What are the four great ancient civilizations? Ancient Babylon, ancient Egypt, ancient China and ancient India

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  • What are the four great ancient civilizations?Ancient Babylon, ancient Egypt, ancient China and ancient India.

  • Pyramids, Egypt

  • Great Wall of China

  • Petra/pi:tr/(a historical and archaeological city in the south of Jordan)

  • Machu Picchu (a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. It is located in Peru.)

  • Colosseumin Rome

  • Christ the Redeemer[rdi:m(r)30 metres tall)

  • Chichen Itzabuilt by the Maya civilization

  • Taj Mahal, a white marble mausoleum () located in India

  • Pompeii

  • Loulan

  • Do you think it is important to protect cultural heritage? Why or why not

    2. Do you have any suggestions on how to protect it?

  • Fast-readingWhat does the title Lost Civilizations mean?It means ancient buildings, cultures and countries that no longer existed.

  • 1. Where are Pompeii and Loulan?

    2. What is the main similarity between the two cities?

    3. What was Loulan buried beneath?Pomeii is in Italy and Loulan is in China.Both of them became lost civilizations long ago.Loulan was buried beneath the sand.

  • How well did you understand the details in the diary? Read it again carefully and answer the following questions.Careful-reading

  • What happened to Pompeii in August AD 79?A volcano erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside. Many people in Pompeii were buried alive, and so was the city.

  • It was discovered in the 18th century when a farmer found a stone with writing on it. People started to dig in the area for treasure, which caused much damage. Thus, in 1860, the area was put under government protection so it could be preserved and studied.2. How was Pompeii discovered?

  • 3. What were the stepping stones along the road in Pompeii used for?With these stones, people did not have to step in the mud on rainy days.4. Why was Loulan an important city about 2,000 years ago?Because it was a stopping point on the famous Silk Road between the East and the West.

  • 5. According to the last sentence, how did the author feel about the loss of Loulan?She felt that it was a pity.

  • Both Pompeii in ________and Loulan in China became ____ ___________ about 2000 years ago. Pompeii was ________ in the 8th century BC and was _____ _______ by the Romans in 89 BC. On 24th Aug. AD 79, Mount Vesuvius _______ and the city was _______ __________. Loulan was a _________ _________ on the Silk Road. It disappeared under the ________. There are just a few _________ left. Some _________, such as coins and painted pots, was found.Fill in the blanks with proper words.Italy lostcivilizationsfoundedtakenovereruptedburiedalivestoppingpointstormruinstreasure

  • Is it useful for people to study things from the past? Why or why not?2. What can we do to make people have the sense of protecting our civilizations?

  • What do you know about Maya Civilization?

  • The Maya is noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. Initially established during the Pre-Classic period (c. 2000 BC to AD 250), many Maya cities reached their highest state of development during the Classic period (c. AD 250 to 900), and

  • continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish.Advances such as writing, epigraphy, and the calendar did not originate with the Maya; however, their civilization fully developed them.

  • The 10 Most Intriguing Mysteries of Lost CivilizationsEgyptian Treasures in the Grand CanyonAge of the Pyramids and SphinxNazca Lines (found in a desert about 200 miles south of Lima, Peru)Location of Atlantis (Plato wrote about the beautiful, technologically advanced continent-sized island back in 370 B.C.)

  • The 10 Most Intriguing Mysteries of Lost Civilizations5. Mayan Calendar 6. Japan's Underwater Ruins (off the southern shore of Okinawa)7. Voyages to the Americas (People had "discovered" the continent long before Columbus. The truth is we know very little about early, far-traveling cultures.)

  • The 10 Most Intriguing Mysteries of Lost Civilizations8. Sunken City off CubaIn May 2001, a Canadian companyrevealed something unexpected and quite amazing 2,200 feet down: stones laid out in a geometric pattern that looked very much like the ruins of a city.

  • The 10 Most Intriguing Mysteries of Lost Civilizations9. Mu or Lemuria Nearly as famous as Atlantis is the legendary lost world of Mu, sometimes call Lemuria, an Eden-like tropical paradise located somewhere in the Pacific that sunk, along with all of its beautiful inhabitants, thousands of years ago.

  • The 10 Most Intriguing Mysteries of Lost Civilizations10. Caribbean Underwater Pyramids One of the most intriguing tales of the discovery of ruins of a lost civilization is the story of Dr. Ray Brown. In 1970, while diving near the Bari Islands in the Bahamas, Dr. Brown claimed to have come across a pyramid "shining like a mirror" that he estimated was 120 feet tall.

  • Enjoy a song Yesterday Once More.When I was young, Id listen to the radio,Waiting for my favorite songsWhen they played Id sing along It made me smileThose were such happy times And not so long agoHow I wondered where theyd goneBut theyre back again, Just like a long lost friendAll the songs I love so wellEvery sha-la-la-laEvery wo-wo still shines, Every shinga-linga-ling,

  • That theyre starting to sing so fineWhen they get to the partWhere he is breaking her heart It can really make me cry Just like beforeIts yesterday once moreLooking back on how it wasIn years gone by And the good time that I hadMakes today seem rather sadSo much has changedIt was songs of love That I would sing to themAnd Id memorize each word Those old melodies still sound so good to me

  • As they melt the years awayEvery sha-la-la-la Every wo-wo still shines, Every shinga-linga-ling, That theyre starting to sing so fineAll my best memoriesCome back clearly to meSome can even make me cry Just like beforeIts yesterday once moreEvery sha-la-la-laEvery wo-wo still shines, Every shinga-linga-ling, That theyre starting to sing so fine