1. Sample IT Test 11

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( 2011)

Telerik Corp. www.telerik.com

() : , , , , (CD, DVD, HDD, ), , ,

, , ,

- , PCI, ATA, SATA, USB, eSATA, SCSI, FireWire

, , ,

3

e

?a) Barcode b)

c) d) Joy pad e) f) 3D g) 4

Keyboards (Game controllers)

Mice, Touchpads, Touchscreens Scanners (Image scanner, 3D scanner, Barcode reader, Fingerprint scanner)

Medical Imaging - Computed tomography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Medical ultrasonography, etc.

Visual Screen (Monitors) Audio Speakers, Headphones Paper Printer5

() , ,

, (, , ) - Windows , firmware, cloud computing , , , , 7

?a) Malwareb) Spyware

c) DDoSd) Adware e) Trojan horses f) Viruses g) Root kits8

: , , , spyware and adware DDoS Distributed

Denial of Service attack

:

http://goo.gl/Xrx4X http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antivirus_software

http://goo.gl/koKMq DDoS9

, , ,

, , , ,

Windows Task Manager, Windows Registry, Windows Event Log11

?a) Microsoft Windows' EULAb) Cryptix General License c) Netscape Public License (NPL) d) Zope Public License e) Eclipse Public License (EPL)

f) Academic Free License (AFL)g) Mozilla Public License (MPL)12

Microsoft Windows' EULA End User License Agreement Microsoft a Microsoft EULA

: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_software_licenses http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_license http://goo.gl/mtbTm13

, ,

: , , , , UTP, STP , ,

, , , , , ...

15

10 ?a) 10 * 233

b) 10 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 c) 10 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024

d) 23 * 1010 e) 10 * 233 f) 23 * 1010 g) 10 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 h) 10000 16

1 8 1 1024 ( 8192 )

1 1024 .. 1 1000 ! 1024 = 2 10 (210) ,

: 210 * 210 = 220; 10*230 * 8 = 10*233 : , ,

, ,17

, , , ..

, , , ,

()

, , , , , , ,

(GUI) , , , ,

, , Windows, Linux 19

Windows Phone 7? a) Silverlight b) XAML c) .NET Framework d) C#

e) Microsoft XNAf) WPF20

Windows Phone 7

Microsoft Windows Mobile

Windows 8

Silverlight :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Phone21

, , , , , , ,

, , , QA (), , , UML

, , , , , (agile development)23

" " (continuous integration CI)?a) b) c) d)

e) f) g) CI 24

Continuous integration (CI) commit (SVN / Git / ) ( , , ..)

:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuous_integration25

,

, , : , , , , , LZ-77, LZW, JPEG : JPEG MPEG : WinZIP, WinRAR, 7-Zip : zip, rar, 7z, gz, tar, tar.gz, bz2, iso, cab 27

-?

a) b) -

c) LZMAd) e) f) LZ-77 g) LZW28

-

LZMA ( 7Zip) - , :

http://www.fmi-plovdiv.org/manchev ( ) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arithmetic_coding http://zlib.net/feldspar.html (Huffman + LZ77) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LZW http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LZMA29

, , , , , ,

(TXT, DOC, DOCX, ODT, RTF, PDF) , Unicode, Windows-1251, ASCII, ...

T , , , , , , , , , , , , , , MS Word, OpenOffice.org Writer Google Docs31

MS Word / OpenOffice.org Writer / Google Docs ?a) b) c) Heading 1 / Heading 2 / d) "TOC" 32

, Heading 1 / 2 / MS Word / OpenOffice Writer / Google Docs

: http://office.microsoft.com/bg-bg/wordhelp/HP001225372.aspx MS Word http://www.worldstart.com/openoffice-org-writerinsert-a-table-of-contents/ OpenOffice 33

, , ,

, RGB, CMYK, Panton, , 16- , (JPG, GIF, PNG, TIFF, EPS, PSD, AI, CDR) (, , , , , ), , , , , , , : Photoshop, CorelDraw, Illustrator, , 35

:a) CMYK RGB ICC b) Pantone

c) RGB, ARGB CMYK d) ARGB PNG e) RGBA / 36

- RGB, ARGB, CMYK, HSL HSV

Pantone , (. " ")ICC / : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_space http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICC_profile37

, , , SQL

RDBMS

, , , , , , E/R , SQL

SQL (DDL DML), SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, ALTER, DROP, ...

MS Access, SQL Server MySQL39

, . ?a) SELECT AVG

12.83 14.36

7.3312.60

b) SELECT AVG c) SELECT AVG ORDER BY d) SELECT AVG DICTINCT e) SELECT AVG WHERE f) SELECT AVG GROUP BY g) SELECT AVG HAVING DICTINCT 40

SELECT AVG() ""SELECT AVG() FROM GROUP BY

12.83 14.36 7.33 12.60

:

http://www.sqlcommands.net/sql+group+by/41

ERP, CRM, BI, BPM, FMIS, CAD/CAM, CMS,

()

ERP, CRM, BI, CAD, CMS, BPM, ...

(/), , , , peer-to-peer (cloud computing)43

?a) , , , , b) , , , , c) , , ,

d) , , , e) , , , 44

. (): , , , ,

, ,

: http://tuj.asenevtsi.com/APIS/APIS02.htm45

, , ,

3DES, AES, RC4, IDEA, ...

A ( ) RSA, DSA, ECDSA

SHA-1, MD5, SHA-256

() 47

(2) (PKI)

, , X.509, PGP,

, , , TLS, SSL, S/MIME

, (exploits), ,

48

(password cracking)?a) SHA1 Schullerb) c) (brute force) d) ( ) e)

f) cracking g) 49

:

1-2-3 + ZIP :

http://lastbit.com/password-recovery-methods.asp

http://wpa-sec.stanev.org WPA crack50

, , , , , , , ,

, , , , , : , , , ,

MS PowerPoint, OpenOffice Impress, Google Docs

52

?a) b) c)

d) e)

f) g) 53

, ( ) , ,

:

http://www.nakov.com/blog/2011/10/29/54

/ : , ,

, , : , , , (MPEG, MP3, OGG, AAC, AC3, WMA, MP4, AVI, MOV, FLV, MKV, WMV, DivX, VP8, )

: Windows Movie Maker, Adobe Premiere56

GIF?

a) gifninja.com, gifsun.org, gickr.com, picasion.com . b) GIF

c) TIFF GIFd) CoffeeCup GIF Animator, Easy GIF Animator, Ulead GIF Animator e) Photoscape GIMP f) C# PHP 57

GIF

image GIF : GIMP, Photoshop, Photoscape, GIF TIFF

multi-page,

:

TIFF en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TIFF58

OSI , , , ,

OSI

: TCP/IP, IP, TCP, UDP, ICMP, ARP, DHCP, IPv6, NetBIOS

, , , IEEE 802.x Ethernet, LAN, WLAN,

, , 60

(2)

, , , , TCP/IP

IP , ,

GPRS, UMTS, HSDPA, EDGE, WiMAX 61

Ethernet, LAN WLAN ?a) IP b) TCP c) UDP d) ICMP h) DHCP o) HTTP p) FTP q) SSL r) HTTPS

i) PPPj) IPv6 k) EDGE l) IPsec m) DNS

e) NetBIOSf) ARP

s) L2TPt) PPTP

g) RARP

n) SMTP

u) SNMP62

EDGE GSM (Ethernet, LAN WLAN)

( )

: EDGE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Enhanced_Data_Rates_for_GSM_Evolution

OSI Model Protocols: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSI_model63

, , , WWW, HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, IMAP, WebDAV, IP, DNS,

, -

HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, IMAP, HTTPS, SSH

Dial-up, ISDN, LAN, DSL/ADSL, Wi-Fi, 3G

IP , IPv6 , DNS , 65

(2)

(VPS), , ,

VPN

VPN : IPSec, L2TP, PPTP, OpenVPN, SSL SSH

VNC, Remote Desktop, SSH, Team Viewer66

SSH ?

a) TCP , SSH ( TCP) b) IP SSH c) UCP SSH d) HTTP

e) IP f) HTTP 67

SSH (- Linux) TCP 22 SSH : TCP SSH , : localhost:7777 (SSH server) nakov.com:80

: SSH : http://www.debianadmin.com/howto-

use-ssh-local-and-remote-port-forwarding.html68

E-mail, Skype, ICQ, IRC, MSN Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, , ,

: SMTP, POP3, IMAP

E-mail

(chat) IRC, ICQ, Skype, MSN Messenger, Google Talk,

: Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) , , eDonkey, Kad Network

: SMS, MMS, 70

, Google Apps ?a) Google Apps b) Google Apps MX DNS Google c) Google Apps MX DNS Google d) GMail MX 71

Google Apps ? : , , , , , .. Google Apps DNS MX SMTP Google aspmx.l.google.com, alt1.aspmx.l.google.com,

: www.google.com/support/a/bin/answer.py?answer=3335272

World Wide Web (WWW) WWW? HTTP, GET, POST, URL, , , ,

World Wide Web

World Wide Web (WWW) , WWW , URL URI HTTP, GET POST, cookies ( ) , , URL URL

Apache IIS74

HTTP

?a) Get-Cookie: name=value b) Cookie: name=value c) Put-Cookie: name=value; Expires=Mon, 28 Nov 2021 17:30:00 GMT

d) Insert-Cookie: name=valuee) Set-Cookie: name=value; Expires=Mon, 28