Japan Field Study Workshop Outcomes (K. Tamura)

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  • 1. Japan Field Study Workshop Outcomes Keiko Tamura, Niigata University Munenari Inoguchi, Niigata University Haruo Hayashi, Kyoto University *Slides 35-41 are prohibited to reprint on the request of Otsuchi Town & Iwate Prefecture *Do not use beyond this project

2. Y0 Y1 Y2 2012 Bloomfield Meeting ThemeSustainable Disaster Recovery: Addressing Risks and Uncertainty3Field Trip Constructing the Agenda of 3rd ICUDR Japan US Taiwan October 2012 2013 2014 3rd ICUDR International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction EERI Earthquake Engineering Research Institute March 13-15 July 12 October CGP Project (The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership ISSS Institute of Social Safety Science || Annual Natural Hazards Research and Applications Workshop Japan US Taiwan 2005 2014 2007 Natural Hazards Center Researchers & Practitioners Young ResearchersKeywords: Nov30thDes 1st End of Aug: plan for next year budget 3. Meeting #1 - Japan Schedule (March 13-15) Day0: March 12 Moving Day 1)1900- Having Meeting with Dinner in Morioka Day1: March 13 Field Trip & Interview in the impacted area 1) Field Trip to the Impacted Area 2) Some Interview opportunity Day2: March 14 ' Open Forum in Iwate University' 1) 1000-1200 Free (Optional Short trip in Morioka) 2) 1330-1700 Open Forum in Iwate University 3) 1800-2000 Welcome party Day3: March 15 Meeting & Closed Forum in Morioka 1) 0930-1200 US, Taiwan, Japan members have meeting at Conference Room in Hotel Metropolitan Morioka 2) 1330-1630 Closed Forum for researchers and administrative officers at Iwate Prefectural government office 3) 1700-2000 US, Taiwan, Japan members have meeting at Conference Room in Hotel Metropolitan Morioka 4. Participants for Meeting #1 - Japan US Delegation 1. Ken Topping Lecturer/Researcher, Cal Poly University Dept of City and Regional Planning 2. Laurie Johnson Principal, ,Laurie Johnson Consulting & Research 3. Rick Wilson Engineering Geologist, California Geological Survey 4. Marjorie Greene Special Projects Manager , Earthquake Engineering Research Institute 5. Rob Olshansky Professor, University of Illinois 6. Richard Eisner Fellow of the American Institute of Architects Taiwan Delegation 1. CHEN, Liang-Chun Director, National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction 2. WU, Jie-Ying Professor , Ming-Chuan University 3. SHAO, Pei-Chun Professor ,Chang Jung Christian University 4. LU, Jing-Chein Assistant Professor, Central Policy University 5. CHEN, Haili Assistant Professor, National Taipei University 6. YANG, Hui-Hsuan Assistant Research Fellow, National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction 7. DENG, Chuan-Chung National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction Japan Delegation 1.Haruo Hayashi Professor , Prevention Research Institute,, Kyoto University 2.Norio Maki Associate Professor , Prevention Research Institute,, Kyoto University 3.Shigeo Tatsuki Professor , Faculty of Social Studies, Doshisha University 4. Keiko Tamura Professor , Risk Management Office , Niigata University 5. Munenari Inoguchi Assistant Professor, Research Institute for Natural Hazards & Disaster Recovery, Niigata University 5. Day0: March 12 Moving Day Having Meeting with Dinner in Morioka Local food Wanko-zen Guest Speaker; Dr Akitomi Iwate Medical Univ 6. Start: Morioka 1. Rikuzen-takata 3. Otsuchi 6. Taro 2. Ofunato 100miles 7. Greenpia Miyako 60 miles Local Bus Agency Day1: March 13 Field Trip & Interview in the impacted area 7. Facility for Memorial Roadside StationTakata-Matsubara Local Volunteer 1. RIKUZEN-TAKATA Day1: March 13 Field Trip & Interview in the impacted area 8. The "miracle pine tree" :A lone pine tree that survived the March 2011 tsunami here but died later, sparking a project to preserve it, was lit up in a test run on June 28, following the completion of restoration work earlier in the month. Before 2011 3.11 1. RIKUZEN-TAKATA 9. 2. Ofunato Clock stopped at the Tsunami Attack Area of Evacuation Temporary Store Barber SHIMIZU City Officer 10. Ofunato City ; March 15, 2011March 13, 2013 (T.D. Flack, Stars and Stripes) (CGP Members) 11. 3. Otsuchi Otsuchi Town Hall & Fire station Memorial for Otuchi Mayor & Officials Wall Paint drawn by Taiwan Volunteers 12. 4.Taro 13. 5. Greenpia Miyako- Local Seafood 14. 5. Greenpia Miyako- Hotel pool Temporary Housings Complex Day Care Center for children Temporary stores Parking Gym Recreation FacilitiesHotel & Temporary Housings Complex Support Center Tennis court playing field 15. CGP Open Forum on March 14th, 2013 Research Center for Regional Disaster Management, Iwate University Day2: March 14 Open Forum in Iwate University' 16. Part I: Input from the Impacted Area (Moderator: Shigeki Sakai, Director, Research Center for Regional Disaster Management, Iwate University) 1. Development of New Inspection Method for Decrepit / Devastated Road Bridges Hiroshi Onishi (Iwate University) 2. Tsunami Evacuation of Fishermen in Iwate Coastal Area Yuriko Matsubayashi (Iwate University) 3. Analysis Report of the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami -Spatial Gap of the Tsunami Damage for Houses- Ryoichi Yanagawa (Iwate University) 4. The Nurturing and Succession of Disaster Culture Regional Schools as a Core of Disaster Management, Focusing on Two Essay Guidance for Collections of Students Tsunami Experience Essays at Taro, Iwate Tomoko Yamazaki (Iwate University) 17. Part II: Input from the Taiwan Experiences (Moderator: Liang-Chun Chen, Director, National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction) 1. Sustainable Disaster Recovery: Addressing Risks and Uncertainaty Taiwan Experiences Liang-Chun Chen 2. Disaster Recovery and Collective Relocation of Typhoon Morakot Haili Chen (National Taipei University) 3. Lessons of Community Reconstruction from Taiwan Chi-Chi Earthquake Pei-Chun Shao (Chang Jung Christian University) 18. Part III: Input from the Japan Experiences (Moderator: Keiko Tamura, Professor, Research Institute for Natural Hazard and Disaster Recovery, Niigata University) 1. Holistic Approach for the Process of Life Recovery Based on the System of Disaster Victims Master Database Keiko Tamura 2. Micro Media Service for Building Up the Personal Resilience Munenari Inoguchi (Niigata University) 3. Two Styles of Long-term Recovery Kobe and Tohoku- Haruo Hayashi (Kyoto University) 19. Part IV: Input from the U. S. Experiences (Moderator: Kenneth C. Topping, Lecturer, City & Regional Planning Department, California Polytechnic State University) 1. Viewing the Tohoku Disaster from across the Pacific Ocean Kenneth C. Topping 2. Recovery Learning and Collaboration Marjorie Greene (Earthquake Engineering Research Institute) 3. U. S. Tsunami Preparedness and Mitigation Program: Applying Lessons Learned from Tohoku-oki Tsunami Rick Wilson (Department of Conservation, State of California) 4. Building Response Capacity for Large Disaster Richard Eisner (American Institute of Architecture) 5. Katrina as the Focusing Event for U. S. Disaster Policy Laurie Johnson (Laurie Johnson Consulting & Research) 6. Learning about Recovery around the World Rob Olshansky (University of Illinois) 20. Day3: March 15 US, Taiwan, Japan members have meeting 21. Day3: March 15 US, Taiwan, Japan members have meeting 3rd ICUDR should be Break the Stovepipes Towards the integrated science for disaster reduction Towards the integrated research for disaster reduction Building bridges over Connecting past and future Connecting people across the disciplines Connecting people across international boundaries Learning from each other country Connecting each element of Disaster cycle Reducing vulnerability From mitigation model to resilience model Linking mitigation, resilience and Adaptation Connecting local, regional ,national and governments How to community deal with recovery issues Human Space Time Resilience SOCIAL VULNERABILITY Exposure Adaptation Hazard Mitigation 22. Day3: March 15 Closed Forum for researchers and administrative officers at Prefectural government office From DISASTER MANAGEMENT Division From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 23. Situation of the damages by the tsunami 23 From DISASTER MANAGEMENT Division 24. Item 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji 2011 Great East Japan All Japan (Iwate) Loss of life (as of January 24, 2012) Dead 6,432 15,844 4,667 Missing 3 3,394 1,368 Total 6,435 19,238 6,035 Building damage (as of January 24, 2012) Complete and partial collapse 249,180 368,862 24,736 Shelter situation (at peak time) Number of Shelters 399 Number of Refugees About 320,000 About 550,000 54,429 Situation of essential utilities damage (at peak time) Electric outage About 2,600,000 units About 4,400,000 units About 760,000 units Gas shortage About 860,000 units About 430,000 units About 9,400 units Water outage About 1,300,000 Units At least 1,800,000 Units About 180,000 units Disconnection of land-line phones Over 300,000 lines About 900,000 lines About 66,100 lines Summary of the Damage (Comparison with the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake) 24 From DISASTER MANAGEMENT Division 25. Search & Rescue 1. After Tsunami there were so many isolated area, which should be searched and rescued 2. The necessity of rescue using helicopters increased; however, there were not enough helicopters to response their needs 3. Debris caused by Tsunami made search & rescue extremely difficult 4. There were no management system to handle dead bodies Lessons Learned People with Specials Needs 4. Many elderlies were victimized 5.Many Supporters were victimized when they tried to support people with special needs to be evacuated Distribution map based on residence of the deaths and missing persons near Otsuchi bay Age of dead and missing persons Under 11 Under 21 Under 31 Under 41 Under 51 Under 61 Under 71 Under 81 Under 91 Under 101 Over 101 34 Shelter Management 6. Relief supplies could not reach the victims in first 3 days. 7. There were not enough resources to manage shelters because city & town officials were also victimized Relief Supplies 8. National governments lack of control over relief supplies management because of sectionalism 9. a fuel shortage were serious problems From DISASTER MANAGEMENT Division 26. COMMANDFR OPERATION Before 3.11 After 3.11 From DISASTER MANAGEMENT Division 27. 27 From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 28. 28 23729 25.1.4 (H25.1.4) (H25.1.4 ) 12,735 2,754 718 193 3,665 16,400 6,490 - 22,890 (H24.1.13 13,228) (H23.10.21 3,474) (H23.8.12 837) (H23.7.29 291) (937 ) (1,430 ) 29,201 7,028 2,123 556 9,707 38,908 14,936 1,664 55,508 52.6% 12.7% 3.8% 1.0% 17.5% 70.1% 26.9% 3.0% 100.0% 1. Many Victims live in various type and kinds of temporary housings. How to support them until they reconstruct their lives again is the challenge households Persons Temporary housings rented accommodation From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 29. 29 38.1% 30.0% 18.1% 14.2% 23.8% 5.9% 33.2% 11.0% 19.8% 7.5% 29.6% 21.8% 15.0% 20.6% 22.9% 5.8% 35.4% 11.1% 18.1% 8.3% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. H24.2) H24.8 242420 335.4 576/1,62629.6% 22.9 33.2%35.4 14.2%20.6% 2. 80 % of Business owners reopened their business, however, there several problems to be solved for continuing their business From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 30. 2312 24 241212 24 544,391 22 1,356,798 420 210 84 300 6 510 510 27 30 3. How to secure financial resources needed to recovery is challenge; Prefectural government need to have the discretionary power to handle the recovery budget From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 31. 24 372 24 1231 25 241231 31 3. How to secure adequate human resources for recovery is the challenge From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 32. 32 3. Pushing forth a sweeping relaxation of regulations for recovery is needed From DISASTER RECOVERY Division 33. Disaster Management What kind of relation or coordination had been made between national governments and prefecutal levels at the time of response phase? What should they be? Disaster Recovery In Tsunami impacted area many victims are supposed to move away from their original location. What are those peoples situation? The Victims claims that the recovery process was slow. Was it slow or should it be slow? Discussion has been made 34. VMDB Server Client VMDB LGWAN Affected City Iwate Prefecture Providing as a service Implementation of Victims Master Database Server LGWAN (Local Gov. Wide-Area Network) F/W Iwate Prefecture Affected cities by tsunami Affected cities by ground-shaking 35. Residents15,276 ( Census in 2010: before Tsunami) Out of Residential Area (pink color) Kamaishi City Tono City Miyako City Yamada Town Otsuchi 36. Residents in Tsunami Impacted Area10,775 70.5% of residents 4,396 households were inundated Tsunami Impacted Area (Red color) Kamaishi City Tono City Miyako City Yamada Town Otsuchi 37. Otsuchi Station Old City Hall Kirikiri Station Red: Tsunami Impacted Area BlueResidents Yellow Star Landmarks 38. Dead/Missing number in each household Residents 17,405 Households 7,370 Dead1,650 0 dead: 6,094 households 1 dead: 967 households 2 dead: 244 households 3 dead: 48 households 4 dead: 9 households 5 dead: 3 households Missing3 39. Current Residential Address (Around Otsuchi Station and City Hall) 4,266 Residents lived before Tsunami As to April 26th, 2013 Managed Current Address 3,524 persons People still living at the same place: 76 People living at other place than before: 3,448 (98%) In Iwate, In Japan, Overseas NOT Managed Current Address 742 persons 40. Moved to Temporary housingsMoved to Inland Area Otsuchi Town 41. Iwate Prefecture Tokyo 42. Ken Topping visited Morioka Kindergarten on March 14th, which was established by his Grandfather 43. Earthquake Risks in Japan for the Next 30 years 60% M8.1 8.540% M7.9 8.3 50% 2% M7.8 8.2 M8.1 8.3 10% M8.0 99% M7.5 8.0 90% M7.7 8.0 1% M7.9 60% M8.4 70% M8.1 87% M7.9 Tokyo Metropolitan 70% M7.3 As of 1.1.2010