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  • ROYALIRISHACADEMYOFMUSIC

    CeolAcadamhRoganahireann

    36WestlandRow,Dublin2

    Tel:016325300Fax:016622798Email:[email protected]

    Website:http://www.riam.ieExtranet:http://extranet.riam.ie

    SyllabusofSingingExaminations

    forLocalCentres&Schools

    20152018

    REVISEDFOURYEARSYLLABUSFORVOCALEXAMINATIONS

    TEACHERSANDCANDIDATESAREADVISEDTOCHECKTHERELEVANTSECTIONSCAREFULLY

    PleasenotethatwheresongsarelistedintheSyllabus,thepublishersaregivenmainlyasanaidtolocatingmaterial,andaremerelysuggestions;otherauthoritativeeditionsofthe

    musicwillbeequallyacceptable.

  • TABLEOFCONTENTS

    Page

    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    UserGuide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    AuralTests(PreliminarytoGradeV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    TheoryRequirements(PreliminarytoGradeV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    CombinedAural/TheoreticalTests(GradeVIupwards) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    MusicTheatre&PopularSingingMusicianshipTests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    RecitalCertificateProgramme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Singing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

    MusicTheatre&PopularSinging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

    VocalDuets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

    ClassSinging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

    ChoralSinging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    Theory&HarmonyWrittenPaper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

    Publishers&Suppliers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

    Compilers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

  • Foreword

    1

    Foreword

    AsIrelandsoldestmusic institution,theRoyalIrishAcademyofMusichasbeenfosteringmusicaltalentandcultivatingaloveandappreciationofmusicsince1848.Consciousoftheimportanceofdevelopingasenseofmusicineveryone,theRIAMisdedicatedtoinclusivitymusicbelongstousallandshouldbenurturedateveryageandeverylevel.

    ThroughtheLocalCentreExaminationSystem,theAcademyaimstoofferasenseofstructuretothegradedexaminations,wherebyallareasoftechnicaldevelopmentandmusicalawarenessarecarefullymeasuredtoensurethatprogresscanbeattainedateachlevel.Anextensiverangeofrepertoireisonofferforeachinstrumentandateachgradeinthehopethatthereissomethingtosuiteveryonestaste!

    Thepurposeoftheexaminationistoprovideanopportunityforeachcandidatetobegivenafairandbalancedassessmentoftheirprogress,wherepositiveelementsoftheperformancewillberewarded,andweakerareaswillbehighlightedinaconstructivemanner.

    Forthosewhodonotwishtotakeexaminations,thesyllabuscanstillbeausefultooltoindicatemilestones,andguidetheteacher/studenttowardsthegradualdevelopmentofbothtechnicalandmusicalskills.

    Whetheryouchoosetositanexaminationornot,thereisnoshortcuttosuccess:regularpracticeistheonlywaytoensuresteadyprogress,andwillhelptobuildconfidence ineveryoneyoungandold!

    TheUserGuideoutlinedoverthefollowingpagesoffersadvicetocandidatesandteachersonthevariousaspectsofourexaminationsandrecitalcertificateprogrammes,andwillhopefullyprovidesomeinsightintothereasonsfordevelopingeacharea,aswellasofferingsuggestionsonhowtobesttopreparefortheexaminationitself.

    LornaHoranChairpersonSeniorExaminers

  • RIAMLocalCentreSyllabusofSinging20152018

    2

    UserGuideforLocalCentreExaminations

    UsefultipstohelpprepareforyourExaminationEachareaoftheexaminationservesapurpose,andplaysanimportantroleindevelopingawellroundedmusician.Listedbelowareafewusefultips,aimedathelpingtheteacher/candidatetounderstandthereasonsbehindeachareaoftheexamination,andhowtoimproveonthoseareas.

    PiecesThefirstmissionistochoosepiecestosuiteachcandidate,andbothstudentandteachershouldhaveinputintothistask.Fromtheteachersperspectiveitisimportanttochoosepiecesthatwilldevelopthetechniqueofthestudentbutwillalsoshowoffthestudentsabilitytotheirbestadvantage.Fromthestudentsperspectiveitisimportanttochoosepiecesthathe/shelikes,asthiswillencouragemorededicationatpracticetime!

    Theearlystagesoflearningapiecearehugelyimportant,andwhilenotelearningcanbeaslowandarduoustaskitisessentialtolearnthecorrectnotesandrhythmfromtheverystart.Slowandcarefulpracticeisstronglyencouragedtobegin,graduallybuildingupthetempoovertime.Oncethebasicsareinplace,themusicaldetailcanbeintroducedlittlebylittle.Itshouldbenotedthatsomemusiceditionsdonotoffermuchdetailbywayofdynamicmarkingsorphrasemarks,butallmusicshouldhaveshapeandcolour toenhance thecharacterof thework.Alwayslookatthecomposerandtitleofthepiecethiswillalwaysgiveanindicationofhowthepieceshouldsound.Listeningtoarecordingofthepieceswillalsoinspiremusicalideas!

    Itisimportanttopractiseplayingthepiecesthroughwithoutstoppingitisnotnecessarytorestartthepiecebecauseofasmallslip,andthiscanbecomeabadhabitalwaystrytokeepgoing! It isaverygood idea toplay through thepieces for familyor friendsprior to theexamination,asthiscanreallyhelptobuildconfidence.

    Forinstrumentalistsandsingersitisessentialtopracticewiththeaccompanist,tobefamiliarwiththeaccompanimentpartandalltheentries.

    ScalesQuiteoftenstudentstendtounderestimatethebenefitsoflearningscales,anddonotenjoypractisingthem,buttherearemanyreasonsforpractisingscales,andhugeadvantages,forexample: Theyhelptodevelopasenseofkey Theyhelptodeveloprhythmicpatterns Forallinstrumentaliststheyhelptodevelopfingerfluencyandcoordination Forstringplayerstheyhelptodevelopbowcontrolandkeypatterns ForsingersandwindplayerstheyhelptodevelopbreathsupportandphrasingRegularpracticeisadvisedthisdoesnotmeanthateveryscalehastobepractisedeverydaybettertoconcentrateonafewscalesatatime(selectdifferentkeyseachtimeyoupractise).Theexaminerwillbelisteningoutforafluentpacewithclearrhythmicpatterns,goodtoneandarticulation(whereappropriate)andfingerclaritythroughout.

  • UserGuide

    3

    SightReadingStudentstendtohaveadreadofsightreadinganunfamiliarpieceofmusicisplacedonthemusicstandandalmostinstantlytheroomisfilledwithasenseofpanic!Likeallotherareasofmusical learning, this skill can be easily improved, andwill help to develop a quickunderstandingofrhythmicmotifs,notepatterns,keysignatures,accidentals,andultimatelywillbeanaidtofasterlearning.

    Tobesuccessfulatsightreadingdoesnotnecessarilymeananoteperfectaccountofapiecetheaimofsightreadingistogiveanimpressionofhowthepieceshouldsound.Withthisinmind,theexaminerwillbelisteningforasenseofcontinuity.Acautiousreading,wherethecandidatepausestoponderoverthenextnotescanonlyresultinahesitantattempt,withnorealsenseofhowthenotesfit intophrases,orhowthephrasesmakeupapieceofmusic.Always lookaheadandkeep thepiecemovingalongwithasteadypulse forbestresults.Again, thisareacanonly improvewithpracticea fewbarseverydaywillmakeall thedifference!

    TheLetsGetReadingsightreadingbooksforpianoarewrittenbyJeanArchibaldandMarieMoranandofferastepbystepguidetolearninghowtosightreadwell.ThesebooksareavailablefromPreliminaryleveltoSeniorCertificate,andareextremelyusefulbooksforbothteachersandstudentsasaguidetosuccessfulsightreading.Theyalsoincludesamplesightreadingtestsatthebackofeachbook.

    Forotherinstrumentalists,weareworkingonsamplesightreadingtestswhichwillbeavailableonourwebsitewww.riam.iethisisstillworkinprogressbutwehopetohavesomeofthemaininstrumentscompletedinthenearfuture.

    TheoryKnowledgeandunderstandingoftheorywillequipanycandidatewiththenecessarytoolstodisplayawellthoughtoutperformanceoftheirpieces.Notes,rests,rhythmicvalues,timesignatures and key signatures provide the nuts and bolts of basic learning; expressionmarkingsallowustoliftthenotesoffthepageandcreatecolourandshape,addingcharacterandstyletothemusic.Ifyoudonotunderstandthemeaningofthetheoreticaldetailsandexpressionmarkings,thismakesitratherdifficulttoportrayinperformancethisareaisworthfivemarksintheexamination.

    ThepublicationMusicWorkoutbyJeanArchibaldandBernadetteMarmionisaseriesoftheoryworkbooksbasedonthesyllabusoftheLocalCentreexaminationsinTheory.Eachworkout(PreparatorytoGrade8)includesdetailedexplanatorynotes.Thismaterialalsoprovidesusefulpreparation for the reading elements of the Aural Tests programme (practical musicexaminations).

    TheTheoryRequirementslistedonpages12and13shouldbestudiedcarefullyforeachgrade,astherearesomechangesandadvancementstothisnewsyllabus.Forexample,candidateswillbeencouragedtodescribethecharacterofthepiecesperformed(GradesIIandIII),andwillbeaskedtodescribethestyleofthepiecesperformed(GradesIVandV).

  • RIAMLocalCentreSyllabusofSinging20152018

    4

    AuralTestsThe key to developing a strong sense ofmusicianship is through listening. Having anawarenessofmelodicshape,rhythmicpatternandmusic

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