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MR THE BOHUSLAV MARTINŮ FOUNDATION THE BOHUSLAV MARTINŮ INSTITUTE THE INTERNATIONAL MARTINŮ CIRCLE may–august 2013 / vol. XIII / no. 2 edition of the last piano concerto ballet “who is the most powerful in the world?” martinů on stravinsky events / news Expanded edition with previously unpublished photos of Martinů!

THE BOHUSLAV MARTINŮFOUNDATION THE … · THE BOHUSLAV MARTINŮINSTITUTE THE INTERNATIONALMARTINŮCIRCLE edition of the last piano may–august 2013 / vol.XIII / no.2 concerto

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  • MRTHE BOHUSLAV MARTIN FOUNDATIONTHE BOHUSLAV MARTIN INSTITUTETHE INTERNATIONAL MARTIN CIRCLEmayaugust 2013 / vol. XIII / no.2edition of the last piano

    concerto ballet who is the mostpowerful in the world?martin on stravinsky events / news

    Expanded edition with previously unpublished photos of Martin!

  • content

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    3OPERAS / BALLETS / FESTIVALS

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    6MARTINS FINAL PIANO CONCERTOIVANA TABAK

    8IGOR STRAVINSKY

    11EUGENE IZOTOV ON THE OBOE CONCERTO ROBERT SIMON

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    14MA CHRE CHARLOTTE LUCIE JIRGLOV

    15LIST OF MARTINS WORKS XIII

    16A NEW PRODUCTION OF WHO IS THE MOST POWERFUL IN THE WORLD? LUCIE DERCSNYIOV

    20THE NAXOS MARTIN RECORDINGS GREGORY TERIAN

    22JI PILKA IVAN TRAUS

    / MARTINA FIALKOV

    ON 30 MAY, the International Czech Club, whose mission it is to deepen contacts with ourcompatriots living abroad, held a Czech-Slovak concert at the Czech Museum of Music inPrague. In the first part of the event, the female choir of the Czech Society in Koice, Slovakia,under the chorus master Olga Varinsk performed songs by Antonn Dvok, Leo Janek andfolk songs. The second part was given over to Bohuslav Martins cantata The Opening of theSprings, H. 354, which has been part of the ensembles repertoire for several years. The choirwas accompanied by three members of the Martin Quartet from Prague and the pianistZuzana egleov. The soloists were Barbora Sopkov (soprano), Dominika Sokolsk (alto)and Marin Luk, a member of the Opera of the State Theatre in Koice, who gave a brilliant

    delivery of the baritone part. The performance was conducted by the charismatic and empathicIgor Dohovi, also from Koices State Theatre, who has worked with the choir for a long time.

    The cantata, however, has another extremely important soloist the narrator whosewords accompany the entire piece, poetically describing the ancient pagan custom of thepurification of springs following the winter, involving children and a little queen. For seriousreasons, the narrator from Koice had to cancel his appearance and therefore it was necessaryto find someone to replace him at short notice. The unexpected and rather critical situationwas soon tackled by Prof. Ivan traus, chairman of the Bohuslav Martin Foundation and anoutstanding violinist teaching at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague, who offered tostand in. And he acquitted himself brilliantly. Showing great respect for the role, in a pleasantand vibrant voice he forcibly accompanied the ensemble. I was most impressed by the veryend, when the narrator and the baritone, bolstered by the instrumentalists and choir, con -cluded the cantata with an old man, a wayfarer, reminiscing about his youth and the annualrite of the opening of the springs. This is perhaps the confession of the composer, as wellas the poet. After the last notes had faded away, the simplicity and genius of both the musicand words caused a deep silence in the concert hall before the long, torrential applause thatensued.

    In conclusion, I would like to point out that the concert had not only an international butalso a charity dimension. The revenues from the voluntary entrance fee were donated by agreement of all the performers to the Checomacoco civic association. The money willserve to support the education of two students from an indigenous community in Paraguayin which descendants of the Czech explorer A.V. Fri live.

    review

    A Czech-Slovak Opening of the Springsin Prague for Checomacoco

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    31 August 2013 / 3 pmLUCERNE FESTIVAL> Lucerne, Switzerland > www.lucernefestival.ch

    Who is the Most Powerful in the World? / H. 133arranged for saxophon quartet by Christoph Enzelclair-obscur (Saxophon Quartet)Samuel Zumbhl (Narrator)

    7 September 2013 / 1 pmJARMILA NOVOTN FESTIVAL 2013> Lite Castle, CZ > www.zamekliten.cz

    New Chap-Book / H. 288(Songs on Moravian Poetry)arranged for Voice and Orchestra by Ji Teml (premiere)Harmonia Mozartiana PragensisPrague Conservatory String Quartet Petr Louensk (Conductor)Lucie Hilscherov (Mezzo-soprano)

    1023 November 201319. MARTIN FESTTAGE 2013> Basel, Switzerland > www.martinu.ch

    10 November > Gare du Nord, BaselKammermusikMartin Quartet

    13 November > Kunsthalle, BaselZweidualVideo Project

    17 November > Museum Tinguely, BaselJazzDomenico Scarlatti and Bohuslav MartinEnrico Pieranunzi (Piano)

    20 November > Museum Tinguely, BaselDie KchenrevueFamily Concert

    23 November > Stadtcasino BaselCamerata SalzburgChristopher Hogwood (Conductor)Franois Leleux (Oboe)

    BOHUSLAV MARTIN DAYS 20131 December 2013 / 7.30 pm> HAMU Prague, Martin Hall

    www.martinu.cz

    Concert of the Winners of BohuslavMartin Foundation Competitionin the Field of Violin

    11+12+13 December 2013 / 7:30 pm> Rudolfinum, Dvok Hall, Prague

    www.martinu.cz

    Double Concerto for Two StringOrchestras, Piano and Timpani / H. 271Anton Bruckner: Symphony No. 9 D MinorCzech Philharmonic OrchestraKent Nagano (Conductor)

    5+7 December 2013 / 6:30 pm> Antonn Dvok Theatre, Ostrava, CZ

    www.ndm.cz

    Mirandolina / H. 346Robert Jindra (Conductor)Ji Nekvasil (Director)Daniel Dvok (Stage Designer)

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    28 November 2013 / 10 am1 December 2013 / 4 pm2 December 2013 / 10 am> Ponec Theatre, Prague, CZ > www.divadloponec.cz

    Who is the Most Powerful in theWorld? / H. 133Prague Chamber BalletHana Polansk Turekov (Choreographer and Director)(see more info on pp 1619)

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    ON REACHING this milestone, Patrick feels that heshould be counting his blessings; important amongthem being the joy and enrichment that Martinsmusic has given him over the years. He also con -siders himself fortunate to have had inspirationalparents. From his half-Irish father, an analyticalpsychologist, he gained an understanding of thehuman condition, and a moderate dose of Celticblood. From his mother Barbara Kirkby-Mason,a pianist and composer well-known in the pianoteaching world for her beginners books, he gainedhis love of music. Earliest musical memories are ofdrifting off at bedtime to the distant sounds of herpiano playing and of being allowed to operate thegramophone and being thrilled by Dvoks NewWorld Symphony magnificently performed by theCzech Philharmonic on pre-war HMV 78s.

    Patrick was born on 15 June 1943 in Salisburyand has lived in London since the early 1950s.He undertook his university education at TrinityCollege Dublin, where he became Chairman of theGramophone Society. His first encounter withMartins music was through the acquisition ofKarel Anerls LP recording of the 5th Symphonyand, fired by enthusiasm, he successfully cam -

    As a result of his radio series profiling PaulSachers commissions, Patrick was invited by theSwiss conductor to Schonenberg in June 1979to inspect the original manuscript of the DoubleConcerto and to see Martins grave on his estate.Soon after his visit the composer's body wasdisinterred and removed to Polika, much againstSacher's wishes.

    For the Martin centenary in 1990, Patrickpresented a four-part radio series A View fromthe Tower and produced studio recordings ofthe Concerto Grosso and Concerto for Two Pianosand Orchestra for transmission on the day of theanniver sary. That year he also presented a paperMartins search for truth and meaning of lifeat the Martin conference held in Prague in Mayand, five months later, Desperately seekingJulietta at the conference organised by WashingtonUniversity in St. Louis. Both papers were publishedin the journal of the Dvok Society of G.B. Ona subsequent visit to Prague, he was informallypresented with a Martin medal.

    Since his retirement, Patrick has written numer -ous reviews for musical journals, programme notesand CD booklets, as well as giving pre-concert talks.He has been an enthusiastic supporter of the IMCsince its inception and has been a regular con -tributor to the Martin Revue. He has recentlycompleted a com prehensive survey of historicMartin recordings for Classical RecordingsQuarterly. Last November, he participated ina broadcast on Czech Radio 3-Vltava to mark the90th anniver sary of the BBC.

    We wish him continuing happiness with many morebirthdays to come.

    Martin Revue editors

    patrick lambert at 70

    Although Patrick had visited the Prague SpringFestival in the early 1960s, he gained a deeperinsight into the Czech world after meeting hisfuture wife Jaroslava who left her country in thewake of the Soviet-led invasion in August 1968.Since their marriage in December 1970, Patrick hasbeen a regular visitor even during the grim periodof normalization. Over the years he has built upa large archive of recordings and books on Czechmusic. His study door bears the inscription eskrj (Czech paradise).

    Patrick, with his wife Jarka and his son Roderick

    paigned for this work to be included in an invitationconcert given by the RTE Symphony Orchestra inthe TCD examination hall.

    Joining the BBC in September 1968, Patrick firsttrained as a studio manager, but after 5 years hejoined the production side, rising to the position ofsenior producer in Radio 3s Music Department andalso presenting programmes on air. In 1983, hereceived a Sony Radio Award for the best classicalmusic programme of that year. Patrick becameknown for championing Slav and especially Czechmusic, creating a number of series featuring con -ductors such as Talich and Kubelk and introducingmany Czech composers little known at that time,such as Suk, Novk and of course Martin, whosemusic was only begrudgingly acknowledged by theprogramme controllers of the day.

  • [IMC BOARD MEETING )THE ANNUAL MEETING of the IMC Board will take place on Saturday, December14th 2013 at the seat of the Bohuslav Martin Foundation in Prague. This coin-cides with the Bohuslav Martin Days concert that will take place on Friday 13th.Please let us know if you will be attending the festival we might be able toarrange a special gathering of IMC members! Also, contact any Board memberwith ideas, suggestions, or concerns you have about the activities of the IMC. Asalways, our focus will be on growing the organization and promoting the studyand performance of Martin's music. Robert Simon

    [CD BOHUSLAV MARTIN DAYS 2011)The 2011 Bohuslav Martin Foundation CD is now available for IMC members.

    BOHUSLAV MARTIN: Les mains (Hands), H. 157bisBalletPRAGUE CHAMBER PHILHARMONIC Jakub Hra (Conductor)

    Fantaisie et toccata for Piano, H. 281Lenka Korbelov (Piano)

    Nonet No. 2, H. 374for flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, Frenchhorn, violin, viola, cello and double-bassHISTORICAL RECORDING 1960

    Opening of the Springs, H. 354Cantata for soli, female chorus and instrumental accompanimentOriginal text by Miloslav BureHISTORICAL RECORDING 1955

    CZECH SINGERS CHOIR KHN CHILDRENS CHOIR Jan Khn (Conductor)

    [2013 SUBSCRIPTION PAYMENTS)WE WOULD REQUEST members to forward their 2013 subscription pay-ments through their usual channels. A list of our international contacts:

    > Phillip C. Boswell (Great Britain), [email protected], 3 Warren Croft,Storrington, RH20 4BE Great Britain

    > Patrice Chevy (France), [email protected], +33675620321,11 Rsidence FOCH, 923 80 Garches, France

    > Geoff Piper (Belgium, Luxembourg and Austria), [email protected],+352-474269, 24, rue des Cerisiers, Luxembourg, L 1322 Luxembourg

    > Gert Floor (Netherlands), [email protected], +31725095262, Gortersweg 6,1871 CC Schoorl, Netherlands

    > Robert Simon (USA), [email protected], mobile number 216-973-7716 , 322 E Colfax Ave #103, South Bend, IN 46617, USA

    > Jaroslav onsk (Sweden), [email protected], +4611318475,Knopgatan 6, 603 85 Norrkping, Sweden

    > Lucie and Clemens Harasim (Germany), [email protected], +49 152 581 668 32

    Members who pay their subscriptions via the Dvok Society should con-tinue to do so. Those wishing to pay in Czech currency or by cash shouldcontact us at [email protected]

    GENERAL INFORMATIONMembers receive the illustratedMartin Revue published three timesa year plus a special limited edition CDcontaining world premieres, historicperformances and archival recordingsfrom the annual Martin Festival notobtainable commercially.

    The IMC is supported by the Bohu -slav Martin Foundation and BohuslavMartin Institute in Prague.

    MEMBERSHIP & SUBSCRIPTIONINFORMATION> YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION:

    25 EUR / 30 USD / 18 GBP / 450 CZK> SUBSCRIPTION FOR CORPORATE

    MEMBERS: 100 EURincludes 10 copies of each RevuePLUS 3 copies of the special limitededition CD> SPECIAL RATE for music students

    under 25 years of age: 10 EUR / 250 CZK> SINGLE COPIES OF THE REVUE:

    80 CZK / 3 EUR / 4 USD + postage

    For further details and for single copiesof the Martin Revue contact:Jana Honzkovtel.: +420 284 691 529,

    +420 731 419 873e-mail: [email protected] International Martin Circle, o.s. Boanovick 1779/14 182 00 Praha 8-Kobylisy, CZ

    WELCOME NEW MEMBERS> Simon Schmid, Germany> Dennis Davis, London, UK

    MARTIN ON FACEBOOKA new project for thepromotion of BohuslavMartin has begun.All three Martininstitutions (IMC, BM Insti tute andBM Foundation) will join together todevelop a new on-line strategy! Seethe new contributions, videos, photosetc. on these institu tions Facebookprofiles The Bohuslav MartinInstitute, International Martin Circleand Bohuslav Martin. Invite yourfriends to become a fans of Martinsmusic. The Bohuslav Martin facebookprofile has already over 1500 fans!Visitwww.facebook.com/CzechComposer

    martinrevue22013 | 5

    ]TH

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    MARTIN REVUE (formerly BohuslavMartin Newsletter) is published by theInternational Martin Circle in collabo ra -tion with the Bohuslav Martin Institutein Prague with the financial supportof the Bohuslav Martin Foundation.Published with the financial supportof the Ministry of Culture of CzechRepublic, code No. MKCRX005QSHQ

    Editors Zoja Seykov & Lucie Harasim,Bohuslav Martin InstituteJustin Krawitz (English language editor)

    Publishers OfficeInternational Martin Circle, o.s.I: 22688846Boanovick 14, 182 00 Praha 8-Kobylisy,Czech Republice-mail: [email protected]

    Translation Hilda Hearne

    Photographs The Bohuslav Martin Foundationsand Institutes archive, collections of theBohuslav Martin Center in Polika

    Graphic Design David E. Cgler

    Printing BOOM TISK, spol. s r.o.

    The Martin Revue is published three times a year in Prague.

    CoverWho is the Most Powerful in the World?Photo of the performance at Ponec Theatre,Prague, 2013. Ji Thn.

    ISSN 1803-8514MK R E 18911

    www.martinu.cz

    d

    THE BOHUSLAV MARTIN CENTER IN POLIKA offers an interesting, inter -actively conceived exhibition on the com -posers life and work. The modern display ofBohuslav Martins life and work is locatedin the historical building of the formercouncil school, which Martin attendedas a child. Consequently, the project alsocomprises a reproduction of Martinsclassroom, complete with period paintingand furniture. The centre also containsan audio-visual hall and study room.

    Bohuslav Martin Center Tylova 114, 572 01 Polika tel.: +420 461 723 857 www.cbmpolicka.cz

    Magdalena Koen,IMC Patron

    Jakub Hra,President of IMC

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  • tains a note on the pieces changed title,Klavierkonzert in B.

    The Concertos world premiere was givenon 31 January 1959 in Berlin. Margrit Weber, towhom the work is dedicated, performed it withthe accompaniment of the Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin (formerly RIAS), conducted byGotthold Efraim Lessing. The composition wasreferred to in the first programme as Fantasiaconcertante, which took Martin by surprise,as evident from his letter to Milo afrnek.

    The subsequent correspondence betweenMartin, Margrit Weber and Hans Erismannreveals that musicians had shown great inter -est in performing the concerto and that withinthe communication between Weber and thepublisher there arose the idea of presenting thework under both titles. Weber intended to per -form the concerto as Fantasia concertante andat the same time was willing to relinquish therights to it to another pianist, who would playthe composition under the title Concerto in B (fr.).Martin, however, was fiercely opposed to theconcerto being presented by other pianists,since he had granted the exclusive performancerights to Weber:

    The Concerto is yours, written for you.You should keep it for yourself. Other pianistswill have time to play it after you, later.You told Charlotte that you wanted to speak

    During this time, Martin wrote letters to hisfamily in Polika and to Frank Rybka, givingthem accounts of his work on the piano con -certo, and in a letter to the Webers dated22 December 1957 he mentioned le Concerto.Soon after the piece was completed and priorto the premiere scheduled for 31 January 1959,Universal Edition in Vienna undertook theworks publication. The frequent correspon -dence between Martin, Margrit Weber andUniversal Edition (Alfred Schlee, Ernst Hartman,Hans Erismann, Dr. Philip, S. G. Harpner, AlfredKalmus) documents the intensive communi ca -tion between the composer, the pianist and thepublisher. Ernst Hartmans letter dated 1 June1958 bears the first evidence of Martins ideato name the piece Fantasia concertante.

    The title for the work which you haveproposed seems very good indeed and we shallnow definitely call it "Fantasia concertante",so it cannot be mixed up with your formerPiano Concerto.

    Afterwards, this new title of the compo si -tion can be found in period sources. Serving asan example is the list of corrections*) compiledby Martin so as to compare the type-setconductors score and orchestral parts with hisautograph shortly before the concerto waspublished. In November 1958, Martin receivedfrom the publisher a contract for the Fantasiaconcertante Bb.

    The Concertos first orchestra rehearsal tookplace in December 1958 in Winterthur. Thisevent initiated a heated discussion pertainingto the compositions title waged in the samemonth between Martin and the UniversalEdition representatives Hans Erismann andAlfred Schlee. In the end, the composer had toadmit that their proposal was pragmatic andthat the work was a piano concerto, nota fantasia.

    The title of the Fantasia concertantehas been changed, since we have arrived atthe con clusion that it is a full piano concerto,so the first name will remain, please correctit then, Martin imparted on 11 January1959 to his friend Milo afrnek, the authorof a Martin monograph. S. G. Harpners22 December order addressed to UniversalEditions production department also con-

    / IVANA TABAK

    The last two piano concertosBohuslav Martin composed were theIncantations (Piano Concerto No. 4)and the Piano Concerto No. 5.Research towards the preparation ofthe critical edition of his works hasyielded many questions concerningthe latter, one of them pertaining tothe Concertos correct title and theperson who had the final say aheadof the single publication of the scorein 1959.

    MARTIN HAD A CLOSE relationship to thepiano throughout his life. Even though hetravelled extensively and moved frequently fromplace to place, he was virtually dependenton the instrument when composing. His uvreincludes numerous works for solo piano. Thebest known are the cycles of piano miniaturesPuppets I, II and III (H. 137, 116, 92) and his oneand only piano sonata written for the famousvirtuoso Rudolf Serkin (Sonata for Piano,H. 350). Five piano concertos can be foundamong Martins works. The Concerto for Pianoand Orchestra in B flat major, H. 366, knownunder the title Fantasia concertante, ischronologically the fifth piano concerto Martincomposed and is also his last concertante piecefor solo instrument and orchestra. As is thecase with the majority of Martin pieces, hisconcertos were written to commission forspecific performers. In a letter dated 12 June1957, Alfred Schlee, a manager at UniversalEdition in Vienna, informed Martin:

    I talked in Zurich to the excellent pianist,Mrs. Margrit Weber. She would like to havea work for piano and orchestra composed byyou, best of all a CONCERTINO for piano andorchestra of some 1825 minutes duration.

    Martin wrote his Concerto for Piano andOrchestra from September 1957 to January1958 in Schnenberg, near Pratteln, Switzer -land, where he spent the last months of his life.

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    martins final piano conce

    Bohuslav Martin and Margrit Weber, probably 1957

  • to Univer sal and make this work availableto others. Dont do it, retain the rights foryourself. It would not be pleasant if someoneplayed the concerto before you, in Bostonor elsewhere.

    The piece is last mentioned in the corre -spondence on 29 February 1960, half a yearafter Martins death. A letter signed byDr. Alfred Kalmus, a representative of UniversalEdition, was addressed to Charlotte and itspurpose was to inform her about the contractsher late husband had signed with UniversalEdition. Interestingly, Martins fifth pianoconcerto is mentioned in the letter under bothtitles Fantasia concertante (Piano Concertoin B Flat).

    Owing to an accidental error, a misunder -standing within the Universal Edition team orthe publishers commercial assumption, the oneand only existing publication of the concerto,the orchestral score and the piano reductiondating from 1959 bear the title Fantasia con -certante with the subtitle Klavierkonzert in B.The piece is also referred to using the same titleby Jaroslav Mihule in his monograph Martin:osud skladatele (Martin: The Fate of the Com -poser) and by Milo afrnek in his book Domov,hudba a svt (Home, Music and the World).On the other hand, Harry Halbreichs catalogueof Martins works mentions it as the Konzertfr Klavier und Orchester Nr. 5, in B-Dur, withthe additional title (Fantasia concertante).

    The period correspondence, however, bearswitness to the fact that Martins definitivedecision regarding the pieces name does notcoincide with any of the mentioned combina -tions of the two titles commonly used in theliterature. Owing to the influence of the pub -lisher and performers, the composer gave upthe idea of calling the work Fantasia concer -tante. Hence, its one and only correct title isConcerto for Piano and Orchestra in B flat major(No. 5).

    * The composers list of corrections, Bohuslav Martin UE,undated. Universal Edition archives, Vienna, Martin folder,a copy maintained at the Bohuslav Martin Institute.

    martinrevue22013 | 7

    rto and the dispute about the works title

    Title page and the first page of the copy of the autograph score of the Piano Concerto No. 5 (deposited at the Wienbiblothek, Vienna)

  • attempts, much boldness and strength, theirwork suffers from plenty of excesses and ex -tremes, and lacks a logical system and creativedevelopment. Some of the compositions writtenby Les Six are really intriguing and forceful, yetothers speculate with modernism and, manya time, sensation alism. Nevertheless, theirstatement is sup ple mented by a new principleof the contemporary opinion of art.

    It is precisely Stravinsky whose evolutionaryline, despite all the digressions, representsa fight, the only fight, for a certain idea. Hisworks often markedly differ from each other,

    its mission, yet, all the obstacles notwithstand -ing, it lingered too long after its apex. Thestruggle against this music, nowadays wagedby Stravinsky, was launched a long time ago.Schnberg was the first to take note of theerroneous direction in which music had gone,but he found it difficult to overcome the heavyGerman Romanticism innate to him. Otherattempts too have rather remained merelyendeavours for a new musical expression thana firm, convincing proof of a new trend. There isthe case of Les Six: while they can be creditedwith a number of more or less successful

    BOHUSLAV MARTIN too looked up to com -posers he considered his models. Whilestudy ing in Prague, he admired Josef Suk, yetthe major impact on his development wasthe Paris of the 1920s and 1930s, where hestudied with, among others, Albert Roussel.Martin was a representative of the youngpost-war generation of artists who after1918 clearly renounced Romanticism. Theyabandoned the idols of the pre-war era Richard Wagner, Richard Strauss, GustavMahler and even Claude Debussy andturned instead to works by Darius Milhaud,Arthur Honegger and, above all, Igor Stravin -sky. Martin was fascinated by Stravinskyand his entirely novel musical style. He wasthoroughly familiar with the Russians cre -ations and attended performances of hisworks, including those of the ballets Lesnoces and Petrushka. We would be hardpressed indeed to find a Czech composerwhose life and work were more similar toStravinskys than those of Martin. Both ofthem left their homeland when relativelyyoung and spent the major part of their lifeabroad; both of them reflected a distinctnational trait in their music, one prevailingat a certain time. And both Stravinsky andMartin passed through various creativeperiods (embracing jazz, folk music, Neo --Classicism).

    Martin gave accounts of all his musicalencounters with Stravinsky in 1924 inarticles for journals in Czechoslovakia (ListyHudebn matice, Nrodn a Stavovskdivadlo, Tribuna). He wrote five articles forListy Hudebn matice alone, with the mostsignificant being the text on Stravinskybelow, which we bring you in an abridgedversion.

    IGOR STRAVINSKY

    (Martin wrote the article in 1924 and in the sameyear it was published in Listy Hudebn matice)

    Stravinsky occurs at the borderline of twoepochs. The Romantic (subjectivist) epoch,slowly dying away, and a new (objectivist)epoch, seeking paths to a novel expression ofthe spirit. The Romantic epoch accomplished

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    Igor Stravinsky, c. 1930

    1924 /martin onstravinsky

  • yet each of them contains the same struggle,always expressed in a different way. His devel -opment is formed by a pointed, crooked line, butis still logical and organic in its consequences.Stravinsky is one of those persons who seekand once they have resolved a problem plungeinto another one with the same gusto. In thecase of Stravinsky, however, it is not a case ofseeking or attempts; his works are definitiveand purposeful.

    Stravinsky is not fond of mystery. Mysteryis still Impressionism, as he himself put it.Let us try to know everything and, above all,not to conceal anything. He is a fierceopponent of Romanticism and subjectivism.German music is alien and unattractive to him,its emotions calculated and fabricated.Stravinsky is positive and direct. Life is fullof beauty around him, yet not engineered,mysterious but simple, the natural beauty ofthings themselves. That is where his musicstems from. We feel its almost intimate touch,the fundamental question devoid of all veils.It is not a game but the expression of a manwho loves life unaffectedly, simply and sincerely.His music is complicated, yet not wilfullyobscure. His disavowal of subjectivism isabsolute. He coalesces with life and embracesall its components with equal attention.Stravinsky does not avoid anything in whichhe feels a manifestation of life.

    That is why he often startles with the harsh -ness, even brutality, often indiscriminateness,he applies when composing his works. He isvehement, curt, rugged, but his expression isconvincing.

    By abandoning all embellishments, the veilsof Romanticism, the mollified expression ofImpressionism and renouncing subjectivism,Stravinsky has entirely naturally and logicallyreturned to absolute music, to purely musicalvalues. So as to attain this, he ruthlesslyundercuts the current status of music, whichprecisely owing to Impressionism is threatenedby disintegration of form. He confronts thedominating atonality with exact expression oftonality. He confronts rhythmic quandary andmessiness with lawful rhythm. () This alsoin part reflects a person treasuring clarity,order and economy. His revolution is actually

    a revolution of return. He does so, however,in his singular, often bewildering manner, andemploying all the technical resources he hasavailable. Basically, it is a return to old ordersand rules of music. Yet Stravinsky is a man ofthe present and his music mirrors this present.We must bear in mind that his Sacre du print -emps, today considered the basis of contem po -rary expression and actually still the greatestwok in this respect, was first performed backin 1913. At that time, the old style prevailedat large. The entire field was dominated by

    Debussy, Mahler, Strauss, Scriabin. And at thattime, Stravinsky appeared with an accomplishednew style, differing from the period in allrespects. () His style is full of strength, isvaluable and precise. () Stravinsky placesgreat demands, and he places them not onlyupon the orchestra and the conductor but theaudience too. Everyone is his co-participant.

    And it is also Stravinsky who returns to everypart its justification, its reality, in the wake ofthe era of harmonic French Impressionism.Stravinsky surmounts harmony and, in accor -

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    Vaclav Nijinsky as Petrushka

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  • undertones of French chanson and Viennesewaltz; Petrushkas cell; the Moors room; andthe final section: the Shrovetide fair with thefalling dusk and Petrushkas death. Accordingly,it is the progression of symphonic movements:allegro, lento, scherzo, allegro. The new featureof Petrushka, that which sets it apart fromStravinskys earlier works, is, besides a uniquemanner of instrumentation, the novel poly -phonic voice-leading with all the harshness andbrusqueness that later on culminate in Le sacredu printemps. It is a return to diatonic andprecisely periodised rhythm. In many respects,the manner of this work anticipated the futurecantata Les noces, which is written almostdiatonically. This new direction of Stravinskysmay have been caused by a musicality desiringlucid expression of a musical idea amid theatonal chaos that reigned after Impressionism.Or perhaps his relationship to the soul of theRussian people and their (diatonic) songs.Whatever the case may be, the Russian elementis expressed here in new values that also buildupon the results of Western culture. Never -theless, it is not yet the sheer Russian tonepermeating Le noces. Petrushka reflects theworld of Russian merchants, the songs of Russ -ian towns and markets partially Europeanised,whereas in the case of Le noces it is a rite,a sacrament based on old Russian churchsongs.

    / Edited by Lucie Harasim Bern

    approach and a new opinion of the world. It isStravinskys first work clearly and wittinglyexpressed in this direction, one that is alsoa breakthrough in his output and which servesas the basis for all his further activity. All thefundamental elements of Stravinskys futureworks are brought out in Petrushka, albeit atmany junctures in rough outlines. The pieceis based on two principles: objectivity anddynamism.

    At the time when Stravinsky wrote the ballet,back in 191011, France was almost entirelydominated by the Debussy style, Germany byRichard Strauss, Russia by Scriabin, and musicalcomposition tended to be aligned with thealready absorbed Romanticism and evenImpressionism. In our country, we had yet toget close to Suk and Janek. In France, therewere attempts at new musical, visual andliterary expression. With regard to music,Stravinsky came up with Petrushka, and Le sacredu printemps shortly afterwards. Stravinsky wasupbraided for the orchestra merely illustratingstage actions, being dependent on them; thatis, the music in the ballet Petrushka was said tobe essentially descriptive. Over time, however,this opinion completely died away. Petrushka isa work possessing purely musical values, andthe recent concert performance has confirmedthis judgement. Certainly, when performingthe work on stage it was necessary to takethe subject into account, yet the composerachieved this by purely musical means. The fourtableaux Petrushka corresponds to the fourmovements of a sonata or symphony. They arethe market, the fair with Russian dances and

    dance with absolute music and in compliancewith the current requirements for economyand reasonability, introduces a polyphoniccurrent of real parts.

    If I am to mention Stravinskys development,it is possible to observe his progress up toPetrushka. Until this work, he displayed a certaindependence on Impressionism, as well as histeacher Rimsky-Korsakov and the later influenceof Schnberg. Yet these compositions alsoanticipate the future accomplishments.Petrushka is the first to show Stravinskysapproach, which culminates in Le Sacre duprintemps and Les noces. Following these pieces,Stravinsky breaks away from applying Russianmelodies, songs. Then came the Histoire dusoldat, Mavra, the Octet, the Symphony ofPsalms, the Piano Concerto, the Concertino forString Quartet, the Cats Lullabies and Songs. ()

    I conclude with the wish that we get toknow Stravinskys entire oeuvre as soon aspossible, form an opinion and our relation to it,as well as our relation to contemporary musicas such. And this would not be possible withoutknowledge of Stravinsky, its leading figure.

    Martins most profound musical experienceduring his first year in Paris was his encounterwith Igor Stravinsky. He dealt with the com -poser and the works he had heard for the firsttime in five articles that astonished the musicalcircles in Prague. Martin wrote aboutStravinsky with convincing eloquence and ina passionate tone, bearing witness to the deeppersonal impression Stravinsky had made onhim. Martin discovered in Paris Stravinskyspivotal works dating from his pre-war period the ballets Petrushka (1911) and Le Sacre duprintemps (1913) which were unknown inPrague. He was also overwhelmed by the dancecantata Les noces and the ballet Histoire dusoldat. Below is Martins text about a concertperformance of Petrushka.

    STRAVINSKYS PETRUSHKA

    (published in the journal Nrodn a Stavovskdivadlo, 1924)

    Petrushka ushered in a new musical era inFrance. Not only does the work present a newballet style, the music itself reveals a new

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    Vaclav Nijinsky as Petrushka

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    / ROBERT SIMON

    As I often remark to my European friends,hearing Martins music in the United Statesis a rare and delightful event, especially whenperformed by world class artists. I wasecstatic to hear that Eugene Izotov would beperforming the Concerto for Oboe, H. 353 withRiccardo Muti and the Chicago Sym phonyOrchestra, their first performance of the work.

    Mr. Izotov was generous enough to taketime out of his preparations to speak withme about Martins Concerto, and giveinsight into his approach to the work.

    Given the opportunity to perform a concerto with the CSO, what led youto choose the Martin?Its always an interesting choice for a soloist,discussing repertoire with Maestro Muti anddeciding what to perform with the CSO. Theselection for oboists is not as generous as itis for other winds, but the 20th century doesgive us more options.

    Martin intrigued me I dont have muchexperience performing his music, but everythingI have played is fascinating. The Concerto isconcise, but amazing a musical journey thatis larger than life. I do not feel that the piece isabout structure or organization, but emotionand open expression. It is very visual, very vivid,and takes unexpected, colorful, spicy turns. It isquite dramatic and completely accessible. Whiletechnically challenging, it is written very well forthe oboe. In working with Tancibudek, Martinshows great understanding of both the techni -cal abilities and personality of the instrument.

    Are you performing from the revised edition?And which cadenzas will you play?I am using most of the corrections offered inthe Bourgue revision, but I will only play the1st cadenza. Its a terrific cadenza, thatspoignant and determined. The purpose of the2nd cadenza is to give the oboe more to do,but in discussing with Muti, I felt that it isntnecessary.

    What are your thoughts on the Concertoand what do you think its highlights are?

    The Concerto is a look at life and the changes inlife. The first movement is harmless and happy.You hear bebop and jazz, but also plaintivefolk melodies. Suddenly the second movementis much darker, and the dimension changes.It comes at you with a profound sadness anddrama that you dont see coming, especiallyafter the joyous and bubbly first movement.New voices enter in the orchestra as part of thestory-telling, particularly the solo in the horn.These new voices bring bad news and theorchestral introduction ends with an unan -

    swered question. The oboe enters, and is as if itis making it up, trying to find the answer, tryingto find something that holds true. The orches -tra joins and the story builds, ending with anoutcry of frustration on one of the oboes high -est notes. Then comes calm, and a momentof absolution and religious truth. The secondmovement is the focal point, and it is so effec -tive because of the outer movements. The thirdis ballet music I hear Petrushka. Its veryexciting and ends with a thrilling coda.

    martinrevue22013 | 11

    Russian-born oboist Eugene Izotov has been the principal oboist of the Chicago Symphony Orchestrasince 2005, appointed to this position by Daniel Barenboim. With Riccardo Muti (on the right).

    a musical journey that is larger than lifeeugene izotov on the oboe concerto

    IN HEARING MR. IZOTOV describe his narrative for the work and its visual aspects, I had new earswhen I attended his performance on 8 June at Sym phony Center in Chicago. Izotovs playing was bril liantand colorful, with soaring, expansive lines. His second movement, with excellent support from the CSOmusicians, was transcendent. With master ful ease he maneu vered the technical challenges of the pleading,frantic passages; the glowing warmth of the movements close made for an unforgettably beau tifulcontrast. I found myself following the exact story he had painted for me days earlier. It was the bestperformance I have heard of this marvelous work.

    The Chicago critics agreed, praising the excel lent playing of Izotov and the accompanying ChicagoSymphony under the direction of Muti. However, criticism of the piece itself was varied as we find so oftenwith those unfamiliar with Martins music. Lawrence Johnson of the Chicago Classical Review laudedthe soloists choice, calling Martin bafflingly neglected whose works are of a consistently high quality.Yet John von Rhein, writing in the Chicago Tribune said that Martins works are cookie-cutter and thatthe oboe con certo is bland and among his lesser creations.

    I will take a performers opinion over a critics any day, and I return now to Izotov, who said: Martin has such a distinctive voice a language of his own that you instantly recognize. In talking withothers about performing Martin, what I hear most often is he really doesnt get performed enough.We in the Martin community certainly agree, and we give heartfelt thanks to Eugene Izotov, RiccardoMuti, and the Chicago Symphony for bringing the music of Martin to life.

    For more information, please visit www.oboesolo.com

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    2 BM with his wife Charlotte Martinin Camaret, France 1928

    2 Together in the forest, USA, c. 1942

    2 BM and Charlotte Martin, Ridgefield, 19442 2 6 BM and Charlotte Martin in Rue de Vanves, Paris, c. 1934

    1 Charlotte Martin with Jan Zrzav,Rue de Vanves, Paris 1934

    5 2 BM with his wife Charlotte Martin in Cavalaire, France 1931

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    2 3 Charlotte Martin and BM in Venice, Italy 1934 2 Baie de Bandol, 1932

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    5 5 2 6 BM and Charlotte Martin in Juan-les-Pins, France 1933

    5 2 6 Charlotte Martin and BM with Stanislav Novk, Bagatelle, France 1931

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    fleeting encounter with this extraordinary woman,who just thirty-five years ago could be seen inPolika or Prague. Owing to a special educa tionalprogramme for schools, the exhibition has alreadybeen seen by many students from various parts ofthe Czech Republic and from abroad.

    / Lucie Jirglov

    in a cosy caf, play Bohuslav Martins piano boughtin Paris, try on models of stylish 1920s clothes ata fashion house, or test their skills at the Medranocircus. The visitors can also read the love lettersBohuslav wrote to Charlotte or listen to the talesof various people knew her personally. They canwrite their own reminis cences in the visitors bookor record in it the impression they had from their

    IS HOW THE YOUNG Bohuslav Martin addressedhis future wife. And it is also the title of an exhibi -tion prepared by the Polika Museum to mark the35th anniversary of the composers wife death. Fiveyears ago, the museum was being renovated andcould not commemo rate the 30th anniversary ina dignified manner. This exhibition goes some wayto paying the debt it had towards Charlotte Martin.

    At the exhibition opening, which took place on11 May 2013, Polika had the honour of welcom ingvenerable and dear guests. After several years,Charlotte Martins great-nephew Mr. Alain Bcourt,together with his son Sylvain, again visited theCzech Republic. We are de lighted that they spenta few days in our coun try as guests of the BohuslavMartin Founda tion and the Polika Museum.Mr. Bcourt provided invaluable assis tance back atthe time of the exhibitions preparations by kindlylending the Polika Museum some of the personaleffects that belonged to his great-aunt, includ ing,for instance, the scissors she used when working asa seamstress and the gold chain she always wore.Whats more, he also helped to identify some of thepersons in his family photo graphs. Those attendingthe exhibitions opening in Polika had the preciousopportunity to hear Professor Jaroslav Mihule,a splendid speaker whose range of knowledge issimply astonishing. The attentive listener soonrealised that his voluminous monograph, roundingoff his lifelong Martin research, is just the tip ofthe iceberg, representing an incredible connois -seurship not only of the composer himself but alsothe numerous people he met during his lifetime.The exhibition displays several hitherto unknownphotographs from Charlotte Martins family albumthat have not previously been shown and published.Some of them are included in the summer supple -ment to this issue of the Martin Revue.

    The exhibition, which runs in Polika until theend of August 2013, presents Charlotte from variousangles as a nature lover, a seasoned traveller, aswell as a reliable administrator of the composersworks after his death. A number of photographscapture her transformation from a humble seam -stress working in a work shop into an elegant ladywho fitted very well into her husbands circle offriends. The exhi bition makes it possible for thevisitors to soak up the atmosphere of interwar Paris

    14 | martinrevue22013

    Charlotte with nieces & nephews in Vieux Moulin, 1930

    Alain and Sylvain Bcourt at the exhibitions opening(on the right) with the interpreter (first on the left)

    Jaroslav Mihule opened the exhibition From the exibition

    Charlotte in Toronto, 1950

    Prague, 1938

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  • SeriesSpecia

    lLISTOF MARTINS WORKSXIII

    > LIST OF MARTINS WORKS XIII > Category VOCAL MUSIC> Subcategory SONGS WITH PIANO ACCOMPANIMENT / PART I (AI)

    CATEGORY/| VOCAL MUSIC SUBCATEGORY/ | SONGS WITH PIANO ACCOMPANIMENT / PART I (AI)

    ON THIS PAGE of the Revue we continuewith our publishing of the complete list ofBohuslav Martins works. In this issue we will start the subcategorySongs with Piano Accompaniment (listedin alphabetical order). The basic data onthe works listed here have been taken fromthe online catalogue of Martins uvre athttp://database.martinu.cz

    Commentary/Archive gives the information as towhere the autograph score is deposited.Only accessible information is stated. If dataon the publisher are missing, the work hasyet to be published.

    THE END OF ALL (KONEC VEMU) H. 43

    Durata: 2:27 Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1912Dedication: VilmaArchive: The Bohuslav Martin Centerin Polika Copyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    ENOUGH OF HAPPINESS (TST TO DOST) H. 81

    Durata: 1:39Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1912Archive: Czech Museum of Music in PragueCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    ENTRY INTO MY SISTERS ALBUM(PSNO DO PAMTNKUSESTINA) H. 8bis

    Date of composition: 1910Archive: Moravian Museum in BrnoCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    THE FIERY MAN (OHNIV MU) H. 71

    Date of composition: 1912Archive: Czech Museum of Music in PragueCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    FIRST LOVE (PRVN LSKA) H. 40

    Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1911Dedication: Olga ValoukovArchive: autograph is missing

    FOUR CHILDRENS SONGS AND RHYMES (TYI DTSK PSN A KADLA) H. 225

    Place of composition: ParisDate of composition: 1932Dedication: Anna afrnkovArchive: The Bohuslav Martin Centerin PolikaCopyright: Brenreiter, Prague

    ABANDONED SWEETHEART(OPUTN MIL) H. 67

    Place of composition: PolikaDate of composition: 1912Archive: autograph is missingCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    AH, LET ME KNOW (ACH, OZVI SE) H. 267bis

    Durata: 4Place of composition: ParisDate of composition: 1938Archive: Czech Museum of Music in PragueCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    AT NIGHT (V NOCI) H. 30

    Durata: 5:54Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1910Dedication: Olga ValoukovArchive: Czech Museum of Music in Prague,The Bohuslav Martin Center in PolikaCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    AVE MARIA H. 59

    Place of composition: PolikaDate of composition: 1912Performing forces: S OrgArchive: autograph is missing

    BEFORE YOU KNOW (NE SE NADJE) H. 6

    Durata: 1:52Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1910Archive: Czech Museum of Music in PragueCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    FROM CHILDHOOD(Z DTSTV) H. 51

    Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1912Archive: autograph is missingCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    THE GNATS WEDDING (KOMROVA SVATBA) H. 75

    Durata: 1:16Date of composition: 1912Archive: autograph is missingCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    HOAR-FROST FELL TO THE FIELD (PADLO JN NA POLE) H. 52

    Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1912Archive: autograph is missingCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    I AM STRIDING, STRIDINGBETWEEN THE HILLS (KRM, KRM MEZI VRCHY) H. 74bis

    Durata: 1:37Date of composition: 1912Archive: autograph is missingCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    I KNOW A GROVE (VM HJEK) H. 273

    Durata: 1:30Place of composition: ParisDate of composition: 1939Dedication: K narozeninm maminkyVtzslavy KaprlovArchive: Moravian Museum in BrnoCopyright: Brenreiter, Prague

    To be continued in the next issue.

    martinrevue22013 | 15

    CHINESE SONGS (NSK PSN) H. 147

    Place of composition: ParisDate of composition: 1925Dedication: Fina TausikovArchive: autograph is missing

    CZECH RIDDLES (ESK HDANKY) H. 277bis

    Durata: 4:39Place of composition: ParisDate of composition: 1939Dedication: Saa PucovArchive: Paris, private propertyCopyright: Brenreiter, Kassel

    DEAD LOVE (MRTV LSKA) H. 44

    Durata: 2:46Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1912Dedication: Olga ValoukovArchive: The Bohuslav Martin Centerin PolikaCopyright: Schott Music, Mainz

    THE DROWNED MAIDEN(UTONUL) H. 9

    Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1910Archive: autograph is missing

    EARLY IN THE MORNING, I WEED THE GRAIN (RNO RANKO, PLEJU OBILKO) H. 49

    Place of composition: PragueDate of composition: 1912Archive: autograph is missing

    EASTER SONG (VELIKONON) H. 230

    Place of composition: ParisDate of composition: 1933Premiere: Polika, 07.06.1956Archive: autograph is missingPublisher: Lidov noviny, Brno 1933Copyright: Brenreiter, Prague

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    awaited the responses to the performance,and in a letter to his friend Stanislav Novk hewrote: Please tell everyone you meet that mymice ballet is three years old, that it was (com -posed) at a time when I didnt know anythingabout Stravinsky, apart from that he had writtenPetrushka, but I didnt know him. I already find itsomewhat silly to be bracketed with Stravinsky.If it were written by, for instance, Axman, it wouldbe a discovery and we would be contemporary,up there with Europe as a whole, yet when itconcerns me they think I must have taken it overfrom somewhere. I dont care much about havingbeen put in such a cage as Impressionism. Today,no one mentions my absolute surrender toImpres sionism any more, now that I havesurrendered to Stravinsky. They are next to eachother, arent they? (7 February 1925, Paris).Martin may have suspected that the criticswould not be able to resist comparison, and hisforeboding proved to be well-founded, as evi -denced by a review published by Listy Hudebnmatice: Joke upon joke, foxtrot and waltz.Dvok, Mozart, Strauss and, above all, Stravinsky.Not just with certain reminiscences but the overallstyle. Nothing doing; it is contemporary, it hasbustle and verve, imagination and forcibility.(Listy Hudebn matice, Vol. VI. 1924-25). Theone-hour ballet was staged within a mixed billalongside Osvald Chlubnas new opera ThePower of Desire. The critics compared the twoworks, appreciating the wit of Martins pieceand defining it as a ballet comedy. The author ofthe review published in Rovnost was evidentlytaken aback by Martins work: BohuslavMartins ballet comedy strives to be an attemptat a modern reform of ballet, as it was launchedby Stravinsky. It adheres to a single principle disaffirming any principle and this is done sothoroughly that one keeps being stunned anddazzled by new surprises, some of which are sostrong that they presume a nervous systemtotally different to that possessed by us, todaysmortals. (Rovnost, 4 February 1925). Gracinernuk perceived Martins piece as largelyderivative, yet at the same time acknowledgedthat it has its own vigour and makes one laugh.The critic went on to praise the colourful andformally lush, spiritually extremely auspicioussets designed by Andrej Andrejev and made

    and author Mla Mellanov, who sent himthe fairy tale Blaen ostrov nenarozench(The Blessed Island of the Unborn) to consider.When I was writing it, I could hear music inmy ears, unearthly, I would say, almost astral,she wrote in her accompanying letter dated1 August 1923, which Martin received justbefore he left for Paris.

    Mellanov relinquished to Martin the rightsto the subject matter and the composer dulyadapted it according to his intentions.

    According to the available information, it isevident that Martin began creating the musicfor the ballet prior to having a specific subject.

    The ballets story itself is in no way earth-shat tering the piece is a witty dance bur -lesque with capricious music. Martin wantedthe audience to enjoy itself, describing the workas a ballet revue, which afforded him scopefor period dances succeeding one another the characters dance in the rhythm of theserenade, minuet, foxtrot, Charleston, waltz,Boston and polka.

    The fairy tale, inspired by an Indian fable,tells the story of a pretty and intelligent mouseprincess whose parents refuse to marry her tosomeone ordinary. That is why they want tochoose none other than the most powerful inthe world. They turn down a mouse prince andseek the ideal husband they suppose that themost powerful in the world is the sun, yet it iscovered by a grumpy old cloud, which in turn isdispersed by the wind. But there is also a wall,which the wind cannot overcome. And so itseems clear that the sun is powerful, the windis even more powerful, but the wall is the mostpowerful of all. The parents thus offer theirdaughter to the wall, but it is undermined bymice and falls apart. Accordingly, in the finalanalysis, the most powerful in the world are themice. At the end of the fairy tale, the mouseprincess is married to the mouse prince andeveryone rejoices at a merry wedding.

    THE BRNO PREMIERE

    The ballet Who Is the Most Powerful in theWorld? was premiered on 31 January 1925 inBrno and was the first Martin work to bestaged at a theatre in the city. Martin eagerly

    / LUCIE DERCSNYIOV

    IN SEARCH OF THE SUBJECT MATTER

    Jaroslav Mihule states in his monographMartin, osud skladatele (Martin, The Fate ofa Composer) that Bohuslav Martin startedcomposing the ballet Who Is the Most Powerfulin the World?, H. 133, at the time when he wasa student in Josef Suks master class at thePrague Conservatory, which he attended in1922 and 1923. In the National Theatre bulletin,however, Martin wrote that he began workingon the ballet almost immediately after Istar, i.e.in 1919. Available sources variously date thepieces completion as 1922 (Erisman, Guy: 1990;Halbreich, Harry: 2007) or 1923 (afrnek, Milo:1961; Mihule, Jaroslav: 2002). As was the caseof his other works, Martin had a clear idea ofthe ballets form. He wrote that he intendedto create a short and uncomplicated work andexpressed his desire for true dance, addingthat at the time he had become rather tiredof the symphonic structure of the dances onwhich he based his ballet Istar, H. 130. It wouldseem that he wanted to take a break from theconceptions of his previous stage compositionsand did not feel like dealing with the innerdrama of the characters; as such, he desistedfrom describing emotions by means of dance andreplaced various dramatic or impassioned sceneswith a purely dance form. (Nrodn a Stavovskdivadlo, 11 December 1926). Consequently,Martin was searching for a subject matterthat would make it possible to fulfil his inten -tion. He even wrote from Paris to Karel apek,asking him for help in how to treat the theme,and in a letter dated 30 March 1924 the writerreplied to him: As you can see, I didnt make it toParis because I had the flu, and I sincerely regretit. At the moment, I cant even think of theatre,whatever the subject may be. I am now occupiedwith other tasks and would you believe it? feel somewhat lighter without theatre I amreally sorry for dashing your hopes.

    It is interesting that according to Miloafrnek (Divadlo Bohuslava Martin, Prague,Editio Supraphon, 1979) Martin only receivedthe subject for the ballet in the middle of 1923,namely, from the Czech actress, stage director

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    a new production of who is

  • brief reference to the freshness, wit andsmooth ness of the corps de ballet. (Lidovnoviny, 28 January 1925). Unfortunately, theresponses of the time do not reveal anythingmore specific about the ballets first productionin Brno, choreographed by Jaroslav Hladk.

    Two years later, on 17 February 1927, thework was staged by the National Theatre inPrague. The choreography was undertaken byRemislav Remislavsk, the stage direction byFerdinad Pujman, and the sets were designedby Frantiek Berger. Martins ballet wasperformed in Prague within a mixed bill afterRavels opera for children L'Enfant et les

    sortilges. The two works puzzled some of thecritics. The daily Prvo lidu wrote that despitebeing arresting, both pieces are substandard fora large stage and yet the first of them pos -sesses so much gracefulness, so much delightfulmusic, so much tenderness, so many novel, inven -tive ideas and so much abundant com po si tionaland sonic loveliness, and the second so muchsalutary musicality, humour, nimbleness andengrossing music. (Prvo lidu, 19 February 1927).Hubert Doleil, in whose opinion Martins balletreferred to Stravinskys rhythms and instrumen -tal effects or Milhauds compositional phrase -ology, did not deny that the piece had a Czech

    tone (esk slovo, 19 February 1927). Ia Krej,too, saw an affinity with Milhaud, while Otakarourek expressed his viewpoint in a singlesentence: The music is simple, in places greylygarrulous, yet otherwise an entertaining triflepossessing a sense of colourful stage exquis ite -ness. (Venkov, 19 February 1927). The criticErich Steinhardt wrote in a similar vein for theNeue-Musik Zeitung and Auftakt. He definedthe two works as fantasy mimes and brandedMartin an absolutely contemporary composerwho, although delighting in Impressionisticcolouring, is entertaining and possessing a lighttouch.

    martinrevue22013 | 17

    Performance of the ballet Who Is the Most Powerful in the World? in February 1927 in the National Theatre, Prague: Helena tpnkov dancing as Miss Mouse and Emanuel Famra dancing as Wind photo: archive of the national theatre, prague

    the most powerful in the world?

  • despite the three presentnatural elements (Sun, Cloudand Wind) is finally given toa prince. With regard to thefact that the parents arestated in the programmeas the Ringmaster and theRingmasters Wife, it wouldhave been more fitting toset the lead characters inthe given milieu than makethem the Prince and Princess they could be, for instance,acrobats, tightrope-walkersor clowns. Nevertheless,the revisions to the originallibretto have not reducedthe comprehensibility of thestory, which, in addition,is explained by the actressBarbora Hrznov from

    a sound recording. The ballets staging features an impressive

    graphic element: a set design that refers tothe time of the works origination the 1920s,the decade when abstraction, surrealism andDadaism were engendered and the artistic avant-garde outraged with its novel conceptions. Thedesigner Vladimr Houdek openly embraces thesetrends, playing with the details of variousabstract images projected on to the back screen,while each of the tabourets on which the pro -tago nists sit down during the performance hasa different shape and bears bold geometricalpatterns. Houdeks stage design renders thetimelessness of the ballet, which in musical termsmirrors the trends of the time and concurrentlyretains the composers prolific invention. Com -pared to the set design, less elaborate are thecostumes designed by Monika kov, whofocuses more on interesting masks than refine -ment of the attire (the dancers, alias Sun Rays,in baggy overalls initially come across a little bitlike grown-up toddlers).

    In the new production of the ballet, Martinsmusic is heard from a recording made by thePrague Symphony Orchestra conducted by JiBlohlvek, which resounds through the moder -ate space of the Ponec Theatre, fully replacinga live performance. Hana Polansk Turekov has

    at the Volkstheater Rostock (choreographerand stage director: Wladimir Fedianin); in 2009it was staged to great acclaim by pupils of theBohuslav Martin Primary Arts School in Polika.

    THE NEW PRAGUE CHAMBER BALLETPRODUCTION

    The most recent production of Who Is theMost Powerful in the World?, premiered on18 February 2013, is that of the Prague Cham -ber Ballet, who added the work to their reper -toire as a stand-alone performance for schools.In Prague, the ballet is presented in the alter -native space of the Ponec Theatre, as well as inthe Church of St. Simon and Jude. The one-act,fifty-minute opus has been pre pared by HanaPolansk Turekov (b. 1980), who previouslydanced at the National Theatres in Brno andPrague, and since 2012 has been a choreogra -pher and member of the Artistic Board of thePrague Chamber Ballet.

    The essence of the original Martin librettohas not been modified, yet the action is set ina circus milieu, which makes it possible to givefree rein to the imagination, just as the originalfairy tale about mice does. In this story too,parents seek a suitable groom, the most power -ful in the world, to marry their daughter, who

    In comparison with the music, the criticspaid only sporadic attention to the choreogra -phy, merely mentioning the performers in pass -ing. Boleslav Vomka wrote of Remislav sksseemly stage direction and dances, highlightingtoo the distinct performances of Helena t -pnkov, Louisa ern, Zdenka Zabylov andEmanuel Famra (Wind). According to Doleil,the choreographer Remislavsk and the setdesigner Frantiek Berger came into their own,with Remislavsk affording the mimic actioncomprehensibility and both soloists and corpsfaring well. The critic praised Zabylovsperformance of the Sun Prince as subtle andgracious, and praised ern for her heroicportrayal of the Mouse Prince, while Helenatpnkov was complimented as a youngmouse lady with all the goods. (Lidov listy,19 February 1927).

    The ballet Who Is the Most Powerful in theWorld? marked a turning point in Martinsuvre, even though the composer himselfviewed it as a step backwards perhapsowing to its being lighter, more unrestrainedand lithesome than his previous, more seriouslyconceived, works. When the libretto was pub -lished, it was introduced by Vtzslav Nezvalstext, replete with high-flown proclamationsand fervour, echoing similar proclamationsmade by Les Six and their intellectual leader,Jean Cocteau. Even though, when comparedwith Istar, the critical responses to Who Isthe Most Powerful in the World? were muchmore posi tive, the piece was given a mere sixadditional performances (22 and 26 February,9 and 14 and 26 March, 21 September 1927).Martin would only return to the NationalTheatre stage in 1933, with the ballet palek,H. 214 yet his dance burlesque was not revivedin Prague.

    In 1960, Who Is the Most Powerful in theWorld? was produced as a puppet performancechoreographed and directed by Eva Krschlov;in 1973 it was staged by Eva Maltov at thePeoples School of Arts in Pardubice, and in2005 the title, as choreographed by TanjaPezdir, was included in the repertoire of theLjubljana Opera.

    On 23 March 2008, the ballet had a well-received premiere (+4 more performances)

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  • succeeded in finding a distinctive vocabulary ofmovement and making use of all thepossibilities of the small ensemble, whereby theindividual dancers portray multiple roles.

    At the beginning, we see the shadows of thethree elements behind backlit screens. Duringthe course of the production, a flexible wallfrom cut strips is employed, from which atsome moments only certain parts of thedancers bodies heads, arms, legs protrude.The Princesss parents move like puppets andtheir isolated phased motion comes across asslapstick. The Wind crosses the stage on roller-skates several times, the Sun Rays are repre -sented by the arms of the four dancers, whose

    lithe and waving arms now and then assumethe poses of an Indian dance and etch in themovement of a revolving circle from a struc -tured material, which is an integral part of thebackdrop.

    The variations do not reflect the steps of thedances quoted in the music, with earthboundpositions predominating sometimes, it wouldseem there are too many of them, especiallywhen the rhythm and melody urge waltz stepsor more high-flown jumps. The Prince and thePrincess could at least for a while whirl in thewaltz rhythm, yet they never do. Acrobaticelements are scanty too: the odd cartwheel,a little bit of juggling, even though the chosen

    circus milieu provides a wide range of possibil -ities, which would perhaps be more thoroughlyexploited by todays cool nouveau cirque genre.

    Each of the characters renders the deter -mined role and action by means of physicalexpression. The choreographer focuses on boldgesture, conceiving the given situation in itsurgency, or lightness. An unforgettable passageis the dispute between the daughter (Princess)and the mother (Ringmasters Wife), with thelatter wanting to control and impose on herchild an uncompromising decision sharpmove ments led in direct lines depict the domi -nance with which the mother, Lenka Blkov,enforces her will. Towards the end of theargument, however, the initially pliant, roundcurves of the frail Nikol neiderovs physiqueassume a curtness and strength. Very goodtoo is the rendition of the moments of mutualenthralment between the two central charac -ters in softly nuanced movement and aninteresting partnership chime. Knowledge ofacademic dance technique is evident in theample shaping, in which we perceive thechoreographers sense of modelling movementin various dynamic and spatial variations.

    The performance of the ballet Who Is theMost Powerful in the World? is visually pure,while the graphic aspect and dance forma harmonic whole. Owing to its conception andintelligibility, it holds the interest of both adultsand children, thus opening scope for theappreciation of the demanding music, visualarts and dance.

    PRAGUE CHAMBER BALLET WHO IS THE MOST POWERFUL IN THE WORLD?Choreography: Hana Polansk TurekovSets and costumes: Vladimr Houdek,Monika kovScript: Eva KolkovLighting design: Pavel KotkPremiere: 18 February 2013 at the PonecTheatre, Prague

    BIBLIOGRAPHYErisman, Guy: Martin Un musicien lveil

    des sources, Paris, Acte Sude, 1990Halbreich, Harry: Bohuslav Martin, Werkverzeichnis

    und Biografie, Mainz, Schott Music, 2007Mihule, Jaroslav: Martin, osud skladatele,

    Karolinum, 2002afrnek, Milo: Bohuslav Martin ivot a dlo,

    Sttn hudebn nakladatelstv, 1961

    martinrevue22013 | 19

    The most recent production of Who Is the Most Powerful in the World?in February 2013 Prague Chamber Ballet photo: ji thn

  • record

    ings

    appeared in 2010 and was also well received.In January of this year these artists again cametogether at the Korunn studios in Prague torecord a new album. Naxos 8.572310 is due forrelease in December and will feature twenty-five more songs. They are all first recordingsapart from Three Songs for the CabaretRed Seven, H. 129 of 1920. Among them,Koukl regards the cycle Msce, H.135, datingfrom 1922, as unique in its use of denseharmonies, not to be found in any of thecomposer's earlier or later works.

    Koukl has collected sufficient songs to filltwo further albums, including fresh discoveriesnot listed in the Halbreich catalogue. Bothexist ing CDs received financial support fromindividual members of the IMC and it is to behoped that funds will be forthcoming to enablethe additional discs to be published. This inde -fati gable artist has also recently recorded worksby Tcherepnin and Tansman, both friends ofMartin from the time of his Paris sojourn. Onecan envisage an intriguing recital of works bythese three contemporaries, but it will requirea brave sponsor to promote such an event.

    There can be no doubt that, through hisseries of recordings, Giorgio Koukl has done morethan any other pianist since Rudolf Firkunto bring the piano works of Martin to inter na -tional attention. Lovers of the music will beprofoundly grateful for his dedicated effortson behalf of the composer.

    Koukl, whose enthusiastic promotion of thecom poser's works continues unabated.

    GIORGIO KOUKL'S LEGACYGiorgio Koukl was born in Prague in 1953 andstudied at the State Music School and Conser -vatoire. Following the events of 1968, his familyleft Czechoslovakia and settled in Lugano inSwitzerland where he adopted the Italianisedversion of his first name Ji.

    He continued his studies at the Zurich andMilan Conservatoires and participated in RudolfFirkun's masterclass at the 1971 Lucerne Fes -tival. This stimulated his interest in the pianoworks of Martin. He began to include them inhis recitals and performances were broadcastby the Swiss and German radio net works. As hisrepertoire widened, he approached record com -panies with a view to producing a Martin com -pilation, but none showed interest, believingsuch a disc would not be commercially viable.

    Naxos came to the rescue and eventuallyagreed to release a comprehensive series ofrecordings of Martin's piano works. The initialCD appeared in 2004. The project proceeded onthe basis that the artist would bear the cost ofproducing the recordings. The resulting albums,which include many first recordings, drewcritical acclaim.

    With the soprano Jana Wallingerov, Kouklnext turned to the composer's early unpub -lished songs. A CD of these delightful settings

    / GREGORY TERIAN

    Klaus Heymann, a German-born entrepreneurand music lover, launched the Naxos label in1987. Based in Hong Kong, he had previouslyacted as a distributor of American audio equip -ment and later set up an agency to promoteseveral European record labels in the Far East,including Supraphon. He went on to establishhis own HK label which specialised in Chinesesymphonic music and would later featurerecordings by the Hong Kong Philharmonic withwhich Heymann became closely associated.In parallel, the Marco Polo label was createdto present less familiar orchestral repertoirein recordings emanating mostly from EasternEurope. One release featured Martin's Epicof Gilgames, H. 351 performed by the SlovakPhilharmonic under Zdenk Koler.

    The emergence of Naxos resulted in a steadystream of CD releases of the standard classics,issued at unmatched budget prices. Initiallythey had limited appeal for specialist collectors.To compete at this level, Naxos necessarilyengaged young and less well known artists.How ever, the volume of sales achieved wasbeyond all expectations and this was to havea pro found impact on the international recordscene. Commercially, the most successful ofthese recordings proved to be that of Vivaldi'sFour Seasons as performed by the Japaneseviolinist Takako Nishizaki, the wife of KlausHeymann.

    As Naxos prospered, so the range of itsrecorded repertoire expanded and embracedthe works of Martin. The first CD of his music,recorded at the 1994 Australian Chamber MusicFestival, included the String Quintet, H. 164and Piano Quartet No.1, H. 287. Artists partici -pating included the late Daniel Adni and Isabellevan Keulen.

    The catalogue of Martin works has contin -ued to grow, providing collectors with access toa wide range of the composer's music at modestcost. It now ranks second only to Supraphon inthe scope of its CD recordings. Two recent discshave featured the Piano Trios and the completeballet score of the Revue de cuisine, H. 161.The roster of artists now includes such notableinterpreters as the Martin Quartet and Giorgio

    20 | martinrevue22013

    the naxos martin recordings

    Giorgio Koukl & Jana Wallingerov

  • 1989The Epic of Gilgamesh (H.351)Ivan Kusnjer, tefan Margita, LudkVele, Eva Depoltov, Milan Karpek,Slovak Philharmonic Choir andOrchestra, Zdenk Koler Naxos 8.555138(formerly on Marco Polo 8.223316)

    1994String Quintet (H.164); Piano QuartetNo. 1 (H.287); Oboe Quartet (H.315);Sonata No. 1 for Viola and Piano(H.355)Charmian Gadd, Slomia Soroka,Rainer Moog, Theodore Kuchar, Young-Change Cho; Isabelle vanKeulen, Daniel Adni; Joel Marangella,Alexander Ivashkin, Kathryn Selby Naxos 8.5539161995Symphonies Nos. 1 and 6 (FantasiesSymphoniques) (H.289 and H.343); Symphonies Nos. 2 and 4 (H.295 andH.305); Symphonies Nos. 3 and 5(H.299 and H.310)Ukraine National Symphony Orchestra,Arthur Fagen Naxos 8.553348-50

    Sonata for Flute, Violin and Piano(H.254); Trio for Flute, Cello and Piano(H.300); Promenades for Flute, Violinand Piano (H.274); Madrigal Sonatafor Flute, Violin and Piano (H.291)Feinstein Ensemble Naxos 8.553459

    String Quartets Nos. 4, 5 and 7 (H.256,H. 268 and H.314) (Vol.3)Martin Quartet Naxos 8.553784

    1996String Quartets Nos. 3 and 6 (H.183and H.312); Duo No.2 for Violin andCello (H.371); Three Madrigals forViolin and Viola (Duo No.1) (H.313)(Vol. 2)Martin Quartet Naxos 8.553783

    1997String Quartets Nos. 1 & 2 (H.117 andH.150); Three Horsemen (Ti jezdci)(H.1) (Vol. 1)Martin Quartet Naxos 8.553782

    Sonatas Nos. 13 for Cello and Piano(H.277, H.286 and H.340); Ariette for Celloand Piano (H.188B); Seven Arabesquesfor Cello and Piano (H.201) (Vol. 1)Sebastian & Christian Benda Naxos 8.5545022000Variations on a Theme of Rossini(H.290); Variations on a SlovakFolk Song (H.378); Nocturnes (FourStudies for Cello and Piano (H.189);Six Pastorales (H.190); SuiteMiniature (H.192) (Vol.2)Sebastian & Christian Benda Naxos 8.554503

    2002Fantasy for Ondes Martenot, Oboe,String Quartet and Piano (H.301)Thomas Bloch, Marek Statowski,Bernard Wisson, Pomeranian Quartet Naxos 8.55577920022007Sextet for Piano and WindInstruments (H.174); Sonata No. 1for Flute and Piano (H.306); Sonatafor Flute, Violin and Piano (H.254);Trio for Flute Cello and Piano (H.300)J. Ferrillo, T. Martin, H. Martinson,S. Nelson, S. Pinkas, R. Ranti, R. Ryder,F. Smith Naxos 8.572467

    2003New Miniatures (Nov palek)(H.288); Two Ballads to Folk Poemsfor Alto (Dv balady (H.228);Saltimbanques from Three Songsto Poems by Apollinaire (H.197);Vocalise -Etude (H.188); Four Songson Czech Folk Texts (tyi psn)(H.282bis); Four Childrens Songs andNursery Rhymes (tyi dtsk psna ikadla) (H.225); Three Songs forChristmas (H.184bis); A Love Carol(Koleda milostn) (H.259); A Wish forMother (Pn mamince) (H. 279bis);Songs from The Miracles of Mary(Hry o Marii) (H.235)(with Polka and Waltz from paliek)Olga ern, Jitka echov Naxos 8.5574942004Eight Preludes (H.181); Windowon the Garden (Fentre sur le Jardin)(H.270); Fables (H.138); Trois Esquisses(H.160); Christmas (Vnoce) (H.167);Dance Sketches (Esquissesde Danses) (H.220); Foxtrot (H.126bis)(Vol. 1)Giorgio Koukl Naxos 8.557914

    2005Piano Quintets Nos. 1 & 2 (H.229 andH. 298); Sonata for Two Violins andPiano (H.213)Karel Korek, Martin Quartet Naxos 8.557861

    Puppets (Les Marionnettes) (H.92,H.116 and H.137); Film en Miniature(H.148); Spring in the Garden (H.125);Butterflies and Birds of Paradise(Papillons et Oiseaux de Paradis)(H.127); The Fifth Day of the FifthMoon (H.318); Les bouquinistesdu quai Malaquais (H.319) (Vol.2) Giorgio Koukl Naxos 8.557918

    2006Piano Sonata No. 1 (H.350); Fantasieet Toccata (H.281); Etudes and Polkas(Books I, II and III) (H.308); ThreeCzech Dances (H.154) (Vol. 3 )Giorgio Koukl Naxos 8.557919

    Seven Czech Dances (Borov) (H.195);Les Ritournelles (Ritornely) (H.227);Four Movements (QuatreMouvements) (H.170); A Note ina Scrapbook (Lstek do pamtnku)(Albumblatt Nos. 1 and 2) (H.222 andH.241); Improvisation (H.333); DumkasNos. 1, 2 and 3 (H.249, H. 250, andH.285bis); Adagio (H.362); For Dancing(Pro Tanec) (H.158); Bagatelle (H.323);Rujana (H.100); Barcarolle (H.326);Prelude on the Theme of theMarsellaise (H.85); Prelude No. 2(H.86); Instructive Duo for the Nervous(H.145); Procession of the Cats onSolstice Night (H.122); Piece for theLittle Evas (H.242); Mazurka (H.284);Par T.S.F. (H.173bis); Scherzo(H.138bis); Untitled (H.141); Prelude(H.140) (Vol. 4)Giorgio Koukl Naxos 8.570215

    2008Six Polkas (1916)(H.101); Five Waltzes(H.5) (Vol. 5)Giorgio Koukl Naxos 8.572175

    Esquisses I (Skici)(H.203); Jeux, SeriesI and II (H.205 and 206); Three LyricPieces (H.98); Black Bottom (H.165);Evening at the Shore (H.128); Songwithout Words (H.46); Nocturne (H.95);Chanson Triste (H.36) (Vol.6)Giorgio Koukl Naxos 8.572024

    A Fairy-Tale of Goldilocks (Pohdkao Zlatovlsce) (H.28); From AndersensFairy-Tales (Z pohdek Andersenovch)(H.42); Ballade, the last chords ofChopin (Ballada, posledni akordyChopinovy) (H.56); Merry Christmas1941 to Hope Castagnola (H.286bis);The Little Lullaby (122bis); La Danse(H.177); Le Train hant (H.258);Prlude (H.178); Foxtrot narozenna rku (H.123bis); Spring (Jaro)(H.127ter); Four Childrens Pieces(Dtsk skladby) (H.221); Avec un doigt(H.185) (Vol. 7)Giorgio Koukl (with Chiara Solari) Naxos 8.572025

    Piano Concertos Nos. 3 (H.316) and 5(Fantasia Concertante) (H.366);Concertino for Piano and Orchestra(H.269)Giorgio Koukl, Bohuslav MartinPhilharmonic Orchestra Zln,Arthur Fagen Naxos 8.572206

    Sonata No.1 for Viola and Piano (H.355)Sarah-Jane Bradley, Antony Hewitt Naxos 8.572533

    2009Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 2 and 4(H.149, H.237 and H.358) Giorgio Koukl, Bohuslav MartinPhilharmonic Orchestra Zln,Arthur Fagen Naxos 8.572373

    La revue de cuisine (H.161A);Harpsichord Concerto (H.246);Chamber Music No. 1 (H.376);Les Rondes (H. 200)Holst-Sinfonietta, Klaus Simon Naxos 8.5724852010Sonata for Violin and Piano in C(H.120); Concerto for Violin and Piano(H.13); Sonatine for Violin and Piano(H.262)Stephen Shipps, Dmitri Vorbiev Naxos 8.572282(currently available on download only)

    Six Simple Songs (est prostch psn)(H.110); Three Lullabies (Tiukolbavky) (H.146bis); Two SmallSongs in Folk Idiom (Dv psnikyv nrodnm slohu) (H.14); Two Songs onRussian Poetry (Dv psn na ruskoupoezii) (H.135bis); Three Goethelieder(H.94); The Gnats Wedding (Komrovasvatba) (H.75); Three Childrens Songs(Ti dtsk psniky) (H.146); Dead Love(Mrtv lska)(H.44); Czech Riddles(esk hdanky) (H.277bis); Two Songs(Dv psn) (H.31); I am Striding,Striding Between the Hills (Krm,krm mezi vrchy) (H.74bis); How Dearto me the Hour (Jak mil as) (H.106);Blissfulness (tst to dost) ( H.81);Tears (Slzy) (Vilm) (H.41); MoodDrawing (Nladov kresta) (H.29);A Song of 1st November (Pse prvnholistopadu) (H.72); A Girls Dreams (Dvsny) (H.22); When we are both Old (Abudeme sta) (H.10); Before you KnowIt (Ne se nadje) (H.6); Night afterNight in Deams I see You (Noc tebekadou drah, zm) (H. 57); La Nuitfrom Three Songs to French Texts(Ti pisn na Francouzsk texty)(H.88/3); Lifes over for Me (Konecvemu (H.43); At Night (V noci) (H.30);Old Song (Star pse) (H.74); Song onan Old Spanish text (Pse nastaropanlsk text) (H.87); A Songabout Kissing (Pse o hubikch)(H.27bis); I Know a Nice Green Grove(Vm hjiek pkn zelen) (H.273)Jana Wallingerov, Giorgio Koukl

    Naxos 8.5725882012Piano Trios Nos. 1 (Cinq picesbrves), 2 and 3 (H.193, H.327 andH.332); Bergerettes for Violin, Celloand Piano (H.275)Arbor Piano Trio Naxos 8.572251

    A complete CD Discography ofMartin music by W. Marsden can be

    downloaded on www.martinu.cz section DOWNLOAD

    martinrevue22013 | 21

    martin naxos recordings(listed by year of recording)Compiled by William Marsden

  • martin

    s

    medal

    Pilka pursued manyactivities underpseudo nyms, and heand his family livedvery much from oneday to the next. Whenhe was appointed dra maturge of thePardubice ChamberOrchestra, largelyowing to the effortsof the con ductor LiborPeek, Pilka was at lastafforded the oppor -tunity to bring to bearhis comprehensiveknowledge of musichistory and connectthe expectations ofthe East Bohemianaudience with Peeksendeavour to elevatethe youngest Czechorchestra to a higherlevel by giving themdemanding taskswithin which20th-century music,including that ofBohuslav Martin,played a significantrole.

    In the wake of the1989 revolution, Pilka

    finally assumed jobs he had long had the abilityto do: editor-in-chief of the music broadcastsection of Czech Television, director of thePrague Symphony Orchestra and, finally, direc -tor of the Golden Prague TV festival, a posthe held for five years.

    In 2009, he was elected a member of theSupervisory Board of the Bohuslav MartinFoundation.

    Ji Pilka is highly deserving of the medalowing to his selfless work on behalf of Czechmusic and Bohuslav Martins legacy. May hecontinue to serve music for a long time to cometo an extent commensurate with his abilities.

    / Ivan traus

    a handful of enlightened people in the rulingclass he would not have been allowed tocomplete his studies.

    Finding a job after graduating was reallydifficult for a person burdened with his past.Fortunately, there was always someone whocould take Pilka under their protective wing;for instance, Karel ebnek, a close friendof the Martins, under whose patronage hepacked orchestral materials at the CzechMusic Fund.

    The national lifting of spirits during thePrague Spring in 1968 finally opened the doorto a job corresponding to his abilities, yet allthe harder was the rude awakening after thoseheady days and the onset of Normalisation.

    AT ITS MEETING on 18 March 2013, the Boardof the Bohuslav Martin Foundation awardedDr. Ji Pilka a Bohuslav Martin medal. Byreceiving this honour, he joined the illustriouscompany of previous holders, including JiBlohlvek, Sir Charles Mackerras, GennadyRozhdestvensky, Josef Suk, Rudolf Firkunand other distinguished artists.

    Ji Pilka was granted this accolade in recog -nition of his relentless endeavours to rescueone of the most endangered species on Earth artistic music. He has done so by means ofhundreds of lectures, commentaries, concertsfor schools, 23 books about music written inrefined Czech, invitations to share the myster -ies and joys of music, offering excursions toa higher realm, eschewal of stony platitude.Through erudite and emphatic insight into thecreative process of numerous artists whosespiritual wealth has become the property ofthe entire world of culture. By discovering thelaws and relations at the crossroads of history,fact and hypothesis.

    Ji Pilkas personality was initially formedby his family environment his mother wasa piano teacher, his father an auditor at theMinistry of Finance in Prague whose workduties led him in 1936 to Psek, a town witha busy cultural life at the time, where the beau -tiful local theatre continued to give perform -ances even during the Nazi occupation. Thesituation regarding concerts, however, was notas good Pilka did not see an opera productionuntil he was 16 and only got to hear a sym -phony a year later, when he travelled to thetown of Suice to attend a concert given by theCzech Philharmonic Orchestra conducted byRafael Kubelk.

    Despite his mothers best efforts to makea pianist of her son, it soon became apparentthat he had neither the requisite patience norany compositional talent. Nevertheless, Ji Pilkaloved music and so began studying musicologyat Charles University in Prague. Life in the1950s was not easy for a sharp-witted youngman with opinions of his own who did not wantto serve the Communists and secretly con -tinued to be a member of a Scout groupestablished after the war. He was even lockedup in prison for half a year, and if it were not for

    22 | martinrevue22013

    ji pilka

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    9th NovemberSlowind (Slovenia)Arditti String Quartet (Great Britain)

    13th November*)Luigi Nono La lontananza nostalgica utopica futura (David Danel, Jan Trojan)

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    Koukl takes his place at the top table of Martin performers on recordAs a

    complete cycle this set has no rivalsMusicWeb International

    The Martin Quartet gets inside themusic with a conviction borne of intimate knowledge; a near definitive performance

    BBC Music Magazine

    These are both radiant symphonies, life-enhancing and infectious in their

    rhythmic vitality and luminous texturesPenguin Guide

    The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the finest products of Martin's rich final decade...This performance has much to recommend it

    BBC Music Magazine

    The performances are lively and spiritedand the recording eminently natural

    Penguin Guide

    For more information about the full range of Naxos releases or to register for our monthly newsletter, please visit www.naxos.comFor a free catalogue, please contact your local Naxos distributor: UK: email: [email protected]

    Listen to all Naxos recordings on The Naxos Music Library www.NaxosMusicLibrary.com

    naxos.com

  • The Musicians ChoiceBrenreiter Praha

    B MARTIN

    cycle of four masterful cantatas set to texts by Miloslav Bure

    LEGEND FROM THE SMOKE OF POTATO FIRES

    H 2996 score

    H 2996a set of instrumental parts:NOW available for sale!

    MIKESH FROM THE HILLS

    H 2992 score

    H 2992a set of instrumental parts:NOW available for sale!

    ROMANCE FROM THE DANDELIONS

    H 2997 score

    OPENING THE WELLS H 2122 score with instrumentalparts

    re-edition of the original publication vocal texts and prefaces in Czech, English and German

    www.baerenreiter.cz www.baerenreiter.com

    LEO JANEK

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    Sinfonietta Taras Bulba

    LEO JANEKBEDICH SMETANA

    SERGEY PROKOFIEV

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