Under the task of Sustainable Urban Development,my hometown sustainability,Ipoh is generally exposed.
Text of My hometown sustainability
1. My Hometown Sustainability Reshminder Kaur A132843 Lecturers: Prof.Ir.Dr.Riza Atiq Abdullah bin O.K Rahmat Dr.Muhamad Nazri bin Borhan Puan Norliza binti Mohd Akhir
2. City of Ipoh
3. Ipoh is the capital city of Perak state, Malaysia. It is approximately 200 km north of Kuala Lumpur and 130 km south of Penang on the North-South Expressway. The name Ipoh is derived from a local tree, Pohon Epu or now more commonly known as Pokok Ipoh. The sap of this plant is poisonous and was used by Orang Asli (indigenious peoples in Malay) to coat the tips of the darts of their blowpipes for hunting.
4. According to history, Ipoh came into existence in the 1820s as a small village by a river bank, but it only really flourished during the tin rush in the 1870s when the British ruled Perak. Broad, straight roads were built in town, flanked by rows of shops and majestic buildings. A proper market and even a theatre were built at some point to serve the growing population there. British business owners came to open up tin mining companies, and live the colonial life in what was then considered to be the exotic Far East.
5. Population Growth Ipoh still remains one of Malaysia's largest cities, with a population of 637,200 (2004) and urban area population of 798,800 (2004) http://www.travelguide.com.my/guide-ipoh.htm
6. From 2004 to 2010:Increased about 10.6 % Average annual growth percentage rate= 1.76%
7. Air Quality
8. "Moderate" AQI is 51 - 100. Air quality is acceptable; however, for some pollutants there may be a moderate health concern for a very small number of people. For example, people who are unusually sensitive to ozone may experience respiratory symptoms.
9. Biodiversity the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem * Taken from Klebang Botanical Park,Ipoh
10. Waste and Recycling Devision of Urban Services, Majlis Bandaraya Ipoh (MBI) has the responsibility for all solid waste issues in Ipoh city. Waste generation for Ipoh city is 0.85 kg/capita per day and is increasing by 5.4% per annum. Unlike the ordinary stream of collection, Ipoh city skipped transfer station and went straight from local transfer to landfill, which may be the reason for a much higher disposal rate because no waste is being separated for recycling purposes. When waste is screened and separated,the volume of waste sent to the disposal site is reduced, and hence, elongating the lifespan of the disposal site. *Amirhossein Malakahmad and *Noor Diana Khalil * Civil Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
11. Eco-footprint The environmental NGOs would like to preserve the hills for future generations while the state government considers them as a source of revenue, which were leased out to the quarry operators over 30 years ago. Ipoh Limestone-Simpang Pulai & Kinta Valley
12. Back then the limestone extracted was used for a) roads b) cement c) construction industry Mainly produced by companies such as Tasek Cement or Hume Cement. Subsequently, marble furniture came into fashion, as well as the introduction of calcium carbonate powder or CCP which found use in a whole string of industries. With the demise of the tin-mining industry in the early 1980s, quarrying for rocks and marble has become the most active industry in the valley.
13. Transport a) Trunk roads: The old interstate Route 1 connects Ipoh with neighboring towns and other states (such as the town of Gopeng, Tanjung Malim and city of Kuala Lumpur down south) a) Highway: The new North-South Expressway is a faster and more efficient alternative to Route 1. However, certain towns like Kampar can only be accessible via Route 1. Drivers using the North-South highway can exit into Ipoh from any of these exits: Simpang Pulai, South Ipoh (Ipoh(S)) or North Ipoh (Ipoh(U)) and Jelapang
14. a) Train: Ipoh's railway station is operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) a) Bus: The inter-city bus terminal is located at Amanjaya integrated bus terminal in Bandar Meru Raya, just north of the city b) Air: the Sultan Azlan Shah Airport is the only airport in Ipoh. It is near Gunung Rapat. Domestic flights (and limited international ones) are available. Firefly provides two daily flights out of Ipoh to Singapore Changi Airport while Silverfly provides flights to Medan, Indonesia
15. Education St. Michael Institution Anglo-Chinese School Ipoh UTP Others Ipoh Royal Medical College UTAR Politeknik Ungku Omar Taj College
16. Health and Healthcare a) Public healthcare Klinik Kesihatan Greentown Klinik 1 Malaysia Hospital Raja Permaisuri Banun b) Private Healthcare KPJ Ipoh Specialist Fatimah Hospital Pantai Putri Hospital Kinta Medical Centre Perak Chinese Matenity Hospital UniKL Hospital
17. Green space Lang Mountains in Ipoh D.R. Seenivasagam Park, formerly Coronation Park Japanese Garden
18. Ipoh Padang
19. Climate Change
20. Food Ipoh has a vibrant food scene with a vast proliferation of hawker centres and restaurants. "Sar Hor Fun" a complete one-dish rice noodle meal with prawn, meat, fish, vegetables and a savory sauce. Hor Hee", flat white rice noodles served with fish cakes and/or fish balls
21. Nga Choi Kai" chicken with soy sauce and beansprouts topped with pepper, "Heong Peng" literally translated to "fragrant biscuit
22. The city is well known in Malaysia for its "Ipoh white coffee" where the coffee beans are roasted with palm-oil margarine and the resulting coffee is served with condensed milk.
23. Economic Base a)Sunway City Ipoh RM1 billion resort township in the midst of verdant tropical greens, phased for development over 16 years, and will emerge as a signature resort township busting with activities, attracting tourist from all over the world. The resort is poised to fulfill the state governments ambition and aspiration to become a growth centre driven by tourism and recreational activities.
24. HSBC Ipoh Old Town Ipoh Parade Mall in Ipoh New Town Shops Ipoh Skyline from Impiana Hotel
25. Employment Ipoh employs staff in a variety of areas including: Centre Management Marketing Leasing Facilities Management Finance Administration Law Enforcement
26. Based on scale 1 to 10 (10 is the best) Indicator Scale Population Growth 7 Air quality 7 Biodiversity 8 Waste and recycling 4 Eco footprint 4 Transport 7 Education 6 Health and healthcare 9 Green space 8 Climate change 7 Food 9 Economic base 8 Employment 8