# آموزش مکاترونیک کاربردی ۱ - بخش یکم

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:

1

.

2

3

4

:RLCRC()

5

:IC

6

PIC: PICPIC16F84PIC

7

: /

8

2

PLC

9

():

()

10

:

. .

LA

RIV

A

LR

Resistiviy (10-8 m)Material

8/2Aluminum4000Carbon44Constantan7/1Copper4/2Gold10Iron6/1Silver5/5Tungsten

11

:

Req=R1+R2++Rn

:

12

:

neq RRRR

111121

...

13

:

14

:

R=ab10 c tolerance (%)tolarance banda,b and c bands

ValueColorValueColor

%5Gold0Black%10Silver1Brown%20Nothing2Red

3Orange4Yellow5Green6Blue7Violet8Gray9White

15

:

:

a= 5 b= 1 c= 2 Tolerance = %5 R=51 102 %5 = 5100 %5

16

:

17

:

()

18

:

(LDR)

=M 1R 100

=K 1R

= 50R

19

:

RTD

20

:

100

1

21

:

.

.

22

:

:

(DC)

()(AC)

()

23

:

d

AKC 0

CtQ

dssIC

tV)(

)(1

)(

dt

dVCtI )(

24

:

Et E

CEWVdVCdtdt

dVVCVIdtW

0

2

0 02

1

25

:

neq CCCC

1...

111

21

26

:

neq CCCC ...21

27

:

()

28

:

DC.(600). AC

.

.

():. ACDC

29

:

. (160)

.

abc 10

.

30

:

.

.

31

:

()(DC)

AC

()

32

:

()

dt

diLv

)](1

[ 00

tivdL

vdt

diLiviP

t

t

2

0

1.

2

i

dw P dt Lidi W L ydy Li

33

:

.

neq LLLLL ...321

34

:

neq LLLLL

11111321

...

35

:

RLCRC

() ().

().

.

.

36

:

RLCRC

RC . RLC

37

:

RLCRC

RC

38

:

RLCRC

RC

39

:

RLCRC

.0.707

=1

2

40

:

RLCRC

RLC

(I(t(V(t

() = +1

() +

)(

41

:

RLCRC

s = j

)(

)(= +

1

+

=

2 +

+1

| | =

1

22

+

2 = 90 1

1

2

42

:

RLCRC

1)0

.(0L)(

1H 2 HmaxH0

0 +1

0= 0 0 =

1

1 =

2+

2

2+

1

2 =

2+

2

2+

1

43

:

RLCRC

= 1 2 =

= 0

=

2

44

:

RLCRC

45

:

RLCRC

0 =1

1 =

2+

2

2+

1

2 =

2+

2

2+

1

= 1 2 =

= 0

=

2

46

:

RLCRC

.kHz10kHz1 RLC

.CL 0:.R

. F1

0 = 1. 2= (1000)(10000) = 28/3162 Hz

=1

02= 53/2 MH

=0

21= 35/0 =

2= 86/142

47

:

:

(KVL)

KVL

+

n

i

iV1

0

0...321 NVVVV

48

:

(KCL)

n

i

iI1

0

I1 + I2 I3 = 0

49

:

vo

:

KVL(

50

:

KVL

0204)(6

0)(66)(8

0)(8240

cbc

cbbab

baa

iii

iiiii

iii

201060

06208

400810

cba

cba

cba

iii

iii

iii

51

:

:

Aia 651000

)48(20)36200(40

1000

10620

6200

0840

10006401640)80(8)36200(10

1060

6208

0810

/

Ai

Ai

c

b

081000

)240160(8)400(10

1000

2060

0208

40810

021000

)400(8)120(10

1000

10200

608

04010

/

/

viiv bao 828638)(8 //

52

:

KCL(

KCL2

KCLVVo

VV0

40 2

+0 8

+ 6

= 0

+ 6

+0

6+20

4= 0

V0 = 28.8 V

53

:

()

RL)

( RTHVoc

RL

Resistance & Energy Sources

RL

VOC

RTH

RL

RL=

54

:

. (RL)Voc

.Voc

. IscIsc.

SC

OC

THi

VR

55

:

RL

IN=ISC

RN=RTH.

NetworkRL IN RN RL

RL=

56

:

RTH

.RL ISC

57

:

RL = 3.

58

:

VVR 1442126

62

VVOC 211435

46

1

12

11TH

TH

RR

AR

Vi

TH

OCSC

4

21

59

:

042)(612 211 iii

0)(635 12 ii

Aii SC4

21

6

531/2

=

= 4

60

:

= 2 = 3 21

4 + 3

2

= 27

61

:

()(TY)

62

:

31

32

21

)(

)(

)(

RRRRR

RRRR

RRRRR

RRRR

RRRRR

RRRR

cba

cabca

cba

cbabc

cba

bacab

cba

ba

cba

ca

cba

cb

RRR

RRR

RRR

RRR

RRR

RRR

3

2

1

3

133221

2

133221

1

133221

R

RRRRRRR

R

RRRRRRR

R

RRRRRRR

c

b

a

63

:

.

64

:

25100125

10250

25100

512250

25125

50250

125100

3

/2

1

R

R

R

80100

505055eqR

65

:

wivP

Ai

205040.

5080

40

/

/

66

:

m 1210

m 31050

m 610

67

:

- .

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