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www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKSciencewww.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Slide 2 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Spot tests to spot the cheats By: INSERT NAME Slide 3 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience What is a spot test? A spot test is a simple chemical reaction that allows a substance to be identified. HeroinCocaine In drug testing a drug or class of drugs gives a characteristic visible change when mixed with another chemical (the reagent) a sample, such as urine, is tested with the reagent the presence of the drug (or class of drug) is evidenced by the characteristic visible change; this is a positive test if the characteristic change is not seen, it is a negative test Slide 4 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience BCA Now its your turn You have been given three different urine samples from three different athletes: a cyclist (A), an archer (B) and a tennis player (C) You have two different reagents (labelled Y and Z) Reagent Y gives a characteristic red colour if a steroid drug is present Reagent Z gives a characteristic blue colour if a beta-blocker is present Use the reagents to identify which athletes have taken a banned substance Slide 5 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Which two athletes have taken a banned substance? Which class of banned substance did each athlete take? Do your results agree with one another? 1.Place the culture plate on a white piece of paper 2.Mark the columns and rows, as in the diagram 3.Place a drop of urine sample A into the top two wells in column A 4.Place a drop of urine sample B into the top two wells in column B 5.Place a drop of urine sample C into the top two wells in column C 6.Add drops of reagent Y to row Y, and drops of reagent Z to row Z What you have to do Work in pairs. One of you should use the top half of the well plate. The other should repeat the procedure in the bottom half. Slide 6 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience are quick and easy to use are cheap (no complex, expensive equipment needed) allow selection of samples for further analysis can be performed outside the lab Spot tests: the pros They The colour identifies the class of drug. The intensity of the colour is an approximate measure of how much of the drug is present. Slide 7 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience usually only indicate the class of substance (identification of the actual substance requires a different test) dont tell you how much of the banned substance is present dont give a permanent record of the test result Spot tests: the cons Modern instruments can identify the actual drug present, an accurate measure of how much of it is present, and they provide a permanent record. They Slide 8 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Slide 9 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience GlaxoSmithKline and London 2012 By: INSERT NAME Slide 10 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience The Olympic Games the most recognised brand in the world the worlds biggest audience - four billion 10 500 athletes across 205 countries eight million tickets 26 sports 70 000 volunteers Slide 11 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience The Paralympic Games the second biggest event in the world - audience of 1.8 billion 20 sports 471 medal events two million tickets 4200 athletes across 162 countries Slide 12 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Congrats Team GB! Olympics Paralympics Slide 13 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience GlaxoSmithKline Brought Science to the Games GSK formed a ground-breaking partnership with Kings College London to help make London 2012 the cleanest Games possible the anti-doping laboratory operated all day, every day 4910 samples were tested for the Olympic Games 3870 urine and 1040 blood more than 1200 tests were carried out for the Paralympic Games thats more tests than any other Games GSK and London 2012 Slide 14 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Official Laboratory Services Provider Making London 2012 the fairest Games possible will be crucial in making the Games a success. As a company with science at its heart, GlaxoSmithKline is perfectly placed to provide a world class laboratory, in partnership with Kings College, with the capability to carry out more doping tests than ever before. Science plays an integral role in sport and I hope the London 2012 Games inspires more young people to take up roles in sport science related careers. Lord Seb Coe, Chair of the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games GSK and London 2012 Slide 15 www.scientistsinsport.comwww.scientistsinsport.com | Twitter @GSKScience Check out this YouTube channel for videos GSK and London 2012 GSK Vision London 2012: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA2D719CFD3F27508 Visit the Scientists in Sport website for more info Scientists in Sport: http://www.scientistsinsport.com