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AR preterite verbs

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1. -AR Preterite Verbs (past tense) 2. Preterite Verbs Preterite means past tense Preterite verbs deal with completed past action The ending tells who did the action. 3. -AR Preterite Endings Yo - Nosotros -amos T -aste Vosotros -asteis l Ella Ud. - Ellos Ellas Uds. -aron Take off the AR and add the correct ending. Dont forget accent marks in YO & T forms. 4. -AR Preterite Endings Compare Present tense to Preterite tense: Present Tense Preterite Tense -o -amos - -amos -as -is -aste -asteis -a -an - -aron Yo hablo (I talk) Yo habl (I talked) T hablas (You talk) T hablaste (You talked) Ella habla (she talks) Ella habl (She talked) Jos habla (he talks) Jos habl (He talked) Uds. hablan(You talk) Uds. hablaron(Youtalked) 5. -AR Preterite Endings Lets do a regular -AR verb. 6. TIRAR--to throw Take off the ar and attach the endings to the stem (tir) Yo tir I threw Nosotros tiramos We threw T tiraste you threw Vosotros tirasteis Yall threw l Ella Ud. tir He/she threw You threw Ellos Ellas Uds. tiraron They threw You all threw 7. HABLAR--to speak Take off the ar and attach the appropriate endings to the stem (Habl) Yo habl I spoke Nosotros hablamos We spoke T hablaste you spoke Vosotros hablasteis Yall spoke l Ella Ud. habl He/she spoke You spoke Ellos Ellas Uds. hablaron They spoke You all spoke 8. AYUDAR--to help Take off the ar and add the appropriate endings to the stem (Ayud) Yo ayud I helped Nosotros ayudamos We helped T ayudaste you helped Vosotros ayudasteis Yall helped l Ella Ud. ayud He/she helped You helped Ellos Ellas Uds. ayudaron They helped You all helped 9. -CAR, -GAR, -ZAR Verbs Verbs ending in car, -gar, -zar have a spelling change in the preterite YO form -CAR C changes to QU Yo busqu I looked for -GAR G changes to GU Yo llegu I arrived -ZAR Z changes to C Yo almorc I ate lunch 10. Por ejemplo: (-car verbs) Buscar to look for ONLY the YO form is irregular! Yo busqu I looked for Nosotros buscamos We looked for T buscaste you looked for Vosotros buscasteis Yall looked for l Ella Ud. busc He/she looked for You looked for Ellos Ellas Uds. buscaron They looked for You all looked for 11. Por ejemplo: -gar verbs Llegar to arrive Yo llegu I arrived Nosotros llegamos We arrived T llegaste you arrived Vosotros llegasteis Yall arrived l Ella Ud. lleg He/she arrived You arrived Ellos Ellas Uds. llegaron They arrived You all arrived ONLY the YO form is irregular! 12. Por ejemplo: -zar verbs Empezar to begin ONLY the YO form is irregular! Do NOT Stem-change AR verbs in the Preterite! Yo empec I began Nosotros empezamos We began T empezaste you began Vosotros empezasteis Yall began l Ella Ud. empez He/she began You began Ellos Ellas Uds. empezaron They began You all began 13. Words that Indicate the PAST Ayer Yesterday Anteayer Day before yesterday Anoche Last night El ao pasado Last year El mes pasado Last month Una vez One time 14. Complete these sentences with the correct Preterite form of the verb. 1. Ayer yo _______ con mi madre. (hablar) 2. Anoche t _______ el baloncesto. (practicar) 3. Marta ________ la tele anteayer. (mirar) 4. Sara y yo _________ con Jorge el viernes. (hablar). 5. Mateo y Julia _______ a su padre una vez. (ayudar) 6. Guillermo __________ la pelota ayer. (tirar)