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Intellectual Property Economy

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: 11 .

(WIPO) .2

3

4

90 .

.

1996 . (4/4 1995 32/8 2000)

5

90 5 6

7

8 .

:1. 2. 3. 4. .

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8 9 : 1. . 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. .

10 .

i. .ii. .iii. .iv. .

.11

67 . ( 115 1000 )

.12 . 1980 . . 2001 5/1 . 1981 (USPTO) .

.13

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.14 ( ) .

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.15 1980 Bayh-Dole . . .

.16

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17 . 1993 . . 31 17 . 110 . . .

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18 . . 1977 . . .6 . 4 - . .

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19 . . . IBM 1/7 2000 . 500 . 10 1990 110 2000 .

20 2005 . . . 2005 . . (2008): .

21 (2007): . . : o .o .

22 (1393) . .

23 (Keith e.Maskus) . . " " " " " " .

(Kenneth Arrow) . 51 1972 .

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