Southeast Asia And Korea

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  • 1.Southeast Asian influences have been affecting regions of the world throughout history. Ever since a particular time, beginning around the year 900 A.D., nations have prospered because of its intellectual successes.. However, its geography never allowed these parts to unite either culturally or politically. Two dominating ones included India and China, which largely affected the other societies way of life. The Khmer Empire was another propitious example of the effects of this time period. Auspicious trade linked the various nations. Especially the islands, such as Borneo, Java, edifyingly benefited. Under Chinese rule for a thousand years, Vietnam retained many of its customs. These connected kingdoms all helped each other grow stronger.

2. Divided all parts of Southeast Asia Seas/straits separate islands Rivers divide mainland Hills/mountains make land travel difcult Monsoon winds bring long rains Allow for successful trade routes which link nations and cultures together 3. Missionaries spread faiths -Buddhism -Hinduism Kingdoms across the region were modeled based on Indian political ideas Southeast Asian poets wrote long, elegant poems in Indias ancient language of Sanskrit-Art-Language-Hindu practices 4. Because of trade and migration, Chinese culture and ideas spread throughout - Examples: Japan, Korea, Vietnam Exerted strong political authority over many different parts of the mainland of Southeast Asia - Through direct rule - By demanding tributes from local rulers - Examples: Vietnam, Korea 5. Khmer Empire - in Cambodia, main power on Southeast Asian mainland for centuries Dominated sea trade between India and China Expanded state into an empire at expense of neighboring kingdoms Irrigation systems and waterways improved rice cultivation; helped the Khmer become prosperous Capital at Angkor Angkor Wat - is a city and temple complex and was built as symbolic mountain dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu 6. Sailendra Dynasty ruled an agricultural kingdom on island of Java Buddhist temple at Borobudur is a monument left by Sailendra kings; built around 800 Sailendra Dynasty fell to island empire of Srivijaya Srivijaya Empire at its height in 7th to 13th centuries ruled Strait of Malacca and other waters around islands of Sumatra, Borneo and Java grew wealthy by taxing trade that passed through its waters capital at Palembang, on Sumatra Palembang became great center of Buddhist learning 7. Vietnamese were the least inuenced by India out of the people in Southeast Asia Located in coastal region south of China Fell under Han Dynasty (Chinese) around 100 B.C. Became independent in 939 after Chinas Tang Dynasty weakened in the early 900s Absorbed many Chinese cultural inuences such as Buddhism but maintained independence and kept own cultural identity Rulers of Ly Dynasty from 1009-1225 established capital at Hanoi on the Red River delta Expanded Vietnam by conquering neighboring people in south Mongols tried conquering Vietnam by capturing Hanoi 3 times (1257, 1285, 1287) but Vietnamese forced them to withdraw 8. Southeast Asia was inuenced greatly by China and India. Because of the regions isolation from each other, they all developed differently and their cultures varied. Some empires that developed in these lands such as the Srivijayan Empire, prospered due to taxing trades that passed through their. 9. There have said to been many legends as to how Korea came into existence. One legend implied that the hero Tan-gun founded Korea. I is believed his mother was a bear and his father a god. The other legend implied that it was founded by a descendant from the Shang Dynasty . These two aspects explain how Korea created its own distinct culture, but adapted to Chinese inuences. 10. Located on a Peninsula which sticks out from the Asian continent pointing at Japan Hot in the summer Very cold in the winter Mountainous land Limited farming land Developed in isolation to neighbors 11. Korea was united but lived as if separated because different groups of people controlled different parts of Korea. In 108 B.C., the Han empire ruled much of Korea and during that time created a military government. During the period of Han rule, Korea became more acquainted with the learning of centralized government, ways of life (Buddhism and Confucianism), and writing from the Chinese. During Han rule many of the Korean tribes who controlled areas of Korea joined into federations, and soon the federations became rival kingdoms (Silla, Goguryeo, Baekje) who fought for control over Korea In the mid-600s the victor was the Silla Kingdom conquered all of Korea. During the Silla rule Koreans built Buddhist monasteries, made sculptures out of bronze and stone and created a writing system understandable for Korea though still using Chinese way of life after expelling the Chinese from the Silla Kingdom. 12. Around 935, a rebel ofcer named Wang Kon gained control of Korea and after called it Koryu which was the origin of the modern name Korea. The Koryu Dynasty from 935 to 1392 which was four and a half centuries. The Koryu Dynsaty created its centralized government after Chinas. Koryu created a Confucian civil service examination system which determined who among the population would be permitted to enter the states bureaucracy. During the Koryu Dynasty the society lived in social classes because the wealthy nobles and aristocrats received better positions in the than the poor and middle class. The wealthy nobles huge estates left the poor with nothing which led to rebellions in the 1100s. In 1231 the Mongols swept into Korea and during that time the Mongols demanded supplies such as 20,000 horses, clothing for 1 million soldiers, and artisan, children slaves. Finally in 1350s Mongols rain ended. In 1392 a group of scholars created a new dynasty Choson Dynasty because of the wealthy nobles ambitious acts which drained and crippled most of Koreas population. 13. Artists created celadon pottery (popular for green glaze) First national history of Korea and poetry were written During a period of 60 years, they carved thousands of big wood blocks to print the entire canon of Buddhist scriptures Set of blocks was destroyed by Mongols, but then they rebuilt it Today, 81,000 blocks remain 14. The Koreans lived on a peninsula and were in isolation with their neighbors. In early Korea, they learned many thins from the Chinese such as centralized government ideas, and different philosophies taught in China. During the period of the Koryu Dynasty, a type of government was established and many cultural achievements were made. 15. Links for Pictures Southeast_asia.jpg/524px-Southeast_asia.jpg (slide 2)* (slide 3)* (slide 4) (slide 4)* Chinese%20Building%202.jpg (slide 5)* (slide 6)* (slide 7)* (slide 8) (slide10) (slide 11) (slide 12) 16. Thank You Hope you enjoyed our presentation of SoutheastAsia and KoreaSigned, A.A, J.C, B.L, and A.s