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  • Consequences of Sri Lanka Conflict

    Chapter 4


  • Racial Differences Sinhalese vs. Tamils

  • Citizenship Rights “Sinhala Only” Policy

    University Admission Criteria


    Identify 4 causes of conflict in Sri Lanka

  • How important is social cohesion in multi-ethnic societies?

  • Tigers

  • “An eye for an eye will only make the whole world blind.”

    ― Mahatma Gandhi

  • Sri Lanka Conflict

    Political Consequences

    Economic Consequences

    Social Consequences

  • Political Consequences

  • Political Consequences

    Armed Conflict

    Foreign Intervention

  • Armed Conflict

  • 1 Why would any group resort to violence to achieve what they want?

    2 How did the conflict in Sri Lanka become so violent?


  • Timeline of Conflict

  • Tamils demanded peacefully for fair treatment.

    The Federal Party asked for Tamil areas to be recognised as a federation

    Before 1950


  • Tamil United Liberation Front is formed and it asked for a separate independent state – Tamil Eelam.

    After the idea for separated state was rejected, Tamils became angry and dissatisfied with government.


    May 1976

  • Tamil youths formed the LTTE as non-violent methods were ineffective.

  • The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam


  • Leader of LTTE Velupillai Pirapaharan

  • Killed 6 aid workers who were constructing "Village of Hope“. Another 3 aid workers suffer serious gunshot injuries.

    April 1 2007

  • LTTE planted a bomb in Rathmalana, targeting a truck carrying Sri Lanka Police personnel killing 7 civilians and injuring more than 39 people. Amongst dead was a pregnant mother.

    May 28 2007


  • Conflict between Sinhalese and Tamils

  • Armed Conflict

  • Sri Lankan Government



  • Foreign Intervention

  • What happens when 2 countries are in conflict and there seems to be no resolution?


  • What is a mediator? A neutral party that brings opposing sides together for a discussion


  • Sri Lankan Government



  • 1983 Dialogue between the 2 parties

    Outcome No parties could come to an agreement


  • 1987 India pressured Sri Lanka to sign a peace accord.

    Outcome Although peace accord was signed, Tamil Tigers did not disarm and Indian troops took control by force.


  • Fighting continued.

  • Economic Consequences

  • Unemployment Loss of Investment from Other Countries

    Fall in Number of Tourists

  • Unemployment

  • Factory and plantation

    workers and self-employed lost their jobs.

    Massive unemployment1983 Riots

  • Looting and vandalism of shops and offices

  • 1 How does looting affect Sri Lanka?

    2 What impact does unemployment have on the country and its people?


  • Loss of Investment from Other Countries

  • What is foreign investment?

    Investment (money or other resources) provided by other countries


  • Would you want to invest resources in an unstable country which has conflict?


  • Why?

  • Fall in Number of Tourists

  • Sri Lanka depends heavily on tourism for country’s earnings

  • Fall in Sri

    Lanka’s earning

    Loss of jobs

    Fall in number

    of tourists

  • Fall in amount spent on improving Sri Lanka

    Amenities Housing Transport

  • Social Consequences

  • Sri Lankan Tamils are driven out from homeland Thousands of Tamils fled to Tamil Nadu in India as refugees.

  • Movement of Sri Lankan Refugees

  •  - Refugee Camp

  • High Security Zones (HSZs) were set up by the Sri Lankan army to kept LTTE away. HSZs are monitored closely and access is controlled.


  • Refugee camp at a school in the Karainagar area

  • Ongoing fighting in their hometowns (e.g. Jaffna) added to the number of Tamils fleeing.

  • 1. What social problems do refugees face?

    2. What social problems do refugees cause?


  • What is the Future of

    Sri Lanka?

  • Created by

    Goh Bang Rui

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    Consequences �of Sri Lanka Conflict recall Slide Number 3 Slide Number 4 How important is social cohesion in multi-ethnic societies? Slide Number 6 Slide Number 7 Slide Number 8 Political Consequences Slide Number 10 Slide Number 11 Slide Number 12 Timeline of Conflict Slide Number 14 Slide Number 15 Slide Number 16 The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Slide Number 18 Slide Number 19 Slide Number 20 April 1 2007 May 28 2007 RESULT Slide Number 24 Armed Conflict Slide Number 26 Foreign Intervention Slide Number 28 Slide Number 29 Slide Number 30 Slide Number 31 Slide Number 32 Slide Number 33 Economic Consequences Slide Number 35 Unemployment Slide Number 37 Slide Number 38 Slide Number 39 Loss of Investment from Other Countries Slide Number 41 Slide Number 42 Why? Slide Number 44 Slide Number 45 Slide Number 46 Slide Number 47 Social Consequences Slide Number 49 Slide Number 50 Slide Number 51 Slide Number 52 Slide Number 53 Slide Number 54 Slide Number 55 What is �the Future of �Sri Lanka? Created by