TẬP HUẤN TOS THỰC HÀNH SẢN XUẤT TỐT CHO CHUỖI GIÁ TRỊ NGÀNH HÀNG THỊT HEO TẠI LÒ MỔ

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CHI CC TH Y TP. H CH MINH. TP HUN TOS THC HNH SN XUT TT CHO CHUI GI TR NGNH HNG THT HEO TI L M Ngy ../0./2010. THC HNH SN XUT TT. Thc hnh sn xut tt cho chui gi tr ngnh hng tht heo l g?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Bao gm cc thc hnh chn nui tt t trang tri chn nui heo; cc thc hnh v sinh ti CSGM, c s bun bn (pha lc tht v bao gi) v vn chuyn t trang tri, l m n ch u mi bn bun. Mc ch: m bo Tht phi an ton v ph hp cho tiu th ca con ngiCc yu cu v cht lng;An ton v sinh thc phm;m bo ch li x hi;Sc kho ngi sn xut v ngi tiu dng;Bo v mi trng;Truy nguyn ngun gc sn phm.Thc hnh sn xut tt cho chui gi tr ngnh hng tht heo l g?

  • S QU TRNH SN XUT THT HEOSau trang triGit m heoVn chuyn thtVn chuyn thtBun bnBn l tht heoNgi tiu th tht heo

  • Thc phm c cht lng: Khng gy nguy hi cho ngi tiu th, m bo v cm quan v dinh dng. Trong chuyn mn, thc phm c cht lng l khng n cha nhng mi nguy nh hng n tnh tt lnh ca thc phm:C ba mi nguy nh hng n thc phm:Mi nguy vt lMi nguy ha hcMi nguy sinh hc

  • CC MI NGUY NH HNG N CLTPMi nguy sinh hc bao gm cc vi sinh gy hi: vi khun, virut, k sinh trng, nm mc (thng l tc nhn chnh gy nhim v h hi tht v sn phm tht).Mi nguy ha hc: l nhng cht c c trong tht, sn phm tht c th khng an ton cho ngi s dng: khng sinh, hormone, thuc BVTV, thuc tng trng, thuc st trng, cht ty ra, sn Mi nguy vt l l nhng vt l vy nhim vo tht c th gy tn thng cho ngi tiu dng: kim gy, mu kim loi, g, nha, r st, mng tay

  • Hu qu ca thc phm khng cht lng

  • Vi trng, siu vi trngNm, mcCht lng thc phm b nh hng bi vi trng, nm, mc (chng sinh ra c t thm vo thc phm gy ng c cho ngi tiu th).Mt s vi trng khc v siu vi trng th gy bnh cho ngi khi git m, ch bin v tiu th khng ng cch.

  • Ngun gc gy vy nhim vi sinh vt gy hi Bn trong Nhim trng mu th sng (do stress, bnh). S lan trn ca vi khun t h tiu ha (do m ly lng tr, thao tc m lm thng b lng, cha ng chung tht vi ph phm). Bn ngoi Nguyn liu (cht bn: ph gia v gia v bn); Dng c, PTVC, vt cha ng (h c, r st, khng ra sch); Mi trng (bi, t, nc bn); Phng php (thao tc bt cn: Dao co lng khng ra em m lng); Con ngi (mc bnh, thc v sinh cha tt).

  • Ngun cha v ngun ly lan vi trngNgun cha phCn trngChim chcng vt (ch, mo, chut, gin, kin)Dng c (dao lic, r chu), PTVC, mt bn, nn snPhng php (khng ra dng c, thao tc ra sn)Cng nhn (mc bnh, BHL khng sch, khng ra tay)Nguyn liu (ph gia, gia v)Mi trng (t, nc, khng kh)

  • m bo cht lng tht heo trong thc hnh sn xut tt ca chui gi tr ngnh hng tht heo.Cn thc hin tt cc ni dung sau ti c s git m

  • KIM SOT CN TRNG V V GY HIV SINH NCV SINH C S V V SINH C NHNC S H TNG-TRANG THIT B TI CSGMQUN L CHT THIQUI TRNH KIM SOT GIT M TRUY NGUYN NGUN GC(TRUY DU)THTV SINH PHNG TIN VN CHUYN

  • CSGM thng c 4 khu ring bit gm: khu sch, khu bn, khu hnh chnh v khu x l cht thi.

  • Thit k v b tr Cc hot ng lu thng theo 1 chiuThng khKhu sch sang khu bn C li bo v

  • Chia khu vc r rng trong CSGM

  • Chia khu vc r rng trong CSGM

  • Tng vi b mt trn lng v d lau chi(sn, lt gch men hay inox) CHT LIU: chng n mn, d lau chi, d v sinh.

  • Nn sn vi b mt chng trn trt nhng khng c nhng hc ngon ngho* Tng vng chc( y vch c sn trn nn b tng)* S kt ni vch vch v vch - nn snKhng gc nhn (rnh trn)

  • CHT LIU- chng n mn- d lau chiB mt hay li bng cht doTrnh cht liu g, m, lt

  • *Nc Ngun phi v s lng, nhit v p sut . Nc phi m bo cht lng: QCVN 01: 2009/BYT

  • Thot nc, cht thi- m bo thot nc, cht thi tt- Nc thi chy theo mt chiu - Khng b tc cng- m bo TCVN: 5955-2005

  • Tin nghi v nh v sinh - Phi thun tin cho cng nhn Phi m bo v sinh cho khu vc sn xut Khng c mi hi y tin nghi

  • *Nhp heo v chung nui nht heo trc khi git m - m bo an ton cho heo - m bo v sinh, thun tin - m bo an ton dch bnh

  • Thit b dng cBo tr ng tiu chunKhng lm nhim sn phm Khng lm nhim cho

  • y tin nghi v m bo v sinh cho sn xut.

  • *Dn treo khm lng

  • Trch nhim: iu phi vin HACCP/ ngi c phn cng chu trch nhim

    Tn sut: Vn hnh hng ngy khi c s bt u hot ng. Vn hnh nh k 6 thng 1 ln.

    Vn hnh nh kSu thng 1 ln, ngi chu trch nhim s kim tra tnh trng ca:- Tng, mi v sn nh v cc khu vc xung quanh, c bit l chung nui nht tm thi gai sc trc khi git m;- H thng x l cht thi rn v cht thi lng;- H thng thng gi;- Trang thit b c nhn v v sinh.

  • Vn hnh hng ngy: Trong mi ngy lm vic, trc khi c s git hot ng, iu phi vin HACCP s kim tra cc iu kin v:- Cht st trng trong h st trng c thay cha.- Tnh trng ca khu vc tip nhn gia sc m bo gia sc c an ton, khng b thng khi bc d t xe vn chuyn.- H thng cung cp nc cho gia sc ung khu nht trc khi git tht. - Tnh trng h thng x l cht thi lng v cht thi rn.- Tnh trng v sinh ca nh v sinh, ca phng thay qun o cng nhn.- nh sng ti cc khu vc sn xut c y khng.- Tnh trng ca li bo v bng n v li ca thng gi.- Tnh trng ca h thng thot nc v li chn rc.- Tnh trng trang thit b, cc thng cha rc, ph phm khng n c.- Dn sch rc gim thiu ti a s nhim.- Dn sch rc trong thng rc trong nh v sinh.- Thng rc phi c sn ti nhng khu vc cn thit.

  • Hnh ng khc phc- Nu cc tiu ch cha c p ng, iu phi vin HACCP bt u cc hat ng khc phc v duy tr kt qu mong mun p ng tiu chun.- Trong trng hp vn hnh hng ngy, cc hot ng cha c bt u khi cc h hng cha c sa cha (tm thi hay lu di).- iu phi vin HACCP s xc nh nhng sn phm no b nh hng;- i vi cc sn phm b nh hng, iu phi vin HACCP ngay lp tc phi thc hin vic nh gi an ton thc phm v xc nh hng s dng sn phm.- Tm gi nhng sn phm b nh hng n khi xc nh c hng s dng.- Nu cn thit, iu phi vin HACCP tin hnh nghin cu nguyn nhn v cc bin php thc hin ngn nga nhng sai st c th li xy ra.- Ghi chp cc hot ng v v kt qu ca yu cu hot ng khc phc cng vi ngy thng khc phc v thi im bt u khc phc.- Trong trng hp cn sa cha, phi thc hin ngay lp tc. Cc hot ng trung gian phi c tin hnh hn ch nhim. Vic sa cha trang thit b, dng c nn thc hin sau ca sn xut v khi tt c tht ln c chuyn i trnh gy nhim cho tht ln.

  • git m thc hin d n CIDA

  • *Chiu sng nh sngm bo an ton

  • tn tr ang xung cp

  • Cng bCt r st

  • Khu trnh khm u lng khng sng;

  • Xung heo d gy stress

  • Khng c nht qua day

  • Biu mu 1: C s h tng, trang thit b v bo dng

    Tn c s:H tn iu phi vin HACCP/ ngi chu trch nhim: Ngy nh gi: Ch k:Tiu ch tng ngTiu chC*NC*Hnh ng (ch ra nu c mi nguy sn phm b nhim)3.1.2Giy php ca c quan c thm quyn 3.1.3Ngun in v ngun nc cung cp n nh 3.2.1Tng ro bao quanh cao 2m 3.2.3H st trng ti mi cng ra vo v cht st trng trong h st trng 3.2.4H thng s l cht thi rn v cht thi lng3.2.54 khu ring bit gm khu sch, khu bn, khu vc hnh chnh v khu x l cht thi 3.2.7Phng v sinh v phng thay qun o cho cng nhn3.2.8Mc treo v b git m gia sc 3.3.1nh sng bn trong c s git m3.3.2Li bo v bng n 3.3.3H thng thng gi3.3.4Li bo v cc ca thng gi

  • Biu mu 1: C s h tng, trang thit b v bo dng*C: Ph hp*NC: Khng ph hp.

    Tn c s:H tn iu phi vin HACCP/ ngi chu trch nhim: Ngy nh gi: Ch k:Tiu ch tng ngTiu chC*NC*Hnh ng (ch ra nu c mi nguy sn phm b nhim)3.4.3H thng thu gom cht thi 3.4.7li chn rc v h ga gi li cc cht thi rn3.4.9Thit b v thng cha cht thi khng n c 3.5.1Khu vc tip nhn gia sc 3.5.2Chung nui nht gia sc3.5.4Nc cho gia sc ung trong chung nui nht 3.5.6Khu vc cch ly gia sc 3.7.6Thng rc trong phng v sinh 3.9.1khu vc bo qun qun o bo h3.9.2Bao b v vt liu bao gi

  • Tai sao phai kim soat cht lng nc?Nc c th l mt ngun gy nhim.+ nhim ngun nc ngm b mt+ nhim vo b cha do cc tc ng bn ngoi+ nhim do x l ha cht khng hp l Nc tip xc vi thn tht trong sut qu trnh git mNc s dng lm v sinh thit b dng c, v sinh cng nhn ..Nu nc b nhim nguy c ly nhim sang tht l rt cao.Cc yu t nguy hi tim n trong nc khng c kim sotSinh hc: + Mt s vi sinh vt (e.coli, shigella, salmonella)+ ng vt nguyn sinhHa cht:+ St, asen, .+ Ha cht kh trng dng khng hp l.

  • Trch nhim: - Ngi c phn cng vn hnh v bo tr h thng cung cp nc. - Ngi chu trch nhim gim st: iu phi vin ca HACCP hoc ngi qun l.Tn sut: Hng ngy, 6 thng 1 ln.Hnh ng khc phc:Chng trnh ly mu gim st cht lng nc Tn sut:+ Cc ch tiu ha hc cn phi c kim tra 6 thng mt ln + Cc ch tiu vi sinh vt nn c kim tra t nht 3 thng mt ln.

  • Qui trnh hng ngy: trc khi hot ng v mt ln trong khi hot ngNhim v ca ngi vn hnh: - Vn hnh h thng cung cp nc theo ng qui trnh k thut. - Kim tra chc nng ca h thng cung cp nc.Ngun nc: kim tra cc ch tiu (mu nc, mi v p lc) ca h thng cung cp nc (ng, bm, v.v..)- Kim tra ng dn nc v van+ Kim tra nc chy vo, nc chy ra v p lc.+ Kim tra ng ng.- Nc nng:+ Kim tra hot ng ca h thng cung cp nc nng.+ Kim tra nhit ca nc nng 82-85oC.

  • Nhim v ca ngi gim st:- Kim tra bng mt thng mu sc v mi ca nc - o nng ha cht s dng trong nc. - Kim tra vi nc, vi c treo ln gi trnh tip xc vi sn phm hay mt bn, dao, sn, v.v..- Tn sut thay nc trong b co lng m bo nc nng sch.nh k 6 thng 1 ln:Ngi vn hnh v ngi gim st cng hp tc thc hin cc cng tc sau:- Bo tr h thng cung cp nc (ging, b cha, h thng ng ng cp nc)- Lm sch h thng cp nc:- Lm sch v bo dng h thng x l nc

  • *Nc Ngun phi v s lng, nhit v p sut . Nc phi m bo cht lng: QCVN 01: 2009/BYT

  • S dng nc ging ng trc tip

  • S dng nc ging ng trc tip ra chung

  • S dng nc ging ng trc tip ra mnh heo

  • Vi nc di nn sn khng m bo v sinh

  • S dng vi nc nhiu mu khc nhau

  • Biu mu 2A: Chng trnh gim st cht lng nc trc khi hot ng

    Tn C s:Tn ngi chu trch nhim:Ky tn:Ngy:Trc kim traQu trnh hot ngCNCHnh ng khc phc CNCHnh ng khc phc * C= ph hp NC= khng ph hp Phng php khc phcKim tra ngun nc: Kim tra nc ra thn tht ln cui:B chang dn Van V sinh : nhit v mc ncH thng x l nc : Kt qu mc chlorine

  • Biu mu 2B: Kt qu phn tch nc

    Tn cng tyTn ngi chu trch nhim:K tnNgy:NgyV tr ly mu Kt quNgy kt qu Hnh ng khc phc

  • Biu mu 2C: Bo dng v kim tra h thng nc

    Tn cng tyTn ngi chu trch nhim:K tn: Ngy :Tn v loi h thng: Ngy lp t: