2. The motherland s a monumental sculpture in Kiev, located on the high right bank of the Dnieper in the territory of the National Museum of Ukrainian History in the Second World War. Opened in 1981.
3. Designing The first project "Motherland" was developed by the sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich back in the 1970s, but the construction began much later. When in 1974 Yevgeny Vuchetich died, the project was taken by Ukrainian sculptor Vasily Borodai. The Ukrainian architect changed the sculpture project and began building it. Initially, it was assumed that a 90-meter bronze gilded female figure would be raised on the pedestal. At the foot of the statue from the 30-meter high was to flow to the Dnieper waterfall, on both sides of which the warriors crossed the river.
4. Construction The metal frame is made of steel smelted in Zaporozhye. The sculpture was assembled by a 100-meter crane, which was made specifically for this purpose. Later, this crane was disassembled. Stainless steel, separate block- sections weighing 25-30 tons, the sculpture was welded at the Kiev plant. Paris Commune taking into account recommendations of the Institute of Electric Welding Paton The sculptures were carried overnight so as not to attract people's attention.
5. Welders of the monument was paid 50 rubles a day (a large sum at that time), but the payment was compatible with work, because the welders burned their eyes from such an amount of tireless work. Engineers also received an ordinary salary, but were also pleased with the fact that they build one of the "miracles" of Kiev. During the installation on the sculpture was imposed 30 km of welds. Judging by the geodesic instrumental measurements held every year, the monument "Fatherland-Mother" should stand for more than 150 years.
6. According to calculations, the statue can withstand even an earthquake with up to 9 points. To test the stability of the sculpture, a 10-meter copy was tested for strength in Moscow, the largest in the turbine of the USSR. By to the proximity of the Great Bell Tower of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra (height 96.5 m) the height of the monument has decreased, and the monument has grown to a height of 102 m (the original height should be 108 m), but because the bell tower is located on a hill above the level Homeland mother Sea is 12 meters from the Great Lavra bell tower. The opening of the monument was scheduled for May 9, 1980, but it was noticed only a year later.
7. Using On May 9, 1981, a loud opening of the monument took place, Leonid Brezhnev himself arrived at the opening of the 100-meter Homeland mother became the new symbol of Kiev. In 1987, a strong storm struck Kiev, but the statue remained unchanged. In the summer of 2002, it was allowed to take tourists in the areas of 36 meters and 92 meters. However, after the young man collided with the upper platform in April 2003 and had an accident, access to tourists was limited. In 2009, the restoration of the building began.
8. Characteristic The total height of the monument with the pedestal is 102 meters. The height of the sculptures "Fatherland" (from the pedestal to the tip of the sword) - 62 meters. In one hand, the statue holds a 16-meter sword weighing 9 tons, while in the other one - a shield from 13 to 8 meters with an emblem of the USSR (weighing 13 tons). The entire building is fully welded and weighs 450 tons.
9. The frame itself begins at a depth of 17.8 meters (from the entrance to the museum). To this depth there is a concrete well with a diameter of 34 meters. On the shield "Homeland mother" is an observation deck. In the middle of the sculpture there are two elevators: one of the elevators rises nine stops to the "head" of the Homeland mother, which has a well and technical conditions. You can climb into a "hand" with a shield, and in another - with a sword. There are also installation sites. At the highest point of the sword there is a special device for suppressing the fluctuations of the wind load.
10. National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War The National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War (Ukrainian: ) is a memorial complex the German-Soviet War located in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk district of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, on the picturesque hills on the right-bank of the Dnieper River.
11. Museum in honor of World War II
12. Photo gallery
13. View from Homeland Mother
14. There were Yehor, Dennis and Andrew working on this presentation. For this we special went special to do some photos. I want to thank my friend Dennis, who agreed to this trip and work on this presentation . Thank you for attention!