Стандартизация предмета системной инженерии

  • View
    6.760

  • Download
    13

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

" ", . , 22 2014

Transcript

  • 1. 22 2014.

2. ( -- shared) ( ) SysMoLan 2 3. : " " " " 80-, "" " ". , , . 2007 , : . : ? (INCOSE, SEMAT) (POSCCaesar Association, Ontology Summit) (OPF, ISO 24744, SEMAT). - 26 ( 1987.), " " , -. : , - , , , . 3 4. / : ( ). : http://techinvestlab.ru/files/systems_engineering_thinking/systems_engineer ing_thinking--TechInvestLab_2014.pdf SysMoLan ( ). : http://ailev.livejournal.com/1127145.html 4 5. Disclaimer -, . , . , ... , . [ ] . . . (--) -, - . (, , ). 5 6. 21 : XV 2009, http://ailev.livejournal.com/664154.html ( ) XVIII , 2012: , http://ailev.livejournal.com/982274.html -- http://g-l-memorial.ice.ru/322014 6 7. (:) : (, , ). (shared) ( ) : (.. ) - (.. ) 7 8. : , (, ) ISO 15288 ( ): Systems Engineering Handbook, Systems Engineering Body of Knowledge : . 8 9. (ISO 15288), (ISO 24774) (ISO 42010, OMG Essence, ArchiMate) aka , (ISO 15926, - PLM) 9 10. 10 FutureModels 11. PP656.11 FIATECH , , ! 12. ?! -- ?! 12 Systems Engineering (SE) is an interdisciplinary approach and means to enable the realization of successful systems. It focuses on holistically and concurrently understanding stakeholder needs; exploring opportunities; documenting requirements; and synthesizing, verifying, validating, and evolving solutions while considering the complete problem, from system concept exploration through system disposal. http://www.sebokwiki.org/1.0.1/index.php?title=Systems_Engineering_%28glossary%29 13. ? , : Body of Knowledge (SEBoK), /processes (ISO 15288 ISO 24774). . : (OPF, ISO 24744, SPEM 2.0). OMG Essence (2013): + Software Engineering Essence Systems Engineering Essence 13 14. , : , . ( ). , ( , ). ! , , . , -- . - (, / , ), . () . ? 250 ! 14 15. ( OMG Essence) ( , alpha) , (activity spaces), [ ] = + = 15 16. , , , 16 ... () () ... 17. 17 18. INCOSE SEMAT V-diagram, : 18 19. V- 19 20. [] [] [] (V&V) [] ( ) (ISO 15288) 20 21. : , / ( ) ( ) -- (project model) -- (product model), (issues) 21 22. system requirement : . : vs. : stakeholders needs, stakeholder requirements, system requirement, constraints, . : , use cases. , , . ! : , , 22 23. : SysML AP233 RIF ISO 29148 DOORS, IRQA : , ! ! - ! GORE - [ , ] Social modeling for requirements engineering: i*framework agent- and goal-oriented ITU Z.151 (URN=GRL+UCM) [i*] Motivation models : BMM, ArchiMate, MBRD Planguage 23 : 24. 24 MBRD . * , / * = , () , 2010 25. 25 MBRD , , , 23 () , 2010 26. 26 , : - / * * , , , () , 2010 27. I* -- GORE http://www.cs.toronto.edu/km/istar/ Goal-oriented requirements engineering 1995.: Agents attribute intentional properties (such as goals, beliefs, abilities, commitments) to each other and reason about strategic relationships. Dependencies between agents give rise to opportunities as well as vulnerabilities. Networks of dependencies are analyzed using a qualitative reasoning approach. Agents consider alternative configurations of dependencies to assess their strategic positioning in a social context. : 2008. ITU-T Z.151 (Goal-oriented Requirements Language + Use Case Maps) 27 28. Motivation model ArchiMate 2.0 [ ] 28 29. : : , ( ) : ( ), . ? ? ISO 42010 29 30. , , ? , , , . : . 30 31. ? ( ). ( ). , ( ). , , ! 31 32. ISO 42010: () , , . Architecture (of a system) fundamental concepts or properties of a system in its environment embodied in its elements, relationships, and in the principles of its design and evolution Garlan et al.: , , , . The architecture of a system is the set of structures needed to reason about the system, which comprise software elements, relations among them, and properties of both. 150 : http://www.sei.cmu.edu/architecture/start/glossary/community.cfm ( ). , ( -- , , . , ). : , , / . 32 33. . . Ralf Johnson 33 34. 34 ( ) , , , ( -): , , , . - . 35. (, ) , (.. ). , , , / . , , . 35 36. 36 : () ( ) : ( ) (- ) , , ( ) / / 37. : ( ISO 42010) 37 ( ) : , , . : , , , , , , view viewpoint definition realization 38. : ISO 42010 38 39. : (1984-2014)? : ( ), , , (ISO 42010, ISO 15288 ..) ( , ) ( , ) () () - (, ) , . ( ), (3-5) (18-26). , (NATO), ( : , ) 39 40. ISO 81346 40 .3 ISO 81346-1 41. ( -) 41 42. ISO 81346-1 Figure 7 42 ( , ) ( , ) 43. ? ISO 15926 : , . . ISO 81346 (, , ) Garlan et. al (, , , ) - (, , , , ) -- http://www.mmk-documentum.ru/glossary/6 43 44. = - + . , ! , . 44 45. 45 46. ( ) = ( ISO 81346) . : (runtime, operation, ) , . , - . . : ( , ). 46 47. 47 FR160B PCB 2-Layer USB Portable Power Module -- - Green (3.5 x 2.6 x 1.5cm) Model FR160B Quantity 1 Color Green Material PCB Features Input: 5V/800mA; Output: 5V/1A; LED lightening; With protection board on COB; Output current limited protection Application Great for DIY project Other ON (Press button) / OFF (Automatically) Packing List 1 x Module 48. - ( ISO 81346) , , . : ( , ). ( ) . , (). . : Dependency Structure Matrix (DSM). . 48 49. + ( ISO 81346) (, , , ) (, ), (, ) 49 50. : , , , , . , - , . , ( , , ..). 50 51. (. . : http://www.mslevin.iitp.ru/Levin-bk-Nov2013-071.pdf) : , . DSM ( ). , - ( ). , ( ). 51 52. : , TOC, . : ( ) , , . , .. , . ( MIT), Samsung. . 52http://ru.wikibooks.org/wiki/%D0%9E%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%8B_%D0%A2%D0%A0%D0%98%D0%97 53. 40 1. : ) ; ) ; ) . 2. : ( ) , , ( ). 3. : ) ( , ) ; ) () ; ) , . 4. : ) ; ) , . 5. : ) ; ) . 6. : , . 7. : ) , , , . .; ) . 8. : ) , ; ) ( - ). 9. : ) , ; ) - , . 10. : ) ( ); ) , . 11. : . 12. : , . 13. : ) , , ; ) , ; ) , . 14. : ) , , , , ; ) , , ; ) , . 15. : ) ( ) , ; ) , ; ) , , . 16. : 100% , . 17. : ) , ( ) , , (. . ). , ( ) , ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) , . 18. : ) ; ) , ( ); ) ; ) ; ) . 19. : ) () ; ) , ; ) . 20. : ) ( ); ) . 21. : (, ) . 22. : ) ( , ) ; ) ; ) , . 23. : ) ; ) , . 24. : ) , ; ) () . 25. : ) , ; ) (, ). 26. : ) , , , ; ) (). ( ); ) , . 27. : , (, ). 28. : ) , ; ) , ; ) , , ; ) . 29. - : : , , . 30. : ) ; ) . 31. : ) (, . .); ) , - . 32. : ) ; ) . 33. : , , ( ). 34. : ) (, . .) ; ) . 35. - : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) . 36. : , , , , . . 37. : ) ( ) ; ) . 38. : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ( ) . 39. : ) ; ) . 40. : . 53 54. : Design Structure Matrix (DSM). (Dependency Structure Matrix, Problem Solving Matrix, Design Precedence Matrix) (, ). Domain Mapping Matrix, Multiple-domain Matrix=DSM+DMM. , . 54http://www.dsmweb.org/ 55. 55 Matlab/Simulink ( , ) Modelica ( , ) 56. (system life cycle) -- , ("" ) ("" ), (stages), , . , . 56 57. ? : , ? , ?! : , ; : , . Case management. : , ( , ). Project management. : ? ( , ) , ( , , , ( , -- ). 57 58. BoK (ISO 15288 ISO 24774) ( ): OPF, ISO 24744, OMG SPEM 2.0, : -- OMG Essence. Lifecycle modeling language ( , 2014) , , : , : agile, DevOp . agile (SpaceX). 58 59. ? ? ? 59 60. , issue tracking , adaptive case management . , , . : . PLM ( ) issue tracking, . , issue tracking . - , . ( ). 60 61. , resilience : /PLM, ( resilience ). , control systems engineering . : : . 61 62.