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مجموعه آموزش های برنامه های پاسخگویی بار- بخش اول

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  1. 1. : (Demand Response) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  2. 2. ( ) DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  3. 3. G T D C FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  4. 4. G C T D FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  5. 5. DSM DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  6. 6. Regulated Power Systems Distribution company Generator Customer Wholesaler/Transmitter DSM FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  7. 7. FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  8. 8. PJM (1998) Ontario (1998) Spain (1998) Nordpool (1996) Australia (1997) New- Zealand (1996) Argentina (1992) California (1998) Poland (2000) Germany (2000) France (2001) England-Wales (1990) Netherlands (1999) Italy (2004) Austria (2001) Ireland (1999) Romania (2004) Texas (2002) Chile (1988) Russia (2004) SA (2000) Ukraine (2001) Kazakstan (2004) Iran (2003) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  9. 9. congestion price spikes FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  10. 10. Price Spikes FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  11. 11. Congestion CONGESTION FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  12. 12. FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  13. 13. Demand Side Management Energy Efficiency Demand Response DSM 13/67 FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  14. 14. (DR) FERC . FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  15. 15. : . DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  16. 16. IEA(DSM)2003 DR . DOE()DSM DR. . DR15. FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  17. 17. (IEA) Strategy plan 2004-2009 I- II-(AMI) III- IV-DSM V-DSM VI- VII- VIII- IX- X-DSM XI- XII- XIII-(DRR) XIV-( ) XV-DSM FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  18. 18. 2005 2006(1385) . FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  19. 19. DR DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  20. 20. DR DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  21. 21. DR DR DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  22. 22. 1) (DLC) 2) (I/C) 3) (DB) 4) (EDRP) 5) (CAP) 6) (A/S) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  23. 23. 1) (TOU) 2) (RTP) 3) (CPP) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  24. 24. IBP Demand Response Programs TBRP DLC I/C EDRP DB CAP A/S TOU CPP RTP FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  25. 25. (DLC) Remote Switch(). ( ). 20010.0140.4 FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  26. 26. (I/C) .(kW200) 306050. 2001MW-month/$7000 FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  27. 27. (I/C) -200 0 200 400 600 800 1000 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 Hour Demand(kW) Customer Baseline Actual Load Load Curtailment DR Event FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  28. 28. (DB) ISO (MCP) . . 2001100750$/MWh FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  29. 29. (DB) 2016 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 ENERGY AMOUNT (GW) BIDPRICES($/MWh) Inelastic Demand Price- Responsive Demand Bid Supply Bid FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  30. 30. (EDRP) . . . 350$/MWh500.(MWh$30 $/MWh1000). FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  31. 31. (EDRP) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  32. 32. (CAP) .kW100 2. .() . .14 $/kW - Month FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  33. 33. (A/S) ISO. . . . A/S200$/MWh FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  34. 34. (TOU) . . 1.7 2 FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  35. 35. (TOU) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  36. 36. TOU Vertically integrated Power Market Response of a Demand to Price Signals FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  37. 37. () 37 FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  38. 38. (RTP) . .(). . FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  39. 39. (RTP) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  40. 40. (CPP) TOUFlat Rate() . .CPP. . CPP$/MWh590 FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  41. 41. (CPP) FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  42. 42. 2/5% 24%10%50%. 5%(MW500)612 . PJM 650. FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  43. 43. DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  44. 44. DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  45. 45. < 15 min years system planning months operational planning day-ahead economic scheduling day-of economic dispatch < 15 min Incentive-Based Demand Response Price-Based Demand Response capacity/ancillary services programs < 15 min demand bidding/ buyback emergency programs energy efficiency day-ahead hourly pricing (RTP) real-time hourly pricing (RTP)/CPP time-of-use rates direct load control interruptible programs load commitment timescales power & load reduction delivery dispatch commitment FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  46. 46. DR DSM FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  47. 47. 1) (DOE) 2) (FERC) 3) (DRRC) 4) DR(DRCC) 5) ISO FERC 6) 7) AMIDR 8)DR ( ) 9) DR DR FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  48. 48. (55%) (55) % (52) % (36) % (30) % (28) % (26) % (22) % (22)% (18) % FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  49. 49. FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  50. 50. : : FaraDars.org faradars.org/fvpwr9310
  51. 51. . . faradars.org/fvpwr9310 faradars.org/fvpwr9310