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computer Integrated Manufacturing التصنيع المتكامل باستخدام الحاسب(CIM)

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  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)

    :

    :

    2015-2016

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    1 |

    Contents |

    1

    Introduction to Computer Integrated Manufacturing 3| -1

    Definition of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 3 | : 1-1

    4 : : 1-2

    C.I.M Structure: 5 | : 2

    Actuator Sensor Interface (AS-I BUS): 7 | : 2-1

    AS-I BUS: 7 : 2-1-1

    AS-I BUS: 7 : 2-1-2

    AS-I BUS |AS-I BUS Topologies 7 : 2-1-3

    Controller Area Network (CAN) 9: 2-2

    CAN |CAN Applications 9 : 2-2-1

    Modbus: 11 : 2-3

    MODBUS : 2-3-1

    :MODBUS : 2-3-2

    12

    13

    MODBUS: 13 : 2-3-3

    PROFIBUS: 15: 2-4

    Components Of C.I.M 11 | : 3

    Computer Aided Techniques 11 |: 3-1

    3-1-1 :CAD( :Computer Aided Design 11 (

    3-1-2 :CAE ) Computer Aided Engineering22 (

    3-1-3: CAM( :Computer Aided Manufacturing 22 (

    3-1-4: CAPP( :Computer Aided Process Planning 22 (

    3-1-5 :ERP( :Enterprise Resource Planning (

    3-1-1 :CAQ (computer-aided quality assurance 27 (

    3-1-7: PPC( :production planning and control 22 : (

    Devices and Equipment Required 22 | : 3-2

    3-2-1 :CNC( :Computer Numerical Controlled 22 (

    3-2-2: DNC( :Direct Numerical Control32 (

    3-2-3: PLCs ( Programming Logic Controller33 (

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    2 |

    Robotics 37 | : 3-2-4

    Technologies 42 | : 3-3

    3-3-1 :FMS( :Flexible Manufacturing System42 (

    3-3-2: ASRS( :Automated Storage and Retrieval System45 (

    3-3-3 AGV( :Automated Guided Vehicle41 (

    3-3-4 :ACS( :Automated Conveyance System49 (

    CIM 51 -4

    55

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    3 |

    Introduction to Computer | -1

    Integrated Manufacturing:

    1973 CIM {1}

    .

    Definition of Computer | :1-1

    Integrated Manufacturing: {1}

    (Computer Integrated Manufacturing)

    Future Factor

    .

    .

    " "

    .

    .

    CIM

    CIM .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    4 |

    .

    .

    . CIM

    . human-centered CIM

    : : 1-2

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    5 |

    :C.I.M Structure| : 2

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    6 |

    :

    | ::0 Machines Level : AS-I, CAN

    1 :: |Cell Level : FIPIO, MODBUS

    | :: 2Workshop Level :MODBUS+

    ,FIPWAY

    | :: 3Factory Level : ETHERNET, TCP/IP

    |: 4 : Enterprise Level : HTTP ,FTP

    :

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    7 |

    Actuator Sensor Interface (AS-I | :2-1

    BUS):

    {2} : :2-1-1

    PLC,DCS,PC

    ) (

    AS-I

    ::2-1-2

    .

    Profibus industrial ,Ethernet ,Interbus

    I/O

    .

    AS-I BUS | AS-I BUS Topologies :2-1-3

    .BUS AS-I

    300 100 AS-I BUS

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    8 |

    Star:

    MASTER MASTER

    Point to Point MASTER .

    .

    . MASTER

    Line.

    Branch Lines:

    .

    .

    Tree:

    Root

    Point to Point

    .

    Ring : |

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    9 |

    .

    {Controller Area Network (CAN) {2 :2-2

    CAN

    Robert 3891

    bosch 1986

    CAN2.0A CAN2.0 3883

    98 CAN2.0B 33

    (ISO) 3881

    CAN FD Robert bosch

    CAN2.0 CAN2.0

    CAN |CAN Applications :2-2-1

    70

    can

    CAN

    .

    CAN BUS CAN

    Multi Master

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    11 |

    CAN

    . CAN ABS

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    11 |

    {Modbus: {2 : 2-3

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    12 |

    . MODBUS :2-3-1

    MODICAN MODBUS 3898 (Schneider Electric)

    MODBUS .

    RS-485 RS-232

    MODICAN

    .

    "MASTER" "Master-Slave" MODBUS

    .PLC "MASTER" "SLAVES"

    RTU DCS PC

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    13 |

    : :2-3-2

    :

    .

    MODBUS

    .

    . MODBUS

    :: 2-3-3

    : MODBUS

    - MODBUS ASCII.

    - MODBUS, RTU.

    - MODBUS/TCP.

    MODBUS

    .

    : Master

    .Device Address -

    .Function Code -

    .Data -

    .Error Check -

    .

    MODBUS "Slave Devices"

    . "MASTER"

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    14 |

    .ASCII MODBUS ASCII

    MODBUS RTU byte 2

    MODBUS/TCP

    MODBUS ASCII

    RF

    MODBUS MODBUS RTU

    RTU RS-

    K Baud 1200-115 RS-485 232

    baud 9600-19200

    Ethernet MODBUS/TCP

    IP , "Slave Devices"

    .TCP/IP MODBUS MODBUS/TCP

    TCP/IP Ethernet

    MODBUS/TCP

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    15 |

    {PROFIBUS: {2 : 2-4

    PLC CPU Field

    PROFIBUS PA

    31.25

    KB/S PROFIBUS DB Remote I/O Modules

    9.6 ) PLC

    KB/S12MB/S).

    Remote I/O Modules

    PLC

    .

    DP PROFIBUS

    CPU

    Decentralized Peripherals DP PLC

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    16 |

    CPU

    .

    :Components Of C.I.M | : 3

    :Computer Aided Techniques |: 3-1

    3-1-1 :CAD :( Computer Aided Design :(

    {3}

    CAD

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    17 |

    Hardware

    Software

    .

    :

    1-

    2-

    ) ( 3-

    3-

    ) + (5-

    ) ( 6-

    .1-

    .

    : 2-

    .

    :

    .

    :

    .

    )( :

    .

    :

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    18 |

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    19 |

    :

    :Geometric Modeling | 1-

    CAD

    .

    :Engineering Analysis | 2-

    .... .

    (Finite-Element Analysis (FEA

    .

    :Design Review | 3-

    .

    :Automated Drafting | 4-

    -2

    dimention 3 -dimention

    .

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    21 |

    3-1-2 :CAE ) Computer Aided Engineering )

    {3} :

    (NC) (CAD)

    . ( CAM ) ( CAD )

    .(CAPP)

    3-1-3: CAM( :Computer Aided Manufacturing )

    {4}:

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    21 |

    NC

    CAD

    (CAM / CAD)

    :

    :1-

    .

    2-

    "

    .

    : 3-

    .

    4-

    CAD

    CNC

    . Gap Quality

    CAD CAD/CAM 5-

    CAD CAM

    .

    CAM

    CAD/CAE CAM "

    CAD

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    22 |

    3-1-4: CAPP( :Computer Aided Process Planning )

    {5} :

    CAM CAD

    CAPP CIM

    CIM CAPP

    .

    Hardware CAPP

    CAPP

    Sensors

    . Assembly Hardware

    . CAPP

    .

    CAPP

    CAPP

    .

    CAM CAD CAPP

    .

    :

    . 1-

    .2-

    .3-

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    23 |

    .4-

    CAPP CIM

    CAPPs

    .

    .

    CAM CAD

    .

    CA CAD

    Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM)

    Computer Aided Design (CAD)

    CAPP

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    24 |

    CAPP

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    25 |

    CAPP

    : CAPP

    1-

    . .

    . 2-

    3-

    .

    4-

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    26 |

    5-

    .

    6-

    .

    .7-

    3-1-5: ERP( :Enterprise Resource Planning )

    {6} :

    ( . )

    .

    :ERP

    1-

    2-

    3-

    .4-

    :

    :(Human Resource Management (HRM | 1-

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    27 |

    .

    :2-

    ... .

    :(Supply Chain Management (SCM | 3-

    .

    .(Customer Relationship Management (CRM | 4-

    : 5-

    3-1-1 :CAQ (computer-aided quality assurance (

    .

    .

    CAQ

    . QFD

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    28 |

    3-1-7: PPC( :production planning and control )

    :

    .

    Centraliz

    PPC

    :Devices and Equipment Required | : 3-2

    3-2-1 :CNC( :Computer Numerical Controlled )

    {7} :

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    29 |

    G-CODE G-CODE CNC

    .Trajectories

    CNC M-CODE CNC

    / / ON/OFF

    .... .

    CNC

    .

    :CNC

    :Open Loop System | 1-

    .

    :Closed Loop System | 2-

    CNC

    .

    Output Input

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    31 |

    :CNC

    : CNC

    .1-

    . 2-

    .3-

    .4-

    .5-

    .6-

    :Input Device |1-

    CNC

    .

    :Machine Control Unit ) ( | 2-

    CNC

    ( Data Processing Unit-DPU)

    ( Control Loop Unit )

    .3-

    CNC :4-

    :

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    31 |

    DC Servo Motor

    AC Servo Motor

    Stepping Motor

    :Feedback Devices |5-

    . CNC

    .

    :Display Unit |6-

    CNC ....

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    32 |

    3-2-2: DNC( :Direct Numerical Control:8} ( }

    Distributed Numerical Control

    .

    .RS232

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    33 |

    3-2-3: PLCs ( Programming Logic Controller )

    {9} :

    PLC

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    34 |

    .

    PARTS OF A TYPICAL PLC SYSTEM |

    : (The central processing unit (CPU |1-

    :

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    35 |

    : Input module | 2-

    ...

    .

    .PLC

    .

    : Output module | 3-

    .

    :POWER SUPPLY | 4-

    (PLC )

    PLCs

    :

    PLC PLC: 1-

    .

    .PLC : 2-

    . PLC: 3-

    PLC 4-

    .

    .: 5-

    :

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    36 |

    :

    Ladder Diagram

    Function Block Diagram

    Sequential Function Charts) SFC)

    Basic Pascal C .

    PLC

    .The Microprocessor

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    37 |

    {Robotics : {10 | : 3-2-4

    .

    :

    : .1-

    . : : 2-

    : 3

    .

    : : 4-

    :

    .

    . : 5-

    (: Industrial Robots | )

    .

    :

    .1-

    .2-

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    38 |

    ) ( 3-

    (SMD . (

    ((Automated guided vehicles (AGV) 4-

    .

    (.vision sensors ) 5-

    (:Classes of the Robotic System | )

    (Point to point (PTP ) :

    Continuous Path

    (.

    .... (.-- ) :

    Cartesian

    Cylinder )( Polar

    (.- ) :

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    39 |

    .... (.-- ) :

    :The Robot Components |

    .1-

    ) ...(.2-

    . 3-

    .4-

    PLC

    Profibus Protocol:

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    41 |

    Technologies | :3-3

    3-3-1 :FMS( :Flexible Manufacturing System )

    {12} :

    ((CNC) )

    .

    FMS

    (CNC) :Workstations 3

    .

    ....

    .

    Flexible system

    Material Handling

    Transfer equipment

    Robots

    AS/R equipment

    Work Stations

    CNC M/c

    Computer control

    Real time control

    control different

    activities

    -

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    41 |

    Automated Material Handling and Storage system 9

    (Robot) )(

    .

    : Computer Control System 1

    .

    .... .

    Types of Flexible Manufacturing System

    :

    1-

    (Random order) dedicated 2-

    :

    Single Machine Cell-1 CNC

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    42 |

    cnc

    2-

    ( CNC ) 3 2

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    43 |

    (Flexible manufacturing system (FMS

    .

    FMC flexible manufacturing cell FMS

    .

    : 7

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    44 |

    .

    :(Random order)

    .

    :(Flexibility)

    ) ( .

    :

    . 3

    : 9

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    45 |

    : 1

    .

    3-3-2: ASRS( :Automated Storage and Retrieval System )

    {13} :

    .

    .

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    46 |

    3-3-3 AGV( :Automated Guided Vehicle : )

    {14}

    .

    .

    Types of |

    AGVS:

    Driverless trains |1-

    .

    .

    10-5

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    47 |

    . 60.000

    AGVs pallet trucks | 2-

    .

    .

    Unit load carriers-3

    .

    . 250Kg

    :

    .

    .

    .

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    48 |

    :

    :

    :

    . 1

    :

    .AVG

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    49 |

    .

    3-3-4 :ACS ) : Automated Conveyance System : )

    {14}

    .

    .

    :

    .... - )

    (.

    .

    :Roller Conveyer |

    ) (

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    51 |

    :Belt Conveyor |

    ) ( ) (.

    :Overhead Conveyers |

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    51 |

    CIM -4 . .

    .

    :

    .

    DVD/CD

    .

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    52 |

    .

    Prototype). (

    .

    1D Printers ) (

    . .

    (Working Models).

    : ::

    : ::

    ( Just In Time" )"

    / .

    .

    : ::

    CAM (Computer Aided Manufacture) CNC

    .CNC CNC ,

    : ::

    computer(

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    53 |

    control inspections) ) :

    (

    :::

    ) ( ) )

    : ::

    ( )

    .

    : ::

    : ::

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    54 |

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    55 |

    (Reference) |

    {1}-CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    {2}-asg-9-industrial-networks.pdf

    Industrial Networks.pdf

    {3}-Computer Integrated Manufacturing Department of automation Tsinghua

    University

    CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    {4}- CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    CAPP -{5}

    {6}-http://www.tech-wd.com/wd/2013/02/18/erp/

    {7}-http://www.cncroutersource.com/breakout-boards.html

    Computer Numerical Controlled

    http://www.cadmagazine.net/content.php?r=1828-Computer-Aided-

    Manufacturing-%28CAM%29-And-Computer-Numerical-Machines-

    %28CNC%29

    CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    {8}-CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing|

    56 |

    {9}-CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    {11}- CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    {12}-CAD-CAM-CIM (P.Radhakrishnan)

    {13}-Flexible Manufacturing System

    {14}-{15}-{16}-

    AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLE SYSTEM (AGVS).pdf

    Automated-guided-vehicles ppt

    Part III MATERIAL HANDLING AND IDENTIFICATION

    TECHNOLOGIES ppt

    2015-2016 | Contents1- | Introduction to Computer Integrated Manufacturing:{1} CIM 1973 ... (Computer Integrated Manufacturing) ... . " " . ...1-2: : . . . . . . .-1 | Human Resource Management (HRM):-2 :-3 | Supply Chain Management (SCM):-4 | Customer Relationship Management (CRM).