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  • Design$Approaches$to$Prototyping$

    CiMes$to$be$examined:$Boulder,$Norfolk,$and$Mexico$City.$$

    Greg$Guilbert,$Boulder,$CO$$

    ChrisMne$Morris$and$Katerina$Oskarsson,$Norfolk,$VA$$

    Adriana$Chavez,$Mexico$City,$Mexico$

  • Greg$Guilbert,$Boulder,$CO$

  • #

    Boulder!Colorado!

  • Existing Context !! Consistently rated one of the best

    places in the United Stated to live, work, or play!

    Diverse economic base - universities, federal research labs, tech startups, silicon valley of organic foods!

    Internationally known for progressive land use planning, open space preservation, dual use greenways/floodways !

    Arid climate! Steep elevation gradient to the west!

  • Community Profile!! Prosperous small town of 100,000 ! Highly educated population! 51% renter occupied! Median detached home price $675,000! ~1% of undeveloped land! 2-3% rental vacancy! 60% of employees commute in to

    Boulder each day! Deep environmental ethic, 80% GHG

    reduction by 2050!

  • #

    Risk Profile!High risks ! ! ! !!Drought ! ! ! !!Floods ! ! ! !!Pandemic flu! ! ! !!Wildfire ! ! ! !!Winter storms!!Medium risks!Dam failure!Extreme temperatures!Infrastructure/building failure!Hazardous materials accident!

    !!

    12!

    Interrelationship of Risk!

  • Top Resilience Challenges!! Highest flash flood risk in Colorado (still)! Rapidly changing forest and alpine

    ecosystems! High year round wildfire danger! Exposure to global economic downtowns and

    credit markets! Traditional major shock trauma and hazmat

    incidents! Prolonged or deep drought! Growing income and housing inequality! Low social cohesion and civic participation!

  • #

    Ponderosa Background!

    Owners: Mantle Ranch Real Estate!

    Onsite Property Manager ! 6.46 acres! County zoning:

    Manufactured Home! Floodplain: 100 & 500 yr! 68 homes! 187 residents!

    !6!

  • #

    Flood plain map!7"

  • #

    8"

    2013 Flood inundation areas!

  • Considerations/Drivers!! Minimize disruption to residents and

    owners! Minimize displacement to residents! Improve the resilience of the community! Improve health and safety! Improve utilities/reliability/service! Retain affordability! Create certainty for the future! Achieve annexation goals! Minimize costs and maximize dollars

    invested! Encourage long term investment! Leverage DR funding!

  • Key Issues!! Water and sewer utility replacement! Adequate fire protection including looped

    systems, sizing and hydrants! Floodplain mitigation! Electric and gas upgrades! Access, street paving, parking ! Stormwater management! Unit spacing and code compliance! Cost of upgrades and funding sources!

  • # 11"

    What We Heard!! Fear around the future and concern about Citys intentions!! Desire to stay in the community and invest in their homes !! Value security of home ownership and ability to plan for the future!! Diverse community that want to hear each others thoughts and work together!! Many raise families here and feel secure!! Desire for information and facts!

  • Hopes and Dreams!! Creates a new, more equitable business model! Promotes wealth and security through energy

    independence ! Produces a replicable model! Maintains the land use type: mobile home

    park! Maintains or enhances sense of community ! Has a high wow factor - ability to inspire!

  • New Initiatives and Partnerships! Resilient Land Use Planning -

    Boulder Comprehensive Plan Update!

    Micro/Nano Energy Grid Pilots! Artistic Expression of Resilience! NIST Disaster Resilient Communities

    Case Study! EPA Green Infrastructure

    Assessment! MIT Climate CoLab Community

    Solutions Challenge! Regional Cooperation with County

    and State!

    Greg Guibert!Chief Resilience Officer!

    City of Boulder, Colorado guibertg@bouldercolorado.gov!

    303.441.1924 !

  • ChrisMne$Morris$and$Katerina$Oskarsson,$

    Norfolk,$VA$

  • Norfolk: Resilient Coastal Community of the Future !Christine Morris, Chief Resilience Officer!

    City of Norfolk"

  • Norfolk, Virginia is an historic city !on the Mid-Atlantic U.S. coast"

    Largest(estuary(in(North(America(and(one(of(the(worlds(most(produc9ve(

    Nexus(for(trade(for(the(eastern(third(of(the(na9on(and(a(security(center(of(the(world(

  • (((((((((( !

  • Historic development patterns plus land subsidence and sea level rise = flooding"

    4 !

  • Early land development patterns in Norfolk filled waterways and wetlands"

  • !

    ((

    Design(the(coastal(

    community(of(the(future.(

    Create((economic(

    opportunity.(

    Strengthen((our(

    neighborhoods.(

  • Newtons Creek Watershed"

  • Designing the Coastal Community of the Future!Newtons Creek Watershed!

    "

  • Newtons Creek Watershed: Guiding Principles"

    (1.####Replace#Public#Housing##2.####Address#Economic#Segrega:on##3.####Invest#in#Resources#for#Safe#Healthy#Rewarding#Living#

    4.((((Provide(Recrea9on(and(Open(Space(Opportuni9es(5.((((Address(Storm(Water(Issues(6.((((Improve(Community(Form(

    7.((((Reconnect(Missing(Links(8.((((Remove(Barriers(to(Pedestrian(Mobility((

    CREATE#A#NEIGHBORHOOD#

    ESTABLISH#STRONG#SENSE#OF#PLACE#

    CONNECT#TO#THE#CITY#

    Create(Economic(Opportunity(

    Building(Resilience(

    Strengthen(Neighborhoods(

    Design(Community(of(the(Future(

    St.#Pauls#Area#Principles#Norfolks#Resilience#Strategy#

  • Newtons Creek Watershed"Long-term Vision"

    Waggonner(&(Ball(Architects(

    Waggonner(&(Ball(Architects(

  • Thank you!!!

    Christine Morris, Chief Resilience Officer!Resilience Office!

    Christine.Morris@Norfolk.gov!!

  • Adriana$Chavez,$Mexico$City,$Mexico$

  • MEXICO CITYS RESILIENCE STRATEGY

  • MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

    Year 150030,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

  • Year 1700100,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

    MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

  • Year 1800500,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

    MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

  • Year 1920900,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

    MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

  • Year 19502,500,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

    MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

  • Year 198012,500,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

    MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

  • Year 201022,500,000 inhabitants

    Image: Victor Rico (MAUD 14, GSD)

    MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN REGIONA history of urban transformations

  • RESILIENCECHALLENGES

  • 0

    1m

    2 m

    3m

    4 m

    5m

    6 m

    7m

    8 m

    9 m

    10 m

    11 m

    EARTHQUAKESHigh seismic activity + geological characteristics + subsidence = high seismic vulnerability.

    Images: De Urbaneisten, 2016

    SUBSIDENCE PRECIPITATION

    FLOODSExtreme rain events during the rainy season in a valley with closed basin and low infiltration and drainage capacity.

    LANDSLIDESUrban sprawl and illegal settlements in high vulnerable areas for landslides.

  • WATER STRESS32% of the population suffers water scarcity. 41.4% of the water is loss in leakages.(SACMEX, 2014)

    SOCIAL INEQUALITY28.4% population are `considered under the poverty line and there is a high inequality (Gini of 0.52). (CONEVAL,2010, 2014)

    MOBILITY30% trips on private cars account for 85% of the public space. (SEMOVI, 2014)

    SPATIAL INEQUALITYDivision within east and west areas of the city

  • 1. REGIONAL COORDINATION

    2. WATER RESILIENCE

    3. URBAN PLANNING

    4. INTEGRATED MOBILITY

    5. ADAPTIVE TRANSFORMATION

    RESILIENCE STRATEGY AREAS

    1 2

    35

    4

    Foster institutional frameworks for collaboration at the regional level.

    Create a cross-sector agenda supporting green and blue infrastructure.

    Mitigate risks and promote equitable access to key infrastructure, housing and public space.

    Expand mobility systems that prioritize pedestrians, cyclists and public transport.

    Enhance investments on infrastructure that responds and promote economic and social development.

  • BIG DATA & MOBILITY

    BLUE & GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENT WATER SYSTEM

    SAFE STREETS (VISION ZERO)

    ONGOING RESILIENCE INITIATIVES

    Improving mobility through big data

    Strenghtening water resilience through public space Water workshop on Xochimilco Area (Mexicos

    Improving pedestrian and cyclist safety

    RETAINRETAIN

    STORE

    STORE

    REUSE

    STORE++++

    DELAYREUSE

    DRAIN ONLY WHEN NECESSARY

    DELAY +RETAIN

    DELAY +STORE

    A Resilient Water System for Xochimilco

    Mexico City February 6-9, 2016

    Hans Gehrels and Bas van de Pas

    Deltares

  • Around 2020, with the construction and operation of the New International Airport, the current airport site will remain vacant.

    CASE STUDY:

  • NEW INTERNATIONAL

    AIRPORT

    HISTORICCENTER: 7.88 km

    CURRENTAIRPORT

    SITE

    The project and future use of the current International Airport site is one of the biggest opportunities to foster an urban and socio-ec