The String Theory

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Text of The String Theory

1

(Theory of Everything)

, (natural philosophy) (algebra) (Geometry) ( Calculus) ( (Leibniz) 14 ) , , , ,

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2 , (Theoretical) /(Observation/Experimental) ,

Philosophi Naturalis Principia Mathematica( Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, ) , 1456,1531

1607 1758 , ( ), ( ellipse) , , , , ! , Philosophic

Naturalise Principia Mathematica , ,

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18 19 , , 20 , 1905 -1915 , ,

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4 , , : 1. :

2. , 3.

, ,

- , - , 1911 ,

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, , -

1803 1897 1900 :

1905 - ,

1911 , 1924 (Louis de Broglie) ,

1932 30

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6 (Standard Model) :1. : , ,

- 2. : (Uncertainty Principle) - , , , , ! (God does not play dice)! , , : (Superposition) (Observer Effect) , , , ? , 3. : (Quantum

Entanglement) , (, , , ) , () ,, , - 4. :

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7 (Standard Model) (Standard Model) , 20 1970 (1977), (1995) (2000) (Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking) 1960 1967 (-- ) (Standard Model)

(Standard Model) : " " W Z ( ) 1973-74 , : ,

1. (Standard Model) 1/2 12 (fermions) - (spinstatistics theorem) (Pauli exclusion principle) ( ) () (anti-particle) (, ,, , , ) (, , , ,, ) (color confinement), , ( )

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() (hadrons) (baryons) , : , (, )

2. , , : 1. : 2. W+, W Z : ( ) 3. 4. : , , !

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, , ? , (Black Hole) , ( ) (Singularity) ( infinity)

! , , !

: , , , ,

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:

: / /

:

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10 : ( ) , , - :

: , ! : , , , (Superposition) (Superposition)

: , , , (The Big Bang),

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: , ? ( 0 dimension object) (microscope) (Loop of String) , , , , (Standard Model) , , : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ? ? ? - ? - ?

?: , 10 -33 [10 -33 1. - 2. 3. , 4. - 5. - 6.

32 1] : ,

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12 / (Worldsheet) , ,

,

, 2 , ( ) , ( infinity)

/

,

(perturbation theory) , , (perturbation theory) , (set of approximation schemes), (perturbation theory) --(quantum mechanical amplitudes)

2 :

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13 ,

(exponentially)

--(quantum mechanical amplitudes)

() - -

, 1970 , ( ) (Space) (mass) , (Tension) (Special Relativity) : , , , , , () ,

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, , , , , , -(Space-Time) 26 25 (3 ) 1 26 , 26 , 26 , ( imaginary number : -1 ) (Tachyon) , , , , -(Frquency Spectrum) -2 , (0 ) , ,

, / ( )

, ,