Phuong Phap Hoc Tieng Anh

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  • 7/26/2019 Phuong Phap Hoc Tieng Anh

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    PHNG PHPHC

    TI NG ANHNgi bin so n: Nguy n c Minh Khi

    Email: ducminhkhoi@gmail.com Website: http://nguyenducminhkhoi.blogspot.com/

    Phin bn: 1.0 (thng 8/2014)

    mailto:ducminhkhoi@gmail.commailto:ducminhkhoi@gmail.commailto:ducminhkhoi@gmail.comhttp://nguyenducminhkhoi.blogspot.com/http://nguyenducminhkhoi.blogspot.com/http://nguyenducminhkhoi.blogspot.com/http://nguyenducminhkhoi.blogspot.com/mailto:ducminhkhoi@gmail.com
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    M U

    Ti p theo chu i bi vit v Phng php hc i hc, nh ha, hm nay mnh s ti p tc chu i bi vitv phng php hc ting Anh gi i thiu cho cc bn phng php hc ting Anh m mnh p dngt c p ba c ho n by gi (sau khi h c xong i hc). V mc tiu ca chu i bi vit ny s a ra phng php hc ting Anh t c bn n nng cao nn cc bn c th p dng cho t ng trnh camnh cho ph hp. Lu , nhng bn m i bt u th c gng tng cht tng cht mt, ng nn, tingAnh khng c lm u.

    Tr c khi b t u, mnh s gi i thiu s qua v cc mc chnh ca bi vit. Lu , mnh s p xp cc bithi theo kh tng dn.

    Mt s nguyn tc quan tr ng khi h c ting Anh Pht trin cc k nng ting Anh chung. Chin thu t hc thi TOEIC Chin thu t hc thi TOEFL iBT/IELTS

    Chin thu t hc thi GRE/GMAT

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    MC LC

    M U .................................................................................................................................... 2MC LC .................................................................................................................................. 3

    Chng 1. NHNG NGUYN TC QUAN TR NG ...................................................................... 4Chng 2. PHT TRIN CC K NNG TI NG ANH CHUNG .................................................... 6

    2.1 M u ....................................................................................................................... 62.2 T vng (vocabulary) ................................................................................................... 62.3 Ng php (Grammar) ................................................................................................... 82.4 c (Reading) ............................................................................................................. 82.5 Nghe (listening) ..........................................................................................................10

    2.6 Ni (speaking) ............................................................................................................11

    2.7 Vi t (writing) .............................................................................................................12Chng 3. CHI N THU T HC THI TOEIC ................................................................................14

    3.1 Gi i thiu chung .........................................................................................................143.2 Chu n b ....................................................................................................................143.3 Phng php hc ........................................................................................................163.4 Chu n b cho ngy thi ..................................................................................................17

    Chng 4. CHI N THU T HC THI TOEFL/IELTS .....................................................................184.1 Gi i thiu chung .........................................................................................................184.2 Chu n b ....................................................................................................................184.3 Cch thc hc thi ........................................................................................................194.4 Cch luyn cc k nng ...............................................................................................214.5 IELTS .......................................................................................................................23

    Chng 5. CHI N THU T HC THI GRE/GMAT ........................................................................245.1 Gi i thiu chung .........................................................................................................245.2 Chu n b ....................................................................................................................255.3 Cch thc hc thi ........................................................................................................265.4 Cch luyn cc k nng ...............................................................................................275.5 GMAT ......................................................................................................................29

    K T THC ................................................................................................................................30

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    Chng 1. NHNG NGUYN TC QUAN TR NG

    u tin, mnh xin bt u bng vic ni n mt s nguyn tc hc ting Anh m cc bn cn phi bit theo su t con ng hc tp sau ny ca mnh.

    D hc n trnh no i na th phi lun khim tn, khng t cho mnh l gii, s khngtin c na. V lun mong cho ngi khc gii hn mnh.

    Ni g th ni, trnh ting Anh c a bn phn nh qua vn t ca bn. Kh nng dng vn t lthc o trnh ting Anh c a bn chnh xc nht.

    S dng ting Anh cng nhiu cng tt khi c iu kin, ng ng i, nhng nn nh l phi xin php ngi i din tr c nu khng s gy phn kh chu cho h .

    Bui sng sm l th i gian t t nht ghi nh , t bit l ghi nh t vng nn hy tn dng th igian qu bu ny. V nn nh l hc mi ngy5 t c tc dng hn l hc 20, 30 t mt lc.

    Bt u bng vic hc t vng v ng php tr c r i m i tin n hc Nghe, Ni, c, Vi t.ng ch y theo xu h ng hin ti l ch ng php, ch lo hc giao ti p. Mi th s sp bt c lc no. Bn c th xem t vng nh nhng vin gch ca ngi nh ting Anh c a mnh. Ng

    php chnh l h, va, xi mng, ct thp k t ni cc vin gch l v i nhau. Nh c gch v ximng m t bit bao nhiu l cc k nng khc c pht trin. V t vng, cc bn nn hcqua cc cun sch nh504 ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL WORDS (3rd Edition) . i v i hcng php cng khng cn cao c p lm, ch hc t i mc intermediate l c. Mnh bt uhc ng php vi cc cun sch ca c Mai Lan Hng. Nn mua cun tng h p ng php nh.

    S dng t in ting Anh cho thch hp v ty thuc vo tng hon cnh. M i bt u nn s dng t in Anh - (Anh) - Vi t, sau khi vng th s dng t in Anh Anh (nh Oxford 8thEdition...), v sau khi t n trnh cao l i s dng t in Anh - (Anh) - Vi t. iu ny nghel nhng bn tht s tr i qua m i hiu c. Mnh hay s dng cc t in online cho ti t kimchi ph, s dng Oxford Online Dictionary (http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/ ),Dictionary (http://dictionary.reference.com/ ) hoc Google Translate(https://translate.google.com/ ) cng rt tt. s dng t in hiu qu, bn PHI hc qua 3000t cn thit nht ca Oxford - http://goo.gl/VGG1cR .

    Bt c khi no g p t mi, cc bn ng b qua m hy tra ngha ri ghi l i vo mt cuns/smartphones (mnh th ng s dng Google Keep ho c Evern ote) Nu t mi qu nhiu thnn tra t tr c r i tin hnh c/nghe

    S dng flashcard b ng gi y, t lm hoc s dng ph n mm flashcard (mnh th ng s dng phn mm Anki ho c Quizlet) c sn lu cc t hc v c k hoch n t k p th i. Vymnh nn ghi g trong flashcard. M t mt cc bn ghi t v cch c (dng k hiu chu n). M tkia, ghi ngha ti ng Anh (n u d hiu, khng di) hoc ghi ti ng Vit n u t qu tru t ng,kh din t b ng ti ng Anh. Ti p theo cc bn ghi cu v d , mt vit ng ngha, gi nh t

    (mnemonic) i vi cc t kh, v cui cng l v hnh n u mu n. Khi n t, cc bn cn phivit t ra, c l n t v nu cn thit th t t mt cu c s dng t . Nu c mt ng i bn kim tra gip bn th cng tt.

    Ging Anh hay gi ng M khng quan trng, quan tr ng l ni dung v cch ni. Nn bt u bng ging M trc, sau nghe thm ging Anh v cc ging khc quen d n.

    Nn la cc bi c ph h p vi trnh hin ti, khng qu kh v s khng hiu m cngkhng qu d v s khng nng cao c trnh . Tt nht l tm mt t bo ting Anh m mnhyu thch (nh VOA Special English hay BBC Learning English) ri gn b c hng ngy

    http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/http://dictionary.reference.com/http://dictionary.reference.com/http://dictionary.reference.com/https://translate.google.com/https://translate.google.com/https://translate.google.com/http://goo.gl/VGG1cRhttp://goo.gl/VGG1cRhttp://goo.gl/VGG1cRhttp://goo.gl/VGG1cRhttps://translate.google.com/http://dictionary.reference.com/http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/
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    nhng t bo ny, trnh c hiu ca cc bn s tng ln ng k. Khi t trnh khc thchuyn sang cc t bo kh hn. Mnh thng hay c bo Time(http://time.com/ ) hoc

    Newyorker (http://www.newyorker.com/ ) hoc New York Times, The Atlantics.. Cng tng t nh c, cng la cc bi nghe ph h p vi trnh hin ti. Tt nht l la chn

    mt podcast nh NPR(http://goo.gl/N38Tr )

    Tp nghe v ni theo VOA Special English(http://goo.gl/xF7PhZ ) hoc BBC Learning English(http://goo.gl/PhgWDA ) hng ngy luyn ging ni bt k bn ang trnh no.

    C gng t p vit t nht mt ln/tun, ng t hn, v khi trnh vit ca bn s khng tin b. Ban u th vit nhng cu n gin, ti p theo vi t thnh nhng on vn v vit thnh mt bi lun (essay) theo ch .

    http://time.com/http://time.com/http://time.com/http://www.newyorker.com/http://www.newyorker.com/http://www.newyorker.com/http://goo.gl/N38Trhttp://goo.gl/N38Trhttp://goo.gl/N38Trhttp://goo.gl/xF7PhZhttp://goo.gl/xF7PhZhttp://goo.gl/xF7PhZhttp://goo.gl/PhgWDAhttp://goo.gl/PhgWDAhttp://goo.gl/PhgWDAhttp://goo.gl/PhgWDAhttp://goo.gl/xF7PhZhttp://goo.gl/N38Trhttp://www.newyorker.com/http://time.com/
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    Chng 2. PHT TRIN CC K NNG TI NG ANH C