1Syam mohan&Sangram keshari satapathy
Loom is a device used to weave cloths. The cloths which are weaved by hand played looms are called handloom products.Handloom industry in India is an ancient cottage industry which is seems to have started between 5000 & 3000 BC.This is a green production and employee oriented work.Handloom industry is the largest cottage industry of India with 23,77,000 looms. It is also providing direct employment to over 65 lakh peoples engaged in weaving and other activities.2About
3Sector over view The handloom sector occupies a distinct and unique place in the Indian economy beside being the largest generator of non-farm rural employment. The handloom industry is largely house hold base carried out with labour contributed by the entire family. It is despaired, spread across thousand of villages and towns in the country.
4 Along with the artistry of wavers the Indian handloom industry demonstrates the richness and diversity of India culture. This sector is the second largest employment provider for the rural population of India after agriculture. The sector account for 14.9% of the total cloth produced in country. Handloom industry in India is best know for its distinctiveness style, traditionalism and modern technology .
5 Each and every state in India has the capability of boasting innovative printing, weaving, needle work and designing trends.
6Famous handloom products of IndiaMuslin of ChanderiSilk brocades of VaranasiTie & dye products of RajasthanChintas of MachhlipatnamHimroos of HyderabadKhes of PunjabBottle designs of Assam & ManipurMaheswari sarees of MPPatola sarees of Baroda
Some handloom productsFabrics, Bed linen, Table linen, Toilet & Kitchen linen, Towels, Curtains, Cushions & Pads, Tapestries & Upholstreys, Carpets, Floor coverings etc.
8Some other famous products
9Handloom industry of OdishaOdisha handloom products are mainly famous for their colour & designs.In Odisha there are 43,652 looms & 1,92,339 workers are working for weaving handloom items.Nearly 62 weave communities are available in Odisha.30 crores of selling made each year in local market as well as in international market.Now time the textile market eaten by less expensive powerlooms & mill products so weavers are begun to diversify their product range to small products like bedlinen, Cushion covers etc.
10Local handloom sarees
Sambalpuri SareeWarp weft design of SonepurTasar saree of GopalpurSilk Bomkai saree of BerhampurKhandua pata of NuapatanaIKAT/Bandha saree of Bargarh
11MAJOR PLAYERS OF HANDLOOM INDUSTRYAll India handloom apparels pvt. Ltd.
HP state handicrafts and handloom corporation ltd.
Handloom export promotion council
Institute of handloom and textile technology
12National handloom development corporation ltd.
Nirmal handloom house pvt. Ltd.
Tamilnadu handloom weavers cooperative society ltd.
The handicraft and handlooms export corporation of India ltd.
13Export of Handloom productsMajor importing countries areUnited States of AmericaUnited KingdomGermanyItalyFranceJapanSoudi ArabiaAustraliaNetherlandUnited Arab EmiratesTop 3 purchaser in FY 2014-15 :- 1-USA = $107.95million 2-UK = $29.7million 3-Germany = $25.4million
14Government supportCentral government of India trying to develop the handloom industry by implementing some institution for them like:-Handloom export council (1965)=It is for exporting handloom products to the foreign market.Handloom development corporation=It is for the development of weavers.The office for the development commissioner for handlooms has been implementing since 1976 for doing promotion & development steps like modernisation & up gradation of technology, marketing, publicity, infrastructure development etc.
16ConclusionHandloom or the hand woven textile industry is now facing many challenges because of the globalisation and rapid technological developments. The handloom products are now being imitated on powerlooms at much lower price so there is a need to strengthen this sector by making quality products & make market demand of those products.