Text of Experiences concerning Stone age building constructions in Finland - OpenArch Conference, Kierikki...
Experiences concerning Stone age building constructions in
Finland Eero Muurimki Museum of Saarijrvi [email protected]
2 History of the studies Risl Pitkjrvi Sakari Plsi, Excavation
3 Risl hut 12 post hole making a circle, 2 outside Plsi: a
conical hut which an entry way. probably the main structure has
been upright because of the vertical post holes. slanting poles for
the cover had not been preserved.
Plsi made a sketch of the structure of the hut. no remains of
the roofing material in the soil. He did not decide, if it has been
covered with hides, birch bark or twigs of spruces as contemporary
U. T. Sirelius, professor in Ethnology, found an analogy in
Eastern Siberia A hut of the Gilyaks, nowadays known as the
After the later decades only 3 of the kind were recognized
among thousands of excavated stone age sites. Skkijrvi, Hevonuitti
Vrtsil Kesmaa Honkajoki, Lauhala Myllyluoma
7 C. F. Meinander pole holes are main roots of pines. Our
experimental studies: the inner horizontal structure of Risl hut
has no function, no need, because diameter of the circle is only 6
m) Oula Seitsonen 2005: Risl hut has probable been the same kind of
rectangular structure as the normal type of pit house is nowadays
seem to be. Risl hut in Saarijrvi Stone Age Village
Saarijrvi Stone age village The First Village Founded 1980 Simo
Vanhatalo the first archaeologist Stone Age buildings reconstructed
artefacts traps dugout possibility to try a stone axe
In the beginning Huts of: Risl Narva Byske Fur hut a small pit
house single walled lent- to shelter hut
11 Stone Age Village in the beginning of 1990s
12 Small pit house Simo Vanhatalo in front of the picture
13 Conical Hide hut elk hides One small hut needs 17 hides. to
clean one hide takes about week very bad smell!
14 Hut of Byske Byske and Risl hut, only turf Keeps water out
about 1/2 hours. Keep on raining inside about 12 hours after the
rain outside has stopped! too steep angle
15 Hut of Narva Birch bark white side out pieces about 0,5 x 1
m Keeps water cold in wintertime
1616 Turf and birch bark Keeps water, warm also in winter
18 Narva hut, model 1992 sewn with tree roots, about 2 km
Northern Ostrobothnian type Hannu Kotivuori 1983 Turf and birch
bark First new type after Plsi 1915! In stone age village 1993
Problem with the drawing: does the drawing mean an gabled house or
a Risl hut type building.
20 The New Village 1993 Bases Evijrvi Isokangas, house grounds
over 20 m in diameter. No structures found, not even fireplaces
Depression round or oval
21 Yurt-like structures Yurt-like structures 1993 planned
according the form of the pits.
22 Yurt hut basically the same structure as n Risl hut, but two
rounds of upright posts and a turn
23 No evidence about the structure first In 1990`s evidence of
28 Rusavierto house Excavation by Sirpa Leskinen and Petro
Pesonen 1990- 2000 About 800 m from Saarijrvi Stone age village
Stone age village x
29 Rusavierto house Saarijrvi, Rusavierto X Rusavierto
30 Saarijrvi, Rusavierto 7 different periods from Mesolithic to
iron age Fireplaces were Mesolithic House pit n. 2200 cal BC.
31 house was burnt. Wall lines about 30 cm fro the corners out,
32 Diagram by Leskinen & Pesonen, National board of
33 bark on the logs, timber has not been barked. pine 2300 1900
cal BC. Plj ceramics from the site is contemporaneous.
34 Reconstruction of Rusavierto Reconstruction by Sirpa
Leskinen and Petro Pesonen year after the excavation
35 use in winter assumes turf cover turf is the moss cover of
the dry forest near by, not from bog.
36 The structure is like Sami timber kota Differences: Sami
kota is small and it is not semi subterranean
37 Saarijrvi, Uimaranta Excavation by Leskinen & Pesonen
2001 Uimaranta house pit 2 post holes found in profile.
Symmetrically there should be 2 more. 3000 cal BC not
3838 Structure: Risl hut type with 4 upright posts.
39 Uimaranta house
40 House of Lillberget Ove Haln 1994 Haln: the walls have to
been relatively high because of the fireplaces are so near to the
Houses Excavated and reconstructed (drawing) by Ove Haln Two
fireplaces in every house Haln: the walls have to been relatively
high because of the fireplaces are so near to the gable walls.
42 House of Lillberget One of the houses of Lillberget as
reconstructed in Saarijrvi Stone Age village
Vara The timber walls were low because in Stone age there were
no vara, an tool for drawing the form of the undermost timber on
the uppermost timber. Without sharp fit wind goes through the walls
In the picture an ethnographic example of vara, about 1000 years
Durability How long the huts will last depends on the covering.
frameworks covered only with turf are non-usable within three
years. Constructions with birch bark only or with turf coverings
can survive 10 15 years if the huts are kept dry with heating
inside, they can remain in good condition for a much longer
The Stone Age Village in Saarijrvi in the year 2014 26 Ha
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