A Report On Issues and Disputes of Almatti dam.
Gurudath G Prabhu (CB.EN.P2RET15004)
AMRITA SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
ETTIMADAI, COIMBATORE 641112
ABOUT RIVER KRISHNA
OVERVIEW OF UKP
ABOUT ALMATTI DAM
WHY DAM WAS BUILT
INTER STATE DISPUTES
GOVERNMENT GREAT DECISION
ABOUT RIVER KRISHNA The Krishna River is the second biggest river in peninsular India.
It originates near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra from the statue of a cow in a temple.
It then runs for a distance of 303 km in Maharashtra, 480 km through the breadth of North Karnataka and the rest of its 1300 km journey in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.
The river basin is 257,000 km and the States of Maharastra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh contributes 68,800 km (26.8%), 112,600 sq.k.m(43.8%) and 75,600 km (29.4%) respectively.
An overview of UKP I
FIRST REPORT ( 31ST MAY 1976)
SCHEME AOUT 0F 2060 TMC
Maharashtra 560 TMC
Karnataka 700 TMC
Andhra Pradesh 800 TMC
SECOND REPOT ( 31ST DEC 2010) OUT OF 2578 TMC AVG
Maharashtra 666 TMC
Karnataka 911 TMC
Andhra Pradesh 1001 TMC
AS PER KWDT AWARD 1
AS PER KWDT AWARD 2
LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI SAGAR
138 VILLAGES SUBMERGED
1,80,000 PEOPLE RELOCATED
ONE WHOLE TOWN RELOCATED
SUPPLIES WATER FOR IRRIGATION TO 10 DISTRICTS INCLUDING 5 DISTRICTS OF ANDHRA PRADESH
ANNUAL POWER PRODUCTION OF 590 MU OF ELECTRICITY
SUCCESSFUL IN SOLVING DROUGHT , DRINKING WATER , CANAL IRRIGATION AND FLOOD CONTROL
MINIMUM TREES WERE CUT
LESS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES BUT MORE SOCIOLOGICAL ISSUES
HOME FOR 100 OF SPECIES OF MIGRATORY BIRDS SPECIALLY FLAMINGOES.
Height: 52.25mLength: 1.565.15 kmSpillways: 26Catchment area: 33,375 sqkmIrrigation area: 0.16lakh ha
WHY WAS THE DAM BUILT ??? Dam comes under UPPER KRISHNA PROJECT I (UKP I)
Effective use of flowing water.
Relocation of 134 villages, population upto 1,80,000.
Construction of rehabilitation centers for these people.
During the initial stages of the project, estimated costs were projected as Rs.14.70 billion
The transfer of project's management to the Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (KPCL).
The estimated cost was reduced by over fifty percent to Rs. 6.74 billion.
The KPCL eventually completed the project at an even lower cost of Rs. 5.20 billion.
ONE OF THE EFFICIENT ACHIEVEMENT OF KPCL IN THE MIDST OF HIGH CORRUPTION
The families displaced by the Upper Krishna Project in Karnataka are unhappy at the rehabilitation centres.
The irrigation project, which has taken over 40 years to complete, dislocated 93,263 families (a vast majority of whom are dependent on agriculture).
S.N. Cheluvadi, a landless farm labourer and resident of the Biligi rehabilitation centre, said: "It's been 10 years since I was shifted to this place, but I still have no work
Annasaheb Sirur, who lost his land and has been rehabilitated in the nearby Korati rehabilitation centre, said: "At least in Goa I can catch fish and eat! Here I am forced to serve tea in the school.
"More than 40 per cent of the 4.25 lakh displaced persons fall in this category. Where do we put them? What kind of non-agricultural occupation do we find for them? Shifting them from manual labour to semi-skilled labour is difficult.
But a new problem has cropped up; that of educated unemployed.
These youth do not want to work in the fields but look for government jobs.
The government has reserved 5 per cent of Class C and D jobs for them, but that is hardly sufficient in an era when government-run factories are getting closed.
FORMATION OF NAVNAGAR A BACKWATER ISSUE
Whole Bagalkot town( District place ) was submerged in back water of Alamatti dam.
A higher location and the formation of Bagalkot Town Development Authority (BTDA) under the Karnataka Improvement Boards Act, 1976.
For locating the New Township of Bagalkot , an area of 4,320 acres has been acquired.
22,000 structures, 91,596 people
Various benefits to the displaced families :
free site allotment ,free houses, free stamp duty in purchasing immovable properties, free transport, free compensationetc.
4,467 structures, Rs. 117.97 Crores has been paid as compensation, 7,579 plots have been distributed.
The total estimated cost of Bagalkot relocation is Rs. 1037.49 Crores and the expenditure incurred upto end of June 2003.
All basic amenities like drinking water supply, electricity, under ground drainage, roads, storm water drains, public utility buildings etc. have been provided in the New Township.
The uplands of Krishna river basin located in Maharashtra and Karnataka are situated on the Deccan Traps which comprises thick seems of basalt rock formations.
Basalt rock is prone to chemical weathering contributing more TDS to the river water.
Water is not safe for drinking if the TDS exceeds 500 mg/l.
The average yearly salt export requirement is nearly 12 million tons in Krishna basin area up to Prakasam Barrage.
At least 850 TMC water is required for salt export purpose to maintain water TDS below 500 mg/l.
The water TDS is around 450 mg/l during peak monsoon months which is highest among the major Indian rivers. 10/11/2015
INTER STATE DISPUTES
This is regarding height raising of Dam from 519.6m to 524.26m.
On Nov 30 2013
Setback to Andhra Pradesh as Brijesh Tribunal allows raising Almatti dam height.
Since the decision of the tribunal is equivalent to a judgment of the Supreme Court, no appeal against the award can be filed in any court until May 2050 when the tribunal is to review the final allocations.
"Only after the Supreme Court delivers its judgment on our SLP that the award of the tribunal will be implemented," said D Sudershan Reddy, counsel for the state before the tribunal.
The tribunal, however, directed Karnataka to make regulated releases of 8 to 10 thousand million cubic feet (TMC) from the dam to Andhra Pradesh in June and July.
The louder you shout and the more noise you make, the greater is your chance of succeeding: this seems to be the mantra of both Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh (ap) politicians on the contentious issue of the Alamatti dam.
BOTH THE STATES HAS PROBLEMS IN RAISING THE HEIGHT
KARNATAKA ANDHRA PRADESH
22 villages will be fully submerged Reduced water flow to nagarjunasagar, jerula dam
192 partly submerged Jeopardizing the economy of ap's rice bowl
1.2 lakh acres should be acquired for relocation
Karnataka will get more control
Pros : It can irrigate 5.4 lakh hectares more,
Upstream states gets more benefit
100 MU more energy production10/11/2015
The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014
Regulation of supply of water from the projects to the successor States having regard to awards.
Regulation of supply of power generated to the authority in-charge of the distribution of power having regard to any agreement.
Construction of such of the remaining on-going or new works connected with the development of the water resources projects relating to the rivers.
Making an appraisal of any proposal for construction of new projects on Krishna rivers and giving technical clearance.
Telangana state demands
The newly formed Telangana state is fourth riparian state in the Krishna river basin.
To start again the tribunal proceeding afresh as it was not party to the earlier KWDT1 and KWDT2 adjudications.
Proper review of all the rehabilitation centres and problems associated with it.
Inspection of problems at Dam.
Adopt new technologies of irrigation.
Conservation of water.
Effective utilization of Dam water.
Increase of medical aids for water borne diseases.10/11/2015
GOVERNMENT GREAT DECISION
Don't Give Nod to New Dams, Water Ministry Tells CWC.
Ministry of Water Resources Secretary Shashi Shekhar had on August 25 written to Central Water Commission Chairman A B Pandya that Minister of Water Resources Uma Bharti.
An expert panel has been studying the impact of existing and proposed dams on the flow of rivers and the report will decide fate of dams.
In the process, not only have the rive