TERNs impact on the ecosystem science research cycle 3. TERNs impact