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the bullying issue

the bullying issue. . - .

, bullying. / . ... ( , . , ..) / . bullying;

bullying / / (Junoven et al, 2006, p. 1231). bullying bullying (CNN,2002): ( ) ( -: bully) ( - - victimized) (Espelage and Swearer 2010) ( ) bullying bullying . : -

( Smith and Sharp, 1994) : ( )

:

(Long and Pellegrini, 2003). (.. ). (bully). , bullying . (Stogianidis, 2013, p. 272). .

: bullying bullying (, , , ) ( -bystanders), (Wu et al, 2009, p..202).

bullying (bystanding) / , . bullying ( ). Happy slapping smart phones tablets (bullies) () () (.. smart phones tablets). (Saunders, 2005, p.1) (.. ). ...

- bullying () bullying -. ( ). / ( = ) , ( ) (Sparks, 1990, p. 123). , , . - bullying () (McCloskey et al, 1995, p. 1239). ( ) (Corcoran, 2000, p.563). (Thorne, 1980, p.11). (Jennings et al, 2006, p. 32) (Weinberger, 2005, p. 277) ( social media) (Ferdon and Hertz, 2007, p. 81) . (Gerbner, 1976, p. 339) (Crutchfield and Wadsworth,2003, p. 67)

Helpguide, (2015) bullying . () bullying . ( ) (Almeida et al., 2001). - : . (Pateraki and Houndoumadi, 2001) (Yeung and McInerney, 2000, p.1). ( ) . ( ) (Butham and Jackson,2000) ( ) (Hall et al, 2009, p.5) (Burke,2000, p.3). , ( social media) ! ( (Hoekstra, 2008, p. 188). (Castells, 2002, p.203)

bullying (Castro and Menezes, 2002, p.7) (, 2014).