Landuse Mapping

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LANDUSE CHARACTERISTICS

Maitreyi YK VyomkeshMani DSagarika N

LAND UNDER AGRICULTURE USE

AREA WITH COMPARATIVELY GENTLE SLOPES HAVE MORE DENSITY OF RESIDENTIAL AS WELL AS COMMERCIAL LANDUSE

AREA WITH LESS DENSE INFORMAL SETTLEMENT AND THE STEEP SLOPE LEADS TO WATER-LOGGING.

Contour and Physiography

Location of Ward 34NATURAL FEATURES

An Irrigational Canal Kansaboti runs along the Southern end of the ward.

The area south to the canal is primarily agricultural.

Few areas along the canal are marshy.

Planned Settlements are present on the plain areas.

The height from the sea level goes on decreasing towards South and East.

The highest point of this Ward is at the centre and the North.

Natural drainage follows the arrows in red.

The area shown with darker gradation indicate lower areas with maximum water logging during rainy seasons.

Areas depicted with lighter gradation more suitable for habitation and justify the pattern of land uses found out during survey.

Topography

Base Map

Climatic FeaturesAverage and Extreme TemperaturesWind SpeedAverage RainfallNo. of Rainy Days in a Month

KharagpurTropical Region

Summers-March to JulyHot and humidAvg. Temp.- 30 C (86 F)

Monsoon-July to October Avg. 1140mm (45inches) of rain

Winters are brief but chilly, lasting from December to mid February, with average temperatures around 22 C (72 F). Total annual rainfall is around 1400mm (55in).Source : http://www.myweather2.com Source : http://www.myweather2.com

Administrative BoundaryPlot BoundaryScale 1:10,000

LEGEND Land Use Map

Vejalpuris a city and amunicipalityinAhmedabad districtin Gujarat.

Population is approximately 3,00,000 as per 2011 census which is comparable to the population of Kharagpur (3,72,000 in 2011 census)

Land use Study of Ward 42 of Vejalpur, Ahmedabad: Source : Ward Study of Vejalpur, CEPT University 2012

A Comparative Study of Ward 34: As per the given ward administrative boundary for ward number 34

Total area = 15,79,483 sq.m. = 157.94 ha = 158 ha approximately Total population as per Hijli Cooperative society in 2001 = 8000 approx. 2012 rate of growth = 3% i.e total population 2012 = 8240

So density of ward 34 = 8240 / 158 = 52 pph For small towns density is 75 pph

Hence considering it as small town settlement UDPFI STANDARDS are referred

Percentage Of Developed Land Use, 2012LAND USE CATEGORYWARD 34 of Kharagpur, West Bengal WARD 42 of Vejalpur, AhmedabadUDPFI STANDARDS

RESIDENTIAL537845-50COMMERCIAL1.522-3INDUSTRIAL008-10PUBLIC AND SEMI PUBLIC346-8RECREATIONAL1112-14TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION10410-12AGRICULTURE AND WATER BODIES130BalanceMIXED.55VACANT LAND174

Table 1.

DISTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT LAND USE (WARD 42 VEJALPUR, AHMEDABAD)The distribution of commercial landuse is close to 2% in both the wards. Ward 34 caters to a lesser residential area as compared to Vejalpur where the demand seems higher.

The high residential distribution IN Ward 42 Vejalpur can be attributed to the location of the ward close to Ahmedabad City.

Transportation attributes to 10% in ward 34 whereas in Vejalpur it is 4%, highlighting the quantity of road infrastructure .

Both wards lack minimum standards of recreational spaces.

Both wards lack adequate Public and Semi-Public Spaces

PUBLIC AND SEMI PUBLIC6-8RECREATIONAL12-14

There is lack of open and recreational spaces, not satisfying the minimum criteria i.e. 12 %

Also, there is a lack of public and semi public spaces like healthcare, education and social facilities, not satisfying the minimum criteria i.e. 6%Comparison of Ward 34 with UDPFI Guidelines

PLOT SIZEAREA 1AREA 2AREA 3Lowest size200 sq.m.= 2180 sq. ft. = 5 dis.245 sq.m.= 2616 sq. ft.= 6 dis.150 sq.m.= 1615 sq. ft.= 3.70 dis.Mean size280 sq.m.= 3052 sq. ft.= 7dis.325 sq.m.= 3488 sq. ft.= 8 dis.260 sq.m.= 2834 sq. ft.= 6.5 dis.Highest size400 sq.m.= 4360 sq. ft.= 10 dis.400 sq.m.= 4360 sq. ft.= 10dis.400 sq.m.=4360 sq. ft.10 dis.

Plot Area AnalysisTable 2.

Not to ScaleArea 1:The workable plot size is found to be 7 dis. but a minimum size of 5 dis. Is found in this area.

Area 2 and 3:Initially, it was mandatory for one to purchase a minimum plot size of 10 dis. which had been lowered to 7 dis. and further lowered to 6 dis.The larger plots arefound in area 2 which can be attributed to the higher income levelsof the residents

Land Price Tax is paid to both society and municipality. Persons have to buy shares of the Co-operative Society, pay development tax, and membership fees. Tax has to be paid even while sale of land. Land in commercial areas of Hijli is owned by the Society. The shops function on a monthly rental basis.

OBSERVATIONSANALYSIS/ INFERENCESLand price is highest along the Prem Bazar Main roadClose proximity to the commercial zone situated along the main roadAreas in The Hijli Co-operative zone have second highest preference Provision of all basic utilities and amenities by the Society. Relatively safe and secure environment. A homogeneous social structure.DVC Mayapur has a almost similar pricing structure as Hijli Co-operative but is third in the pricing list.This can be attributed to the lack of facilities in this region. But, it is observed that the development has increased with time due to the flourishing market and the highway.Informal settlement pattern is observed in the areas which are the end of the pricing list.Closeness to the canal has resulted in water-logging which makes the region non developable (in terms of infrastructure)Areas shaded in pink are non saleable (IIT G-Type Quarters, Santhal Basti and 100ft area abutting canal). Santhal Basti plots are owned by adivasis and ownership cannot be transferred to others.

Not to Scale

Zone A:Zone B:Zone C:

UnplannedOr Informal SettlementsAnalysis and Inferences

Not to Scale

Due to uneven terrain, few vacant areas get flooded, thus creating unhealthy living conditions The arterial road is concrete, yet, the road connecting Highway and arterial road is kutcha. This is a result of planning only for the area under consideration and not beyond.Vacant pockets of land are being used for Solid Waste Disposal Absence of public and semi-public areas in Sukantoo Nagar, Mayapur DVC and surrounding areas (REF TABLE 1).Non-uniform distribution of commercial , educational & healthcare activities.

Zone A:

Not to Scale

Densification of areas in Hijli Society and DVC Mayapur with time due to presence of comparatively better facilities in these areas. Disintegration of plots with time has led to the creation of small congested lanes (1.5-2m wide) bereft of street lighting10% of the total land use belongs to transport of which 50% of the roads are of Kutcha type. It leads to maximum cases of puddle formation and water stagnation. REF TABLE 1.Non-Uniformly distributed open spacesLack of organized open/ recreational spaces. Few open spaces present are non-uniformly distributed REF TABLE 1.

Vacant spaces scattered in the ward can be considered as possible growth potentials

Zone B:

Not to Scale

Unplanned informal growth of alongside Kansabati canal is of prime concern as it is leading to pollution , thus degrading the environment and the land valueThe waste land belonging to the farmers Is converted to shanty residences alongside the agricultural land. The area nearby and abutting canal is a water-logging region. Also, it cannot be developed formally for a 100 ft wide area according to the bye laws. Thus, due to lack of attention it has evolved informally.Inadequate street parking in commercial areas resulting in congestionMixed residential use observed mostly near market areas and certain corner spotsLinear development in the fringe area of Chandi Mandir along the main cordon route connecting to BalrampurLack of community toilets forcing people residing in informal settlements to defecate in canal.Conversion of agricultural fringes into informal residential zones due to Political support and yet basic services are missing.

Zone C:

Not to Scale

Conclusions It was observed that the roads were laid all throughout the site but were not in good condition due to failure in maintenance by the Society and the Municipality. Roads as an important element of development need to be improved in terms of quality.

Very few organized Open and recreational spaces are present. There is scope for developing more open spaces asof playgrounds and parks

Absence of social gathering areas beyond Hijli Society.

Potential vacant lands getting converted to waste lands due to absence of regular solid waste collection and transport at municipal level.

Unofficial yet widely followed regulation concerning sale of land only to persons of a certain ethnic class .

Construction of public toilets, bath and wash facilities in the existing informal areas

Enforcement of strict regulation and bylaws to check growth of unplanned or informal settlements at social and political level

Intermittent Residential Spaces in commercial areas need to be checked as they interfere with the intensive commercial activities.

Scope for Parking in public, semi public and commercial areas has to be addressed as it leads to congestion and reduces the effective width of road.

The terrain in the low lying areas has to be developed to prevent water logging and provide livable and hygienic spaces for the existing informal settlements in the surround