Pope John XXIII

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Pope John XXIII. A Significant Person in the Christian tradition (1881-1963) For Students. Life of Pope John XXIII in a nutshell…. 1881, 25 Nov – born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Papal Predecessor – Pius XII - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Pope John XXIII

  • Pope John XXIIIA SignificantPerson in theChristian tradition

    (1881-1963)

    For Students

  • Life of Pope John XXIII in a nutshell1881, 25 Nov born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli

    Papal Predecessor Pius XII 1958 elected John XXIII; 262nd Pope of Roman Catholic Church; aged 76; pontificate lasts 5 years

    1963, June 3 dies aged 81

    Papal Successor Paul VI

    2000, Sept 3 declared Blessed by Pope John Paul II (see sermon in Notes)ii

  • John XXIII Coats of Arms Coat of arms for Angelo Roncalli as Patriarch of Venice (1953-1958). Motto of Obedientia et Pax (Obedience and Peace) Papal coat of arms for Pope John XXIII (1958-1963) NB Venetian lion derived from St Marks Gospel in both coats of arms

    ii

  • Significant dates in the life of Pope John XXIII (1)1881, 25 Nov born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, in Sotto il Monte, Italy, the 4th in a family of 13 children1896 admitted to secular Franciscan Order by spiritual director in Bergamo seminary1901-1905 student at Pontifical Roman Seminary; all early appointments by Pius XII1904, 10 Aug ordained a priest in Rome1905 Bishop of Bergamo appoints Roncalli as his secretary1914-1919 WWI Roncalli drafted into Royal Italian Army as a sergeant; he serves in medical core as chaplain. Opens a Student House after War to help their spiritual needs1921 appointed by new Pope Benedict XV as Italian president of Society for the Propagation of the FaithiiFr. Angelo Roncalli (centre) in seminary or as Bishops secretary, 1905-1909??

  • Significant dates - Pope John XXIII (2)1925 appointed by Pope Pius XI as Apostolic Visitor to Bulgaria; then consecrated as titular bishop of Areopolis. Chooses as his episcopal motto Obedientia et Pax (Obedience & Peace), which became his lifelong motto1935 appointed Apostolic Delegate to Turkey and Greece. Helped Jewish underground to save thousands of refugees in Europe afterwards considered a Righteous Gentile1944 Pope Pius XII named him Apostolic Nuncio to Paris, FranceiiDYK - After he was elected, John XXIII spent much time at night visiting prisoners and the poor

  • Significant dates - Pope John XXIII (3)1944-1953 worked on UN Declaration of Human Rights whilst in Paris, France1953 named Patriarch of Venice and therefore raised to rank of Cardinal1958, 28 Oct Papal conclave elects him as Pope John XXIII. Had arrived at Vatican with a return ticket to Venice. Because of long pontificate of Pope Pius XII, cardinals choose older man as stop gap pope. He is 77 years old at election. Cardinal Montini (future Paul VI) is expected to be elected, but he was not yet a cardinal. Is last to insist on full 5 hr papal ceremonyii

  • Significant dates - Pope John XXIII (4)1960, Dec 2 meets Archbishop of Canterbury, Most Rev Geoffrey Francis Fisher1961 issues Mater et Magistra1962, Jan 3 excommunicates Fidel Castro, being a Catholic linked to a communist government1962, Sept 23 John XXIII first diagnosed with stomach cancer (a fact kept from the public for some 8 years)1962-1965 less than 90 years after Vatican I, he convenes the ecumenical Vatican II Council1963 issues Pacem in Terris1963, April gives hint of his illness when he says: That which happens to all men [sic] perhaps will happen soon to the Pope who speaks to you today1963, May 11 awarded Balzan Prize for his engagement for peace. This was his last public appearanceii

  • Significant dates in the life of Pope John XXIII (5)1963, May 25 suffers another haemorrhage, requires blood transfusions, developed peritonitis (inflammation of sac that lines walls of abdominal cavity)1963, June 3 dies 7.49 pm, aged 811963, June 6 is buried, ending a papal reign of 4 years, 7 months, 6 days. He is the last pope to insist on a full papal funeral1963, Dec 6 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson awards him the posthumous Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest U.S. civilian award2000, Sept 3 John XXIII is declared Blessed by Pope John Paul II

    (Principal source: Wikipedia website)ii

  • John XXIIIs [immediate, life-focused] contribution to Christianity (1)explain the [immediate] contribution to the development and expression of Christianity of John XXIIIExplain = relates cause and effect, the relationship between aspects of something, the why and how behind it DID YOU KNOW? Pope John XXIII was TIME magazines Man of the Year in their Jan 4, 1965 issue. He had died in June 1963.

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (2)Summoned Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), enacted major revision of the Code of Canon Law; transformed the structures of the Roman Catholic ChurchVatican II charged with the updating (aggiornamento) of the Church and seeking unity between Christians in the world (Hinnells, p.192)Through his personality and teaching, and his initiatives with world leaders, he gave the papacy a new vision and set the Church towards a new mission in the world (both quotes from: P. Hebblethwaite, 2000, John XXIII, back cover)

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (3)He changed the nature of modern Church Councils. He did not call a council to condemn errors or declare new infallible beliefs, as with previous councils his council was one of mercy and pastoral care, to express faith in a new language, and be ecumenical in nature (Hebblethwaite in McBrien, p.709)Pastoral emphasis of his pontificate is emphasised by his visits to the Regina Coeli prison; he talked with traditional enemies like the Communists; he made grace accessible to ordinary people; he was open to the Holy Spirit; he was atune to the signs of the times [cf. Gaudium et spes, n.1] (Ibid, p.709; cf 14 Works of Mercy, Slide 28 below)

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (4)He communicated using effective images. We are born not to be museum keepers, but to cultivate a flourishing garden of life. He referred to Vatican II as the new Pentecost. The prayer for the Council was: Renew thy wonders in this day, as by a New Pentecost (Hebblethwaite in McBrien, p.709)Transformation of the Churchs nature the Council would involve a change in mentalities, ways of thinking and prejudices; its language would shed light on and remove misunderstandings, and it should dissipate error by the force of truth (Ibid, p.709)

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (5)His life & mission was based on a personal spirituality of the Crucified and Risen Christ. The Council represented a way of self-renewal through an encounter with the Risen Jesuswhose light illumines the whole Church for the salvation, joy and glory of all peoples (Hebblethwaite in McBrien, p.710)His key distinction between the Church ad intra and the Church ad extra that is: internal questions (worship, ecumenism, etc) and external questions (war, peace, birth control, hunger, poverty, etc) (Ibid, p.710)

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (6)His scholarly contribution was to edit the writings of St Charles Borromeo (in 39 volumes). This took a lifetime with volumes appearing in 1936, 1937, 1938, 1946 and 1957 (Hebblethwaite, p.30). He had academic specialisation in history, patrology, apologetics, and was a much sought after preacher/spiritual adviser (Vatican website, biography)As John XXIII said at the opening of the Council (11 Oct 1962) History is the teacher of lifeAmong his first actions upon election as Pope was the creation of 23 new cardinals in Dec 1958; by 1962 he had increased the number of new cardinals to 87.

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (7)Justice, peace and politics In 1909, Roncalli backs Bishop Tedeschi in Church support of a strike by 800 textile workers in a factory just outside Bergamo (Hebblethwaite, p.34)The priest who lives in the light of the teachings of the Gospel cannot pass by on the other side of the road Christs preference goes to the disinherited, the weak and the oppressed (Roncallis article, cited in Hebblethwaite, p.34)

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (8)Ecumenism Cardinal Roncallis ongoing meetings with representatives of the Ecumenical Patriarch (e.g. 1938 after election of Pius XII) paved the way for the kiss of peace between Patriarch Athenagoras and Paul VI, in Jerusalem, in January 1964 (Hebblethwaite, p.78)1960, Dec 2 meets Archbishop of Canterbury, Most Rev. Geoffrey Francis Fisher 1962 fewer than 90 yrs after Vatican I, he convenes the ecumenical council Vatican II it reshapes liturgy, ecumenism, biblical scholarship, and the approach of the Church to the world

  • John XXIIIs contribution to Christianity? (9)Called Church to be Prophetic within (not apart from) the Modern World John XXIII understood that the world was changing and that the Church needed to respond to the stirrings of the Holy Spirit by working through the signs of the times. In doing so, he was committed to Christian unity, social justice, human rights, and the cultivation of world peace (ND Vision site)Influence on the Church Documents, especially: through his opening address at Vatican II; the Declaration on Religious Freedom; and the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World (probably the most important of the Vatican II documents) (Medal of Freedom website)

  • The [long term] impact of John XXIII on Christianity? (1)analyse the impact of John XXIII on ChristianityAnalyse = identify components and the relationship between components; draw out and relate implicationsLooks at the relationship between John XXIII and Christianity, including his [long term?] impact on Christianity

  • The impact of John XXIII on Christianity? (2a)SPIRITUALITY HIS RULES OF LIFE Daily discipline at least 15 mins mental prayer per day; read whole chapter of The Imitation of Christ; examine conscience; prepared meditation for nex