RECUPERARE MEDICALACLINICA DE RECUPERARE III INRMFB FILANTROPIA
Specialitate de tip conservator Viziune holistica Scop: refacerea functionalului
Intretinerea/cresterea nivelului functional in diverse patologii (ap locomotor)Realizarea unor mijloace facilitatorii, compensatorii, intrinseci/extrinseci
Infirmitatea (impairment) = alterarea structurala/functionala in plan psihologic/fiziologic/anatomic, care permite desfasurarea activitatii Incapacitatea (disability) = reducere partiala/totala a capac. de desfasurare a unei activitati ( dificultati de autoingrijire/locomotie) Handicapul = dezavantajul social in urma unei infirmitati/incapacitatii => limiteaza desfasurarea unei vieti normale => pacient dependent social si profesional
CATEGORII DE AFECTARE FUNCTIONALA
EXAMEN CLINIC EVALUARE FUNCTIONALA:BILANT ARTICULAR BILANT MUSCULAR EVALUAREA MERSULUI EVALUAREA ACTIVITATILOR ZILNICE (ADL) INDICE WOMAC/LEQUESNE/FIM/DAUBIGNE
EVALUAREA CALITATII VIETII
ANALIZE SANGE/LICHID ARTICULAR/SPUTA ECG SPIROMETRIE IMAGISTIC- RX/MIELOGRAFIE
- ECHOGRAFIC ABD/PELVIN/PARTI MOI - RMN/CT/ANGIORMN/PET-CT EMG/EEG
SCADEREA DURERILOR CRESTEREA STABILITATII MI CRESTEREA MOBILITATII ARTICULARE CRESTEREA GRADULUI DE COORDONARE A MI AMELIORAREA ECHILIBRULUI ANTRENAMENTUL MERSULUI
OBIECTIVE TERAPEUTICE IN RECUPERAREA MEDICALA
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Regim higieno-dietetic: dieta, supl. nutritive, reguli higiena articulara Tratament medicamentos (afectiuni asociate) Tratament fizical kinetic: G, posturari, orteze, TT, ET, masaj, TO KT (antrenam efort/incarcare artic) Suplimentare vascoelastica Infiltratii cortizonice Cura balneara Indicatia chirurgicala Psihoterapie/logopedie
TERAPIA FIZICALA - ET - TT - HTT MASAJUL TERAPEUTIC KINETOTERAPIA HIDROKT TO/ERGO
Scale de evaluare - OSTEOPOROZA
Evaluarea calitii vieiichestionarul QUALEFFO 41, (iniial i dup ase luni de program kinetic controlat). Chestionarul tip Qualeffo 41 este un instrument standardizat, utilizat de Fundatia Europeana pentru Osteoporoza . Se adreseaz pacienilor cu osteoporoz vertebral instalat i este alctuit din 41-48 de ntrebari i ase scale vizuale analoge. Poate fi autoadministrat. Intrebrile se refer la apte domenii : Durere ADL Activiti casnice Mobilitate Activiti de relaxare i sociale Percepia general asupra sntii Dispoziia Este tradus n german, francez, olandez, italian, suedez .
Scale de evaluare
MEASUREMENT SCALES USED IN ELDERLY CAREFUNCTIONAL INDEPENDENCE MEASURE AND FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT MEASURE Functional Independence Measure The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scale assesses physical and cognitive disability This scale focuses on the burden of care that is, the level of disability indicating the burden of caring for them. Scoring Items are scored on the level of assistance required for an individual to perform activities of daily living. The scale includes 18 items, of which 13 items are physical domains based on the Barthel Index and 5 items are cognition items. Each item is scored from 1 to 7 based on level of independence, where 1 represents total dependence and 7 indicates complete independence. The scale can be administered by a physician, nurse, therapist or layperson. Possible scores range from 18 to 126, with higher scores indicating more independence. Alternatively, 13 physical items could be scored separately from 5 cognitive items. Time It takes 1 hour to train a rater to use the FIM scale, and 30 minutes to score the scale for each patient. The FIM can be completed in approximately 20-30 minutes in conference, by observation, or by telephone interview.
Scale de evaluare
Disability Rating Scale DRS address all three World Health Organization categories: impairment, disability and handicap, the DRS is able to measure across the span of recovery to track an individual from coma to community The maximum score a patient can obtain on the DRS is 29, which represents an extreme vegetative state. A person without disability would score zero. For the DRS to be reliable, it must be employed when the individual is free from the influence of anesthesia, other mind-altering drugs, recent seizure, or recovery from surgical anesthesia. The DRS can be self-administered or scored through interview with the client or family member. The ease of scoring and the brevity of the scale are compelling reasons for its popularity. Scoring time can range from 30 seconds (if one is very familiar with the scale and the client) to 15 minutes, assuming the rater must interview the client/family and seek additional information from available staff. A limitation of the DRS is its relative insensitivity at the low end of the scale (mild TBI) and its inability to reflect more subtle but sometimes significant changes in an individual within a specific, limited window of recovery.
The purpose of a neuropsychological screening examination is to determine if there is reasonable evidence, beyond initial clinical impression, for a diagnosis of brain injury or brain disease. Even though it is "screening," the examination must be definitive in this regard.Once a screening points to reasonable probability that a neurological condition exists, a full neuropsychological examination would be indicated to attain further diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment planning information. Both screening and full neuropsychological examinations offer the opportunity for diagnosis of probability of brain dysfunction (as opposed to diagnosis of psychodynamic, personality, and/or emotional disorder not associated with neurological causes). For a screening examination, assessing probability of brain dysfunction is about as far as the diagnosis goes. A full neuropsychological examination, on the other hand, is necessary to delineate the wide variety of functional manifestations of brain damage or disease. Such detail is necessary to understand the life consequences of functional impairment (e.g., work, school, relationships, driving potentials, competency, and so forth).
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SCREENING EXAMINATION
The Barthel scale or Barthel ADL index is a scale used to measure performance in basic Activities of Daily Living. It uses ten variables describing activities of daily living (ADL) and mobility. A higher number is associated with a greater likelihood of being able to live at home with a degree of independence following discharge from hospital. The scale was introduced in 1965, and yielded a score of 0-20. Although this original version is still widely used, it was modified by Granger et al. in 1979, when it came to include 0-10 points for every variable, and further refinements were introduced in 1989. The scale is regarded as reliable, although its use in clinical trials in stroke medicine is inconsistent. The ten variables addressed in the Barthel scale are: presence or absence of fecal incontinence presence or absence of urinary incontinence help needed with grooming help needed with toilet use help needed with feeding help needed with transfers (e.g. from chair to bed) help needed with walking help needed with dressing help needed with climbing stairs and help needed with bathing
Scale de evaluare - Neurologie
Stroke: The National Institute of Health (NIH) stroke scale (NIHSS) is a standardized method used by physicians and other health care professionals to measure the level of impairment caused by a stroke. The NIH stroke scale serves several purposes, but its main use in clinical medicine is during the assessment of whether or not the degree of disability caused by a given stroke merits treatment with tPA. Another important use of the NIHSS is in research, where it allows for the objective comparison of efficacy across different stroke treatments and rehabilitation interventions.
Scale de evaluare - Stroke
The NIH stroke scale measures several aspects of brain function, including consciousness, vision, sensation, movement, speech, and language. A certain number of points are given for each impairment uncovered during a focused neurological examination. A maximal score of 42 represents the most severe and devastating stroke. Current guidelines as of 2008 allow strokes with scores greater than 4 points to be treated with tPA. The level of stroke severity as measured by the NIH stroke scale scoring system:
0= no stroke 1-4= minor stroke 5-15= moderate stroke 15-20= moderate/severe stroke 21-42= severe stroke
Scale de evaluare - Stroke
The Ashworth scale is one of the most widely used methods of measuring spasticity, due in a large part to the simplicity and reproducible method. 5-Point Scale Muscle tone is defined by the resistance of a muscle being stretched without resistance. The Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) has a 6-point scale that assists with stroke patients. The MAS better measures muscle hypertonia instead of spasticity.
Scale de evaluare Spasticitate in boli neurologice
Ashworth Scale 1. No increase in muscle tone. 2. Slight increase in tone giving a catch when affected part is moved in flexion or extension. 3. More marked increase in tone but affected part is easily flexed. 4. Considerable increase in tone; passive movement difficult. 5. Affected part is rigid in flexion or extension.
Scale de evaluare
De la dezvoltarea lui n 1982, The Western Ontario Mc Master Scor WOMACTM Index a suferit mai multe revizii i modificri; este auto-administrat i evalueaz trei dimensiuni ale disfunctiei membrului inferior: durere, redoarea articular si afectarea functionala n afectiunile de genunchi folosind o baterie de 24 de ntrebri. Cea ma