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  • 1. 12 4 13 PRE - ADMISSION ONLINE www.mamalover.net www.247friend.net . 2 12 22 28. 33 36 38 42 1

2. O-net . 1. (environment) 2 (community) 1 (habitat) (teres-trial habitat) (aquatic habitat) : - (gall) (Mutualism)- (Lichens) - (Rhizobium) (Food Relationship) (Food chain) 4-5 (ecosystem) 2 3. (Heterotrophic organism) (Autotrophic organism) (Herbivore) (Consumer) (Carnivore) (Omnivore) (Scavenger) (Decomposer) ()1. 1,000 2. 700 3. 600 4. 500 5. 400 6. 200-300 7. : 25% 45% 25% 5% 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. (Wetlands) 1. (Dissolved Oxygen) DO DO 5-7 DO 3 2. (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) BOD BOD 3. (Coliform bacteria) (mpn/1) 10 10,000 25,000 (Global Warming) CO2 (Green House Effect) 3 4. (Ozone Depletion) (CFC) UVC , (Sustainable Development) / (Reduce) (Reuse) (Recycle) (Succession) 1. 2. 3. 4. / 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. 10.00 . 22.00 . 1. 2. 3. pH 4. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. herbivore 2. carnivore 3. omnivore4. decomposer6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 7. (pioneer species) 1. 2. 3. 4. 4 5. 8. . . - 1. (Bioaccumulation)2. (Biological Magnification)3. (Eutrophication)4. (Global warming)9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. Nuclear membraneNucleus Chromosome Nucleoplasm Cytoplasm Inclusion Nucleolus Organell - Endoplasmic reticulum (E.R.)- Ribosome - Golgi complex - Centriole - Mitochondria- Microtubule - Chloroplast - Lysosome () (ATP) () () 5 6. 1. 2. (Antidiuretic Hormone/ ADH ) ADH 3. - - (H+) H+ CO2 H+ ( ) CO2 H+ pH H+ pH 4. pinocytosisPassive Transport Active Transport Endocytosisphagocytosis simple diffusion Exocytosis diffusion facilitated diffusionCytopempsisosmosis imbibitionion exchange (ContractileVacuole) : : 5. ( 35.8 - 37.7 oC) 6 7. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. pH 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.1. 2. 3. 4. 6.1. 2. 3. 4. 7.1. (antidiureticm hormone : ADH)2. 3. 4. 8. DNA . . . . 1. 2. 3. 4. 9.1. 2. 3. 4. 10. (isotonic solution) 1. 2. 3. 4. 7 8. 3. ()1:160 2 1. (phagocyte) 5 2. (lymphocyte) 1. ( ) 2. 3. (antigen) (antibody) 4-7 : 8 9. -1 10 1 2-3 10 2 4-5 3 6-7 1 1/2-2 9-12 10 1 2-3 2 4-5 3 6-7 1 1/2-2 4-7 10-30 10 ABO 4 A B AB O 2 A B (allergy) SLE (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome : AIDS) HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus) HIV HIV ( ) : 2 - Expiry Date Exp. Date - Mfd Mfd. date 5 9 10. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. : T/T T T/t 2 T t : AaBb AaBB AaBb AB, Ab, aB, ab AaBB AB, aB 8 AABB AABb AaBB AaBb AaBB AaBb aaBB AABb 1. - 2 2. - 2 3. (autosome) (genotype) - (pedigree) 2 ABO 4 6 () AA AA I BIB IB i A bA, OB I I I iB aB, OABIAIB AB -Oii -abO 1. 2. 3. A O 4. Rh+ Rh- 5. 45 X Y (sex-linked gene, x-linked gene) -6- G-6-PD X X (carrier) 10 11. - - A B O 1. (mutation) DNA - 2. (Theory of Natural Selection) 3. 105 100 6 15 105 150 (Biotechnology) 1. (Genetic Engineering) : DNA DNA GMO (Genetically Modified Organism)2. (Cloning) : (cloning) ( ) 1. A B O O 1. 1 2. 1 3. 14. 1248 162. 1. X 2. 3. 4. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. 1. 23 2. 3. 92 4. X Y 11 12. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 6. stem cell 1. 2. 3. 4. 7. C1. : X Y, : XCXc, : XCY, : XCXcc2. : X Y, : XCXC, : XcY, : XC Xc cC3. : XCY, : X CX , : X C : X C c ccc Y,X4. : X Y, : X Xc, : X Y, : X Xc8. (plasmid) DNA (recombinant DNAtecology) 1. DNA 2. DNA3. 4. 9.1. 2. 3. 4. 10. (genetic adaptation)1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 1.1 (carbohydrate ; sacharide) (CH2O) 1 4 3 1. () C5H10O5 C6H12O6 () ( 2 ) ( 7% 5%) 90-110 mg : 100 cm3 glucose 0.6-0.9% 12 13. Glucoseinsulinglycogen() glucagon() CuO 160 300 2. () + = + = + = 3. () 50,000 (Polysacharide) (Dextrin) 1.2 (Lipid)- 1 Glycerol (C3H8O3) 1 O ( ) + Fatty 3 R - C OH - - - (acrolien) - () D A D E K 1 9 1. (Hydrogenation) () Pt H2 2. (Saponification) () NaOH+ UV 1. E 2. (Cholesterol) 3. 3 VLDL, LDL, HDL 13 14. 1.3 (Protein) 1 20 2 (CuSO4 + NaOH) O H2N - CH C OH R R O OO O HN CH C NH CH C NH CH CNH CH C CH3CH3CH3 CH3 - 1 4 : - ( 100%) (3-12 ) (2 ) (II) () () 1.4 (Nucleic acid) C H O N P 2 1. (RNA) Phosphate [P] Base (N)2. (DNA) Phosphate [P] Base (N) DNA 2 (A) (T) (G) (C)14 15. 1. . .. A C G A T T G C . . 1. 2. T G G T AAC G G C A AC C GT 3. 4. G C A AT C G TT G C A TA C G2. 1. C14H28O2 2. C16H30O2 3. C18H32O2 4. C20H32O23. . - . 3 6 . (3-12 ) (13-17 ) 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 100 75 72 56 1. 100% 2. 100 75 3. 4. 2. 2.1 . . . C 85-92%, H 10-15%, S 0.001-7% 2.2 (..2516) . .(..2524) 80-95 15 16. 1. - (CnH2n+2) - 2 1. (CnH2n) 1 2. (CnH2n-2) 1 2. (CH4) 3. (Liquefied pitroleum gas) LPG C3H8 C4H10 4. (octane number) - = 100 - = 0 - octane 75 MTBE - (C8H18) (C16H34) - + 1:9 95 (oC) 3014 30 11057 65 170 6 12 170 25010 14 250 34014 19 35019 35 40035 40 40040 50 1 = 159 400 501. 1. - 2. 3. 4. 5 2. 6 1. 3 2. 4 3. 5 4. 6 16 17. 3. . NGV . LGV . NGV LGV . 95 5 : 95 1. 2. 3. , 4. , , 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 95 1. 2. 91 3. 95 5 4. 3. 3.1 Polymerization3.2 CH2 = CH2 CH3-(CH2)n-CH3 () 1000 CH3-(CH2)1998-CH3 + + PVC + ()3.3 1. (thermoplastic) plastic recycle 2. (termosettingplastic)3.4 - IR (Isoprene Rubber) - SBR (Styrene Batadiene Rubber) 3.5 2 () (Cuprummonium rayon) 3.6 (SiO2) (RCL) R R O - Si - O - Si R R : 17 18. 1. 1. 66 NH3 2. SiO2 3. SO2 4.HCl2. (SiO2) 1. RR 2. R ClO - Si - O - SiO - Si - O - SiCl Cl nCl R n 3. RCl4.RRO - Si - O - SiO - Si - O - SiRCl nRR n3. 1. 2. IR (isoprene rubber) 3. (II) 4. 6 4. A B C 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 66 3. 4. 4. 4.1 (Exothermic reaction) 4.2 (Endothermic reaction) 4.3 = 4.4 1. 2. 3. 4. (catalyst)5. 18 19. 1. 2NH3 + CO2(g) (NH2)2CO(s) + H2O () () 1 1.6 2 2.6 3 4.0 4 4.2 5 4.2 1. 5 2. - 3. 1.05 4. 4 5 2. 1 4 1 1. 1 2. 2 3. 3 4. 4 3. 1. NO2 NO NO2NO + O 2. S + O2 + H2OH2SO4 3. 4Fe + 3O2 + 2H2O 2H2FeO4 4. Ca(NO3)2 + CO2 + H2OCaCO3 + HNO34. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2KMnO4 + 16HCl 2KCl + 2KnCl2 + 8H2O + 5Cl2 HCl 0.08 Cl2 1. 0.025 2. 0.53. 0.084. 0.2565. 5.1 A A ZXB C 5.2 = 2n2 n 1, 2, 3, 4, ........ 5.3 1. 1A 2A 2. 7A 8A 3. 3A 6A 4. 10 (Transition metal)19 20. 5. 1A-8A 6. ( ) 1. : ( : +, : -) NaCl () CaO () : H2 Cl2 CO2 CH4 2. 1A 2A / 1A + 1 +1 Na : NaCl ( / ) NaOH ( / ) KNO3( / ) 2A 1A 2 +2 Mg2+ 1A 3. 7A (Halogen) 2 F2 Cl2 Br2 I2 7 1 -1 1A 2A : Cl2 (CaOCl) 4. 8A 8 (inert gas) (Kr) (Xe) (Rn) : (He) / (Ne) (Xe) / 20 21. 5. 1A/2A (KmnO4) (CuSO4) 6. (Al) / : : : (Si) - - 7. : A 32 4 A 4 1. A 9, 10, 10 A 1. 2. 3. -14. A Ca CaA2. 20 12.5 28 1. 14 2. 7 3. 3.5 4. 1.75 3. A, B, C D 1. A B 2. C D A 16 15 3. A C B 17 15 4. A C B D C 18 16 D 18 174. 22 . 2 . 2 . 22 4 1. 2. 3. 4. , 21 22. 5. A B C DE 9 11 12 16 17 1.A B A C 2.A D B D 3.B E B D 4.A C A E 1. A B30 ABCD D40 C . A B C D ........... ............ ........... . A C D ........... ............ ........... . A C ........... ............ ........... . .......... ............ ........... 1.1 1. = 2. = 3. 2 m/s2 = = - 1 = ( t1) a = 2 - 12 = ( t2)a = t -t2 1 1.2 (Projectile Motion) () () 1.3 (Circular Motion) 22 23. 1 (period) 1 (frequency) (hertz) : 1.4 (Harmonic Motion) - 1 1 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. W1 g 6 W2 1. W2 2. W1 3. W1 + W24. W1 + W2 g+6 gg+6 6g3. 4.0 10 16 1. 1.6 2. 1.6 3. 2 4. 2 4. 2 1. 0.125 2. 0.253. 2.0 4. 4.05. 1.2. 3.4.6. 40 300 1. 17.5 /22. 12.5 /223. 7.5 /4. 2.5 /27. 2 10 1 1. 3.75 2. 5.5 3. 7.75 4. 10 8. 10 5 /2 g 10 /2 1. 50 2. 100 3. 150 4. 200 9.1. 2. 3. 4. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 23 24. 2. 2.1 1. (Magentic Force) 3 - - - 2. 3. (Solar Wind) - - 2.2 (Electric Field) () 2.3 (Gravitational Force) 9.8 9.8 9.8 2 W = mg W = m = g = 2 1. +++++++++ +q +Y 1. +X O +X+q. 2. -X 3. +Y 4. -Y 2. +q m 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. () 1. 2. 3. 4. 24 25. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 6. 1. ( N) 2. ( S) 3. 4. 3. 3.1 (Mechanical Wave) 2 1. (Transverse Wave) 2. (Longitudinal Wave) 3.2 . () 1 - - ( ) 25 26. 1 f (Hz) 1 T (s) . -- = T T = 1 1 = = T3.3 - (Refection)- (Refraction)- (Diffraction)- (Interference) 2 - (Beats) 2 3.4 1. - 20-20,0002. - (Infrasound) 20 - (Ultrasound) 20,000 - (Sound Intensity) (Sound Intensity