2005, TUDelft (afstudeerproject)
COURTHOUSEOSDORP/ TOMBOKKERS/MAY2005/ INTERIORARCHITECTUREMSc4
CONTROL & SEPERATION, MANIFESTATION OF POWERRELATIONS
CRITIQUE ON CONTEMPORARY COURTBUILDINGS: PRIVATE VSPUBLIC, RELATION COURT & CITY, BLUNT METAPHORS
PUBLIC SPACE vs PUBLIC DOMAIN: INTERIOR & EXTERIOR
REPRESENTATION & IDENTITY OF OSDORP IN RELATION TO WEST
SYMBOLISM AS MEANS OF ORGANISATION
JUDGE + PROSECUTOR
CONNECTING OSDORP WITH SLOTERPLAS
PublicSalle des Pas Perdus 900m2Library and Caf 525 m2Semi-public/PrivateCourtrooms-bCourtrooms-box 800 m2Offices (Lawyers, meetingrooms) 450 m2PrivateOffices 3500 m2Cellcomplex 600 m2Parking + Loading 1700 m2Technical spaces 660 m2
Total:Total: 9135 m2
Footprint Salle des pas Perdus 1594 m2Footprint Caf/Library 609 m2Footprint Building site 4473 m2Roofprint (including courtyards) 3470m2
Table structure:30 x square ho30 x square hot-finished 400x400column: 13meters long (h.o.h.5400x19200)16 x HE950B: 34meters long (h.o.h.5400)Create a flexible space underneath andabove.
Standard officeStandard office type:21 x square hot-finished 200x200column: 3400 long (on 5400x7200 grid)7x HE300M beams: 12.6 meters long(h.oh. 7200)
Stability: 3 cores in 2 directions + conncrete floors and concrete facades
Topfloor103 HE125 columns: 3400 long
DESIGN THEMESPROBLEM STATEMENTThe simulacrum is never that which conceals the truth it is the truth which conceals that there is none.Th000e simulacrum is true.Ecclesiastes
In contempoIn contemporary society, people receive most knowledge second hand from media. Everyone knows the riddderzaal or the 2e kamer but many actually never have been in those places physically. This is also the casewith law. Everyone knows how it works, but have never physically been in touch with the reality of a courtthouse for instance. This experience based on digital communication and virtual data also leads to the unrootting of man. In the forthcoming years, I think, just like the Japanese architict Sejima, that there will be a growwing need for physical spaces which teach and show how to simply be and live together again. Neil Leach has asomewhat comparable position and formulates it as follows: The modern office and home are deluged withreproduced images and information: news on the hour, every hour; movies previewed, premiered, released,cloned into videos, and drip-fed through cable TV. It is a culture of the copy, a society of saturation, thesecond flood. The world has become xeroxized to infinity .
The character of the project is threefold. The project deals with contemporary society as a democracy as wellas the meaning of a society in terms of rules to live together and the right of a democracy to exist. Also theproject seeks to find a way to create a public space, which can function not merely as a space but also as apublic domain. Democracy also implies the existence of powerrelations; how do people relate to each otherand to the state.
Clearly a courthouse addresses sociological issues. A courthouse is about lClearly a courthouse addresses sociological issues. A courthouse is about law and order and obeying to thelaw, or else! Law basically, as I see it, is a pact of all individuals of a certain group (country, community, city),which states the way individuals should relate and behave towards each other. In my proposal, the design adddresses the local community of Amsterdam West, where Osdrop functions as a commercial centre. The identityof West, which was very present in the 50ies and 60ies, in the form of the modernistic adagium: light, air andspace, but which has been obliverated by time and changed beliefs, could regain new meaning by givingOsdorp centre an extra function.
The soul never thinks without an image.Aristotle
Osdorp, functioning nowadays as a commercial, cultural and geographical centre, it could also function as a juuridicial centre of West, reaffirming modernistic ideas and giving new identity to the community of AmsterdamWest. The representation of law in the form of architecture places law inside society and hereby reaffirms theneed of society.
Geschmack ist das Beurteilungsvermgen eines Gegenstandes oder einer Vorstellunsart durch ein Wohlgeefallen, oder Misfallen, ohne alles Interesse. Der Gegenstand eines solchen Wohlgefallens heit schn.Immanuel Kant
Obviously a court has huge symbolical meaning. Personally I feel a court has to be part of society, but alsosoar above society, symbolically embodying the universal nature of law. The design as a building thereforeshould be and at the same time not be an object. This dualism will characterize the design. The building as abuilding of the people will erase the status of the building as an object and on the other hand, by raising theentrance on a pedestal it could be emphasized as an object. The building should be designed in a way that apublic domain can emerge. The users of a court are normally considered judges/prosecutors, suspects withtheir families; etheir families; even though it is a public building it is not experienced as one. What are possibilities that thebuilding could be perceived as a purely public one. Notions of publicity and branding might be an interestingaspect here, especially since the content of the message is mostly precarious of nature and the means arenot.
Concept has been a strange word to me, since the start of my studies. Many use it in a formally blunt and easyway, which I detest: I want my museum to look like a ship, since the museum is in Rotterdam, an harbor city therefore ship . Even Richard Rogers Partnership uses this blunt metaphor for designing the sail-like roofs ofhis new courthouse in Antwerp . I cannot speak of a concept that way. I do order the design accordingly to thesurrounding and I do believe that a court should represent or deal with power or justice in a formal way. Thepower of the people in the shape of democracy. Therefore I believe that the court can be placed on a pedestalto symbolically represent this poweto symbolically represent this power. Organising the different flows, might be called a concept, but most of theflow is standardized .
When will we have sleeping logicians, sleeping philosophers? I would like to sleep, in order to surrender myselfto the dreamersManifesto of Surrealism
The absolute rule is to give back more than you were given. Never less, always more. The absolute rule ofthought is to give back the world as it was given to us unintelligible. And, if possible, to render it a