צנזורה וסודות ביטחוניים בעידן הדיגיטלי

  • View
    170

  • Download
    5

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • :

    ,

    ( ( ) )

    , ;

    ;

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    : , ) ) ( ( , ; ; ,

    .

    . ; ,

    ; .

    , .

    . , .

    .

    .

    , .

    , .

    113

    113

    |

    |

    : 45 2016

    : 978-965-519-191-2

    www.idi.org.il

  • ,

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 1 04/08/2016 16:28:06

  • Military Censorship_Final.indd 2 04/08/2016 16:28:06

  • 113 ", 2016

    |

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 3 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • Censorship and State Secrets in the Digital AgeTehilla Shwartz Altshuler, Guy Lurie

    : , : ,

    : :

    :

    ISBN 978-965-519-191-2 "

    , , , , , , , .

    .

    )(, " , 2016

    ' 4, " 4702, 9104602

    ': 02-5300888www.idi.org.il :

    :http://tinyurl.com/idistore :

    orders@idi.org.il :': 02-5300800; : 02-5300867

    , , .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 4 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • , ,

    . ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    .

    , ,

    .

    "

    .

    .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 5 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • Military Censorship_Final.indd 6 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 9

    11

    17 20 .

    22 23 .

    24 .

    25 .

    28 .

    31 .

    34 .

    36 .

    42 42 .

    . 43 70)(

    49 .

    50 .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 7 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 54 54 117: .

    57 .

    64 :

    69

    :

    81

    81 .

    85 .

    105

    iii Abstract

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 8 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 9

    , . , . ( ) , -. , , .

    . , , , " ". , . ), (; ), (; ),

    (. . , , , . , ,

    ) , (.

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 9 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 10

    113

    :

    , .1

    - . .2 ,

    . .3 .

    .

    :

    .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 10 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 11

    , , . . . . , , .1

    . .2 , , " ".3 . ,

    , :

    Livre et censure: Bibliographie, 1(Bibliothque nationale de France (2007 )(.

    : 2 95 )2011(.

    " 680/88 ' , " )4( 617, 630 )1989(. 3

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 11 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 12

    113

    , ]...[ ,

    .4

    , ; ,

    .5 , , . , - . , , , , , , . , . , .6 , .

    , ' 634-633. 4, " 2, ' 96-95. 5

    , ' 97-96. 6

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 12 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 13

    .7

    , . .8 ,

    , . . )contra mundum(, 70 ] [, "-1984 ): (, 2002, .9 70 , , .

    .

    " 7 " 4.2.2016.

    8 David E. Pozen, The Leaky Leviathan: Why the Government Condemns and Condones Unlawful Disclosures of Information, 127 Harv. L. rev. 512

    (2013) : , )2011(. 9 " " :

    199-183 ) , 2005(.

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 13 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 14

    113

    , , " ".10 , . ), (; ), (; ),

    (.

    .

    , . , , , . , , . , ; ; .

    , , 10 " " , ' ', , '' ". " ", .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 14 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 15

    .

    . , , . . . , . . ,

    .

    :

    .

    . .

    . , . ,

    .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 15 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 16

    113

    , . , , , , , , , , ,

    . .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 16 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 17

    , , , . deliberative( " " democracy(, : ,

    . ) . ( . , ) (, ) (. , , . ( ) - " " "" . -

    .11

    , 11, .

    , " 9, ' 207-191.

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 17 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 113

    18

    , 1948 . " , ". . , " ; ) , " , " " " "(: . ". " : ,

    ".12 , . , , , , . ,

    .

    . " " 12)24.8.1948(, -5659/18. 1948 )( - : 18

    .)1981(

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 18 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 19

    ), , , (. , . ) (; : , . - : ) ( , . ,

    . : ; . . . , , .13 , . ), (

    13 - " :

    " 21 )( 69 )2015(.

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 19 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 113

    20

    , .14

    .

    : , .

    .

    .

    .

    , , . , . , , ) , (. ; , , . , , . )

    14 " " 9.8.2015.

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 20 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 21

    ( ) (. ),

    (. . . .

    .

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 21 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 22

    .1945 ( ) , . ) ( . , 44 : , ; 19 , "-2002, , ) ( , ;15 117 , "-1977 ): (, .16 : , 4 , , 19 ,

    ) 15 (, "-2004. " " " , " .

    " 26.8.2015. 16 ) , (, "-1957, "

    172 ) 117 , "-1977(.

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 22 04/08/2016 16:28:07

  • 23

    .17 , , , .

    .

    ( ) 86 . , . : , . . ",

    .18 , , . ) 1977-1951 -, )( 2000-1977. , ( . - . , : ", - " . , ,

    .19

    " 73/53 ' , " )2( 871 )1953(. 17 , " 9, ' 57-56.

    315 )1996(. 18 19 .)2014( 33

    Military Censorship_Final.indd 23 04/08/2016 16:28:08

  • 24

    113

    . ; . , . , , . .20 ,

    .

    .

    , . : , 86 , , , .