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Vocabulary I 詞匯(词汇)

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Vocabulary I 詞匯(词汇). 西方语言学研究. 语音学与音位学 (phonetics and phonology) 词法学 (morphorlogy) 句法学 (syntax) 语义学 (semantics) 语用学 (pragmatics). 现代汉语研究. 语音学 词汇学 语法学 修辞学. 研究词汇的语言学分支叫作词汇学 西方语言学中研究词汇的部分分别在词法学 (morphology) 和语义学 (semantics) 中. 重要概念. 语素 morpheme 字 character 词 word 词组、短语 phrase - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Vocabulary I 詞匯(词汇)

  • Vocabulary I

  • (phonetics and phonology)(morphorlogy)(syntax)(semantics)(pragmatics)

  • (morphology)(semantics)

  • morpheme character word phrase sentence text

  • morpheme smallest meaningful unit

    free morphemebound morpheme

  • : morpheme n lexical morpheme z lexcical or grammatical morpheme free morpheme rn bound morpheme rzi

  • ---

  • stem

  • affix

    prefix - ----- suffix---- -- inffix -

  • derivationalun-happy, work-er, :

    inflectionalinflectional work-ing, work-ed, happi-ness:

  • word

  • --- ---

  • C D F G H L M N P Q T Y Z

  • a ai an aoang i ian iao in ing uo ong uuei

  • internal structure of compounding words coordinatingsubordinating

  • coordinating

  • subordinating modifier and modified subject-predicative verb-object verb-complement

  • Reduplication

  • http://www.csulb.edu/~txie/461/Readings/hu1983ch3sec2.pdf+ -+ -

  • (1)a

    b c

  • (2)

  • (3)

    a

    b

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