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Státnicové otázky Fakulty Informatiky a Managementu Univerzity Hradec Králové

Text of Státnicové otázky

  • Univerzita Hradec Krlov Fakulta informatiky a managementu Pehled sttnicovch otzek

    1

    Obsah

    Bakalsk obory .......................................................................................................................................................... 2

    Aplikovan informatika (AI3) ........................................................................................................................................ 2

    Hardwarov technologie .............................................................................................................................................. 2

    Softwarov technologie ............................................................................................................................................... 3

    Informan management (IM3) .................................................................................................................................... 4

    Ekonomie ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

    Informan technologie ................................................................................................................................................ 5

    Management ................................................................................................................................................................ 6

    Finann management (FM) ......................................................................................................................................... 9

    Ekonomie ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9

    Management .............................................................................................................................................................. 10

    Finance a etnictv .................................................................................................................................................... 12

    Management cestovnho ruchu (MCA) ...................................................................................................................... 14

    Ekonomika a informatika v CR .................................................................................................................................... 14

    Management cestovnho ruchu ................................................................................................................................. 15

    Sportovn management (SM) ..................................................................................................................................... 18

    Ekonomie .................................................................................................................................................................... 18

    Management .............................................................................................................................................................. 19

    Sportovn management .............................................................................................................................................. 21

    Teorie a praxe sportovnch aktivit rekreace a cestovnho ruchu ............................................................................... 21

    Magistersk obory ...................................................................................................................................................... 23

    Aplikovan informatika (AI2) ...................................................................................................................................... 23

    Matematick metody ................................................................................................................................................. 23

    Technologie informatiky ............................................................................................................................................. 24

    Teoretick informatika a programovn ..................................................................................................................... 25

    Informan management (IM2) .................................................................................................................................. 27

    Ekonomie .................................................................................................................................................................... 27

    Informan technologie .............................................................................................................................................. 28

    Kvantitativn metody .................................................................................................................................................. 29

    Management .............................................................................................................................................................. 30

  • Univerzita Hradec Krlov Fakulta informatiky a managementu Pehled sttnicovch otzek

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    Bakalsk obory

    Aplikovan informatika (AI3)

    Hardwarov technologie

    1. Principy pota (historick vvoj, pedpoklady fungovn, binrn logika, modulace signlu).

    2. Architektura potae (von Neumannovo a Harvardsk schma, Flynnova taxonomie, zkladn deska,

    procesor, mikroarchitektura procesoru, pamti, sbrnice, adi, pdavn karty, ovladae).

    3. Pamov systm potae a ukldn dat (typy, principy fungovn, frekvence, normy, logick a fyzick

    struktura disku, RAM, ROM, Cache, HDD, CD, DVD, FLASH)

    4. Architektura perifernch zazen (rozdlen, principy, funkce, typy, rozhran, pklady)

    5. Komunikan prostedky (principy komunikace, modulace signlu, rozdlen a porovnn, mdia, mobiln

    technologie)

    6. ETHERNET (principy fungovn, vvoj a topologie, pstupov metoda, sov karta, strukturovan kabel)

    7. RM ISO/OSI, TCP/IP (popis a srovnn, funkce zsadnch protokol, IP adresy)

    8. Internet (organizan struktura, vvoj, RFC dokumenty, domny, technick pedpoklady pro pipojen,

    hrozby)

    9. Smrovn (zkladn principy, smrovac protokoly, smrovac algoritmy, smrovae)

    10. Propojovn a management st (penosov mdia, technologie pro rzn vrstvy, WIFI, VPN, systmy pro

    vzdlen pstup, een zaloen na SNMP)

    11. Principy operanch systm (zkladn rozdlen, procesy, sprva proces a systmovch zdroj, metody

    pidlovn CPU, metody pidlovn pamti, synchronizace proces).

    12. Souborov systmy a logick struktura dat (principy, atributy soubor, operace se soubory, mapovn

    souboru do virtuln pamti, vnitn struktura souboru, sekvenn a pm pstup k souboru, VFS v linuxu,

    vynucen a nevynucen zamykn souboru).

    13. Operan systmy Windows (charakteristika mikrojdra a monolitickho jdra, architektura Windows a

    jeho subsystmy, systmov procesy - smss.exe, csrss.exe, winlogon.exe, svchostl.exe atd.).

    14. Operan systmy Linux (zkladn mylenky, vhody a nevhody, open-source, linux a GNU, start systmu,

    modern architektura jdra, jdro a vnj rozhran jdra, zklady ovldn - shell,).

    15. Operan systm Linux - vnitn struktura (systmov voln, signly a reakce na signly, komunikace

    pomoc rour a zprv, procesy a vlkna v linuxu, udev a HAL, sprva pamti v linuxu).

  • Univerzita Hradec Krlov Fakulta informatiky a managementu Pehled sttnicovch otzek

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    16. Serverov operan systmy (specifika serverovch operanch systm, rozdly mezi OS pro osobn pota

    a pro server, serverov sluby, sprva uivatel, role server, zlohovn dat vetn RAID)

    Softwarov technologie

    1. Logick program - struktura, zkladn pojmy, datov struktura seznam, prce s databz Prologu. Hlavn

    odlinosti oproti procedurlnmu programovn, monosti pouit neprocedurlnho programovacho jazyka.

    2. Databze, databzov systm - Hlavn funkce DBS. Historick vvoj DBS. Modely dat. Relan algebra:

    projekce, selekce, spojen. SQL.

    3. Konceptuln modelovn - E-R model a jeho grafick znzornn. Relan model. Typy vztah mezi entitami

    a jejich reprezentace v relanm modelu. Vlastnosti relan tabulky. Normln formy relanho schmatu.

    4. Ontologick inenrstv - pojem ontologie v kontextu informatiky, zkladn stavebn prvky ontologi, typy

    ontologi, jazyky ontologickho modelovn, nvrhov vzory, normalizace ontologie. Odvozovn nad ontologi

    (kontrola konzistence, klasifikace), nstroje, pouit ontologi.

    5. Smantick web - technologie smantickho webu, metadata, RDF, RDFS, OWL, dotazovn se na

    smantick web (vznam, jazyky), smantick web a odvozovn (vznam, jazyky), aplikace smantickho webu.

    6. Nmtov mapy - standard Topic Maps a jeho sousti, zkladn stavebn prvky nmtov mapy, postup

    tvorby nmtov mapy, implementace nmtovch map (prosted, syntaxe), dotazovn se na nmtov mapy,

    odvozovn s nmtovmi mapami, aplikace nmtovch map.

    7. Objektov modelovn a programovn - zkladn pojmy, podstata, vyuit. Softwarov proces. UML.

    Udlostmi zen programovn. Architektura MVC.

    8. Prce s kolekcemi typy kolekc - pklady pouit, algoritmy pracujc nad kolekcemi (azen, vyhledvn),

    zkladn principy implementace ve zvolenm programovacm jazyce.

    9. Problematika perzistentnho (trvalho) ukldn dat ve vybranm programovacm jazyce.

    10. Webov aplikace - principy, nstroje. Vcevrstv aplikace. Zabezpeen aplikace.

    11. Zkladn algoritmy a principy potaov grafiky - metody vizualizace, uren viditelnosti a osvtlen,

    repre