термодинамика ІІ

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  • - . . ., .

    : .

  • : 1. . 2. .3. .3.1 . 3.2 .3.3 . .

  • :

    1. / . . , . . , .. . . : , , 1999. 368 . 2. . / . . , .., . . . . : - ; - , 2001. 208 . 3. : : . () IIIIV / . I. , . . , . . . . . I. . . : - , 2008. 140 .

  • * , .

    - .

    , , , .

  • *

  • *pdV ;

    W' .

  • *

    Q = dU + pdV

  • *

  • * : = constU = nCV T = 0,V

    .

  • * :V = const W = 0 QV = U , QV .

  • * : = const; W = pV;Qp = U + pV =U2 U1 + pV2 pV1 = = (U2 + pV2) (U1 + pV1)U + pV = HQp = H2 H1 = H H ( ).

  • * : Q = 0;W = U = nV T = nCV (T2 T1) = = nV (T1 T2) , .

  • * , .

  • * , , - ,

  • * :

  • * :CaCO3() () + 2(), 298 = 179,08 /

  • * :QV = U :Qp = H

  • *Qp = U + pV = HQp = QV + pV :pV1 = n1RT pV2 = n2RTn1 , n2 pV = p (V2 V1) = (n2 n1) RT = nRT.Qp = QV + nRT

  • * , QV = U Qp = H

  • *,

  • * () ( ) 1 (298 , 101325) f formation ()

  • * ( )

    () 1 . , , N, S 2, 2(), N2, SO2 combustion ()

  • *

    ,

  • *

    ,

  • * H0r, =298 . - , .

  • (KIRCHHOFF)

  • *

  • * Cp > 0, ( )

    < 0, ( )

    = 0,

  • * 298 T:

  • *

  • !