Post Коды и диагностические.pdf

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POST BIOS ... POST Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0 POST AMI BIOS 8 V1.4 POST Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6 POST Award BIOS V 4.51PG POST AMI BIOS 8 V 1.0 POST Phoenix BIOS V 4.0 , POST BIOS, . , , , . BIOS , , Web .

POST Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0 . 8.1 POST Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0 . 1999 , , , , (Early), (Late) (System). Award BIOS Medallion , . .

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8.1. POST- Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0

POST- (hex) POST Flash BIOS CF . CMOS. / CMOS. CMOS , POST C0 . , L2. L1. . : IRQ, Master Controller IRQ 00h=INT 8...IRQ 7=INT 0Fh, Slave Controller IRQ 8=INT 70h...IRQ 15=INT 77h. . : Counter 0 65 536 (18,2 ) IRQ 0 . Counter 1 DRAM (128 2 15 ). Counter 2 . RTC , . Vcc (bat) , , RTC , C1 , , ECC . 256 . , Flash BIOS Boot Block BIOS BBSS. , Flash BIOS. , BIOS BIOS , BIOS. BIOS POST E000h-F000h . Boot Block. POST . BIOS. BIOS , , BIOS POST (Shadow RAM) 01 1000:0000h BIOS XGROUP, , , , Super I/O, CFh C0h . CMOS, 07 ( 8042 8742). Super I/O . , .

0C

C3 C5

03 05

8. POST BIOS

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. 8.1

POST- (hex) - 8742 , , BIOS, . Setup BIOS POST 08 PS/2. (PS/2 AT/DIN). . 0A PS/2- . , PS/2- , 0E F000h . DMI ESCD. , EFh 0080h F000h , POST Flash BIOS. BIOS , Read Intelligent Identifier. ESCD DMI, , Plug and Play DMI. BIOS, , Run-time area (F000h). 12 CMOS. RTC . CMOS . , . , . , MODBIN. PCI : , , , L1 L2, SMI. CPUID ( ). , . 128- , EAX+EBX+ECX+EDX. AL ( 1 024 , 256 ). 32 (INT 00hINT 1Fh), BIOS. , Y2K CMOS . ,

EF 10

14

16 18

1B

1C

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III.

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. 8.1

POST- (hex) - 8742 , , BIOS, . Setup BIOS POST 1D 1F Power Management XGROUP . , Hardware Power Management . , , , 23 . 40 80, -. . BIOS, Plug and Play, PCI 24 Intel P6 P7 , . , , . . CPUID (Type), (Family), (Model) (Stepping). , BIOS, 2 048 , SM RAM. . Intel . . Plug and Play. , Plug and Play, CMOS, BIOS, , , ESCD. ESCD POST 25 PCI. . . , BIOS C000:0h ( CS: IP) 26 , Vendor Identification. . DIMM PCI. ,

21

8. POST BIOS

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. 8.1

POST- (hex) - 8742 , , BIOS, . Setup BIOS POST 27 INT 09h. ( , ). BIOS 16- 29 MTRR 6, APIC Pentium. (, IDE) CMOS. . BIOS 2D . ( Award, ) 33 3E 40 43 49 4E 50 52 55 57 59 5B 5D 60 65 67 Super I/O 1 ( 8259) 2 ( 8259) ( 8259) 64 . , AMD MTRR Syrix. L2 P6, APIC P6 USB , Plug and Play. Plug and Play Trend Anti-Virus - BIOS AWDFLASH.EXE Super I/O , Setup. POST PS/2 , : INT 15h ( AX=E820h)

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III.

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. 8.1

POST- (hex) - 8742 , , BIOS, . Setup BIOS POST 69 6B 6D L2 , Setup Plug and Play. COM- , Setup AUTO 6F 73 75 77 7A 7F -. - BIOS AWDFLASH.EXE, - IDE-: , LS-120, ZIP, CD-R/RW, DVD .. . EPA . , , . , POST . EPA

. , , , 82 . ESCD , . EPA . , CMOS 83 84 85 87 CMOS Initializing Plug and Play Cards... Plug and Play USB. SCSI . SYSID DNI System Management BIOS. UUID (Universal Unique ID), Fire Wire IEEE 1394

8. POST BIOS

275

. 8.1

POST- (hex) . , , , 89 8B 8D Setup ACPI, 4 PCI BIOS, AOL (Alert On LAN). AOL NMI. 8F PS/2 IRQ 12. IRQ 11, 91 Power Management. (Suspend to RAM) . BIOS, , BIOS 93 94 Setup , L2. Boot Up Speed. . BIOS, . AMD K6. Intel P6. Remote Pre Boot 95 / Daylight Saving. . KBD ID. 101- NumLock CMOS 96 . , , . Cyrix. ESCD Power Management Plug and Play ATAPI. CMOS Y2K. DOS Time RTC CMOS. :: ( ) 18,2 BIOS DOS Time.

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. 8.1

POST- (hex) . , , , Trend Anti-Virus Paragon Anti-Virus Protection. L1. POST. MSIRQ. FF - BOOT. BIOS INT 19h. ( BIOS Features Set Up Setup) . : 0, : 0, : 1 07C0:0000h, FAR JMP , .

ECC (Error Correcting Code) , . ECC . , , , . BBSS (Boot Block Specification Signature) . SMI (System Management Interrupt) , , . . Y2K , , , 2000 . DMI (Desktop Management Interface) , . MTRR (Memory Type Range Registers) P6 P7, , . APIC (Advanced Programmable Interruption Controller) , . P6 . MSIRQ (Microsoft IRQ Routing Microsoft.Map) ,

SM RAM (System Management RAM) , , Pentium Pro , .

, POST BIOS Medallion , . 8.2.

8. POST BIOS

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8.2. POST- Award BIOS V 6.0 Medallion

POST- (hex)

(System Events codes) B0 B1 B2 Protected Mode NMI NMI

, APM ACPI (Power Management Debug codes) 55 66 D0 D1 D2 D3 D7 D8 D9 +12 ACPI SMI APM APM

(System Error codes) EC ED EF ECC F000h

POST Award BIOS Quick Power On Self Test, Setup. Award Software, , , .

POST AMI BIOS 8 V1.4 POST AMI BIOS POST Diagnostic Card, , AMI BIOS Checkpoint Display. , POST (. 8.1). .

POST DIM (Device Initialization Manager).

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III.

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BIOS , . POST, .

. 8.1. AMI BIOS 2Ah 38h 39h 95h . IPL. . , BIOS.

DEh . DFh . , DIM, 80h . , , , POST . . , . . [0000] [0001] [0010] [0011] [0100] [0101] [0110] [0111] . . . . (IPL) . . . , BIOS ( ).

[1000] BIOS, BIOS Boot Specification ( ). . [0000] [0001] [0010] [0011] (DIM). . ISA. EISA.

8. POST BIOS

279

[0100] [0101] [0110] [0111]

ISA Plug and Play. PCI. PCMCIA. MCA.

, , DEh, DFh , . 00 01 02 03 04 05 . DIMM . SPD (Serial Presence Detect) DIMM . DIMM . DIMM . .

ACPI , ACPI , ACPI Runtime Checkpoints. , . 8.3, , . 8.3. ACPI (hex) AC AA 01, 02, 03, 04, 05 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 ACPI , ACPI C2, APIC ( ) S1, S2, S3, S4 S5 S1, S2, S3, S4 S5

DIMM , , BIOS Bootblock Initialization. . 8.4 , BIOS . 8.4. (hex) D1 . Super I/O, CMOS, . NMI BAT- . CPUID CMOS

D1

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. 8.4 (hex) D0 , 4 , GA20 (Gate A20). , , DRAM , Bootblock. 512 , 8 , Bootblock Flash BIOS . BIOS OEM Flash BIOS. BIOS. BIOS, E0h D7 CPUID . Bootblock Runtime D8 D9 Runtime . CPUID BIOS . BIOS 1 (E000h-F000h) DA CPUID . POST (Execute POST Kernel)

D2 D3

D4 D5 D6

AMI BIOS , , BIOS. BIOS BIOS Recovery. . Bootblock Recovery Code Checkpoints. BIOS . , BIOS. Flash BIOS. . 8.5 , . 8.5. (hex) E0 Super I/O -. . . L1

8. POST BIOS

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. 8.5 (hex) E9 EA EB EF F0 F1 F2 F3 F5 FA FB - . - ATAPI. ATAPI CD-ROM ATAPI , E9h , EBh FAT , L1 Flash BIOS OEM Flash BIOS. Flash BIOS . , Flash BIOS Flash BIOS Flash BIOS . Flash ROM. ATAPI. CPUID. Flash BIOS F000h F000:FFF0h

F4 FC FD FF

POST AMI BIOS 8 V 1.4 . 8.6 POST AMI BIOS 8 V 1.4. 8.6. POST- AMI BIOS 8 V 1.4 (hex) 03 : , NMI, . BIOS POST 04 CMOS. , . . Setup, ( 8259)

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. 8.6 (hex) 05 06 IRQ , / , POST INT 1Ch. IRQ 0 08 . BAT- , C0 . , APIC C1 C2 C5 C6 C7 0A 0B 0C 0E POST ( 8742) PS/2 . . INT 09h. IRQ 1. , BIOS Silent 13 24 30 2A 2C BIOS- SMI (System Management Interrupt) DIM (Device Initialization Manager) . , BIOS 2E 31 ADM . ADM . . ADM 33 37 . , , OEM ()

8. POST BIOS

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. 8.6 (hex) 38 39 3A