Tercera Clase.ppt

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  • ELEMENTOS DE MAQUINAS Y MECANISMOS

    TERCERA CLASESETIEMBRE 2014

  • Listado de elementosSe desarrollara un listado de diferentes materiales, su proceso, beneficio y posibles impactos al ambiente

  • MaderaMaterial natural que se obtiene a partir del tronco de diferentes especies de rboles, se compone de celulosa, lignina, sales minerales, resinas y agua

  • TiposAngiospermas o maderas duras. Son plantas cormofitas, es decir, con tejidos y rganos perfectamente diferenciados. Tienen flores que producen semillas encerradas y protegidas por la pared del ovario (carpelos) que, posteriormente, se convierte en fruto.(olmo, almendro)

  • TiposGimnospermas o maderas blandas. Las Gimnospermas son plantas espermatfitas (con semillas), que presentan los carpelos no diferenciados en ovario, estilo y estigma. Al contrario de las angiospermas, los vulos y semillas no se forman en cavidades cerradas(pino, ciprs)

  • Inderfor - TecnologaNUESTROS PRODUCTOSCOSECHAASERRADOSUBPRODUCTOSEXTRACCINPreparacin de suelo

  • Disposicin en el monte tractor de extraccin y transporte de la materia prima

    tractor de fuerza para el aserradero

    aserradero Kara F2000

    estiba de tablas y depsito de costaneros

    operarios de extraccin y transporte

    aserrador principal

    asistente de campo

    supervisor responsable de la produccin.

  • El proceso de aserrado cosecha y extraccin

    entrega de la materia prima al pie del aserradero

    corte de costaneros

    aserrado tablas

    baado en halocide (en caso de pino)

    clasificacin y apilado

    mantenimiento de la hoja (afilado y tensionado)

  • Inversin datos tcnicos Modelo de aserradero: Kara F 2000

    Produccin de madera aserrada: 1 354 m3 @ 100% anual

    Relacin rollizo-madera aserrada 2,63 m3 roll. / m3 tablas

    Costaneros 50%

    Aserrn 10%

    Post secado2%

    Tablas 38%

  • Inversin - retorno

    Grfico1

    0

    0

    Financial Aspects TOTAL COSTS $30 000,00 $32 134,97 $32 134,97 $32 134,97

    English Profitability Calcs

    ANNEX 1Costos de inversin y operacin de un aserradero porttil Kara F2000

    Estudio para la regin de Timbues

    Calculo de viabilidad

    Basic Information

    CompanyIndrfor Oy

    LocationTimbues

    Contact PersonDario Rodriguez

    1 =1.25USD

    Technical OverviewTechnical Overview

    Sawmill production sawn timber1,354m3 @100% production

    SawmillKara F 2000

    Logs: Sawntimber ratio2.63m3 logs / 1m3 sawntimber

    Costaners50%

    Sawdust %10%

    After drying2%

    Sawn Timber38%

    Timber Drying

    Annual drying capacity0m3

    Drying Kiln TypeChamber with transfer wagons

    Number of drying kiln chambers0

    Energy Plant

    Boiler 1 TypeWet solid fuel

    Boiler 1 capacity0MW

    Boiler 2 TypeDry solid fuel

    Boiler 2 capacity0MW

    Gluebeam production

    Gluebeam Factory annual capacity0m3/year

    Finger jointing press0

    Pre-gluelam planer typeRex-Holms

    Number of beam presses0

    Lamel planer0

    Profile planer0

    Laminated Log House production

    Loghouse Factory annual capacity0houses/year

    Log profile planer typeREX

    Passlog units0

    Raw Material1 Sawmill Raw MaterialsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Sawmill operating percentage %85100100100100%

    Round Logs Requirement2,8763,3843,3843,3843,384m3

    Costanero1,4381,6921,6921,6921,692m3

    Sawdust volume287338338338338m3

    Sawntimber Production1,1511,3541,3541,3541,354m3

    Unit cost of Logs delivered to mill$34.1436.8739.8243.0146.45m3

    Annual cost of Logs delivered to mill$98,200$124,772$134,754$145,534$157,177

    2 Gluebeam Raw MaterialsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 3Year 3

    Gluebeam operating percentage %00000%

    Laminated Beam Production00000m3

    Sawntimber Requirement00000m3

    By-Product volume00000m3

    Cost of PVCA glue/kg$0.00U$D/litre

    Cost of UREATAN glue/kg$0.00U$D/litre

    Volume of glue required00000Kg

    avearge cost/m3 timber product$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00

    Packaging cost gluebeam$0$0$0$0$0

    Cost of gluebeam consumables$0$0$0$0$0U$D

    3 Loghouse Raw MaterialsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 3Year 3

    Loghouse operating percentage %00000%

    Average m3 laminated beam/house00000

    Packing cost/m3$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00m3

    Profile beams requirement00000m3

    From own production$0$0$0$0$0U$D

    Units of loghouse production00000houses

    Packaging cost loghouse$0$0$0$0$0

    Cost of gluebeam consumables$0$0$0$0$0U$D

    Dry KilnsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 3Year 3

    Number of Shifts worked per day0

    Number of work days per year0

    Hours in each work shift0

    Price of electricity per kWh$0.000U$D/kWh

    Operating percentage00000%

    Single kiln kW use0kW

    Number of Kilns0

    Kiln Annual kWh00000

    Cost of electricity$0$0$0$0$0

    Boiler

    Number of Shifts worked per day0

    Number of work days per year0

    Hours in each work shift0

    Price of electricity per kWh$0.000U$D/kWh

    Operating percentage00000%

    Boiler kW use0kW

    Number of boilers0

    Boiler Annual kWh00000

    Cost of electricity$0$0$0$0$0

    GluebeamYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 3Year 3

    Number of Shifts worked per day0

    Number of work days per year0

    Hours in each work shift0

    Price of electricity per kWh$0.000U$D/kWh

    Operating percentage00000%

    Gluebeam Base kWh use0kW/h

    Gluebeam Annual kWh00000

    Cost of gluebeam electricity$0$0$0$0$0

    Log House ProductionYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 3Year 3

    Number of Shifts worked per day0

    Number of work days per year0

    Hours in each work shift0

    Price of electricity per kWh$0.000U$D/kWh

    Operating percentage00000%

    Base kWh use0kW/h

    Annual kWh00000

    Cost of electricity$0$0$0$0$0

    Total Electricity consumption$0$0$0$0$0

    Fuel ExpensesFuel Consumption (Tractor)Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Type of Forkliftde 75 HP a 130 HP

    Base price of fuel/litre$1.30$ 1.40$ 1.52$ 1.64$ 1.77x litro

    Number of Shifts worked per day11111

    Number of work days per year228228228228228

    Hours in each work shift88888

    Operating percentage of shift8080808080%

    Fuel consumption per hour88888litros x hora

    Number of tractors11111

    Total fuel consumption11,67411,67411,67411,67411,674litros

    Total Cost Pesos$15,175.68$16,389.73$17,700.91$19,116.99$20,646.35

    Other internal costs (e.g Halocide, oil, etc.)Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Halocide per day$ 11.50$ 12.42$ 13.41$ 14.49$ 15.65x litro

    Lubricante per day$ 3.08$ 3.33$ 3.59$ 3.88$ 4.19

    Number of work days per year228228228228228

    Consumption per year$ 3,324.24$ 3,590.18$ 3,877.39$ 4,187.59$ 4,522.59

    Total Fuel Cost$15,175.68$16,389.73$17,700.91$19,116.99$20,646.35

    Wages and salariesWages and SalariesYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 3Year 3

    Managers or Supervisor

    number of people on 1 shift11111

    daily salary9401015.201096.421184.131278.86

    shifts11111

    months1313131313

    total$12,220.00$13,197.60$14,253.41$15,393.68$16,625.18

    Operator

    number of people on 1 shift11111

    monthly690745.20804.82869.20938.74

    shifts11111

    Working months1313131313

    total$8,970.00$9,687.60$10,462.61$11,299.62$12,203.59

    Asistente Uno

    Asistente11111

    rate490529.20571.54617.26666.64

    shifts11111

    working months1313131313

    total$6,370.00$6,879.60$7,429.97$8,024.37$8,666.31

    Asistente Dos

    number of people on 1 shift11111

    rate490529.20571.54617.26666.64

    shifts11111

    working months1313131313

    total$6,370.00$6,879.60$7,429.97$8,024.37$8,666.31

    Drying Kilns

    number of people on 1 shift00000

    rate00000U$D

    shifts00000

    working days00000

    total$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00

    Gluebeam Plant

    number of people on 1 shift00000

    rate00000U$D

    shifts00000

    working days00000

    total$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00

    Total Employees on 1 shift44444

    Total Wages for all shifts$33,930.00$36,644.40$39,575.95$42,742.03$46,161.39

    Other costsService CostsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Mantenimiento del tractor x mes MANO$100.00$108.00$116.64$125.97$136.05

    Mantenimiento del tractor x mes REPUST$150.00$162.00$174.96$188.96$204.07

    Mantenimiento KARA REPUSTOS$30.00$32.40$34.99$37.79$40.81

    Working months1212121212

    Total service costs$3,360.00$3,628.80$3,919.10$4,232.63$4,571.24

    Marketing and Agency costsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Deposito$700.00$756.00$816.48$881.80$952.34

    Mano de obra Deposito$300.00$324.00$349.92$377.91$408.15

    Flete$250.00$270.00$291.60$314.93$340.12

    Months1212121212

    Total agency fees$15,000.00$1,362.00$1,470.00$1,586.64$1,712.61

    Other variables (movilidad, telefonia.etc.)Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Accomodation Casilla$300$324$350$378$408

    Telefona$30$32$35$38$41

    Otros: ropa,higiene,lentes, guantes, orejeras.$100$108$117$126$136

    Meses1212121212

    Total other costs$5,160.00$5,572.80$6,018.62$6,500.11$7,020.12

    SUMMARY OF COSTS & OUTPUTSSummary of costsYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

    Sawmill Raw materials$98,200.30$124,772.14$134,753.91$145,534.23$157,176.96

    Gluebeam raw materials$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00

    Loghouse raw materials$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00$0.00

    Fuel$15,175.68$16,389.73$17,700.91$19,116.99$20,646.35

    Wages, salaries$33,930.00$36,644.40$39,575.95$42,742.03$46,161.39

    Service$3,360.00$3,628.80$3,919.10$4,232.63$4,571.24

    Marketing & Agency$15,000.00$1,362.00$1,470.00$1,586.64$1,712.61

    Other Variables