Yangın Algılama Ve İhbar Sistemlerinin Bağlantıları Ve Montajı

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Yangın Algılama Ve İhbar Sistemlerinin Bağlantıları Ve Montajı

Text of Yangın Algılama Ve İhbar Sistemlerinin Bağlantıları Ve Montajı

  • T.C.

    MLL ETM BAKANLII

    ELEKTRK-ELEKTRONK TEKNOLOJS

    YANGIN ALGILAMA VE HBAR SSTEMLERNN BALANTILARI VE

    MONTAJI

    Ankara, 2012

  • Bu modl, mesleki ve teknik eitim okul/kurumlarnda uygulanan ereve retim Programlarnda yer alan yeterlikleri kazandrmaya ynelik olarak rencilere rehberlik etmek amacyla hazrlanm bireysel renme materyalidir.

    Mill Eitim Bakanlnca cretsiz olarak verilmitir.

    PARA LE SATILMAZ.

  • i

    AIKLAMALAR .................................................................................................................... v GR ....................................................................................................................................... 1 RENME FAALYET1 .................................................................................................... 2 1. YANMA, YANGIN VE YANGIN ALGILAMA KONTROL PANEL VE KONTROL PANELNN MONTAJINI YAPMAK .................................................................................... 2

    1.1. Yangnn Doas ........................................................................................................... 2 1.1.1. Yanma, Yanmann eitleri ................................................................................... 2 1.1.2. Yanmann rnleri ................................................................................................ 3 1.1.3. Yangn, Yangn Snflar ........................................................................................ 5 1.1.4. Yangnn Oluum Safhalar ................................................................................... 6 1.1.5. Yangnn Sebepleri ve Etkenleri ............................................................................ 7 1.1.6. Yangn Yerindeki Tehlikeler ................................................................................. 9

    1.2. Yangn Trleri ............................................................................................................. 11 1.2.1. LPG Yangnlar .................................................................................................... 11 1.2.2. Doal Gaz Yangnlar .......................................................................................... 11 1.2.3. Akaryakt Yangnlar ........................................................................................... 12 1.2.4. Baca Yangnlar ................................................................................................... 12 1.2.5. Elektrik Yangnlar .............................................................................................. 13 1.2.6. Orman Yangnlar ................................................................................................ 14 1.2.7. Ara Yangnlar ................................................................................................... 14 1.2.8. Bina Yangnlar .................................................................................................... 15

    1.3. Yangn Sndrc Maddeler ve Yangn Sndrme lkeleri ....................................... 15 1.3.1. Yangn Snflarna Gre Sndrc Maddeler .................................................... 15 1.3.2. Yangn Sndrme Cihazlar ................................................................................ 16 1.3.3. Yangn Sndrme Prensipleri .............................................................................. 17

    1.4. Yangn Alglama Kontrol Paneli ................................................................................. 18 1.4.1. Yangn Alarm ve hbar Sistemi(YAVS) ............................................................ 18 1.4.2. Yangn Alarm Kontrol Panelinin Yerinin aretlenmesi ..................................... 19 1.4.3. Yangn Alarm Kontrol Panelinin Sabitlenmesi ................................................... 21 1.4.4. Yangn hbar Sistemi Otomatik Telefon Balants ............................................ 21 1.4.5. Yangn hbar Sistemi G Kaynaklar ................................................................. 23

    UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 26 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 30

    RENME FAALYET2 .................................................................................................. 32 2. YANGIN HBAR DEDEKTRLER BALANTILARINI VE MONTAJINI YAPMAK ................................................................................................................................................ 32

    2.1. Yangn Alarm Blgelerinin Belirlenmesi ................................................................... 32 2.1.1. Yangn hbar Sistemlerinin eitleri ................................................................... 32 2.1.2. Yangn Alarm Blgelerinin Tespiti ve Projelendirilmesi .................................... 34

    2.2. Dedektrler ................................................................................................................. 36 2.2.1. Dedektrlerin Mekanik Yaps ............................................................................ 36 2.2.2. Dedektrlerin Elektriksel Balants .................................................................... 36 2.2.3. Dedektr Alglama zellikleri ............................................................................ 40

    2.3. Dedektr eitleri ....................................................................................................... 41 2.3.1. Duman Dedektrleri ............................................................................................ 41 2.3.2. Scaklk Dedektrleri ........................................................................................... 42

    NDEKLER

  • ii

    2.3.3. Alev Dedektrleri ................................................................................................ 42 2.3.4. Gaz Alglayclar .................................................................................................. 44

    2.4. Dedektr ve Dier Ekipmanlarn Yerletirilme Kurallar ........................................... 44 2.4.1. Noktasal Dedektr Yerleimi .............................................................................. 45 2.4.2. Is Dedektrlerinin Yerleimi .............................................................................. 45 2.4.3. InTipi Dedektrlerin Yerleimi ........................................................................ 48 2.4.4. Duman Dedektrlerin Yerleimi ......................................................................... 49 2.4.4. Alev Tipi Dedektrlerin Yerleimi ..................................................................... 53

    2.5. Dedektr Yerleiminde Yaplan Yanllar .................................................................. 53 2.5.1. Yaplan Uygulama Hatalar ve Doru Uygulama Esaslar .................................. 54 2.5.2. Yangn hbar Projelerinde Dedektr Yerleimleri ............................................... 57

    UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 60 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 63

    RENME FAALYET3 .................................................................................................. 65 3. SESL VE IIKLI YANGIN ALARM CHAZLARI ........................................................ 65

    3.1. Sesli ve Ikl Cihazlar ................................................................................................ 65 3.1.1. Sesli Alarm Cihazlar ........................................................................................... 66 3.1.2. Ikl Alarm Cihazlar .......................................................................................... 66 3.1.3. Sesli ve Ikl Alarm Cihazlarnn Balantlar .................................................... 67

    UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 70 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 72

    RENME FAALYET4 .................................................................................................. 73 4. YANGIN HBAR BUTONLARI ....................................................................................... 73

    4.1. Yangn hbar Butonlar Yerleimi ............................................................................... 73 4.2. Yangn hbar Butonlar Tipleri ................................................................................... 76

    4.2.1. Sistemlere Gre Yangn Alarm Buton eitleri .................................................. 76 4.2.2. Mekanik ve alma Tiplerine Gre Yangn Alarm Butonlar ............................ 76 4.2.3. eitlerine Gre Buton Balantlar .................................................................... 77

    UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 80 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 83

    RENME FAALYET5 .................................................................................................. 84 5. YANGIN ACL YNLENDRME LEVHALARI ............................................................ 84

    5.1. Yerleim ...................................................................................................................... 84 5.1.1. Acil Ynlendirme ve Aydnlatma Armatrleri Yerleim Kurallar ..................... 85

    5.2. Acil Aydnlatma Ik Dzeyleri .................................................................................. 93 5.3. Acil Aydnlatma Sresi ............................................................................................... 9