Physiographic Features of Afghanistan
*PP due Sunday 2008 shud have more detail
Where Afghanistan is locatedAsia
- Southwest Asia
- Pakistan (to the southeast)Iran (west)Turkmenistan (northwest)Uzbekistan (north)Tajikistan (north)China (northeast)
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Geographic Features of AfghanistanArea:total:652,230 sq kmland:652,230 sq kmwater:0 sq kmcountry comparison to the world:41
Land boundaries:total:5,987 kmborder countries (6):China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2,670 km, Tajikistan 1,357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 kmNatural resources:natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land
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History of Afghanistan
Conquered by Alexander the GreatGenghis Khan takes over.Gains IndependenceSoviet Union leavesTaliban takes overEarthquakesTaliban FallsNew President330 BC1219 ADAugust 19th 1919 AD1989 AD1997 AD1998 AD2001-2002 ADOctober 2004 ADAlexander the Great conquered Afghanistan and its surrounding regions.The Mongols, under the rule of Genghis Khan, take over.Afghanistan gains independence again after the third war against British forces trying to control it.The last Soviet Union forces leave Afghanistan.A political group called the Taliban, which follows Islam very strictly, is recognized by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia as the rulers of Afghanistan.Major earthquakes kill thousands of people.The Taliban loses control over most of the country.Hamid Karzai wins the elections to become President.
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People and SocietyPopulation:33,332,025 (July 2016 est.)country comparison to the world:41
Ethnic groups:Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai.Religions:Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)Languages :Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%
Government of AfghanistanAfghanistan has had almost every type of government system over the last century.
It has 34 provinces, each with its own districts. Most provinces are ruled by a governor.
Afghanistan has a President, a Cabinet of Ministers, a National Assembly, and a Supreme Court.
The President is elected and enforces laws made by the House of the People.
The Cabinet of Ministers is made up of the heads of all the government ministries, who are chosen by the President.
The National Assembly is made up of two houses:
House of the PeopleHouse of Elders
The House of the People makes laws. There are 249 delegates elected by district. At least two from each province must be women, chosen by the President, who also chooses two disabled and/or impaired and two Kuchis.
The House of the Elders advises the President. One third of it is elected by district councils, one third by provincial councils, and one third by the President. The district and provincial councils elect one representative from each province. From the people the president chooses, half have to be women and two disabled and/or impaired and two Kuchis (a tribe in Afghanistan).
The Supreme Court has nine justices appointed by the President. They see that the law is being followed and give punishments to those who dont.
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Provinces Of AfghanistanKabulKandaharHeratMazar-i-SharifKunduzJalalabadLashkar GahTaluqanPuli Khumri
Climate of AfghanistanHot summers
Cold, dry winters
Steppe climate in most of Afghanistan.
Similar to a desert climateHas little precipitation but more than in a desert.
Highland climate (several climates in one area) in mountainous area in the northeast.
Hot climates at the bottom of the mountains cold ones at the topHigher mountains have colder temperatures at the top.
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Environment of AfghanistanPlants:
Camel thornLocoweedMimosaWormwoodSagebrushEvergreens (in mountains)Oaks (in mountains)Poplars (in mountains)Almond trees (in mountains)Animals:SheepBearWolfFoxBatsVarious rodentsLeopard (endangered)Snow leopard (endangered)Gazelle (endangered)Bactrian deer (endangered)Siberian crane (endangered)
Snow LeopardCamel Thorn
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Customs and Traditions
On August 19th, Afghans celebrate Afghanistans independence day.
As a Muslim country, Afghanistan celebrates religious holidays according to the Islamic lunar calendar.
In the holy Islamic month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset.
Eid-ul-Fitr is after Ramadan and Muslims wear new clothes, go to special prayer in the morning, and visit friends and family. Children receive money called Eidi.
Eid-ul-Adha is on the 12th day of the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims sacrifice a cow, sheep, goat, or camel and give some of the meat to the poor. They also visit friends and family.
Mawleed Al-Nabi is on the 12th day of the 3rd month of the Islamic calendar and is the Prophet Muhammads birthday. Muslims remember Muhammad and visit friends and family.
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Economy of AfghanistanThe long period of war has damaged Afghanistans industry, trade, and transportation systems. Farming and herding are the most important economic activities now. (BOOK)
Afghanistan has had many wars recently and is therefore one of the worlds poorest countries.
The main industry is based on agriculture.
Main food crops:
CornRiceWheatFruitsNutsMain exported crops:
CottonTobaccoMadderCastor beansSugar beets
Sheep farming is also a big industry. The main exported sheep products are:
WoolKarakul skins (Karakul being a type of sheep)
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Tourism in AfghanistanAfghanistan is at war and is a very dangerous country to visit. There are bombs so the place you want to visit may be gone tomorrow. Due to this, it has very little tourism.
Currency and Exchange RateThe Afghan Afghani is the currency of Afghanistan.Its exchange value with respect to Indian rupee is:1 = 1.29 afghan afghani
FoodMantu (dumplings). Afghan cuisine is largely based upon the nation's chief crops, such as wheat, maize, barley andrice.Accompanying these staples are native fruits and vegetables as well as dairy products such as milk,yogurt and whey. Kabuli Palaw is the national dish of Afghanistan.Shorma,Qourma,kababs and khameerbob are also famous.
*PP due Sunday 2008 shud have more detail*Insert a map of your country.*Insert a picture of one of the geographic features of your country.*Add key points in the history of your country to the timeline.*Insert a picture of the head leader of your country.*Insert a picture illustrating a season in your country.*Insert a picture of an animal and/or plant found in your country.*Insert a picture illustrating a custom or tradition here.*Insert a picture that illustrates some part of your countrys economy.