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Preterite vs.Imperfect Monica Argentina Preterite and Imperfect endings Differences between Preterite and Imperfect Example 1Example 2 Spanish rap Preterite

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Preterite vs.Imperfect

cogitation endings for verbs of preterite or imperfect:Imperfect: (yo) aba(tu) abas (el,ella,usted) aba (nosotros) abamos (vosotros) abais (ellos, ellas, ustedes) aban

Preterite: (yo) (tu) aste (el,ella,usted) (nosotros) amos (vosotros) asteis (ellos, ellas, ustedes) aron

Have the students repeat the words so they understand how to pronounce them

3the differences between the two and how to differentiate themPreterite: (BICE)

B - beginning of an action I interruptC - completed action E- end of an action The mnemonic device will help you to know whether to use the preterite or the imperfect. Each letter stands for a rule of when you should use which one.Imperfect: (THREADSS)

T- time H- habitual actions R- repeated actions.E- emotionsA- age D- description. S- simultaneous actions S- Set up the scene I would describe that when a sentence is referring to one of the actions listed, it is either preterite or imperfect. 4Example

This image shows examples of the preterite and imperfect and how both have different meanings.This image is to help show how the sentences can be completely different and changed by using preterite or imperfect. These sentences help show the importance of preterite and imperfect. 5Examples of Preterite and Imperfect in Sentences Preterite:B - beginning of an actionEmpez a llover. It began to rain.Imperfect:S- simultaneous actions Yo miraba la television mientras mi hermano hacia la tarea.I was watching the television while my brother was doing homework.

More examples of the preterite and imperfect6Just in case we need a little bit more help understanding

Memorize these PRETERITE irregular verbs!Ser (to be) Ir (to go)Dar (to give)Hacer (to make)Tener (to have)Venir (to come)

Have the students repeat the words so they understand how to pronounce them

8Conjugations of Imperfect irregular verbsSER: (yo) era(tu) eras(el, ella, usted) era(nosotros) ramos (vosotros) erais(ellos, ellas, ustedes) eran

VER: (yo) vea(tu) veas(el, ella, usted) vea(nosotros) veamos(vosotros) veais(ellos, ellas, ustedes) vean

IR: (yo) iba(tu) ibas(el, ella, usted) iba(nosotros) bamos(vosotros) ibais(ellos, ellas, ustedes) iban

Have the students repeat the words so they understand how to pronounce them

10Conjugations of Preterite irregular verbsSER+ IR: (same conjugation)(yo) fui(tu) fuiste(el, ella, usted) fue(nosotros) fuimos(vosotros) fuisteis(ellos, ellas, ustedes) fueron

DAR: (yo) di(tu) diste(el, ella, usted) dio(nosotros) dimos(vosotros) disteis(ellos, ellas, ustedes) dieron

HACER: (yo) hice(tu) hiciste(el, ella, usted) hizo(nosotros) hicimos(vosotros) hicisteis(ellos, ellas, ustedes) hicieron

TENER:(yo) tuve(tu) tuviste(el, ella, usted) tuvo(nosotros) tuvimos(vosotros) tuvisteis(ellos, ellas, ustedes) tuvieron

VENIR:(yo) vine(tu) viniste(el, ella, usted) vino(nosotros) vinimos(vosotros) vinisteis(ellos, ellas, ustedes) vinieron

Have the students repeat the words so they understand how to pronounce them11Common phrases associated with the preterite:PRETERITE:ayer anteayer anoche desde el primer momento durante dos siglos el otro daen ese momentoEntoncesesta maanaesta tarde

These phrases are most commonly found in the beginning of the sentence12Common phrases associated with the imperfect:IMPERFECT:a menudoa vecescada dacada aocon frecuenciade vez en cuandoen aquella pocafrecuentemente

These phrases are most commonly found in the beginning of the sentence

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