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BETWEEN PIRACY AND THE PRIVATISATION OF KNOWLEDGELIBRARIES IN THE INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT DEBATEStephen WyberPolicy and Research Officer, IFLAStephen.Wyber@ifla.org

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INTRODUCTION

Sources: Sweetsugarbelle, wikia.com, clipartpanda.com

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LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS (1/3)THE SOCIALISATION OF ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE?Acquiring content through traditional means but then making this available to all within the boundaries set by copyright exceptions and limitations

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THE PITFALLS LIBRARIES HELP AVOIDMonopolistic behaviour by rightholdersMarket failures - externalities/public goodsNeglect of human rights goals

LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS (2/3)

Sources: Wikipedia, Wikipedia, UN

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WHO STANDS TO BENEFIT?Children/FamiliesTeachers and EducatorsVulnerable GroupsGovernmentsDeveloping CountriesCreators and PublishersOverall Social and Economic Welfare

LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS (3/3)

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TRENDING (BUT NOT NECESSARILY IN A GOOD WAY):#GreatExpectations (access, within and across borders)#PoorLaw (unclear, unreformed, or unhinged)#MarketPower (when not even libraries can keep up)#DigiFail (when digital access comes with a catch)

THE CHALLENGES FACED (1/2)

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WHERE DOES THIS LEAVE LIBRARIES (AND THEIR BALANCING ROLE?)Libraries face new obligations, uncertainties and costs and so cannot deliver what their users expect which pushes people towards piracy THE CHALLENGES FACED (2/2)

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A MULTI-LEVEL GAMENational ReformsPoland, Armenia, MoldovaRegional ReformsEuropean Union(Mega) Trade Deals

WHERE ARE LIBRARIES ENGAGED? (1/3)

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A MULTILATERAL DEAL: THE FIRST BEST SOLUTIONA Solution at WIPO Could:Drive National ReformFacilitate Cross-Border UsesLimit ComplexityExcept at WIPO Itself:Five Principles?Eleven Topics?Dont ask about Legal Form WHERE ARE LIBRARIES ENGAGED? (2/3)

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WHAT WAY FORWARDS?Maintain MomentumMobilise National EffortsDevelop Counter-ArgumentsWork on Hold-Outs (the EU)Help gratefully received! WHERE ARE LIBRARIES ENGAGED? (3/3)