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. . , . .

1

2010

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. . , . .

1

2010 1

683.3 64 , , . . . .

, . . 64 : . / . . , . . . : - , 2010. . 1. 68 . , . , Windows; (HTTP FTP) TCP/IP Network Monitor. , 230100 .

683.3

, 2010 2

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1.1. , TCP/IP Windows.

1.2. 1.2.1. IP- Windows , , TCP/IP. : , , , . , . Internet ( ) : . , Internet. , Ethernet, - (Media Access Control ) , . 48- (6 ): : (0) (1) ; , MAC- (0) (1) ;

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22 ; 3 . C- 16- , , 00-E0-4C-78-23-FD. FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF . Internet IP- (Internet Protocol Address), , . Internet , Internet InterNIC (Network Information Center). Internet InterNIC, . Internet , IP- . Internet (IP.v4) IP- 32- , ( 0 255), (, 192.168.0.1). . , , , . 1.1.

1.1 D IP 31 30 29 28 27 25 24 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 23 16 15 8 7 0 0.1.0.0126.0.0.0 128.0.0.0191.255.0.0 192.0.1.0223.255.255.0 224.0.0.0239.255.255.255 240.0.0.0247.255.255.255

multicast

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: IP- , , ; IP- 1, , .. , , ; IP- 0, , ; 127.0.0.1 ( ); ( , ) 10.0.0.010.255.255.255, 172.16.0.0172.31.255.255, 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255. IP- , , , . , , . , 255.255.255.240 ( 11111111.11111111.11111111.11110000 ) , 28 , 4 IP-. IP- 192.96.10.0/28. . IP- , . IP- DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), IP-. DHCP- DHCP- , . DHCP- IP- () IP-. DHCP-. IP- 5

-, , . DHCP IP- . IP-. DHCP- , IP- .

1.2.2. IP-: DNS IP-, . , IP-apeca, DNS (Domain Name System) , Internet. DNS IP- . DNS- IP-. Internet. DNS IP- DNS IP , IP-. DNS-, , , DNS- , , DNS-. DNS- , Internet. DNS , , ( ) . , , . , . , 6

, (). 63 , .. . InterNIC, Internet, , , (com , edu , gov , int , mil , net , , org , biz , com, info ), (ru su , uk , de , fr , ua ..). . . , . Internet , . DNS-: alice.pnzgu.ru.

1.2.3. 1.2.3.1. ipconfig ipconfig TCP/IP Windows. TCP/IP: - IP-, , , WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service) DNS, DHCP. TCP/IP ipconfig. : ipconfig [/all] [/renew[adapter]] [/release [adapter]]. ( ): all , IP-, ; 7

renew [adapter] DHCP adapter ; release [adapter] DHCP IP-. , ipconfig (. 1.1) , IP-: , IP-, , ; IP- , 0.0.0.0; DHCP IP-, 0.0.0.0 .

. 1.1. ipconfig

1.2.3.2. ping ping (Packet Internet Grouper) TCP/IP . , TCP/IP. ping . ping - ICMP (Internet Control Message 8

Protocol) -. Ping . . , ping , . - 32 , . Ping , , , , , .. , ( ) . 1 , 1000 . , , , . ping : , , , ; -, ping . Ping , IP-. ping IP- , , , , . : ping [-t] [-a] [-n count] [-l length] [-f] [-i ttl] [-v tos] [-r count] [-s count] [ [-j host-list| [-k host-list] ] [-w timeout] destinationlist. : -t ping (Ctrl-Break , Ctrl-C ); -a IP-; -n count Echo, count ( ); -l length length ( 8192 ); 9

-f , ; -i ttl ttl ( ttl , .. ()); -v tos , ; -r count , count 1 9 ; -s count (); -j host-list , host-list.), 9; -k host-list , host-list, ( ); -w timeout timeout ( 1); -destination-list , ping, IP- . -t -n. ping . 1.2.

,

,

,

. 1.2. ping

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ping : 1. , TCP/IP , ping : ping 127.0.0.1 , : 127.0.0.1: =32 1024) N ;

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N+1 P. FTP , . FTP-. . FTP , ( ) . , FTP-.

3.2.2.2. FTP FTP : ( ); ; (, , ASCII ); ; . FTP - , . . , (, ). . , , anonymous, : user anonimus. FTP: ABOR FTP ; CWD ; CDUP ; LIST ;

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MODE (S , B , C ); PASS ; PORT n1, n2, n3, n4, n5, n6 IP- (n1.n2.n3.n4) (n5*256 + n6); QUIT ; RETR ; STOR ; SYST ; TYPE (A ASCII, I ); USER . , ASCII, , . FTP-. . , . user anonimus: 331 Guest login ok, send your complete e-mail address as password. . , : 1yz , .. , ; 2yz , ; 3yz , , ; 4yz , , , ; 5yz , ; x0z ; x1z ; x2z . , ;

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x3z , ; x4z ; x5z . . : 125 ; ; 200 ; 214 ( ); 331 , ; 425 ; 452 ; 500 ( ); 501 ( ). FTP . : ASCII (TYPE A) IMAGE (TYPE I) . FTP : , ; , ; , ; , .

3.2.2.3. Total Commander FTP- Total Commander FTP-, FTP. FTP- FTP-, FTP , FTP- , Ctrl+F 99 (. 3.2). 60

. 3.2. FTP-

FTP- FTP- ftp://ftp.prosoft.ru /pub/Hardware/. (. 3.3): prosoft; URL ftp.prosoft.ru; FTP-, anonymous; (. 3.4); , pub/Hardwar ( , FTP-); ; ; - , IP- ; .

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. 3.3. FTP-

. 3.4.

. FTP- . FTP , , , FTP- Lister, Total Commander (. 3.5). 62

. 3.5.

Total Commander FTP-. FTP- .

3.3. 3.3.1. Network Monitor -, : , IP, IP- ; , - , , , ; ; . 3.3.2. Network Monitor HTTP -. : 63

, HTTP; , ; HTML- , , . 3.3.3. : -, ; HTML- , , -, , -. 3.3.4. Network Monitor Total Commander FTP, : Total Commander FTP-, ; , IP, IP- ; Network Monitor; FTP- Total Commander; Lister FTP-; FTP- ; FTP-; ; ; FTP-, Lister. 3.3.5. Network Monitor FTP-, : , FTP;

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, ; , Total Commander. 3.3.6. : FTP- , , , ; FTP- .

3.4. 1. HTTP Internet? 2. HTTP ? 3. URI? 4. HTTP- ? 5. - Keep-Alive? 6. , HTTP ? 7. FTP? 8. FTP? 9. TYPE A? 10. FTP TCP- ? 11. FTP ?

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1. , . . . , , / . . , . . . 4- . . : , 2010. 2. , . . / . . . : , 2002. 3. , . / . . . : BHV--, 2003. 4. , . Internet / . . . : BHV-, 1998. 5. , . . Telecommunication technologies (v3.3, 10 2010 .) / . . . URL: http://book.itep.ru/

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1. .................................................................................... 3 2. ...........................................................................19 3. ........................................................................................................51 ..........................................................................66

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,

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20.10.10. 60x841/16. . . . 3,95. 100. 646. . 440026, , , 40.

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